digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Kecak (pronounced [ˈketʃaʔ], alternate spellings: Ketjak and Ketjack) is a form of Balinese dance and music drama that developed in the 1930s in Bali. It is performed primarily by men, although as of 2006, a few women's kecak groups exist.[1]

Also known as the Ramayana Monkey Chant, the piece, performed by a circle of 150 or more performers wearing checked cloth around their waists, percussively chanting "cak" and throwing up their arms, depicts a battle from the Ramayana. The monkey-like Vanara helped Prince Rama fight the evil King Ravana. Kecak has roots in sanghyang, a trance-inducing exorcism dance.[2]

History[edit]

Kecak was originally a trance ritual accompanied by male chorus. In the 1930s, Walter Spies, a German painter and musician, became deeply interested in the ritual while living in Bali. He adapted it as a drama, based on the Hindu Ramayana and including dance, intended for performance before Western tourist audiences.

This is an example of what James Clifford describes as part of the "modern art-culture system"[3] in which, "the West or the central power adopts, transforms, and consumes non-Western or peripheral cultural elements, while making 'art,' which was once embedded in the culture as a whole, into a separate entity."[4] Spies worked with Wayan Limbak, who popularized the dance by arranging for performances by Balinese groups touring internationally. These tours have helped make the Kecak internationally known.

A Kecak dance being performed at Uluwatu, in Bali
Music of Indonesia
Traditional indonesian instruments04.jpg
Kempul gongs from Java
Genres
Specific forms
Regional music
A Kecak dance being performed at Kolese Kanisius, Jakarta

I Wayan Dibia, a performer, choreographer, and scholar, suggests, by contrast, that the Balinese were already developing this form when Spies arrived on the island.[5] For example, during the 1920s, the well-known dancer I Limbak had incorporated Baris movements into the cak leader role. "Spies liked this innovation," and he suggested that Limbak "devise a spectacle based on the Ramayana," accompanied by cak chorus rather than gamelan, as would have been usual.[2]

In popular culture[edit]

  • A kecak chant can be heard in Federico Fellini's film Satyricon (1969).
  • The 1971 version of Kenneth Anger's Rabbit's Moon incorporates Kecak into the soundtrack.
  • The soundtrack to the Coen Brothers' 1984 debut film Blood Simple includes a track entitled "Monkey Chant" which is based on kecak.
  • Dagger of Kamui (Kamui no Ken) (1985), an anime film, incorporates kecak in its score, often in action scenes involving shinobi.
  • Kecak chanting is incorporated into the soundtrack for the Japanese animated film Akira (1988), which also features the Indonesian gamelan.
  • Kecak is heard in I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, during fantasy sequences taking place in the heroine's paracosm.
  • Footage of a kecak performance is featured in Ron Fricke's film Baraka (1992).
  • A Kecak-style dance and chant can be seen in the fantasy portion of Tarsem Singh's film The Fall (2006).
  • John Adams' opera, A Flowering Tree (2006), features Kumudha and the beggar minstrels in Act II, which are based on the Kecak. (per Cincinnati Opera pre-performance interview with the composer, 30 June 2011.)
  • A sample of Kecak chanting is in "The Wind Chimes," from Mike Oldfield's 1987 album Islands.
  • The San Francisco art rock band Oxbow's songs "Daughter" and "Daughter Bent & Floating" from their 1991 album King of the Jews, incorporates Kecak-inspired polyrhythmic chanting and clapping.
  • Mike Patton performs a Kecak-like chant in the song "Goodbye Sober Day" on the 1999 Mr. Bungle album California.
  • A sample of Kecak chanting can be heard in the song "Soldier of Fortune" from Manhattan Transfer's album Bodies and Souls.
  • A sample of Kecak chanting can be heard in the Devo song "Jocko Homo".
  • A sample of Kecak chanting can be heard in the Nurse With Wound track "I Am Blind" from the album Homotopy to Marie.
  • A sample of Kecak chanting can be heard in the SNK Neo Geo arcade video game, "The King of Fighters '97" when the gameplay shows Bali arena scene.
  • David Attenborough's 1969 BBC documentary, The Miracle of Bali, on the arts in Bali, featured the kecak in the 1st and 3rd episodes.
  • Ketjak is a book-length poem by Ron Silliman published in 1978 and reprinted in The Age of Huts (2007), in which the author gives the title "Ketjak" to a vast ongoing cycle of works which includes Tjanting (1980) and The Alphabet (2008).

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kecak from Bali. Produced by David Lewiston, 1990. One compact disc (duration 44:53) with notes and libretto by Fred B. Eiseman and David Lewiston.[6]
  • I Wayan Dibia, Kecak: the vocal chant of Bali. Denpasar: Hartanto Art Books, 1996. vi + 83pp. ISBN 979-95045-4-6.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Cultural Liberty Under Spotlight at Women Playwrights", Jakarta Post, 3 December 2006, accessed 13 August 2010
  2. ^ a b Michel Picard. "'Cultural Tourism' in Bali: Cultural Performances as Tourist Attraction", Indonesia, Vol. 49, (Apr., 1990), pp. 37–74. Southeast Asia Program Publications, Cornell University
  3. ^ James Clifford, The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art (Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1988), p. 223. Cited in Yamashita (1999), p.178.
  4. ^ Shinji Yamashita. "Review: Michel Picard, Bali: Cultural Tourism and Touristic Culture", Indonesia, Vol. 67, (Apr., 1999), pp. 177–182. Southeast Asia Program Publications, Cornell University.
  5. ^ David W. Hughes, "Review: Kecak: The Vocal Chant of Bali, by I Wayan Dibia", British Journal of Ethnomusicology, Vol. 6, (1997), pp. 195–195. British Forum for Ethnomusicology.
  6. ^ Review: [untitled]. Author(s): David Harnish. Reviewed work(s): Kecak from Bali by David Lewiston.Ethnomusicology, Vol. 35, No. 2, (Spring – Summer, 1991), pp. 302–304. Published by: University of Illinois Press on behalf of Society for Ethnomusicology

External links[edit]

Listening[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kecak — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

36 news items

 
The Denver Post
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Visitors walk the stairs on Borobudur, a Buddhist temple in Yogyakarta, on the island of Java. The temple was built between the years 750-850, then abandoned, then rediscovered in 1815 and eventually designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
 
Herald Sun
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 05:00:00 -0700

Activities include a chauffeured trip to Uluwatu to see the temple and the Kecak dance, Balinese cooking classes and trips to the local market, shopping trips to Kuta and Seminyak, yoga, snorkelling, paddle boarding and spa and wellness treatments.
 
Jakarta Post
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 20:13:21 -0700

Customary villages, members and leaders of communities have been called on to stage major protests against the planned massive project to reclaim Benoa Bay to make way for the development of world-class entertainment and tourist-related facilities.

Poskotanews

Poskotanews
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 01:03:45 -0700

Jaga silaturrahmi dan kebersamaan serta tunjukan prestasi dalam berkarier sehingga dapat menjadi Kegiatan diawali dengan tarian Kecak dari daerah Bali yang dibawakan oleh para prajurit Yonif Mekanis 202/Taji Malela dan tari kreasi dari ujung pulau ...
 
merdeka.com
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Nampak puluhan kendaraan travel mulai memenuhi areal parkir kawasan GWK, puluhan wisatawan juga terlihat antre di loket tiket masuk atraksi kecak dance. "Yah kita hanya bisa bersyukur bahwa apa yang kita inginkan bersama menemukan titik temu ...

KOMPAS.com

KOMPAS.com
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 06:30:00 -0700

Tari kecak yang dimainkan tiap hari di pura ini bisa menyedot hampir seribu penonton. "Yang penting bagi mereka bisa berlibur ke luar negeri, ke mana pun itu dengan harga tiket yang murah. Hal ini terjadi, terutama di kalangan masyarakat kolot Tiongkok.

Arca Haber Ajansı

Arca Haber Ajansı
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 16:15:00 -0700

Çok adası var Endonezya'nın, binlerle ifade ediliyor. Şayet içlerinden bir tanesi; renkleri, sesleri ve gülümsemesiyle öne çıkıyor. Dünyada “balayı adası” olarak da tanınan Bali, misafirlerini tabiatı , rengârenk çiçekleri, denizi ve kültürüyle kolayca ...
 
النهار
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 23:33:45 -0700

تقع جزيرة بالي جنوب خط الاستواء، وتبهرك بجمال طبيعتها وشواطئها وثقافتها حيث يختبر السائح وجهة سياحية لا مثيل لها. هذه الجزيرة الاندونيسية تجعلك تختبر أموراً لن تراها في أي مكان آخر من العالم. بالي هي المكان المثالي للأشخاص الذين يريدون الهروب من الأنشطة اليومية ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Kecak

You can talk about Kecak with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!