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Glass replica of the Koh-i-Noor Diamond in its original form. (From the Reich der Kristalle museum in Munich.) mined in Kollur mines

The Kollur Mine in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh India was one of the most productive diamond mines in the world and the first major diamond center. It is situated on the right bank of the river Krishna. It operated between the sixteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries.[1] In addition to the Kollur Mine, the Paritala, Gollapally, Mallavally, Ramallakota, and Banganapally were extremely prolific mines in India during this period.[2] At the height of production, it was recorded that around 60,000 people mined the region, including men, women, and children of all ages.[3][4][5]

The most celebrated Kohinoor diamond was mined from the 17th Century world famous diamond mine " Kollur mine (Coulour or Gani)" Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India.[6]

The famous diamond known as the "French Blue" or the "Tavernier Blue" was purchased by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier from the Kollur mine in the mid-17th century.[7] The diamond was purchased from Tavernier by King Louis XIV of France but was stolen during the French Revolution; it is believed to have reappeared as the recut Hope Diamond.[8] The Indian mines were eventually depleted and the diamond center shifted to Brazil where new diamond mines were discovered. Many of the most famous and notable diamonds were mined from these early Indian mines, including the Koh-i-noor, the Regent Diamond, the Great Mogul (all from the Kollur); the Daria-i-Noor, the Orloff, the Dresden Green, and the Idol's Eye.

Notable diamonds[edit]

A copy of the "Great Mogul Diamond"

Some of the most famous diamonds mined in the Kollur mines are:


  1. ^ Marshal, E. 1677. A description of the Diamond Mines as presented by the Right Honourable, the Earl Marshal of England to the Royal Society. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society, Pages 910-917
  2. ^ A Manual of the Geology of India: Economic geology, by V. Ball. 1881; Henry Benedict Medlicott, William Thomas Blanford, Valentine Ball, Frederick Richard Mallett; By Geological Survey of India, 1881, p. 16
  3. ^ India Before Europe, C.E.B. Asher and C. Talbot, Cambridge University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-521-80904-5, p. 40
  4. ^ A History of India, Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, Edition: 3, Routledge, 1998, p. 160; ISBN 0-415-15482-0
  5. ^ Deccan Heritage, H. K. Gupta, A. Parasher and D. Balasubramanian, Indian National Science Academy, 2000, p. 144, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 81-7371-285-9
  7. ^ Travels in India by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Cambridge University Press, 2012
  8. ^ The History of the Hope Diamond, Smithsonian Institution

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kollur_Mine — Please support Wikipedia.
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15 news items


Thu, 11 Sep 2014 01:00:44 -0700

In all likelihood, the diamond came from the Kollur mine in southern India – the same mine that produced the Koh-i-Noor in the British Crown jewels. A 17th century French merchant and adventurer named Jean-Baptiste Tavernier bought the diamond and ...
Times of India
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 16:47:19 -0800

Koh-i-Noor - THE MOST EXPENSIVE DIAMOND IN THE WORLD - The diamond was mined in the Kollur Mine in the Guntur District, of Andhra Pradesh in India during the reign of the Kakatiya dynasty.[3][6] The diamond formed one eye of a Hindu goddess ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Wed, 25 Jun 2014 21:52:30 -0700

It all began when the French merchant traveller, Jean Baptiste Tavernier, purchased a 112-carat diamond which was most likely mined from the Kollur mine in Golconda, India. Somewhat triangular in shape and crudely cut, its colour was described by ...

Smithsonian (blog)

Smithsonian (blog)
Tue, 28 Jan 2014 06:34:36 -0800

It's believed that the stone was plucked from the Kollur Mine, in what's now the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, but no one knows for sure. From there, it became part of the French crown jewels, and was cut by Jean Pittan, one of King Louis XIV's ...
Fri, 19 Nov 2010 21:48:45 -0800

Washington: World's famous 'Hope Diamond' from Kollur mine in Golconda began another chapter in its already illustrious history this week as it was put on display at the prestigious Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History here. The new ...
Wed, 17 Oct 2012 09:03:31 -0700

Indeed, the chief source of his ancestral riches was the diamonds from the Kollur Mine on the banks of the Krishna River. These were stored in the fortress at nearby Golconda, seven miles west of Hyderabad. Among the most famous were the Koh-i-Noor, ...


Fri, 10 May 2013 05:16:19 -0700

New Delhi: The Hope diamond or the Cursed Diamond has intrigued people for centuries. It is believed to have come from the Kollur mine in Golconda, India, and is famous for supposedly being cursed. The diamond has been surrounded by a mythology of a ...
Internet Stones. COM Media
Wed, 07 Sep 2011 07:00:37 -0700

The Letseng-la-terae mine situated in the highlands of Lesotho has now become the most consistent source of top-color large diamonds in the world, and has now assumed the role of a “21st-century Kollur mine” creating a legacy not second to that of the ...

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