digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Kecak (pronounced [ˈketʃaʔ], alternate spellings: Ketjak and Ketjack) is a form of Balinese dance and music drama that developed in the 1930s in Bali, Indonesia. It is performed primarily by men, although since 2006, a few women's kecak groups have existed.[1]

Also known as the Ramayana Monkey Chant, the piece, performed by a circle of at least 150 or more performers wearing checked cloth around their waists, percussively chanting "cak" and moving their hands and arms, depicts a battle from the Ramayana. The monkey-like Vanara helped Prince Rama fight the evil King Ravana. Kecak has roots in sanghyang, a trance-inducing exorcism dance.[2]

History[edit]

Kecak was originally a trance ritual accompanied by male chorus. In the 1930s, Walter Spies, a German painter and musician, became deeply interested in the ritual while living in Bali. He adapted it as a drama, based on the Hindu Ramayana and including dance, intended for performance before Western tourist audiences.

This is an example of what James Clifford describes as part of the "modern art-culture system"[3] in which, "the West or the central power adopts, transforms, and consumes non-Western or peripheral cultural elements, while making 'art,' which was once embedded in the culture as a whole, into a separate entity."[4] Spies worked with Wayan Limbak, who popularized the dance by arranging for performances by Balinese groups touring internationally. These tours have helped make the Kecak internationally known.

A Kecak dance being performed at Uluwatu, in Bali
Music of Indonesia
Traditional indonesian instruments04.jpg
Kempul gongs from Java
Genres
Specific forms
Regional music
A Kecak dance being performed at Kolese Kanisius, Jakarta

I Wayan Dibia, a performer, choreographer, and scholar, suggests, by contrast, that the Balinese were already developing this form when Spies arrived on the island.[5] For example, during the 1920s, the well-known dancer I Limbak had incorporated Baris movements into the cak leader role. "Spies liked this innovation," and he suggested that Limbak "devise a spectacle based on the Ramayana," accompanied by cak chorus rather than gamelan, as would have been usual.[2]

In popular culture[edit]

  • A kecak chant can be heard in Federico Fellini's film Satyricon (1969).
  • The 1971 version of Kenneth Anger's Rabbit's Moon incorporates Kecak into the soundtrack.
  • The soundtrack to the Coen Brothers' 1984 debut film Blood Simple includes a track entitled "Monkey Chant" which is based on kecak.
  • Dagger of Kamui (Kamui no Ken) (1985), an anime film, incorporates kecak in its score, often in action scenes involving shinobi.
  • Kecak chanting is incorporated into the soundtrack for the Japanese animated film Akira (1988), which also features the Indonesian gamelan.
  • Kecak is heard in I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, during fantasy sequences taking place in the heroine's paracosm.
  • Footage of a kecak performance is featured in Ron Fricke's film Baraka (1992).
  • A Kecak-style dance and chant can be seen in the fantasy portion of Tarsem Singh's film The Fall (2006).
  • John Adams' opera, A Flowering Tree (2006), features Kumudha and the beggar minstrels in Act II, which are based on the Kecak. (per Cincinnati Opera pre-performance interview with the composer, 30 June 2011.)
  • A sample of Kecak chanting is in "The Wind Chimes," from Mike Oldfield's 1987 album Islands.
  • The San Francisco art rock band Oxbow's songs "Daughter" and "Daughter Bent & Floating" from their 1991 album King of the Jews, incorporates Kecak-inspired polyrhythmic chanting and clapping.
  • Mike Patton performs a Kecak-like chant in the song "Goodbye Sober Day" on the 1999 Mr. Bungle album California.
  • A sample of Kecak chanting can be heard in the song "Soldier of Fortune" from Manhattan Transfer's album Bodies and Souls.
  • A sample of Kecak chanting can be heard in the Devo song "Jocko Homo".
  • A sample of Kecak chanting can be heard in the Nurse With Wound track "I Am Blind" from the album Homotopy to Marie.
  • A sample of Kecak chanting can be heard in the SNK Neo Geo arcade video game, "The King of Fighters '97" when the gameplay shows Bali arena scene.
  • David Attenborough's 1969 BBC documentary, The Miracle of Bali, on the arts in Bali, featured the kecak in the 1st and 3rd episodes.
  • Ketjak is a book-length poem by Ron Silliman published in 1978 and reprinted in The Age of Huts (2007), in which the author gives the title "Ketjak" to a vast ongoing cycle of works which includes Tjanting (1980) and The Alphabet (2008).

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kecak from Bali. Produced by David Lewiston, 1990. One compact disc (duration 44:53) with notes and libretto by Fred B. Eiseman and David Lewiston.[6]
  • I Wayan Dibia, Kecak: the vocal chant of Bali. Denpasar: Hartanto Art Books, 1996. vi + 83pp. ISBN 979-95045-4-6.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Cultural Liberty Under Spotlight at Women Playwrights", Jakarta Post, 3 December 2006, accessed 13 August 2010
  2. ^ a b Michel Picard. "'Cultural Tourism' in Bali: Cultural Performances as Tourist Attraction", Indonesia, Vol. 49, (Apr., 1990), pp. 37–74. Southeast Asia Program Publications, Cornell University
  3. ^ James Clifford, The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art (Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1988), p. 223. Cited in Yamashita (1999), p.178.
  4. ^ Shinji Yamashita. "Review: Michel Picard, Bali: Cultural Tourism and Touristic Culture", Indonesia, Vol. 67, (Apr., 1999), pp. 177–182. Southeast Asia Program Publications, Cornell University.
  5. ^ David W. Hughes, "Review: Kecak: The Vocal Chant of Bali, by I Wayan Dibia", British Journal of Ethnomusicology, Vol. 6, (1997), pp. 195–195. British Forum for Ethnomusicology.
  6. ^ Review: [untitled]. Author(s): David Harnish. Reviewed work(s): Kecak from Bali by David Lewiston.Ethnomusicology, Vol. 35, No. 2, (Spring – Summer, 1991), pp. 302–304. Published by: University of Illinois Press on behalf of Society for Ethnomusicology

External links[edit]

Listening[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kecak — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
48351 videos foundNext > 

Baraka - Kecak

Baraka (1992) - part - 'Kecak' Balinese Monkey Chant. Directed by Ron Fricke. A movie with no conventional plot: merely a collection of expertly photographed...

Indonesia, Bali, Kecak dance, Borobudur, Bromo

A birds view of Indonesia, Bali, the Kecak dance, Borobudur, Bromo volcano. From 'Baraka'.

Kecak Dance / Uluwatu, Bali

July 19th, 2012 Uluwatu, Bali バリ島 ウルワツ寺院で上演されるケチャダンス ノーカット、HD高画質バージョン.

KECAK Dance

Kecak Dance recorded by Indorama Productions 2010. Location: Uluwatu Bali Indonesia on the stage near the holy monkey temple, Time: Sunset. ...

Awesome Kecak performance! (Bali, Uluwatu)

A Kecak performance is very simple. The men's chorus chants the words Cak ke-cak ke-cak ke-cak ke-cak ke-cak, in rhythm, over and over again, For this reason...

Kecak Dance, Bali - Tale of RAMAYANA - Entry of Hanuman

A Kecak dance being performed at Uluwatu Temple, in Bali.

BALI: Exotic Kecak Cult Monkey Dance Ritual

Hawaiian filmmaker and reknown hula dancer Kimokekahuna shares an exotic and hypnotic look at this ritualistic Hindu ceremony in Bali. Balinese temple dancer...

Kecak (Monkey Chant)

The 2010 student body of the music department - approximately 68 high school students attending the Governor's California State Summer School for the Arts - ...

Kecak (comp. I Dewa Made Suparta, 2010)

Composition I Dewa Made Suparta Interpretation Giri Kedaton & l'Atelier de gamelan de l'Université de Montréal Université de Montréal Salle Claude-Champagne,...

Kecak Dance - Balinese Culture Show (Part Two)

Kecak Dance - Balinese Culture Show (Part Two) Location : Pura Luhur, Uluwatu Temple, Bali Indonesia Model : Zanil & Emmy Photographer : Hafiz Ismail blog : ...

48351 videos foundNext > 

106 news items

meltyDiscovery

meltyDiscovery
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 08:00:00 -0700

Assez décrit, regardez plutôt la vidéo.” Si vous aimez en apprendre plus sur des destinations touristiques originale et pas cher, découvrez Copenhague, une ville parfaite pour se dépayser l'espace d'un week-end. Avez-vous déjà vu une Kecak Dance ?
 
Tabloidbintang.com
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 00:52:30 -0700

Keduanya berpose dengan penari Kecak. "Penari Kecak," tulis Jessica pada Rabu (22/10). Di antara penari Kecak dan kru, hanya terlihat Mila dan Kevin dari barisan pemain GGS. Sementara Kevin, pada Kamis (23/10), mengunggah fotonya diapit dua ...

Surya

Surya
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 01:13:07 -0700

SURYA Online, SURABAYA - 'Tari kecak' menandai acara terakhir sekaligus pelepasan tumpeng raksasa untuk diusung ke sungai Medokan Semampir, Minggu (19/10/2014) siang. Kegiatan utama dalam acara Festival Larung Sungai 2014 itu dijalankan ...

Yahoo Travel

Yahoo Travel
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 00:33:37 -0700

Attend the hypnotic Kecak Fire and Trance Dance in Ubud, Bali, and witness the unbelievable power of the mind right in front of you. Or take a trip to Greece, home of the trusted ancient Oracle of Delphi, and get in tune with your own intuition. Once ...

Minneapolis Star Tribune

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Sat, 11 Oct 2014 11:56:15 -0700

The kecak fire and trance dance is touted as one of the most intriguing expressions of Bali's rich dance heritage, so I went to Pura Penataran Kloncing, a local temple, to see if it was as captivating as advertised. It was. A waxing moon illuminated a ...
 
Bali Discovery
Sun, 12 Oct 2014 02:17:58 -0700

Highly skilled dancers and actors incorporated modern permutations of wayang kulit puppetry, wayang wong (stage play) and Bali's fabled kecak dance. The final battle scene involving warriors, combative monkeys and a giant oversize puppet left viewers ...

Jakarta Post

Jakarta Post
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 23:56:15 -0700

Line master Lempad revisited. Trisha Sertori, Contributor, Ubud | Feature | Thu, September 25 2014, 11:48 AM. Illuminated Line:: The beauty of Lempad's line is seen in this Kecak drawing on. Illuminated Line: The beauty of Lempad's line is seen in this ...
 
Travel Trends Today
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 03:18:45 -0700

The trip showcased important places of interest and fun-filled activities such as Uluwatu Temple Tour, Kecak Dance, Kintamani Tour, Ubud City Tour, Rafting at Ayung River, nightlife experience in Kuta, Sea Safari Cruise and shopping at Kuta Market.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!