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Glass replica of the Koh-i-Noor Diamond in its original form. (From the Reich der Kristalle museum in Munich.) mined in Kollur mines

The Kollur Mine in the Guntur District in Andhra Pradesh, India was one of the most productive diamond mines in the world and the first major diamond center. It is situated on the right bank of the River Krishna. It operated between the sixteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries.[1] In addition to the Kollur, the Paritala, Gollapally, Mallavally, Ramallakota, and Banganapally were extremely prolific mines in India during this period.[2] At the height of production, it was recorded that around 60,000 people mined the region, including men, women, and children of all ages.[3][4][5]

The most celebrated Kohinoor diamond was mined from the 17th Century world famous diamond mine " Kollur mine (or Coulour Gani)" Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India.[6]

The famous diamond known as the "Tavernier Diamond" was purchased by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier from the Kollur mine in the mid-17th century.[7] The diamond was purchased from Tavernier by King Louis XIV of France but was stolen during the French Revolution; it is believed to have reappeared as the recut Hope Diamond.[8] The Indian mines were eventually depleted and the diamond center shifted to Brazil, where a good amount of diamonds were discovered. Many of the most famous and notable diamonds were mined from these early Indian mines, including the Koh-i-noor, the Regent Diamond, the Great Mogul (all from the Kollur); the Daria-i-Noor, the Orloff, the Dresden Green, and the Nassak_Diamond.

Notable diamonds[edit]

A copy of the "Great Mogul Diamond"

Some of the most famous diamonds mined in the Kollur mines are:


  1. ^ Marshal, E. 1677. A description of the Diamond Mines as presented by the Right Honourable, the Earl Marshal of England to the Royal Society. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society, Pages 910-917
  2. ^ A Manual of the Geology of India: Economic geology, by V. Ball. 1881; Henry Benedict Medlicott, William Thomas Blanford, Valentine Ball, Frederick Richard Mallett; By Geological Survey of India, 1881, p. 16
  3. ^ India Before Europe, C.E.B. Asher and C. Talbot, Cambridge University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-521-80904-5, p. 40
  4. ^ A History of India, Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, Edition: 3, Routledge, 1998, p. 160; ISBN 0-415-15482-0
  5. ^ Deccan Heritage, H. K. Gupta, A. Parasher and D. Balasubramanian, Indian National Science Academy, 2000, p. 144, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 81-7371-285-9
  7. ^ Travels in India by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Cambridge University Press, 2012
  8. ^ The History of the Hope Diamond, Smithsonian Institution

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kollur_Mine — Please support Wikipedia.
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16 news items


Thu, 11 Sep 2014 01:00:44 -0700

In all likelihood, the diamond came from the Kollur mine in southern India – the same mine that produced the Koh-i-Noor in the British Crown jewels. A 17th century French merchant and adventurer named Jean-Baptiste Tavernier bought the diamond and ...
Deccan Herald
Sat, 15 Nov 2014 11:16:03 -0800

At 41 carats, it is among the largest diamonds in the world, and worthy of mention is the fact of it being extracted from the Kollur mine in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh in the early 1700s. By augmenting his Treasury with more and more ...

Smithsonian (blog)

Smithsonian (blog)
Tue, 28 Jan 2014 06:34:36 -0800

It's believed that the stone was plucked from the Kollur Mine, in what's now the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, but no one knows for sure. From there, it became part of the French crown jewels, and was cut by Jean Pittan, one of King Louis XIV's ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Wed, 25 Jun 2014 21:55:56 -0700

It all began when the French merchant traveller, Jean Baptiste Tavernier, purchased a 112-carat diamond which was most likely mined from the Kollur mine in Golconda, India. Somewhat triangular in shape and crudely cut, its colour was described by ...
Wed, 17 Oct 2012 09:03:31 -0700

Indeed, the chief source of his ancestral riches was the diamonds from the Kollur Mine on the banks of the Krishna River. These were stored in the fortress at nearby Golconda, seven miles west of Hyderabad. Among the most famous were the Koh-i-Noor, ...
Internet Stones. COM Media
Wed, 07 Sep 2011 07:00:37 -0700

The Letseng-la-terae mine situated in the highlands of Lesotho has now become the most consistent source of top-color large diamonds in the world, and has now assumed the role of a “21st-century Kollur mine” creating a legacy not second to that of the ...
New York Times
Wed, 06 Jan 2010 15:49:44 -0800

Yet there was no escaping the thrill of grasping between thumb and forefinger a gem discovered centuries ago in the now depleted Kollur mine of India; worn by the Spanish infanta painted as a child by Velázquez; placed as the centerpiece of an Order of ...


Fri, 10 May 2013 05:16:19 -0700

New Delhi: The Hope diamond or the Cursed Diamond has intrigued people for centuries. It is believed to have come from the Kollur mine in Golconda, India, and is famous for supposedly being cursed. The diamond has been surrounded by a mythology of a ...

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