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The Khatmiyya is a Sufi order or tariqa founded by Sayyid Mohammed Uthman al-Mirghani al-Khatim. The Khatmiyya is the largest Sufi order in Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia. It also has followers in Egypt, Chad, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Uganda, Yemen and India.

It was established by Sayyid Mohammed Uthman al-Mirghani al-Khatim, the grandson of Al-Sayyid Abdullahi Al-Mirghani Al-Mahjoob who was the Imam of Al-Haram mosque in Mecca and the Mufti.

It was established as an amalgamation of five other orders which are: Naqshbandiyya, Qadiriyya, Shazaliyya, Junaidiyya and Mirghaniyya. Mirghaniyya having been already established by Al-Sayyid or Abdullahi Al-Mirghani Al-Mahjoub.

Al-Sayyid Al-Khatim was born in Al-Taief in Hijaz and buried in Mecca in Tihamah. He started his travels at the age of twenty five after gaining his education through a number of prominent Islamic scholars in Mecca of his time among whom was Sayyid Ahmad Ibn Idris al-Fasi.

His lineage goes back to the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his grandson the noble Al-Sayyid Al-Hussain as specified in the famous book of Ajayib Al-Athar by Al-Jabarti.

He spent a significant amount of time in Sudan, Eritrea, Egypt and Ethiopia where he lived with the local communities and played a significant role in introducing the Arabic language and the teachings of the religion of Islam to the people of these areas in an organised structure at a time when many of these communities were largely isolated and lacked organised education.

Among his accomplishments was the precedence of establishing the first school for the education of women in the Horn of Africa.

He was a man of extraordinary linguistic ability and knowledge of the sciences of both Shari'a and Haqiqa as praised by his scholars as well as an extensive knowledge of the Abrahamic religions (some of which were already practised when he arrived in Ethiopia and Egypt). These abilities allowed him to write over 30 books and articles. His writings included an explanation of the verses of the Quran in his book Taj Al-Tafaseer, a concise and immaculate description of the story of the birth of the prophet Muhammad Al-Asrar Al-Rabaniya and over 112 literary poems on the description of the attributes and praise of the prophet Muhammad.



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khatmiyya — Please support Wikipedia.
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19 news items

Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune
Sat, 01 Aug 2015 14:31:54 -0700

It is worth noting that the Khatmiyya sect is a major supporter of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) led by Mohamed Osman al-Mirghani who is also the leader of the sect. The Sufi orders have largely suffered during the government of president Omer ...
 
Sudan Tribune
Mon, 03 Nov 2014 21:51:09 -0800

On the one hand, there were the unionists, backed by the Khatmiyya supporters, calling for unity with Egypt. On the other hand, there was the Umma party, supported by the Ansar sect, suspecting Egyptian intentions, they participated in the two colonial ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Sun, 30 Nov 2014 22:22:30 -0800

Mohammed Osman al-Mirghani is both the imam of the Khatmiyya sect and the DUP head. These parties have been in and out of government since 1956, often as part of unstable coalitions in the democratic interludes between periods of military rule.

Sudan Vision

Sudan Vision
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 12:41:15 -0700

The lively and wide-ranging discussion began with Ambassador El-Tom wishing Al Mirghani good health and expressing the view that the leader of the Democratic Unionist Party and the Khatmiyya is revered nationwide as a voice of moderation and peace.

Jadaliyya

Jadaliyya
Tue, 04 Feb 2014 22:05:53 -0800

Baathists, Ansars, Khatmiyya, Communists, Secularists, Islamists, Christians, Animists, Progressive Muslims, and Radical Democrats would fight nightly over a range of concerns, from the seemingly most minute details associated with the management of ...

Sudan Tribune

Sudan Tribune
Wed, 25 Sep 2013 00:07:30 -0700

According to the source, Al-Mirghani who is also the leader of the Sufi order of Al-Khatmiyya, decided to move to London after a decision by the security services banning the organization of an annual religious gathering “Hawliyya” to commemorate its ...

Jadaliyya

Jadaliyya
Wed, 24 Aug 2011 10:23:35 -0700

... the country's brief democratic interludes (it was al-Mahdi's elected government that Bashir overthrew in 1989) and both are able to call on large numbers of followers through their leadership of Sudan's two major Sufi tariqat, the Ansar and the ...
 
Sudan Tribune
Tue, 02 Apr 2013 23:56:52 -0700

What was initially a betrayal became a political strategy as the effendiya short-cut nationalist agitation to forge their alliance with the patrons of Sudan's major religious-business networks, the Ansar and the Khatmiyya, thereby cementing what was ...
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