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A kazan, qazan, qozon or ghazan (Azerbaijani: qazan, pronounced [gɑzɑn]; Uzbek: qozon, pronounced [qɒzɒ́n]; Kazakh: қазан [qɑzɑ́n]; Kyrgyz: казан [qɑzɑ́n]; Turkish: Kazan; Armenian: ղազան pronounced [ɣɑzɑn] Russian: казан; Romanian: cazan; Albanian kazan) is a type of large cooking pot used throughout Central Asia and in Russia, roughly equivalent to a cauldron, boiler, or Dutch oven. They come in a variety of sizes (small modern cooking pots are sometimes referred to as kazans), and are often measured by their capacity, such as "a 50-litre kazan". Kazans are used to cook a wide variety of foods, including plov (pilaf), sumalak, shorpa, kesme, and bawyrsaq, and as such are an important element in celebrations when food must be prepared for large numbers of guests.
Kazans may be suspended over a fire in a variety of ways. Sometimes metal frames are made, or alternatively (especially for large kazan), a hole may be dug in the ground which will hold the kazan and provide enough space underneath to keep a fire under it—in this case, an access hole is built in the side to allow the fire to be tended, and to let in air. Smaller kazans may be used on [usually gas] stoves with the help of a specially designed piece of metal that lets the heat [of the flame] transfer to the kazan while at the same time holding it upright and steady.
Shorpa being made in a kazan in Kyrgyzstan.
Plov (pilaf) being made in a kazan suspended above a fire using a metal frame.
Kyrgyz boorsoq being fried in a stove-top kazan.
Name of the cities
Gazandjyk or Kazandzhik currently Bereket - is a city in Balkan Province in western Turkmenistan. The name is composed of Kazan and -jyk a suffix to denote small in size. Into English the name can be translated as small kazan or small caulderon.
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