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Glass replica of the Koh-i-Noor Diamond in its original form. (From the Reich der Kristalle museum in Munich.) mined in Kollur mines

The Kollur Mine in the Guntur District in Andhra Pradesh, India was one of the most productive diamond mines in the world and the first major diamond center. It is situated on the right bank of the River Krishna. It operated between the sixteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries.[1] In addition to the Kollur, the Paritala, Gollapally, Mallavally, Ramallakota, and Banganapally were extremely prolific mines in India during this period.[2] At the height of production, it was recorded that around 60,000 people mined the region, including men, women, and children of all ages.[3][4][5]

The most celebrated Kohinoor diamond was mined in the " Kollur mine (or Coulour Gani)" Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India.[6]

The famous diamond known as the "Tavernier Diamond" was purchased by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier from the Kollur mine in the mid-17th century.[7] The diamond was purchased from Tavernier by King Louis XIV of France but was stolen during the French Revolution; it is believed to have reappeared as the recut Hope Diamond.[8] The Indian mines were eventually depleted and the diamond center shifted to Brazil, where a good amount of diamonds were discovered. Many of the most famous and notable diamonds were mined from these early Indian mines, including the Koh-i-noor, the Regent Diamond, the Great Mogul (all from the Kollur); the Daria-i-Noor, the Orloff, the Dresden Green, and the Nassak Diamond.

Notable diamonds[edit]

A copy of the "Great Mogul Diamond"

Some of the most famous diamonds mined in the Kollur mines are:


  1. ^ Marshal, E. 1677. A description of the Diamond Mines as presented by the Right Honourable, the Earl Marshal of England to the Royal Society. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society, Pages 910-917
  2. ^ A Manual of the Geology of India: Economic geology, by V. Ball. 1881; Henry Benedict Medlicott, William Thomas Blanford, Valentine Ball, Frederick Richard Mallett; By Geological Survey of India, 1881, p. 16
  3. ^ India Before Europe, C.E.B. Asher and C. Talbot, Cambridge University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-521-80904-5, p. 40
  4. ^ A History of India, Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, Edition: 3, Routledge, 1998, p. 160; ISBN 0-415-15482-0
  5. ^ Deccan Heritage, H. K. Gupta, A. Parasher and D. Balasubramanian, Indian National Science Academy, 2000, p. 144, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 81-7371-285-9
  7. ^ Travels in India by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Cambridge University Press, 2012
  8. ^ The History of the Hope Diamond, Smithsonian Institution

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kollur_Mine — Please support Wikipedia.
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33 news items


Mon, 16 Nov 2015 03:52:14 -0800

Discovered in India by a slave in the Kollur mine in 1698 it was allegedly stolen by an English sea captain, who sold it to an Indian merchant. It was acquired by Governor Thomas Pitt in 1701 and was sold by the British to French Regent Philippe II in ...

Press TV

Press TV
Sun, 08 Nov 2015 18:04:37 -0800

The stone is thought to have been mined from the Kollur Mine in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh in India during the Kakatiya dynasty in the 13th century. In 1739, Nader Shah of Persia took the stone to Iran, along with the Daria-i-Noor, and ...
Lexology (registration)
Fri, 13 Nov 2015 02:52:30 -0800

Although thought to have been unearthed at the Kollur Mine in southern India, the diamond has a complicated provenance. Its previous owners may have included several rulers in what are present-day India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran, giving rise to ...


Mon, 09 Nov 2015 08:33:18 -0800

Eine Gruppe indischer Geschäftsleute und Bollywood-Stars haben sich zusammengetan, um den berühmten Koh-i-Noor-Diamanten wieder zurück nach Indien zu holen. Der 105-karätige Edelstein befindet sich seit 1851 im Besitz des englischen ...


Tue, 28 Jul 2015 11:08:49 -0700

The Koh-i-Noor was mined in medieval times in the Kollur Mine in Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district. At one time it was considered the largest diamond in the world. London: British Indian MP Keith Vaz today called for the world-famous 'Koh-i-Noor ...

The Conversation UK

The Conversation UK
Wed, 05 Aug 2015 11:45:00 -0700

Originally thought to have been 793 carats uncut, it was possibly mined at the Kollur Mine, in what is now Andhra Pradesh. It may have been in the possession of the early medieval Kakatiya dynasty. Or it may have been owned by the Sultan of Malwa ...


Thu, 30 Jul 2015 03:44:47 -0700

The Kohinoor is mined in medieval times in the Kollur mine in Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district. It was mentioned in in a Sanskrit script, where it was called the Syamantaka. Source - vajramining. 1200s - 1300s. Under the ownership of several dynasties ...

Times of India

Times of India
Fri, 07 Aug 2015 03:34:10 -0700

Britain's Indian community has once again raised a call for Prime Minister David Cameron to return the dazzling Kohinoor to India. Britain MP Keith Vaz called for the Kohinoor diamond to be returned to India during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit ...

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