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Kingsway Camp officially known as Guru Teg Bahadur Nagar (GTB Nagar), since 1970, is a historic area located in North Delhi, near Civil Lines and Delhi University. It starts from Guru Teg Bahadur Nagar (GTB) Chauraha (passing), and has residential areas like Hudson Lines and Outram Lines. Localities like Dhaka Village, Mukherjee Nagar and Hakikat Nagar nearby close. Though it is most known for the Coronation Park, where the foundation of the new capital of British India, New Delhi, north of Old Delhi, was laid in December, 1911, by King George V.[1]

Refugees from West Punjab and Dera Ismail Khan at the Kingsway Camp in 1947

Originally named after Kingsway, an avenue which was built as a precursor to the construction of residence of the Viceroy of India, after the Delhi Durbar of 1911, though its location was finally shifted to the Raisina Hill, its present location, as was the road titled Kingsway, now known as Rajpath.[2] The area stretched over twenty-five square miles from banks of Yamuna River in the east to Shalimar Bagh in the west.[3] Post independence in 1947, it became the venue of the largest refugee camp in Delhi, housing 3,00,000 refugees.[4] Today, it is posh residential locality, with a large number of students residing in the area owing to its proximity with the Delhi University; it serviced by the GTB Nagar underground station of Delhi Metro.

History[edit]

The Delhi Durbar of 1877 at Coronation Park. The Viceroy of India, Lord Edward Lytton is seated on the dais to the left.
Coronation Memorial -a commemorative Obelisk erected at the exact place where King George V and Queen Mary sat in Durbar of 1911, and declared shifting of capital of British Raj from Calcutta to Delhi, at Coronation Park

During the British Raj it acquired historic importance due to the presence of the "Coronation Park" close by, now close to the Nirankari Colony, where all the three Delhi Durbar took place, and is now host the Coronation Memorial. Though the most important event took place on December 12, 1911, when George V, the then Emperor of India along with Queen Mary, during the Delhi Durbar, made the announcement that the capital of the Raj was to be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi, subsequently on December 15, 1911, they laid the foundation stone for Viceroy's residence, and New Delhi here, which was subsequently shifted to its present location on Raisina Hill near Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's House).[1][5] The newly appointed emperors of the British Raj were stationed at Kingsway Camp. Since the Kings had to pass through this route, it was named "Kingsway Camp", meaning the "Way Of the King".

In 1910s, a steam generation power plant was established here by the government, which was later shifted to Raj Ghat area around 1931, when the capital of India was shifted to New Delhi, and known as Central Power House.[citation needed]

The Harijan Sevak Sangh for Dalits (untouchables) was established here, by Mahatma Gandhi on September 24, 1932. Later, it was Valmiki Bhawan within the campus, which functioned as Gandhi ji's one-room ashram,. Today, the 20-acre (81,000 m2) campus includes the Gandhi ashram, Harijan Basti, Lala Hans Raj Gupta Industrial Training Institute and also has a residential school for boys and girls. Today, the 20-acre (81,000 m2) campus includes the Gandhi Ashram, Harijan Basti, Lala Hans Raj Gupta Industrial Training Institute and also has a residential school for boys and girls.[6][7]

However, until the independence of India, much of area was still filled with fruit gardens, or remained a wilderness and swamp, due to its low-lying location, which tended to flood during the rainy season[8] though a big change was yet to come. As with India's independence in 1947, Kingway Camp became the venue to the one of many refugee camps set up in Delhi. Here some 3,00,000 people displaced from what was now Pakistan, due to partition of India stayed, making it the largest such camp.[4] Here tents and temporary barracks became home for the people in the coming months.[9][10] Though almost two years after it was built, in May 1949 over 42,000 refugees were still living at the camp as the construction of rehabilitation colonies and houses in area was still underway, that is when the inhabitants of the camp went on a hunger strike.[11] Gandhian Lakshmi Chand Jain was in-charge of working of the camp, which was close to the Gandhi ashram, where Gandhiji held his prayer meetings. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay also worked extensively at the camp, with women groups and also worked towards forming cooperatives here. Over the next few years a lot of refugees settled in the nearby area itself, many moved to West Delhi residential areas, and some newly buily refugee townships. Though unlike other refugee townships like Nilokheri, Faridabad and Rajpura, there was no attempt to bring residential and economic activity in proximity to one another, nevertheless owing to its proximity with Delhi University the area flourished in the coming years.[12]

The Oznam Home, a noted old-age home was established here, by St. Vincent de Paul Society in 1958, and was run by an Austrian nun, Sister Edith who stayed for the next 30 years.[13] Kingsway Camp was official renamed as Guru Teg Bahadur Nagar on December 12, 1970 by Municipal Corporation of Delhi.[14] All India Radio's first external service shortwave facility was also established here.[15]

Transport[edit]

The place is well connected with all the major places in and around Delhi 24x7 transport. The Delhi Metro has also started functioning in this part of North Delhi. Ring road passes through the place.

Overview[edit]

It proves to be a great place for students as the place is in the vicinity of Delhi University. Students can find great rent deals. Police vigilance is high as the police training centre and DAP 4th Battalion and Police residential colony are adjacent to this place. Residential colonies like Hudson lane and outram lanes were established by DDA .

Schools[edit]

There are a few Public and Private schools in the area like Rosary senior secondary school, DAV, Srijan school, Manav sthali, Darshan Academy, Little Fairy Public School, Delhi Police Public School etc.

Shopping[edit]

Landscape is lush green and two major grounds are POLO and Parade grounds. Rajan Babu Tuberculosis Hospital,[16] Hans Charitable and New Life nursing home are among the few hospitals in the area. One CGHS dispensary is also there. The place offers a wide variety of food that is available in different restaurants such as Samrat, Ramble, Dinners, Cafe Coffee day, and pizzahut. Almost every CAT, IIT JEE and IAS coaching centre is present. Recently many CA/CS/CWA coaching classes have also been set up.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hall, P (2002). Cities of Tomorrow. Blackwell Publishing. pp. 198–206. ISBN 0-631-23252-4. 
  2. ^ Gundry Alexander, Horace (1951). New citizens of India. Oxford University Press (India). p. 43. 
  3. ^ Singh, p. 318
  4. ^ a b Ishii, Hiroshi; David N. Gellner; Katsuo Nawa (2007). Political and social transformations in north India and Nepal. Manohar. p. 293. ISBN 81-7304-729-4. 
  5. ^ Coronation park Hindustan Times, August 14, 2008.
  6. ^ "Share Gandhi's space @Rs 800 pm". CNN-IBN. Sep 30, 2006. 
  7. ^ "Tirath spends time with Dalits on Gandhi Jayanti". The Indian. October 2, 2009. 
  8. ^ Sinha, p. 1483
  9. ^ Pandey, p. 140
  10. ^ Tyagi, Vijendra Kumar (1982). Urban growth and urban villages: a case study of Delhi. Kalyani Publishers. p. 24. 
  11. ^ "Delhi Strike". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. May 15, 1949. p. 20. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  12. ^ Rao, p. 43
  13. ^ Johri, Pradeep Kumar (2005). Social Development And Social Welfare. Anmol Publications. p. 19. ISBN 81-261-2220-X. 
  14. ^ The Sikh review, Volume 37, Issues 421-432. Sikh Cultural Centre, Calcutta. 1989. p. 53 "Resolution no. 954"
  15. ^ Magne, Lawrence (2001). Passport to World Band Radio 2002. International Broadcasting Services. p. 29. ISBN 0-914941-82-8. 
  16. ^ "MCD prescribes Rs 2,000-cr medicity for North Delhi". Indian Express. Mar 10, 2010. 

AMAL MANOHAR

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°24′56″N 77°07′18″E / 28.4155°N 77.1216°E / 28.4155; 77.1216


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingsway_Camp — Please support Wikipedia.
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208 news items

 
Business Standard
Sun, 02 Nov 2014 00:07:30 -0700

The nearest hospital is 11 kms away, which is in Kingsway Camp. So people either wouldn't go to the hospital or buy some medicine from the nearest chemist to treat themselves," says Sunita Prasad, program manager, Lilly MDR TB partnership.
 
Economic and Political Weekly
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 04:40:27 -0700

During my fieldwork, I often witnessed how the residents of Partition resettlement colonies – from Amar Colony in Lajpat Nagar to Derawal Nagar in Kingsway Camp – the ex-refugees and their descendants, would speak of 1984 as “our Partition” as a way of ...

Chandigarh Tribune

Chandigarh Tribune
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 13:48:45 -0700

The parade held in their honour was organized at the New Police Lines Ground, Kingsway Camp. Delhi Police Commissioner Bhim Sain Bassi read out the names of 12 martyrs of the Delhi Police. These personnel are inspector Ashok Kumar, sub-inspector ...
 
Zee News
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 10:10:11 -0700

Chairman, Standing Committee of the NDMC, Mohan Bhardwaj said, "This initiative for all the three civic bodies was led by Arya. The refugee colonies under our jurisdiction include areas like the Kingsway Camp, Ramesh Nagar, Patel Nagar among others.".
 
The New Indian Express
Sun, 05 Oct 2014 00:07:30 -0700

Spread over 27 acres of land in the historic Kingsway Camp area in north Delhi, the ashram has a towering "Dharma Stambh" and a beautiful but faded "Sarwa Dharma Sambhav Temple", both of which were constructed under the supervision of Gandhi.
 
The Hindu
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 05:45:00 -0700

George V's statue that stood at India Gate and where a statue of Gandhiji was proposed to be erected is now at the Coronation Park in Kingsway Camp where the durbars of 1877, 1903 and 1911 (when Delhi became the Capital again) were held.

NDTV

NDTV
Mon, 12 May 2014 08:18:43 -0700

Mr Gupta also said that a cricket match was being organized at observation home for boys at Sewa Kutir Complex in Kingsway Camp on May 7 and 8. The institution houses boys in the age group of 16 to 18 years who are in conflict with law. Two teams from ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 06:41:08 -0700

Be it the site commemorating the Royal Durbar of 1911 when King George announced the shifting of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi — the place came to be called Kingsway Camp in later years — or New Delhi set up by Edwin Lutyens with more than a ...
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