digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Kedleston Hall was Brettingham's opportunity to prove himself capable of designing a house to rival Holkham Hall. The opportunity was taken from him by Robert Adam who completed the North front (above) much as Brettingham designed it, but with a more dramatic portico.
(listen)

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Kedleston Hall is an English country house in Kedleston, Derbyshire, approximately four miles north-west of Derby, and is the seat of the Curzon family whose name originates in Notre-Dame-de-Courson in Normandy. Today it is a National Trust property.

The Curzon family have owned the estate at Kedleston since at least 1297 and have lived in a succession of manor houses near to or on the site of the present Kedleston Hall. The present house was commissioned by Sir Nathaniel Curzon (later 1st Baron Scarsdale) in 1759. The house was designed by the Palladian architects James Paine and Matthew Brettingham and was loosely based on an original plan by Andrea Palladio for the never-built Villa Mocenigo. At the time a relatively unknown architect, Robert Adam was designing some garden temples to enhance the landscape of the park; Curzon was so impressed with Adam's designs, that Adam was quickly put in charge of the construction of the new mansion.

External design[edit]

Kedleston Hall. The South front by Robert Adam, based on the Arch of Constantine in Rome

The design of the three-floored house is of three blocks linked by two segmentally curved corridors. The ground floor is rusticated, while the upper floors are of smooth-dressed stone. The central, largest block contains the state rooms and was intended for use only when there were important guests in the house. The East block was a self-contained country house in its own right, containing all the rooms for the family's private use, and the identical West block contained the kitchens and all other domestic rooms and staff accommodation. Plans for two more pavilions (as the two smaller blocks are known) of identical size, and similar appearance were not executed. These further wings were intended to contain, in the south east a music room, and south west a conservatory and chapel. Externally these latter pavilions would have differed from their northern counterparts by large glazed Serlian windows on the piano nobile of their southern facades. Here the blocks were to appear as of two floors only; a mezzanine was to have been disguised in the north of the music room block. The linking galleries here were also to contain larger windows, than on the north, and niches containing classical statuary.

If the great north front, approximately 107 metres in length, is Palladian in character, dominated by the massive, six-columned Corinthian portico, then the south front (illustrated right) is pure Robert Adam. It is divided into three distinct sets of bays; the central section is a four-columned, blind triumphal arch (based on the Arch of Constantine in Rome) containing one large, pedimented glass door reached from the rusticated ground floor by an external, curved double staircase. Above the door, at second-floor height, are stone garlands and medallions in relief. The four Corinthian columns are topped by classical statues. This whole centre section of the facade is crowned by a low dome visible only from a distance. Flanking the central section are two identical wings on three floors, each three windows wide, the windows of the first-floor piano nobile being the tallest. Adam's design for this facade contains huge "movement" and has a delicate almost fragile quality.

Interior[edit]

A cross section through the hall and saloon
Kedleston Hall, the corps de logis

The neoclassical interior of the house was designed by Adam to be no less impressive than the exterior. Entering the house through the great north portico on the piano nobile, one is confronted by the marble hall designed to suggest the open courtyard or atrium of a Roman villa. Twenty fluted alabaster columns with Corinthian capitals support the heavily decorated, high-coved cornice. Niches in the walls contain classical statuary; above the niches are grisaille panels. The floor is of inlaid Italian marble. Matthew Paine's original designs for this room intended for it to be lit by conventional windows at the northern end, but Adam, warming to the Roman theme, did away with the distracting windows and lit the whole from the roof through innovative glass skylights.

If the hall was the atrium of the villa, then the adjoining saloon was to be the vestibulum. The saloon, contained behind the triumphal arch of the south front, like the marble hall rises the full height of the house, 62 feet to the top of the dome, where it too is sky-lit through a glass oculus. Designed as a sculpture gallery, this circular room was completed in 1763. The decorative theme is based on the temples of the Roman Forum with more modern inventions: in the four massive, apse-like recesses are stoves disguised as pedestals for classical urns. The four sets of double doors giving entry to the room have heavy pediments supported by scagliola columns, and at second-floor height, grisaille panels depict classical themes.

From the saloon, the atmosphere of the 18th-century Grand Tour continues throughout the remainder of the principal reception rooms on the piano nobile, though on a slightly more modest scale. The "principal apartment", or State bedroom suite, contains fine furniture and paintings as does the drawing room with its huge Venetian window; the dining room, with its gigantic apse, has a ceiling that Adam based on the Palace of Augustus in the Farnese Gardens. The theme carries on through the library, music room, down the grand staircase (not completed until 1922) onto the ground floor and into the so-called "Caesar's hall". On the departure of guests, it must sometimes have been a relief to vacate this temple of culture and retreat to the relatively simple comforts of the family pavilion.

Also displayed in the house are many curiosities pertaining to Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India at the beginning of the 20th century, including his collection of Far Eastern artifacts. Also shown is Lady Curzon's Delhi Durbah Coronation dress of 1903. Designed by Worth of Paris, it was known as the peacock dress for the many precious and semi-precious stones sewn into its fabric. These have now been replaced by imitation stones; however, the effect is no less dazzling.

In addition to that described above, this great country house contains collections of art, furniture and statuary. Kedleston Hall's alternative name, The Temple of the Arts, is truly justified.

Gardens and grounds[edit]

A sketch by Robert Adam for the Fishing Room and Boat House at Kedleston. Circa 1769

The gardens and grounds, as they appear today, are largely the concept of Robert Adam. Adam was asked by Nathaniel Curzon in 1758 to "take in hand the deer park and pleasure grounds". The landscape gardener William Emes had begun work at Kedleston in 1756, and he continued in Curzon's employ until 1760; however, it was Adam who was the guiding influence. It was during this period that the former gardens designed by Charles Bridgeman were swept away in favour of a more natural-looking landscape. Bridgeman's canals and geometric ponds were metamorphosed into serpentine lakes.

The Bridge by Robert Adam

Adam designed numerous temples and follies, many of which were never built. Those that were include the North lodge (which takes the form of a triumphal arch), the entrance lodges in the village, a bridge, cascade and the Fishing Room. The Fishing Room is one of the most noticeable of the park's buildings. In the neoclassical style it is sited on the edge of the upper lake and contains a cold bath and boat house below. Some of Adam's unexecuted design for follies in the park rivalled in grandeur the house itself. A "View Tower" designed in 1760 – 84 feet high and 50 feet wide on five floors, surmounted by a saucer dome flanked by the smaller domes of flanking towers — would have been a small neoclassical palace itself. Adam planned to transform even mundane utilitarian buildings into architectural wonders. A design for a pheasant house (a platform to provide a vantage point for the game shooting) became a domed temple, the roofs of its classical porticos providing the necessary platforms; this plan too was never completed. Amongst the statuary in the grounds is a Medici lion sculpture carved by Joseph Wilton on a pedestal designed by Samuel Wyatt, from around 1760-1770.[1]

In the 1770s George Richardson designed the hexagonal summerhouse, and in 1800 the orangery. The Long Walk was laid out in 1760 and planted with flowering shrubs and ornamental trees. In 1763 it was reported that Lord Scarsdale had given his gardener a seed from rare and scarce Italian shrub, the "Rodo Dendrone" (sic).

The gardens and grounds today, over two hundred years later, remain mostly unaltered. Parts of the estate are designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest, primarily because of the "rich and diverse deadwood invertebrate fauna" inhabiting its ancient trees.[2]

World War II History[edit]

In 1939, Kedleston Hall was offered by Richard Curzon, 2nd Viscount Scarsdale for use by the War Department (United Kingdom).[3] Kedleston Hall provided various facilities during the period 1939 to 1945 including its use as a mustering point and army training camp. It also formed one of the Y-stations used to gather Signals Intelligence via radio transmissions which, if encrypted, were subsequently passed to Bletchley Park for decryption.[4]

See also[edit]

  • All Saints Church, Kedleston
  • Raj Bhavan — the residence of the Governor-General of India in Calcutta — was built on the lines of Kedleston Hall. By coincidence, George Nathaniel Curzon, the most illustrious member of this family became Viceroy of India in 1898 and consequently resident of both houses. The travel writer E. V. Lucas later commented that "It is easier in Calcutta to be suddenly transported to England than in any other Indian city that I visited. There are, it is true, more statues of Lord Curzon than we are accustomed to [in England]; but many of the homes are quite English, save for the multitude of servants; Government House, serene and spacious and patrician, is a replica of Kedlestone Hall in Derbyshire."

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°57′33″N 1°32′13″W / 52.9592°N 1.5370°W / 52.9592; -1.5370

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2695548, http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1109087
  2. ^ "SSSI citation: Kedleston Park". Natural England. 1992. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "A brief wartime history of Kedleston Hall." Kedleston at War. Retrieved on 7 September 2012.
  4. ^ "Bletchley Park Roll of Honor." Bletchley Park Roll of Honor. Retrieved on 7 September 2012.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kedleston_Hall — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2036 videos foundNext > 

Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire - inside and out

Video of Kedleston Hall as we encountered it.

Kedleston Hall, Derby, England Suz Trip 2

Kedleston Hall Scenery

Part of project I did in 2011 for a nice lady holding functions at Kedleston Hall Derbyshire. Beautiful countryside and buildings steeped in history. Now par...

Trust New Art: Kedleston Hall: 'Promenade' Susie MacMurray

Susie MacMurray's Promenade was a new commission installed at Kedleston Hall, a National Trust property in Derbyshire, between July and September 2010. Prome...

The Sims 3 - Kedleston Hall (The Duchess)

http://www.facebook.com/MrNSheikh - Please like the facebook page. You can ask me all sorts of questions and see my progress there! DOWNLOAD: http://rapidsha...

Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire

Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, home of the Curzons and the Scarsdale. visited July 2008.

Theresa Nguyen - Silversmith residency at Kedleston Hall

www.theresanguyen.co.uk Studio Silver today is a great initiative by the Goldsmiths' Company to broaden awareness of today's modern silver movement. Through ...

Kedleston Hall Aka Stately Home (1962)

Kedleston, Derbyshire. L/S of a big ornate four poster bed, there are lots of paintings round the walls. A lady is sat in a chair by the bed sewing, the room...

TRUST NEW ART:' PLAYFUL LANDSCAPES' by Studio Weave, Kedleston Hall

London-based architects Studio Weave have designed a series of pieces that will turn visitors' attention to the surrounding parkland, an integral part of the...

Inside Kedleston Hall

Don't mind the chatter. I tried to walk as smoothly as possible!

2036 videos foundNext > 

116 news items

Ashbourne News Telegraph

Ashbourne News Telegraph
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 06:31:34 -0700

TERRIER racing, birds of prey, a horse whisperer and a wood sculptor were just a few of the activities that entertained the crowds at a country fair at National Trust venue Kedleston Hall. Thousands of visitors basked in the sunshine as they enjoyed ...

Derby Telegraph

Derby Telegraph
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 10:45:51 -0700

HUNDREDS of people flocked to Kedleston Hall on Saturday for its first ever country fair. Pictured at the event are mum Sara Durmush with her son Shaun Durmush. The event will continue on Sunday between 10am to 5pm. Among the activities will be a dog ...
 
Derby Telegraph
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 06:41:15 -0700

The event is at the National Trust venue on Saturday and Sunday, July 26 and 27, between 10am and 5pm. It will include a working dog display, equestrian acrobatics, a stunt bikes show, a practical horse demonstration and punch and judy shows. There ...

Ashbourne News Telegraph

Ashbourne News Telegraph
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 09:18:35 -0700

Admission: £2 for adults. Children and dogs go free. Parking is also free. THE KEDLESTON HALL COUNTRY FAIR: Saturday and Sunday, 10am to 5pm, Kedleston Road, Kedleston. Thousands of people are expected at Kedleston Hall's first-ever country fair.

Derby Telegraph

Derby Telegraph
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 04:37:30 -0700

Beers are sold in free houses in Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire and South Yorkshire as well as events such as the Ashbourne Show, the Bakewell Show and the regular Kedleston Hall antiques fairs. Derventio also supplies beer to the annual ...

Derby Telegraph

Derby Telegraph
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 12:23:09 -0700

But protesters fear the development would have a negative effect on nearby Kedleston Hall, traffic, flooding, and schools places. About 30 people who wanted to attend the Wednesday night meeting about the housing plans – which also involve a number of ...
 
Derby Telegraph
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 01:48:45 -0700

THE National Trust is the latest organisation to reveal concern over plans for up to 400 homes in Allestree near historic Kedleston Hall. Developer Catesby Estates says it has plans for a "high-quality development which will help to meet Derby's needs ...

Ripley Today

Ripley Today
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 01:03:45 -0700

Quad's Summer Nights Outdoor Film Festival is back and kicks off at Kedleston Hall this weekend. The first screening in the season is to be the cult party film, Rocky Horror Picture Show (12A) with its cast of misfits and catchy sci-fi inspired tunes ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Kedleston Hall

You can talk about Kedleston Hall with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!