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For the shovel-billed kookaburra, see Clytoceyx.
For other uses, see Kookaburra (disambiguation).
Kookaburra
Dacelo novaeguineae waterworks.jpg
Laughing kookaburra in Tasmania, Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Halcyonidae
Genus: Dacelo
Leach, 1815

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Kookaburras (genus Dacelo) are terrestrial tree kingfishers native to Australia and New Guinea, which grow to between 28–42 cm (11–17 in) in length. The name is a loanword from Wiradjuri guuguubarra, onomatopoeic of its call. The single member of the genus Clytoceyx is commonly referred to as the shovel-billed kookaburra.

The kookaburra's loud call sounds like echoing human laughter. Kookaburras are not closely associated with water. They are found in habitats ranging from humid forest to arid savanna, as well as in suburban areas with tall trees or near running water.[citation needed]

Classification and species[edit]

Four species of kookaburra can be found in Australia, New Guinea, and the Aru Islands.

kookaburras are sexually dimorphic. This is noticeable in the blue-winged and the rufous-bellied, where males have blue tails and females have reddish-brown tails.

Unusually for close relatives, the laughing and blue-winged species are direct competitors in the area where their ranges now overlap.[citation needed] This suggests that these two species evolved in isolation (possibly during a period when Australia and New Guinea were more distant – see Australia-New Guinea.

Behaviour[edit]

Kookaburras are carnivorous. Kookaburras are known to eat the young of other birds, mice, snakes, insects and small reptiles.They have also been known to take goldfish from garden ponds. In zoos they are usually fed food for birds of prey.

The most social birds will accept handouts from humans and will take meat from barbecues. It is generally not advised to feed kookaburras meat regularly as it does not include calcium and other nutrients essential to the bird. Remainders of mince on the bird's beak can fester and cause problems.[citation needed]

They are territorial, except for the rufous-bellied, which often live with their young from the previous season.[1] They often sing as a chorus to mark their territory.

Three newly hatched kookaburra chicks
An albino kookaburra

Conservation[edit]

All kookaburra species are listed as Least Concern. Australian law protects native birds including kookaburras.

In culture[edit]

Olly the Kookaburra was one of the three mascots chosen for the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. The other mascots were Millie the Echidna and Syd the Platypus.

The distinctive sound of the laughing kookaburra's call is used in filmmaking and television productions, as well as certain Disney theme park attractions, regardless of where in the world the action is set. Kookaburras have also appeared in video games (Lineage II, Battletoads, and World of Warcraft) and at least in one short story (Barry Wood's Nowhere to Go).

In William Arden's 1969 book, The Mystery of the Laughing Shadow, (one of 'The Three Investigators' series for young readers), the laughing kookaburra is integral to the plot.

The children's television series Splatalot! includes an Australian character called "Kookaburra" (or "Kook"), whose costume includes decorative wings that recall the bird's plumage, and who is noted for his distinctive high-pitched laugh.

Music[edit]

BFD Records and BFD Productions, which are the distributors and/or copyright holders of most of the garage rock and psychedelic rock compilation albums in the Pebbles (series), have the address Kookaburra, Australia.

Postage stamps[edit]

A kookaburra stamp first issued in 1937.
  • A six pence stamp was issued in 1914.
  • A three pence commemorative Australian stamp was issued for the 1928 Melbourne International Philatelic Exhibition,
  • A 38c Australian stamp issued in 1990 features a pair of kookaburras.[2]

Coins[edit]

An Australian coin known as the Silver Kookaburra minted annually since 1990.[3]

Yacht[edit]

The Australian 12 metre yacht Kookaburra III lost the America's Cup in 1987.[4]

Hockey[edit]

The Australian Men's Hockey team is named after the kookaburra. They are currently (as of 2014) world champions in field hockey.[5]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kookaburra — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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5818 news items

The Sunshine Coast Daily

The Sunshine Coast Daily
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 12:58:18 -0800

Daily reader Sonia Graham spied this kookaburra and his lunch - a young, venomous brown snake - in Palmwoods recently, and decided to share it with us. If you have a Sunshine Coast photo you would like to show the Coast, send it to ...

Lord's

Lord's
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 02:42:50 -0800

And MCC's clash against Jason Gillespie's impressive Yorkshire side will offer manfacturers Kookaburra another valuable opportunity to monitor the development of their pink ball ball ahead of a likely day/night Australia v New Zealand Test match later ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 00:00:10 -0800

Some celebrities are summoned to a hollowed-out rock by the sound of a kookaburra (you know the way yourself) and given secret tasks to perform. Later, everyone jumps in the pond, where Bullard lifts up ex-Tory MP Edwina Currie while shouting “Politics!
 
ABC Local
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 19:56:15 -0800

I love hearing the kookaburra's laugh, a magpie's warble or a budgie's chirp, but few things are more painful to listen to than the repetitive, building, ear piercingly loud cry from the common koel. It starts as simple two-note call, which you could ...

The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 01:47:02 -0800

He was there when Phillip burst through the doors of their Mackville home, flung his school uniform on the bedroom floor and grabbed his Kookaburra. He was waiting in the yard. Ball in hand. Shoulder ready to hurt. “I just loved cricket and loved ...

Vertikal.net

Vertikal.net
Thu, 27 Nov 2014 14:18:45 -0800

Manitou Australia has also announced the appointment of Kookaburra Equipment Sales as a national dealer for its aerial lift range Kookaburra, which is owned by Rick Mustillo of IPS, has a non-exclusive distribution agreement for the Maniaccess range.

Sportstar

Sportstar
Fri, 28 Nov 2014 01:56:15 -0800

Bhuvneshwar Kumar is slower, but his two-way movement could provide India valuable breakthroughs with the new ball; the Kookaburra ball swings in the early overs, but hardly reverses later. The pace attack also needs a leader; someone around whom the ...

ESPNcricinfo.com

ESPNcricinfo.com
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 21:17:11 -0800

Even those balls that whistle past the eyes, close enough to see the Kookaburra logo or the seam itself. For most, these moments are troubling but fleeting. They draw a nervous laugh or whistle. Or if contact is made in another pivotal but well ...
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