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Glass replica of the Koh-i-Noor Diamond in its original form. (From the Reich der Kristalle museum in Munich.) mined in Kollur mines

The Kollur Mine in the Guntur District in Andhra Pradesh, India was one of the most productive diamond mines in the world and the first major diamond center. It is situated on the right bank of the River Krishna. It operated between the sixteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries.[1] In addition to the Kollur, the Paritala, Gollapally, Mallavally, Ramallakota, and Banganapally were extremely prolific mines in India during this period.[2] At the height of production, it was recorded that around 60,000 people mined the region, including men, women, and children of all ages.[3][4][5]

The most celebrated Kohinoor diamond was mined in the " Kollur mine (or Coulour Gani)" Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India.[6]

The famous diamond known as the "Tavernier Diamond" was purchased by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier from the Kollur mine in the mid-17th century.[7] The diamond was purchased from Tavernier by King Louis XIV of France but was stolen during the French Revolution; it is believed to have reappeared as the recut Hope Diamond.[8] The Indian mines were eventually depleted and the diamond center shifted to Brazil, where a good amount of diamonds were discovered. Many of the most famous and notable diamonds were mined from these early Indian mines, including the Koh-i-noor, the Regent Diamond, the Great Mogul (all from the Kollur); the Daria-i-Noor, the Orloff, the Dresden Green, and the Nassak Diamond.

Notable diamonds[edit]

A copy of the "Great Mogul Diamond"

Some of the most famous diamonds mined in the Kollur mines are:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Marshal, E. 1677. A description of the Diamond Mines as presented by the Right Honourable, the Earl Marshal of England to the Royal Society. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society, Pages 910-917
  2. ^ A Manual of the Geology of India: Economic geology, by V. Ball. 1881; Henry Benedict Medlicott, William Thomas Blanford, Valentine Ball, Frederick Richard Mallett; By Geological Survey of India, 1881, p. 16
  3. ^ India Before Europe, C.E.B. Asher and C. Talbot, Cambridge University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-521-80904-5, p. 40
  4. ^ A History of India, Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, Edition: 3, Routledge, 1998, p. 160; ISBN 0-415-15482-0
  5. ^ Deccan Heritage, H. K. Gupta, A. Parasher and D. Balasubramanian, Indian National Science Academy, 2000, p. 144, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 81-7371-285-9
  6. ^ LARGE AND FAMOUS DIAMONDS
  7. ^ Travels in India by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Cambridge University Press, 2012
  8. ^ The History of the Hope Diamond, Smithsonian Institution


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kollur_Mine — Please support Wikipedia.
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69 news items

NDTV

NDTV
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 11:00:00 -0700

The Koh-i-Noor was mined in medieval times in the Kollur Mine in Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district. At one time it was considered the largest diamond in the world. London: British Indian MP Keith Vaz today called for the world-famous 'Koh-i-Noor ...

The Conversation UK

The Conversation UK
Wed, 05 Aug 2015 11:45:00 -0700

Originally thought to have been 793 carats uncut, it was possibly mined at the Kollur Mine, in what is now Andhra Pradesh. It may have been in the possession of the early medieval Kakatiya dynasty. Or it may have been owned by the Sultan of Malwa ...

Deccan Chronicle

Deccan Chronicle
Thu, 03 Dec 2015 00:37:30 -0800

The Kohinoor was mined in medieval times in the Kollur mine in Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district. At one time it was considered the largest diamond in the world. The diamond was originally owned by the Kakatiya Dynasty, which had installed it in a ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 16 Nov 2015 03:52:14 -0800

Discovered in India by a slave in the Kollur mine in 1698 it was allegedly stolen by an English sea captain, who sold it to an Indian merchant. It was acquired by Governor Thomas Pitt in 1701 and was sold by the British to French Regent Philippe II in ...

International Business Times UK

International Business Times UK
Sun, 08 Nov 2015 13:56:23 -0800

Actress Bhumicka Singh added: "The Koh-i-Noor is not just a 105-carat stone, but part of our history and culture and should undoubtedly be returned." The £100m oval diamond was unearthed at the Kollur Mine in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Dân Trí

Dân Trí
Tue, 12 Jan 2016 23:51:13 -0800

Chiếc nhẫn này được phát hiện từ cuối thế kỷ 17 tại quận Kollur Mine Guntur ở Ấn Độ. Ban đầu chiếc nhẫn đắt giá nhất thế giới này thuộc sở hữu của Vua Philip IV (Tây Ban Nha). Chiếc nhẫn kim cương cắt hình oval đã từng được trưng bày tại Bảo tàng ...

Royal Central

Royal Central
Wed, 09 Dec 2015 05:48:00 -0800

Javed Iqbal Jaffry, a Pakistani Barrister, filed a plea in the Lahore High Court, naming Queen Elizabeth II and British High Commission in Pakistan as respondents. He was seeking for the federal government to have the British government bring the ...

Báo điện tử Kiến Thức

Báo điện tử Kiến Thức
Sat, 16 Jan 2016 09:39:47 -0800

Chiếc nhẫn này được phát hiện từ cuối thế kỷ 17 tại quận Kollur Mine Guntur ở Ấn Độ. Ban đầu chiếc nhẫn đắt giá nhất thế giới này thuộc sở hữu của Vua Philip IV (Tây Ban Nha). Chiếc nhẫn kim cương cắt hình oval đã từng được trưng bày tại Bảo tàng ...
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