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Glass replica of the Koh-i-Noor Diamond in its original form. (From the Reich der Kristalle museum in Munich.) mined in Kollur mines

The Kollur Mine in the Guntur District in Andhra Pradesh, India was one of the most productive diamond mines in the world and the first major diamond center. It is situated on the right bank of the River Krishna. It operated between the sixteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries.[1] In addition to the Kollur, the Paritala, Gollapally, Mallavally, Ramallakota, and Banganapally were extremely prolific mines in India during this period.[2] At the height of production, it was recorded that around 60,000 people mined the region, including men, women, and children of all ages.[3][4][5]

The most celebrated Kohinoor diamond was mined from the 17th Century world famous diamond mine " Kollur mine (or Coulour Gani)" Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India.[6]

The famous diamond known as the "Tavernier Diamond" was purchased by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier from the Kollur mine in the mid-17th century.[7] The diamond was purchased from Tavernier by King Louis XIV of France but was stolen during the French Revolution; it is believed to have reappeared as the recut Hope Diamond.[8] The Indian mines were eventually depleted and the diamond center shifted to Brazil, where a good amount of diamonds were discovered. Many of the most famous and notable diamonds were mined from these early Indian mines, including the Koh-i-noor, the Regent Diamond, the Great Mogul (all from the Kollur); the Daria-i-Noor, the Orloff, the Dresden Green, and the Nassak_Diamond.

Notable diamonds[edit]

A copy of the "Great Mogul Diamond"

Some of the most famous diamonds mined in the Kollur mines are:


  1. ^ Marshal, E. 1677. A description of the Diamond Mines as presented by the Right Honourable, the Earl Marshal of England to the Royal Society. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society, Pages 910-917
  2. ^ A Manual of the Geology of India: Economic geology, by V. Ball. 1881; Henry Benedict Medlicott, William Thomas Blanford, Valentine Ball, Frederick Richard Mallett; By Geological Survey of India, 1881, p. 16
  3. ^ India Before Europe, C.E.B. Asher and C. Talbot, Cambridge University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-521-80904-5, p. 40
  4. ^ A History of India, Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, Edition: 3, Routledge, 1998, p. 160; ISBN 0-415-15482-0
  5. ^ Deccan Heritage, H. K. Gupta, A. Parasher and D. Balasubramanian, Indian National Science Academy, 2000, p. 144, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 81-7371-285-9
  7. ^ Travels in India by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Cambridge University Press, 2012
  8. ^ The History of the Hope Diamond, Smithsonian Institution

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kollur_Mine — Please support Wikipedia.
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37 news items

The Conversation UK

The Conversation UK
Wed, 05 Aug 2015 11:45:00 -0700

Originally thought to have been 793 carats uncut, it was possibly mined at the Kollur Mine, in what is now Andhra Pradesh. It may have been in the possession of the early medieval Kakatiya dynasty. Or it may have been owned by the Sultan of Malwa ...


Tue, 28 Jul 2015 11:08:49 -0700

The Koh-i-Noor was mined in medieval times in the Kollur Mine in Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district. At one time it was considered the largest diamond in the world. London: British Indian MP Keith Vaz today called for the world-famous 'Koh-i-Noor ...
South Asian Link
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 05:56:15 -0700

The Kohinoor was mined in medieval times in the Kollur mine in Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district. At one time it was considered the largest diamond in the world. The diamond was originally owned by the Kakatiya Dynasty, which had installed it in a ...


Thu, 20 Nov 2014 21:27:33 -0800

... which is much overdue, he returns to India with the promise of the diamond's return," Vaz said. The 105 carat Kohinoor was mined in medieval times from the Kollur mine in Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district. Once considered the largest diamond in the ...


Thu, 11 Sep 2014 01:00:44 -0700

In all likelihood, the diamond came from the Kollur mine in southern India – the same mine that produced the Koh-i-Noor in the British Crown jewels. A 17th century French merchant and adventurer named Jean-Baptiste Tavernier bought the diamond and ...
Deccan Herald
Sat, 15 Nov 2014 11:07:30 -0800

At 41 carats, it is among the largest diamonds in the world, and worthy of mention is the fact of it being extracted from the Kollur mine in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh in the early 1700s. By augmenting his Treasury with more and more ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Wed, 25 Jun 2014 21:52:30 -0700

It all began when the French merchant traveller, Jean Baptiste Tavernier, purchased a 112-carat diamond which was most likely mined from the Kollur mine in Golconda, India. Somewhat triangular in shape and crudely cut, its colour was described by ...

Smithsonian (blog)

Smithsonian (blog)
Tue, 28 Jan 2014 06:34:36 -0800

It's believed that the stone was plucked from the Kollur Mine, in what's now the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, but no one knows for sure. From there, it became part of the French crown jewels, and was cut by Jean Pittan, one of King Louis XIV's ...

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