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For the shovel-billed kookaburra, see Clytoceyx.
For other uses, see Kookaburra (disambiguation).
Dacelo novaeguineae waterworks.jpg
Laughing kookaburra in Tasmania, Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Halcyonidae
Genus: Dacelo
Leach, 1815

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Kookaburras (genus Dacelo) are terrestrial tree kingfishers native to Australia and New Guinea, which grow to between 28–42 cm (11–17 in) in length. The name is a loanword from Wiradjuri guuguubarra, onomatopoeic of its call. The single member of the genus Clytoceyx is commonly referred to as the shovel-billed kookaburra.

The kookaburra's loud call sounds like echoing human laughter. Kookaburras are not closely associated with water. They are found in habitats ranging from humid forest to arid savanna, as well as in suburban areas with tall trees or near running water.[citation needed]

Classification and species[edit]

Four species of kookaburra can be found in Australia, New Guinea, and the Aru Islands.

kookaburras are sexually dimorphic. This is noticeable in the blue-winged and the rufous-bellied, where males have blue tails and females have reddish-brown tails.

Unusually for close relatives, the laughing and blue-winged species are direct competitors in the area where their ranges now overlap.[citation needed] This suggests that these two species evolved in isolation (possibly during a period when Australia and New Guinea were more distant – see Australia-New Guinea.


Kookaburras are carnivorous. Kookaburras are known to eat the young of other birds, mice, snakes, insects and small reptiles.They have also been known to take goldfish from garden ponds. In zoos they are usually fed food for birds of prey.

The most social birds will accept handouts from humans and will take meat from barbecues. It is generally not advised to feed kookaburras meat regularly as it does not include calcium and other nutrients essential to the bird. Remainders of mince on the bird's beak can fester and cause problems.[citation needed]

They are territorial, except for the rufous-bellied, which often live with their young from the previous season.[1] They often sing as a chorus to mark their territory.

Three newly hatched kookaburra chicks
An albino kookaburra


All kookaburra species are listed as Least Concern. Australian law protects native birds including kookaburras.

In culture[edit]

Olly the Kookaburra was one of the three mascots chosen for the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. The other mascots were Millie the Echidna and Syd the Platypus.

The distinctive sound of the laughing kookaburra's call is used in filmmaking and television productions, as well as certain Disney theme park attractions, regardless of where in the world the action is set. Kookaburras have also appeared in video games (Lineage II, Battletoads, and World of Warcraft) and at least in one short story (Barry Wood's Nowhere to Go).

In William Arden's 1969 book, The Mystery of the Laughing Shadow, (one of 'The Three Investigators' series for young readers), the laughing kookaburra is integral to the plot.

The children's television series Splatalot! includes an Australian character called "Kookaburra" (or "Kook"), whose costume includes decorative wings that recall the bird's plumage, and who is noted for his distinctive high-pitched laugh.


BFD Records and BFD Productions, which are the distributors and/or copyright holders of most of the garage rock and psychedelic rock compilation albums in the Pebbles (series), have the address Kookaburra, Australia.

Postage stamps[edit]

A kookaburra stamp first issued in 1937.
  • A six pence stamp was issued in 1914.
  • A three pence commemorative Australian stamp was issued for the 1928 Melbourne International Philatelic Exhibition,
  • A 38c Australian stamp issued in 1990 features a pair of kookaburras.[2]


An Australian coin known as the Silver Kookaburra minted annually since 1990.[3]


The Australian 12 metre yacht Kookaburra III lost the America's Cup in 1987.[4]


The Australian Men's Hockey team is named after the kookaburra. They are currently (as of 2014) world champions in field hockey.[5]


Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kookaburra — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

6010 news items

The Sunshine Coast Daily

The Sunshine Coast Daily
Thu, 13 Nov 2014 12:58:18 -0800

Daily reader Sonia Graham spied this kookaburra and his lunch - a young, venomous brown snake - in Palmwoods recently, and decided to share it with us. If you have a Sunshine Coast photo you would like to show the Coast, send it to ...
Berliner Morgenpost
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 22:11:15 -0800

20:30 Der Kabarettist Nils Heinrich ist in Berliner Komikerkreisen kein Unbekannter, schon vor vielen Jahren machte er sich auf Lesebühnen und unter anderem im Kreise der Weddinger Brauseboys einen Namen. "Ach komm!" ist sein fünftes Soloprogramm.


Fri, 21 Nov 2014 03:03:45 -0800

A committee of players and Cricket NSW officials decided at the end of last season to change the ball used in first grade from the Kookaburra “regulation”, which is machine stitched, to the Kookaburra “turf” which is hand-stitched, has a lower seam and ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 15:37:30 -0800

And she hits it hard, the ball “thocking” off the middle of the bat with that particular meaty cricket noise of Kookaburra on Gray-Nicholls twin-scoop, or whatever weapons they're whacking about with today, and whistles across Bradman's billiard table ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 16:33:45 -0800

When surgeons at the Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital removed a 7 cm (roughly the size of a kookaburra ball) cyst from a man's oesophagus, they realized that it had actually formed decades ago. “We found that it was a oesophageal duplication ...
The New Indian Express
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 04:45:00 -0800

CHENNAI: As far as congenital issues go, this one is a whopper. When surgeons at the Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital removed a 7 cm (roughly the size of a kookaburra ball) cyst from a man's oesophagus, they realized that it had actually formed ...

Pittsburgh Post Gazette

Pittsburgh Post Gazette
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 20:56:15 -0700

The laughing kookaburra is not an invention of Marion Sinclair, the music teacher from Melbourne, Australia , who wrote the iconic children's song in 1932. It is one of four species of real birds, two of which occur in Australia (the other is the blue ...

The Age

The Age
Tue, 18 Nov 2014 04:56:15 -0800

That's because, as we say in our country, "a kookaburra never laughs if a goanna runs up a tree then falls backwards into a bull-ants' nest". For those unfamiliar with that old gumnut, the kooka won't have a big cack at the lizard because another ...

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