digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Republic of Khakassia
Республика Хакасия (Russian)
Хакас Республиказы (Khakas)
—  Republic  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: none
Coordinates: 53°30′N 90°00′E / 53.500°N 90.000°E / 53.500; 90.000Coordinates: 53°30′N 90°00′E / 53.500°N 90.000°E / 53.500; 90.000
Political status
Country  Russia
Federal district Siberian[1]
Economic region East Siberian[2]
Established October 20, 1930
Capital Abakan
Government (as of August 2010)
 - Head[4] Viktor Zimin[3]
 - Legislature Supreme Council[5]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[6]
 - Total 61,900 km2 (23,900 sq mi)
Area rank 46th
Population (2010 Census)[7]
 - Total 532,403
 - Rank 70th
 - Density[8] 8.6 /km2 (22 /sq mi)
 - Urban 67.3%
 - Rural 32.7%
Time zone(s) KRAT (UTC+08:00)[9]
ISO 3166-2 RU-KK
License plates 19
Official languages Russian;[10] Khakas[11]
Official website

The Republic of Khakassia (Russian: Респу́блика Хака́сия, Respublika Khakasiya; Khakass: Хакас Республиказы[12]) or Khakasiya (Хака́сия) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic) located in south-central Siberia. Its capital city is Abakan, which is also the largest city in the republic. It has a population of 532,403 (2010 Census).[7]

The Khakas language has co-official status in the republic.

History[edit]

From the 6th century Khakassia was the core of the old Kyrgyz state. In the 13th century, following defeat by the Mongols, the majority of the Kyrgyz people migrated southwest to their current homeland in Central Asia (Kyrgyzstan). Modern Khakassians regard themselves as the descendants of those Kyrgyz who remained in Siberia. Khakassia was incorporated into the Russian state in 1707.

In 1727 this was confirmed in a treaty between Russia and China. Tsarist policy was to deport convicted criminals from European Russia to Siberia and forts were quickly constructed in Khakassia (1707 and 1718). Many prisoners stayed in the area on their release. Many of the indigenous Khakassian people converted to the Russian Orthodox church and were gradually forced to abandon their nomadic way of life.

By the time of the Russian Revolution Russians made up approximately half of the population. Under Soviet rule autonomy was granted on 10 October 1930. During the 1920s and 1930s the Soviet authorities resettled an estimated quarter of a million Russians in the region. These were followed by 10,000 Volga Germans deported in World War II. By the time of the 1959 census ethnic Khakassians represented little more than one in ten of the population. Khakassia was given full autonomous republic status in 1991.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of the Republic of Khakassia

Demographics[edit]

Population: 532,403 (2010 Census);[7] 546,072 (2002 Census);[13] 568,605 (1989 Census).[14]

Vital statistics[edit]

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Fertility rates
1970 448 7,347 3,749 3,598 16.4 8.4 8.0
1975 476 9,106 4,485 4,621 19.1 9.4 9.7
1980 508 9,994 5,345 4,649 19.7 10.5 9.2
1985 541 10,382 5,546 4,836 19.2 10.3 8.9
1990 572 8,724 6,060 2,664 15.3 10.6 4.7 2,27
1991 573 8,114 6,195 1,919 14.2 10.8 3.3 2,14
1992 574 6,917 6,843 74 12.0 11.9 0.1 1,81
1993 574 6,152 8,387 - 2,235 10.7 14.6 - 3.9 1,58
1994 572 6,219 9,426 - 3,207 10.9 16.5 - 5.6 1,57
1995 571 5,807 8,186 - 2,379 10.2 14.3 - 4.2 1,44
1996 569 5,727 8,093 - 2,366 10.1 14.2 - 4.2 1,40
1997 566 5,309 7,766 - 2,457 9.4 13.7 - 4.3 1,28
1998 563 5,602 7,821 - 2,219 10.0 13.9 - 3.9 1,34
1999 559 5,312 8,304 - 2,992 9.5 14.8 - 5.3 1,26
2000 556 5,634 8,104 - 2,470 10.1 14.6 - 4.4 1,32
2001 552 5,576 8,561 - 2,985 10.1 15.5 - 5.4 1,28
2002 547 6,118 9,280 - 3,162 11.2 17.0 - 5.8 1,39
2003 542 6,417 9,660 - 3,243 11.8 17.8 - 6.0 1,44
2004 539 6,453 8,763 - 2,310 12.0 16.3 - 4.3 1,43
2005 536 6,198 9,411 - 3,213 11.6 17.6 - 6.0 1,35
2006 533 6,465 7,927 - 1,462 12.1 14.9 - 2.7 1,40
2007 531 7,384 7,324 60 13.9 13.8 0.1 1,60
2008 531 7,935 7,427 508 14.9 14.0 1.0 1,72
2009 531 8,062 7,255 807 15.2 13.7 1.5 1,81
2010 532 8,010 7,373 637 15.0 13.8 1.2 1,80
2011 532 8,013 7,154 859 15.1 13.4 1.7 1,83
2012 533 8,534 7,137 1,397 16.0 13.4 2.6 2,00
2013 534 8,376 6,998 1,378 15.7 13.1 2.6 2,01(e)

In 2007, the republic recorded a positive natural increase of population for the first time in many years (Although very small, less than +0.01% per year), being one of the 20 Russian regions to have a positive natural population growth rate. [15][16]

TFR source 2009 - 12[17]

Ethnic groups[edit]

According to the 2010 Russian Census,[7] ethnic Russians make up 81.7% of the republic's population, while ethnic Khakas are only 12.1%. Other groups include ethnic Germans (1.1%), Ukrainians (1%), Tatars (0.6%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population.

Ethnic
group
1926 census 1939 census 1959 census 1970 census 1979 census 1989 census 2002 census 2010 census1
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Khakas 44,219 49.8% 45,799 16.8% 48,512 11.8% 54,750 12.3% 57,281 11.5% 62,859 11.1% 65,421 12.0% 63,643 12.1%
Russians 41,390 46.6% 205,254 75.3% 314,455 76.5% 349,362 78.4% 395,953 79.4% 450,430 79.5% 438,395 80.3% 427,647 81.7%
Germans 46 0.1% 333 0.1% 10,512 2.6% 10,547 2.4% 11,130 2.2% 11,250 2.0% 9,161 1.7% 5,976 1.1%
Ukrainians 836 0.9% 7,788 2.9% 14,630 3.6% 9,480 2.1% 10,398 2.1% 13,223 2.3% 8,360 1.5% 5,039 1.0%
Others 2,381 2.7% 13,556 5.0% 22,938 5.6% 21,685 4.9% 23,622 4.7% 29,099 5.4% 24,735 4.5% 21,409 4.1%
1 8,689 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[18]

Religion[edit]

Main article: Religion in Khakassia
Circle frame.svg

Religion in Khakassia (2012)[19][20]

  Russian Orthodox (31.6%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (6%)
  Rodnover and Tengrist (2%)
  Other Orthodox (1%)
  Muslim (1%)
  Protestant (1%)
  Hindu (0.4%)
  Buddhist (0.4%)
  Spiritual but not religious (38%)
  Atheist and undeclared (18.6%)

According to a 2012 official survey[19] 31.6% of the population of Khakassia adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 6% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches. 2% of the population adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism) or to Khakas Tengrism, 1% to Islam, 1% to forms of Protestantism, 0.4% to forms of Hinduism (Vedism, Krishnaism or Tantrism) and another 0.4% to Tibetan Buddhism. In addition, 38% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 16% is atheist, and 2.6% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[19]

Economy[edit]

The main industries in the republic are coal mining, ore mining and timber.

Sports[edit]

Sayan-Khakassia[21] has been playing in the highest division of Russian Bandy League for a long time, but was relegated after the 2012–13 season. Now they play in the 2nd highest division.

Views of Khakassia[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of the Republic of Khakassia. Viktor Mikhaylovich Zimin (Russian)
  4. ^ Constitution, Article 88
  5. ^ Constitution, Article 72
  6. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  8. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  9. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  10. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  11. ^ Constitution, Article 69
  12. ^ Name used in head of official documents, i.e.: [1] – ТРАНСПОРТ ПАЗА ЧОЛ ХОНИИНЫҢ МИНИСТЕРСТВОЗЫ ХАКАС РЕСПУБЛИКАЗЫ (ХАКАСИЯНЫН МИНТРАНЗЫ)
  13. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  14. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  15. ^ Постоянное население России на начало 2008 года - 142 миллиона человек. Demoscope.ru. Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  16. ^ В 2007 году естественная убыль снизилась до 478 тысяч человек, а миграционный прирост увеличился до 240 тысяч. Demoscope.ru. Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  17. ^ Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Gks.ru (2010-05-08). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  18. ^ Перепись-2010: русских становится больше. Perepis-2010.ru (2011-12-19). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  19. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  20. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.
  21. ^ Official home page

Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Республики Хакасия. №45 25 мая 1995 г. «Конституция Республики Хакасия», в ред. Конституционного закона №19-ЗРХ от 13 апреля 2007 г. (Supreme Council of the Republic of Khakassia. #45 May 25, 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Khakassia, as amended by the Constitutional Law #19-ZRKh of April 13, 2007. ).

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khakassia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1450 videos foundNext > 

SIBERIA - Khakassia Republic and Abakan city

Khakasia is situated in the south-west part of Eastern Siberia on the territories of Sayano-Altai plateau and Khakas-Minusinsk basin. Its length from the nor...

The land of untouched nature and ancient magic

RT presents the South Siberian Republic of Khakassia -- where people still warship a 4500-year old fertility goddess and adore the mountains, rivers and step...

Ergaki National Park in Khakassia Republic (SIBERIA)

A real jewell for all nature-lovers! Great film that will make you want to come and visit this stunning place!

Ensemble Ülger - Vol I - Khakassia

he ensemble from Abakan in the republic of Khakassia was founded in 1989 by members of the symphonic orchestra. They have committed themselves to revive and ...

Ensemble Ülger - Khakassia

The ensemble from Abakan in the republic of Khakassia was founded in 1989 by members of the symphonic orchestra. They have committed themselves to revive and...

Ensemble Ülger Vol II - Khakassia

The ensemble from Abakan in the republic of Khakassia was founded in 1989 by members of the symphonic orchestra. They have committed themselves to revive and...

Vladimir Dorju - Tus Çirinde - Khakassia - Semi Final - Turkvision 2013

http://www.turkvision.info - Watch the semi final performance of Vladimir Dorju, the contestant of Khakassia in Turkvision 2013. Song: Tus Çirinde.

The BLACK DEVIL of Khakassia

We have and own original footage, photos and documentation which mainly resulted from years of private investigations conducted by our Members throughout the...

Oleg Chebodaev - Throatsinging kaï from Khakassia

Oleg Chebodaev sings in the kaï throatsinging style and accompanies himself on the chatkhan, a seven-stringed zither. Kaï and chatkhan occur only in Khakassi...

Отпуск-2013. Часть 2. Респ. Хакасия и Красноярский край/ Khakassia, Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP

Наш путь пролегал от пещеры Большая Орешная до Саяногорска. Заехали на оз. Белё (http://youtu.be/DMNDVbkey1E?t=1m15s) Заглянули посмотреть Туимский Провал. (...

1450 videos foundNext > 

29 news items

 
Huffington Post Canada
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 05:10:48 -0700

25, 2010 file photo then Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin rides a horse in the foothills of Karatash, near Abakan, the capital of the Khakassia region in Siberia. Putin has become alternately notorious and beloved for an array of adventurous ...
 
Russia Beyond the Headlines
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 05:56:15 -0700

... arrived in the Republic of Tuva in southern Siberia for a new international festival devoted to shamanic culture. Besides participants from abroad, the Call of 13 Shamans festival has attracted shamans from four of Russia's regions – Altai ...
 
Russia Beyond the Headlines
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 01:37:30 -0700

Time zone 5 (Moscow time plus three): Republic of Altai, Altai Territory, Novosibirsk region, Omsk region and Tomsk region; Time zone six (Moscow time plus four): Republic of Tyva, Republic of Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Kemerovo region; Time ...
 
24
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 00:59:28 -0700

Cultural and educational exchanges between Khakassia and Kyrgyzstan, for example, are already underway. In addition, there are different means of rapprochement. For example, network group communities - very interesting thing, which in the future may ...

AzerNews

AzerNews
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 05:11:15 -0700

The event was attended by Culture Minister of Tatarstan Ayrat Sibagatullin, prominent public figures, representatives of culture and art, delegations from Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Bashkortostan, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Cyprus, Crimea, Moldova, Turkey ...
 
Wall Street Journal
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 01:03:45 -0700

... @auriantmining Postal and visiting address: Tulegatan 2A, SE-113 58 Stockholm Auriant Mining AB (AUR) is a Swedish junior mining company focused on gold exploration and production in Russia, primarily in Zabaikalye and the Republics of Khakassia ...
 
The Ecologist
Sat, 05 Jul 2014 03:30:00 -0700

The Valley of the Dzeren and Pozarym (Khakassia republic) federal SACs were both created before the Development Plan was agreed. The North Ossetian Nature Reserve has been extended. Not one new nature reserve has been created. For some of the ...
 
ITAR-TASS
Tue, 01 Jul 2014 08:17:40 -0700

Khakassia and Kemerovo region are among the regions in the sixth time zone (UTC+7). The UTC+8 time will be in Buryatia, Zabaykalsk Territory and Irkutsk region. Most district of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Amur region will be included in ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Khakassia

You can talk about Khakassia with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!