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Kintoor
town
Kintoor is located in Uttar Pradesh
Kintoor
Kintoor
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°01′08″N 81°29′10″E / 27.019°N 81.486°E / 27.019; 81.486Coordinates: 27°01′08″N 81°29′10″E / 27.019°N 81.486°E / 27.019; 81.486
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Barabanki
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 225207

Kintoor or Kintur is a village distant 10 miles north-east of Badosarai in Barabanki district famous for battle of Kintoor of 1858 during Indian Mutiny.[1][2]

History[edit]

Kintoor is named after Kunti, the mother of Pandav, as per the ancient sayings. Initially its name was Kuntapur.[3]

Mahabahrat era[edit]

Parijaat tree a sacred baobab tree in the village of Kintoor on the banks of Ghaghra.[4] Near a temple (known as Kunteshwar Mahadev temple) established by Kunti, is a special tree called Parijaat which is said to grow from Kunti's ashes.[5] Historically, though these saying may have some bearing or not, but it is true that this tree is from a very ancient background.[6]

Battle of Kintoor[edit]

Battle of Kintoor
Part of the Indian Mutiny
Date October 6, 1858
Location Kintoor
Result British victory
Belligerents
East India Company
Kapurthala State
Rebel Sepoys
Commanders and leaders
Major A.Hume commanding 1st European Bengal Fusiliers
Rajah of Kappurthullah commanding Kappurthullah contingent
Collector Darakhaje
Collector Abid Khan
Major-General Abson Khan
Mohamed Ameer Khan
Strength
1st Bengal Fusiliers, 150 rank and file; 2nd Company 3rd battalion Artillery, two 9-ponder guns; Hodson's Horse, 56 sabres; Oude Military Police Cavalry, 200 sabres;
Kappurthullah Contingent:- Artilllery, five 8-pounder, three 6-ponderguns; Cavalary, 124 sabres; Infantry, 650 rank and file
3,000 infantry
200–300 cavalry
4 guns
Casualties and losses
4 wounded
1 horse killed, 7 wounded
450 killed

Battle of Kintoor was a conflict between rebel sepoys and troops East India Company and Kapurthala State on October 6, 1858 during Indian Mutiny.[1][7][8]

British Raj[edit]

During 1869 census of Oudh, Kintoor was designated as one of the total thirteen large towns or kasbahs and Inspector of Police of Ram Nagar was appointed here on the night of census.[9]

Nishapuri Sada'at of Kintoor[edit]

Many of the early Sufi saints that came to North India belonged to Sayyid families. Most of these Sayyid families came from Central Asia and Iran, but some also originate from Yemen, Oman, Iraq and Bahrain. Perhaps the most famous Sufi was Syed Salar Masud, from whom many of the Sayyid families of Awadh claim their descent.[10] Sayyids of Jarwal (Bahraich), Kintoor (Barabanki) and Zaidpur (Barabanki) were wellknown Taluqadars (feudal lords) of Awadh province.[11]

The Nishapuri Sada'at (Sayeds) of Barabanki (adjoining areas of Kintoor, Fatehpur, Jarwal and Lucknow) are Kazmi or Musavi Sayeds; that is they claim descent from the Prophet through his daughter's line and the line of the seventh Imam of the Shi'a Muslims, Musa al-Kazem. They came in India originally from Nishapur a town near Mashhad in northeastern Iran.[12][13] Two brothers Sayed Sharafu'd-Din Abu Talib (who was the ancestor of Waris 'Ali) and Sayed Muhammed in thirteenth century forsaked Nishapur, Iran (via Khorasan and Mashhad) for Awadh, India in the time of Hulagu Khan (1256-1265) the Il-Khanid Mongol ruler.[14][15] After their arrival in Kintoor the Saiyids were givena large jagir by Sultan Muhammad Tughluq, where they continued to hold the land in different tenures until twentieth century at the turn of which they held two-thirds of the village land of Kintoor.[16] Sayed Alauddin Kazmi have said to be accompanied these two brothers in their movement from Iran, he later moved to Tehsil Fatehpur. The grave of Sayed Alauddin Kazmi is situated in Kintoor. The Kazmis of Fatehpur are his descendants. These Nishapuri Sayeds of Kintoor spread to adjoining localities of Barabanki e.g. Fatehpur, and even to neighbouring districts e.g. Jarwal in Bahraich district and in Lucknow. These Nishapuri Sayeds produced several outstanding Shia Muslim religious scholars in 18th, 19th and 20th centuries.[17][18]

Zayn al-'Abidin al-Musavi who was progenitor of sayeds of Kintoor was great-great-grandfather of Sayed Ahmed.[19] Sayeds of Kintoor can be categorized in two prominent families i.e. Abaqati (that of Sayed Hamid Hussain) and Khomeini (that of Sayed Ahmed).

Abaqati family[edit]

Main article: Abaqati family

One branch of the Nishapuri Kintoori Sayeds took root in Lucknow. The most famous of Kintoori Sayeds is Ayatollah Syed Mir Hamid Hussain Musavi, author of work entitled Abaqat al Anwar; the first word in the title of this work provided his descendantswith the nisba (title) they still bear, Abaqati.[13] Syed Ali Nasir Saeed Abaqati Agha Roohi, a Lucknow based cleric is from the family of Nishapuri Kintoori Sayeds and uses title Abaqati.

Khomeini family[edit]

Towards the end of the 18th century the ancestors of the Supreme Leader of the Iranian Revolution, Ruhollah Khomeini had migrated from their original home in Nishapur, Iran to the kingdom of Oudh in northern India whose rulers were Twelver Shia Muslims of Persian origin;[20][21] they settled in the town of Kintoor.[22][23][24][25] Ayatollah Khomeini's paternal grandfather, Seyyed Ahmad Musavi Hindi, was born in Kintoor, he was a contemporary and relative of the famous scholar Ayatollah Syed Mir Hamid Hussain Musavi.[23][25] He left Lucknow in the middle of 19th century on pilgrimage to the tomb of Imam Ali in Najaf, Iraq and never returned.[22][25] According to Moin this movement was to escape colonial rule of British Raj in India.[26] He visited Iran in 1834 and settled down in Khomein in 1839.[23] Although he stayed and settled in Iran, he continued to be known as Hindi, even Ruhollah Khomeini used Hindi as pen name in some of his ghazals.[22] Also Ruhollah's brother was known by name Nureddin Hindi.[25]

Personalities[edit]

Royalty[edit]

ruler of Kintoor, was active in the First War of Indian Independence against the British Raj.[27][28]

Literary[edit]

Urdu/Persian (19th century)[edit]

in fourteenth century forsaken Iran for Awadh in the time of Hulagu the II-Khanid Mongol ruler. The Nishapuri Sayyids of Kintoor produced several outstanding Shi‘i religious scholars in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.[13][29]
in fourteenth century forsaken Iran for Awadh in the time of Hulagu the II-Khanid Mongol ruler. The Nishapuri Sayyids of Kintoor produced several outstanding Shi‘i religious scholars in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.[13][29]
  • Abd ul-Qadir Hanif-ud-Din Kintoori (d. 1789),
a Sufi of Qadri order. His ancestors emigrated from Nishapur, Iran, and served as jurists i.e. qazi in the area. He was author of book Kuhl ul-jawahir fi manaqib-i-'Abd ul-Qadir Jilani, completed in 1753.[30][31]
principal Sadr Amin at the British court in Meerut. He was also author of Tathir al-mu'minin 'an najasat al-mushrikin.[12][29][32][33]
author of books Kashf al-hujub wa'l-astar `an al-kutub wa'l-asfar; A'inah-'i haqq-nama; Shudhur al-`iqyan fi tarajim al-a`yan, 2 vols. A'inah," a primary source is Kintoori's biographical dictionary of Shi‘i ulama, an extremely useful source, remains in manuscript and has not been used by writers on Imami Shi‘ism in the West.[29][32][34]
  • Syed Sirāj Ḥusayn Musavi Kintoori (1823-1865),
son of Mufti Syed Muhammad Quli Kintoori, he was author of Kashf al-ḥujub wa-l-astār ʿan asmāʾ al-kutub wa-l-asfār, Shudhūr al-ʿiqyān fī tarājim al-aʿyān and Āʾīna-yi ḥaqq-numā.[12]
  • Syed Iʿjāz Ḥusayn Musavi Kintoori (1825-1870),
son of Mufti Syed Muhammad Quli Kintoori, he worked in the British judiciary and administration and was one of the first Shiʿi ʿulamāʾ to engage with the new learning in English and translated works of science in Persian and Urdu. He was also associated with Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.[12]
son of Mufti Syed Muhammad Quli Kintoori author of book Abaqat ul Anwar fi Imamat al Ai'imma al-Athar.[12][13][29][35][36][37]
  • Qazi Mahmud Kintoori author of Mirat i Madari.[38]

Urdu/Persian (20th century)[edit]

  • Justice Maulvi Syed Karāmat Ḥusayn Musavi Kintoori (1854-1917),
son of Syed Iʿjāz Ḥusayn, he became a pioneer encouraging the education of girls in the next generation as one of the key responses to the shock of the loss of power and prestige with the advent of formal empire after 1857. He also served as a professor of law at Aligarh. He was founder of Karmat College, Lucknow.[12][39][40][41]
was a religious scholar (a Mujtahid), a physician, a pharmacologist and an alchemist.[42] He was autor of book Miatain fi Maqtalil Husain[43] and Qanun-e-Shaikh bu 'Ali Sina.[44] He was married to Hamid Hussain's sister.[18]

Others[edit]

was paternal grandfather of Ayatollah Khomeini. He was born in Kintoor. He left India in about 1830 to make a pilgrimage to the shrine city of Najaf in present-day Iraq, and to study at one of its famous seminaries and never returned.[13][23][24][25]
cousin of Syed Hamid Hussain Kintoori, was the daroghah of Awadh.[29]

Attractions[edit]

Parijat tree at Kintoor, Barabanki

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bulletins and other state intelligence, Part 1
  2. ^ a b c http://barabanki.nic.in/places.htm
  3. ^ http://kvbarabanki.org.in/places
  4. ^ a b Wickens, Gerald E.; Pat Lowe (2008). The Baobabs: Pachycauls of Africa, Madagascar and Australia. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-4020-6430-2. 
  5. ^ a b Kameshwar, G. (2006). Bend in the Sarayu: a soota chronicle. Rupa & Co. p. 159. ISBN 978-81-291-0942-2. 
  6. ^ Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Bara Banki. Government of Uttar Pradesh. 1993. p. 21. OCLC 7625267. 
  7. ^ House of Commons papers, Volume 43 By Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons
  8. ^ Bulletins and Other State Intelligence Compiled and Arranged from the Official Documents Published in the London Gazette
  9. ^ The report on the census of OUDH, OUDH Government Press, 1869
  10. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three, edited by A Hasan & J C Das
  11. ^ King Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh, Volume 1 by Mirza Ali Azhar, Royal Book Co., 1982
  12. ^ a b c d e f Scholarship in a sayyid family of Avadh I: Musavī Nīshāpūrī of Kintūr
  13. ^ a b c d e f Islam, politics, and social movements By Edmund Burke, Ervand Abrahamian, Ira M. Lapidus
  14. ^ Muhammad ‘Ali Kashmiri, Nujumas-sama ' fi tarajimal-‘ulama ' (Lucknow: Matbac-i Jacfari, 1302/1884-85), p. 420.
  15. ^ A Socio-intellectual History of the Isnā ʾAsharī Shīʾīs in India: 16th to 19th century A.D, Saiyid Athar Abbas Rizvi, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 1986
  16. ^ Piety on its knees: three Sufi traditions in South Asia in modern times, Claudia Liebeskind, Oxford University Press, 18-Dec-1998
  17. ^ Sufi cults and the evolution of medieval Indian culture, Anup Taneja, Indian Council of Historical Researchh in association with Northern Book Centre, 2003
  18. ^ a b Shi'a Islam in Colonial India: Religion, Community and Sectarianism By Justin Jones
  19. ^ Islam, Politics, and Social Movements By Edmund Burke, III, Ervand Abrahamian
  20. ^ Sacred space and holy war: the politics, culture and history of Shi'ite Islam By Juan Ricardo Cole
  21. ^ Art and culture: endeavours in interpretation By Ahsan Jan Qaisar,Som Prakash Verma,Mohammad Habib
  22. ^ a b c Ruhollah Khomeini's brief biography by Hamid Algar
  23. ^ a b c d From Khomein, A biography of the Ayatollah, June 14, 1999, The Iranian
  24. ^ a b The Columbia world dictionary of Islamism By Olivier Roy, Antoine Sfeir
  25. ^ a b c d e Khomeini: life of the Ayatollah, Volume 1999 By Baqer Moin
  26. ^ Moin 2000, p. 18
  27. ^ Roots of North Indian Shi'ism in Iran and Iraq: Religion and State in Awadh, 1722–1859; Shi‘is and the Revolt in Awadh, 1857–1859, #274
  28. ^ INDIA-ROYALTY-L Archives, Raja Mir Imdad Ali Khan of Kintur
  29. ^ a b c d e f Roots of North Indian Shi‘ism in Iran and Iraq Religion and State in Awadh, 1722–1859, by J. R. I. Cole, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS Berkeley · Los Angeles · Oxford
  30. ^ Dictionary Of Indo-Persian Literature, By Nabi Hadi
  31. ^ Persian Literature: A Bio-Bibiographical Survey : Qur'Anic Literature; History and Biography : Biography Additions and Corrections Indexes, Volume 1, Part 2, by C.A. Storey
  32. ^ a b Sacred Space and Holy War The Politics, Culture and History of Shi`ite Islam by Juan Cole, I.B.Tauris Publishers, LONDON - NEW YORK
  33. ^ Dar al-Kitab Jazayeri
  34. ^ The Most Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Islamic Sciences, Bihar al-Anwar
  35. ^ Leader of Heaven #18
  36. ^ Mir Hamid Hussain and his famous piece Abaqat al-anwar
  37. ^ GHADEER-E-KHUM WHERE THE RELIGION WAS BROUGHT TO PERFECTION By I.H. Najafi, Published By A GROUP OF MUSLIM BROTHERS, NEW ADDRESS P. 0. Box No. 11365- 1545, Tehran – IRAN.
  38. ^ Persian Literature – A Biobibliographical Survey ..., Volume 1, Part 2 By C. A. Storey
  39. ^ About Karamat College
  40. ^ A brief history of Karamat College
  41. ^ Uttar Pradesh district gazetteers, Volume 42, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, 1988
  42. ^ Dictionary of Indo-Persian literature By Nabi Hadi, #199
  43. ^ Hazrat Abbas (A.S.) and the Infallible Imams (A.S.), Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (a.s.) on his uncle Abbas (a.s.)
  44. ^ An empire of books: the Naval Kishore Press and the diffusion of the printed word in colonial India

External links[edit]


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