digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Kawi
Aksara kawi name.png
Type Abugida
Languages Indonesian Languages, Philippine Languages, Malaysian Languages
Time period
c. 8th–16th century
Parent systems
Sister systems
Balinese
Batak
Baybayin
Kulitan
Buhid
Hanunó'o
Lontara
Old Sundanese
Rencong
Rejang
Tagbanwa

Aksara Kawi (from Sanskrit kavi "poet")[1] is the name given to the writing system originating in Java and used across much of Maritime Southeast Asia from the 8th century to around 1500 AD.[2] It is a direct derivation of the Pallava script brought by traders from the ancient Tamil Kingdom of Pallava in India,[3] primarily used for writing Sanskrit and Old Javanese language. Kawi is the ancestor of traditional Indonesian scripts, such as Javanese and Balinese, as well as traditional Philippine scripts such as Baybayin.[1]

Overview[edit]

Kawi is derived from the Pallava script (also known as Grantha) mentioned by scholars of Southeast Asian studies such as George Coedès[citation needed] and D. G. E. Hall[citation needed] as the basis of several writing systems of Southeast Asia. The Pallava script was primarily used to write middle Tamil.

The earliest known texts in Kavi date from the Singhasari kingdom in eastern Java. The more recent scripts were extant in the Majapahit kingdom, also in eastern Java, Bali, Borneo and Sumatra.

The scripts are abugidas, meaning that characters are read with an inherent vowel. Diacritics are used, either to suppress the vowel and represent a pure consonant, or to represent other vowels.

Kawi inscription.jpg

The literary genre written in this alphabet is called Kakawin.

A well-known document written in Kawi is the Laguna Copperplate Inscription, found in 1989 [4] in Laguna de Bay, in the metroplex of Manila, Philippines. It has inscribed on it a date of Saka era 822, corresponding to May 10, 900 AD,[5] and is written in Old Malay containing numerous loanwords from Sanskrit and a few non-Malay vocabulary elements whose origin is ambiguous between Old Javanese and Old Tagalog.[6] This document, among other discoveries made in recent years in the country such as the Golden Tara of Butuan and 14th century pottery and gold jewellery artifacts found in Cebu, is highly important in revising the ancient history of the Philippines.

Butuanivoryseal.png
The "Butuan Ivory Seal" (The left hand image is the seal itself; the right hand image shows how a print from the seal would appear.)
The Kawi lettering reads "Butban". The three square seal style characters are BA, TA and NA; the leftward curl underneath BA is the /u/ vowel diacritic, changing the syllable to BU; the small heart-shaped character under TA is the subscript conjunct form of BA which also removes the default /a/ vowel from TA; the large curl to the upper right is the Kawi virama, which indicates the default /a/ vowel on NA is not pronounced. The three blocks of characters together read "[Bu][Tba][N-]. In both Balinese script and Javanese script, which are descended from Kawi, the word is spelled in a very similar pattern, using a similar /u/ diacritic, conjunct form for B, and virama.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Prelimininary proposal for encoding the Kawi script in the UCS
  2. ^ De Casparis, J. G. Indonesian Palaeography: A History of Writing in Indonesia from the beginnings to c. AD 1500, Leiden/Koln, 1975
  3. ^ http://www.ancientscripts.com/kawi.html
  4. ^ "Expert on past dies; 82". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2008-10-21. Retrieved 2008-11-17. 
  5. ^ Laguna Copperplate Inscription - Article in English
  6. ^ Postma, Antoon. (1992). The Laguna Copper-Plate Inscription: Text and Commentary. Philippine Studies vol. 40, no. 2:183-203

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kawi_script — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
79 videos foundNext > 

The Belanjong pillar ( Prasasti Blanjong )

The Belanjong pillar, also known as Blanjong pillar or Blanjong inscription ( Indonesian: Prasasti Blanjong ), is a pillar established in 914 CE in the harbo...

Kawi Boys On The Line

Puteri Gunung Ledang - Tujuh Syarat

film+musical.

Silent Sanctuary - Ikaw Lamang ★ 「ᜊᜌ᜔ᜊᜌᜒᜈ᜔ Lyrics」 ♫♪

Visit my homepage here: http://akopito.weebly.com Download and Install Baybayin font if you see boxes or rectangle here▻http://bit.ly/baybayinfont Download N...

Dua sejoli gunung kawi

vidio di ambil di gunung kawi malang.

Climate Change around Lake Wamala

This documentary was specifically made for Action for Climate Video Documentary Competition 2014. Credits: Producer/Director - Jonan Kato, Narrator - Shawn K...

DOC. "Kirab Satu Suro", 1998 (showreel)

Nominee of Festival Sinetron Indonesia 1998 category documentary.. Kirab Satu Suro told about celebration of the night of one suro in Surakarta palace with t...

The Asians Scripts

many asian countries still used their owned scripts,but some of them not anymore.These are the asians scripts,especially from east and southeast asia countri...

France: Parisiennes rev up for Women's Day motorcycle rally

M/S Motorcyclists M/S Motorcyclists M/S Father and daughter with Vincennes Castle in the background M/S Motorcyclists M/S Man in drag M/S Man in drag M/S Mot...

[FIA]* Cultural: Putting The Hyphen In Fil-Am (Imaginasian 2013 Intro Video) // Illusive Koncepts

Here is the intro video for [FIA]* Cultural's Imaginasian skit entitled "Putting The Hyphen In Fil-Am." Followed by this video is a 9 minute long skit that s...

79 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Kawi script" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Kawi script

You can talk about Kawi script with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!