December 17, 1969 |
Okayama, Okayama, Japan
|Other names||Koko no Tensai ("The Aloof Genius"), Pride Kara no Shikaku ("Pride Assassin")|
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Weight||90 kg (200 lb)|
|Mixed martial arts record|
|Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog|
Kiyoshi Tamura (田村潔司 Tamura Kiyoshi?, born December 17, 1969 in Okayama, Okayama) is a Japanese middleweight professional wrestler and mixed martial artist. Once a student of legendary pro wrestlers Billy Robinson, Nobuhiko Takada and Akira Maeda, Tamura is known for his skill in catch wrestling as well as his ability to deliver exciting professional wrestling bouts. He has competed in some form or another for the following organizations: Universal Wrestling Federation, UWF International, Fighting Network RINGS, K-1, PRIDE, and U-STYLE, his own promotion, often fighting much larger opponents. In mixed martial arts, he holds notable victories over Renzo Gracie, Jeremy Horn, Ikuhisa Minowa, Masakatsu Funaki and Kazushi Sakuraba.
- 1 Professional wrestling career
- 2 Mixed martial arts career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 In wrestling
- 5 Championships and accomplishments
- 6 Mixed martial arts record
- 7 Submission grappling record
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Professional wrestling career
UWF Newborn (1989-1990)
A former sumo wrestler for the Okayama University of Science High School, Tamura debuted in 1989 in the UWF Newborn in a losing effort against Minoru Suzuki. He soon revealed himself as a promising rookie, but he was forced to put his career in a long hiatus after a match with Akira Maeda on October 25, in which Maeda hit him with a full force knee strike and fractured his orbital bone. Tamura took an entire year to return, and he only had time to work in one event before UWF closed.
UWF International (1991-1996)
After UWF's demise, Tamura followed to its main successor group, UWF International, where he was put under the tutelage of Nobuhiko Takada. Debuting with a victory against Masahito Kakihara, Tamura was spunky and could even demand respect from older veterans, as demonstrated during a bout against Yoji Anjo where Tamura broke a hold, delivered several kicks to Anjo's head and kicked him out of the ring.
In 1992, after making his shootfighting debut before boxer Matthew Saad Muhammad, Tamura was sent to United States to learn catch wrestling under Lou Thesz. He returned with a new, polished grappling style, defeating Kazuo Yamazaki in a match without shin protectors on October 23. Only some months after, on February 14, 1993, Tamura had a high level match with Nobuhiko Takada, after which many pundits (such as Pro Wrestling Illustrated) compared him to Takada himself and considered him as a candidate for the future ace of the company. The next year, Tamura took part in the Best Of The World 1994 Tournament, advancing through the rounds by beating Bad News Allen and Naoki Sano, but being eliminated himself by eventual winner Super Vader at the semi-finals. He also went to lose the match for the second place to main eventer Gary Albright, and never challenged Vader for the title.
Insatisfied with the symbolic return of UWF to gimmicky puroresu with the victory of Vader, and also inspired by the recent success of mixed martial arts promotion Pancrase, Tamura proposed to take a direction towards realistic fighting again. He would fight a shoot fight with Masahito Kakihara on February 18, 1995, winning by rear naked choke in 2:06. Later, he was granted a victorious rematch against Gary Albright, but the match became infamous for Albright's unwillingness to cooperate, which ruined Tamura's win to the point of having him in tears. The same night, Nobuhiko Takada announced his decision to retire from pro wrestling to pursue a politic career, which was met with harsh critics by Tamura. After a new rematch with Albright on August, Tamura addressed the returning Takada and challenged him to a mixed martial arts fight, to no avail.
The same year, UWF International celebrated an interpromotional feud against New Japan Pro Wrestling, but Tamura refused to participate. In December 1995, Kiyoshi offered himself instead to represent UWF-i at the mixed martial arts event K-1 Hercules, and claimed he would retire if he lost his match to Ultimate Fighting Championship veteran Patrick Smith in said event. However, he won the fight. Tamura returned to UWF-i to feud with Kazushi Sakuraba, but he concluded in his intention to leave the company, and asked to be released. He had his final match on May 27, where he defeated Sakuraba and, after the bout, took off one of his own shin protectors and threw it to the audience before leaving the arena.
Fighting Network RINGS (1996-2001)
After negotiations with Pancrase, Tamura jumped to Fighting Network RINGS, founded by old mentor Maeda. He was briefly pushed as the top star, being given the first (worked) RINGS heavyweight title, but as RINGS transitioned to real MMA bouts, his star began to flicker, as he struggled to keep pace despite winning bouts.
In 2003 he opened his own promotion, U-STYLE. On November 23, 2005 he had his last match for this promotion, defeating Josh Barnett. He briefly came out of retirement for Antonio Inoki's Inoki Genome Federation, the last time being on November 8, 2007, beating Montanha Silva in the latter's IGF debut.
Mixed martial arts career
Tamura's 30 career wins include victories over mixed martial arts greats such as Jeremy Horn, Renzo Gracie, Ikuhisa Minowa, Nobuhiko Takada, Pat Miletich and held Frank Shamrock to a draw at a time when Shamrock was reigning UFC champion. However, in spite of his many accomplishments inside the arena of MMA, his record is somewhat marred by a proponderance of match-ups against top heavyweight and light-heavyweight competitors, including Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira, the 350-pound Bob Sapp and the former Olympic gold medalist Hidehiko Yoshida amongst others.
His later mixed martial arts performances have also been criticized as being relatively apathetic compared to the fast-paced bouts that characterized the earlier part of his career. Part of this may owe to an absence of grappling in the bouts in question, where Tamura has often seemed more content to pursue a cautious stand-up game rather than engage in the submission exchanges he was at one point famed for.
Kiyoshi had his first taste of MMA back in professional wrestling promotion Union of Wrestling Forces International, where he choked out boxer Matthew Saad Muhammad in a mixed rules bout. He later offered to fight in the K-1 Hercules MMA event, where he made short work of Patrick Smith via heel hook.
After his switch to Fighting Network RINGS, he submitted another striker in the form of Andre Mannaart, and was pitted against sambo and kickboxing expert Valentijn Overeem in his next shoot match. This time, however, Tamura evidenced his inexperience facing grapplers and was submitted multiple times, ultimately losing the match by kneebar. It forced the RING executives to make him lose the Openweight Championship to Tariel Bitsadze.
In 1999, a very improved Tamura faced former Pancrase star Frank Shamrock, who had defeated Tamura's teammate Tsuyoshi Kohsaka years before. Very much like Kohsaka, Tamura controlled the match, taking down Shamrock and keeping dominant position over him, and he came close to finishing him with a catch wrestling-inspired head and arm separator, but the American fighter miraculously escaped. Again like the Kohsaka match, Shamrock caught Tamura in a guillotine choke and made him spend a rope escape, but Frank lost the point for an illegal closed-fisted punch, so the match went to a draw.
The same year, Tamura took part in the King of Kings tournament, facing Dave Menne as his first opponent. He landed several hooks, but lost the advantage upon attempting a flying armbar. After the restart, they exchanged strikes until Menne slipped down on a high kick, which Tamura capitalized in order to mount Menne on the ground and throw punches. At the end, Tamura knocked down Dave again and took his back, ending the match with a unanimous decision.
After an uneventful second round win over Borislav Jeliazkov, Tamura found himself pitted against Renzo Gracie from the Gracie family. The Brazilian fighter got the earliest of the fight with a guillotine choke from the guard, but Tamura started to dominate thanks to his superior striking and takedown defense. Renzo lied on the ground and challenged Tamura to grapple with him, which the Japanese shooter did, taking the back of the Brazilian jiu-jitsu specialist and locking a crucifix to seek the rear naked choke, until the end of the match. Tamura was awarded the unanimous decision, being the second Japanese in defeating a Gracie after Kazushi Sakuraba did it with Royler earlier in the year.
At the semifinals, Kiyoshi fought Brazilian luta livre exponent Renato Sobral. The stronger Sobral attacked with knee strikes and took his back in some occasions, while Tamura landed leg kicks and looked for an opening. Going to the ground, both attempted several kinds of submission, including an armbar by Sobral and a figure four toehold by Tamura, but they were unsuccessful. Ended the battle, two judges ruled a draw and a third ruled in Sobral's favor, thus eliminating Tamura from the tournament.
In 2000, Tamura faced another Brazilian, Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira, on the second round of the King of Kings 2000. Nogueira opened the match taking him down and trying to pass his guard, eventually performing an armbar which Kiyoshi countered rolling outwards and taking his back. The Japanese fighter then avoided a kneebar and attacked Nogueira's guard until the standup. The action repeated itself, with Nogueira taking him down and Tamura capitalizing on a kneebar attempt to get dominant position, but this time Nogueira reversed and attempted a Kimura lock for the end of the round. At the second one, the Brazilian pressed Tamura with a takedown and slowly climbed his way through positions to an armbar from the back. Kiyoshi defended it for minutes, but at the end, Nogueira repositioned and got the hold, making Tamura tap out.
After an unsuccessful rematch against Renato Sobral, Tamura had his last fight for RINGS in front of Gustavo Machado, losing an uneventful decision again.
Tamura made his debut in Pride Fighting Championships in a title fight against Wanderlei Silva for the Pride Middleweight Championship. Silva blocked Tamura's takedowns and attacked him with hard punches and a knee to the face. In one instance, Tamura landed a punch which stunned Wanderlei, but it was short-lived, and the Brazilian fighter recovered and continued with the brutal ground and pound, bloodying Kiyoshi's face. The second round saw the same action, with Silva counterstriking with a right hook which knocked out Tamura for the win.
The Japanese's next match would be a similarly tough matchup, facing the large Bob Sapp, who almost doubled Tamura's weight. The match was short and shocking, and saw Sapp charging at Tamura and knocking him out with looping punches at 0:11.
At PRIDE 31, Tamura got a desired rematch against Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira, who had bested him years before in RINGS. The result would be the same, as Nogueira took him down, gained his back and locked an armbar for the tap out.
In an event for Deep in September 2002, Tamura defeated another shoot-style fighter, Ikuhisa Minowa, by unanimous decision. They had a rematch in PRIDE two years later, which was much shorter, with Tamura overwhelming Minowa with leg kicks and a knee strike, followed by soccer kicks to the head. Tamura and Minowa shook hands as a sign of respect after the match, though Tamura featured an incident in which he shoved the referee for what was believed to be a late stoppage.
For several years, efforts have been made by Pride to put Kiyoshi Tamura and fellow UWFi alum and mixed martial artist Kazushi Sakuraba together in a fight due to their status as two of the best Japanese fighters of their time as well as a rumored rivalry. An announcement was made at Pride 34 by Nobuyuki Sakakibara that promised the fans a future fight between the two. However, Pride ceased being an active promotion after that event.
At K-1 Premium 2007, Tamura faced Hideo Tokoro, an apprentice of former RINGS wrestler Kenichi Yamamoto. Outweighing his opponent and showing a brilliant submission defense, Tamura kept control over him in the grappling exchanges, taking his back several times and grinding him with punches and ground and pound, until he locked a keylock in round 3 to make him tap out.
A year after, Tamura would fight yet another shoot-style fighter, this time the Pancrase legend Masakatsu Funaki. Despite the hype surrounding the fight, caused by RINGS' and Pancrase' former rivality, the bout was swift, with Tamura outstriking him and tripping him to the mat for the ground and pound TKO.
Finally it was announced that Kiyoshi Tamura and Kazushi Sakuraba were set to fight at the K-1 Dynamite!! event on December 31, 2008. The fight was characterized by Tamura generally countering take-down and submission attempts by Sakuraba while applying ground and pound from the top position throughout the bout. At the end of the first round, Sakuraba appeared to have an armbar locked in, but Tamura held on and in the second controlled much of the action until being taken down by Sakuraba in the final minute. Ultimately, Tamura was awarded a unanimous decision, to finally beat Sakuraba.
On July 7, 2007, Tamura married tarento and pro wrestling host Yumiko Sakurai.
- Finishing moves
- Signature moves
Championships and accomplishments
Mixed martial arts
- Fighting Network RINGS
- RINGS Open-Weight Championship (2 Times, first)
- 1997 RINGS Mega Battle Tournament Winner
- 1996 RINGS Mega Battle Tournament Runner Up
- 1999 RINGS King of Kings Tournament Semifinalist
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards
- Best Technical Wrestler (1998)
Mixed martial arts record
|Professional record breakdown|
|48 matches||32 wins||13 losses|
|Win||32-13-3||Kazushi Sakuraba||Decision (unanimous)||Fields Dynamite!! 2008||December 31, 2008||2||5:00||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Win||31-13-3||Masakatsu Funaki||TKO (punches)||Dream 2: Middleweight Grand Prix 2008 First Round||April 29, 2008||1||0:57||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Win||30-13-3||Hideo Tokoro||Submission (straight armbar)||K-1 Premium 2007 Dynamite!!||December 31, 2007||3||3:08||Osaka, Japan|
|Loss||29-13-3||Taiei Kin||Decision (unanimous)||Hero's 9||July 16, 2007||2||5:00||Yokohama, Japan|
|Win||29-12-3||Ikuhisa Minowa||KO (soccer kicks)||Pride FC - Shockwave 2006||December 31, 2006||1||1:18||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Loss||28-12-3||Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira||Submission (armbar)||Pride 31 - Dreamers||February 26, 2006||1||2:24||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Win||28-11-3||Makoto Takimoto||Decision (unanimous)||PRIDE Critical Countdown 2005||June 26, 2005||3||5:00||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Win||27-11-3||Aliev Makhmud||TKO (retirement)||PRIDE 29||February 20, 2005||1||7:09||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Win||26-11-3||Rony Sefo||Submission (armbar)||PRIDE Shockwave 2003||December 31, 2003||1||2:20||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Loss||25-11-3||Hidehiko Yoshida||Submission (ezekiel choke)||PRIDE Total Elimination 2003||August 10, 2003||1||5:06||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Win||25-10-3||Nobuhiko Takada||KO (punch)||PRIDE 23||November 24, 2002||2||1:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||24-10-3||Ikuhisa Minowa||Decision (unanimous)||Deep - 6th Impact||September 7, 2002||3||5:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Loss||23-10-3||Bob Sapp||TKO (punches)||PRIDE 21||June 23, 2002||1||0:11||Saitama, Saitama, Japan|
|Loss||23-9-3||Wanderlei Silva||KO (punch)||PRIDE 19||February 24, 2002||2||2:28||Saitama, Saitama, Japan||For Pride Middleweight Championship|
|Loss||23-8-3||Gustavo Machado||Decision (unanimous)||Rings: World Title Series 1||April 20, 2001||2||5:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Loss||23-7-3||Renato Sobral||Decision (majority)||Rings: King of Kings 2000 Final||February 24, 2001||2||5:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Loss||23-6-3||Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira||Submission (armbar)||Rings: King of Kings 2000 Block A||October 9, 2000||2||2:29||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||23-5-3||Zaza Tkeshelashvili||Decision (unanimous)||Rings: King of Kings 2000 Block A||October 9, 2000||2||5:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||22-5-3||Pat Miletich||Decision (majority)||Rings: Millennium Combine 3||August 23, 2000||2||5:00||Osaka, Japan|
|Win||21-5-3||Jeremy Horn||Decision (unanimous)||C2K - Colosseum 2000||May 26, 2000||2||5:00||Japan|
|Loss||20-5-3||Gilbert Yvel||TKO (strikes)||Rings: Millennium Combine 1||April 20, 2000||1||13:13||Tokyo, Japan|
|Loss||20-4-3||Renato Sobral||Decision (majority)||Rings: King of Kings 1999 Final||February 26, 2000||2||5:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||20-3-3||Renzo Gracie||Decision (unanimous)||Rings: King of Kings 1999 Final||February 26, 2000||2||5:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||19-3-3||Borislav Jeliazkov||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Rings: King of Kings 1999 Block B||December 22, 1999||2||1:17||Osaka, Japan|
|Win||18-3-3||Dave Menne||Decision (unanimous)||Rings: King of Kings 1999 Block B||December 22, 1999||2||5:00||Osaka, Japan|
|Win||17-3-3||Joop Kasteel||Submission (armbar)||Rings: Rise 5th||August 19, 1999||2||2:17||Japan|
|Draw||16-3-3||Yoshihisa Yamamoto||Draw||Rings: Rise 4th||June 24, 1999||3||5:00||Japan|
|Win||16-3-2||Tariel Bitsadze||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Rings: Rise 3rd||May 22, 1999||1||9:19||Japan|
|Draw||15-3-2||Frank Shamrock||Draw||Rings: Rise 2nd||April 23, 1999||1||20:00||Japan|
|Win||15-3-1||Hiromitsu Kanehara||Submission (armbar)||Rings: Rise 1st||March 20, 1999||3||0:14||Japan|
|Win||14-3-1||Valentijn Overeem||Submission (armbar)||Rings: Final Capture||February 21, 1999||1||6:08||Japan|
|Win||13-3-1||Kenichi Yamamoto||TKO (strikes)||Rings: World Mega Battle Tournament||December 23, 1998||2||1:26||Japan|
|Draw||12-3-1||Tsuyoshi Kohsaka||Draw||Rings: Fourth Fighting Integration||June 27, 1998||1||30:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Loss||12-3||Tariel Bitsadze||TKO (strikes)||Rings: Third Fighting Integration||May 29, 1998||1||3:39||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||12-2||Mikhail Ilyukhin||Submission||Rings: Battle Dimensions Tournament 1997 Final||January 21, 1998|
|Win||11-2||Akira Maeda||N/A||Rings: Battle Dimensions Tournament 1997 Final||January 21, 1998|
|Win||10-2||Joop Kasteel||KO (strikes)||Rings: Battle Dimensions Tournament 1997 Final||January 21, 1998|
|Win||9-2||Hans Nijman||Submission (kimura)||Rings - Mega Battle Tournament 1997 Semifinal 1||October 25, 1997|
|Win||8-2||Volk Han||Submission (armbar)||Rings - Extension Fighting 7||September 26, 1997|
|Win||7-2||Tsuyoshi Kohsaka||Submission (toe hold)||Rings - Extension Fighting 2||April 22, 1997|
|Win||6-2||Andre Mannaart||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Rings Holland - The Final Challenge||February 2, 1997|
|Loss||5-2||Volk Han||N/A||Rings - Budokan Hall 1997||January 22, 1997|
|Loss||5-1||Volk Han||N/A||Rings - Battle Dimensions Tournament 1996 Final||January 1, 1997|
|Win||5-0||Yoshihisa Yamamoto||Submission (neck crank)||Rings - Battle Dimensions Tournament 1996 Final||January 1, 1997|
|Win||4-0||Mitsuya Nagai||N/A||Rings - Battle Dimensions Tournament 1996 Final||January 1, 1997|
|Win||3-0||Mikhail Ilyukhin||Submission||Rings - Battle Dimensions Tournament 1996 Opening Round||October 25, 1996|
|Win||2-0||Maurice Smith||Submission (armbar)||Rings - Maelstrom 6||August 24, 1996|
|Win||1-0||Patrick Smith||Submission (heel hook)||K-1 Hercules||December 9, 1995|
|Professional record breakdown|
|1 match||1 win||0 losses|
|Win||1–0||Matthew Saad Muhammad||Submission (rear-naked choke)||UWF-i Combat Sport Yokohama||May 8, 1992||1||0:38||Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan|
Submission grappling record
|Draw||Kazushi Sakuraba and Hideo Tokoro||Draw||Rizin FF 1||2016||1||15:00||Partnered with Wanderlei Silva|
|Loss||Ricardo Liborio||Submission (armbar)||ADCC 2001 –88 kg||2001||1||1:02|
- "Kiyoshi Tamura".
- Tatsuhito Kaneko, Nakimushi, Gentosha 2002
- "Profile at Puroresu Central". Puroresu Central. Retrieved 2013-12-14.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated's Top 500 Wrestlers of the PWI Years". Wrestling Information Archive. Retrieved 2010-09-15.