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Not to be confused with Khao Lak.
Kaolack
Town
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
Kaolack is located in Senegal
Kaolack
Kaolack
Coordinates: 14°1′N 16°15′W / 14.017°N 16.250°W / 14.017; -16.250
Country  Senegal
Region Kaolack Region
Population (2002)
 • Total 172,305
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Kaolack (Kawlax in Wolof) is a town of 172,305 people (2002 census) on the north bank of the Saloum River and the N1 road in Senegal. It is the capital of the Kaolack Region, which borders The Gambia to the south. Kaolack is an important regional market town and is Senegal's main peanut trading and processing center. As the center of Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyyah Sufi order founded by Ibrayima Ñas, it is also a major center of Islamic education. The Medina Baay mosque (right) in Kaolack is one of the largest and best known in Senegal.

Central Kaolack

Kaolack is situated on the Saloum River about 100 kilometers from its mouth. It is the successor city to Kahone, historic capital of the kingdom of Saloum. Kahone, originally a place marked by a sacred tree on the right bank of the Saloum River facing the island of Kouyong, became capital of the mostly Sereer kingdom of Saloum in the early 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries it consisted of a number of distinct neighborhoods separated by open fields, each of which was under the jurisdiction of a different dignitary or official. One of these wards, Kaolack (eight km down river), was founded by two Sereer princesses from Baol. Another, Maka Kahone, was inhabited by Muslims and administered by clerics. Otherwise, the population of the town practiced traditional religion and court ceremonies centered on the river bank, Kouyong Island, and various monumental baobab trees.

French interests in the Saloum River increased in the early 19th century as legitimate articles of trade were sought to replace trade in slaves. By mid-century peanut production had been introduced to the kingdom of Saloum and, with the permission of its king, a fortified factory was established by the French on the riverfront at Kaolack.

Kaolack Market

Kaolack was more favorably placed for shipping than Kahone. The French laid out a first grid of lots in 1860, in what would become the city center, or "Escale" neighborhood. The construction of a rail spur from the port to the Dakar-Niger line in 1911 caused the town to boom as a peanut processing and export center. Its population grew rapidly, rising from 5,600 in 1925 to 44,000 in 1934.

It is at this time that Kaolack became an important center for the Tijaniyyah Sufi order, with a first major zâwiyah, or “lodge”, opening in Leona neighborhood in 1910 and a second one opening in Madina Baye in the early 1930s. The Tijaniyyah of Madina Baye is an international institution with disciples in many cities, including Kano, Nigeria, and Chicago, Illinois.

There is a peanut oil processing plant with its own port facilities in the downstream suburb of Lyndiane, while Salt pans across the Saloum river constitute the city’s only other major industrial activity

Among Kaolack's many neighborhoods are:

Children in 2007
Road
  • Lewna (Léona in French), which includes much of the city center. It includes Lewna Ñaseen (Léona Niassène in French), the headquarters of the branch of the Tijānī Islamic order founded in 1910 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas after his exile in Gambia.
  • Jaleñ (Dialègne in French), between Lewna Ñaseen and Medina Mbàbba.
  • Medina Mbàbba (Médina Mbaba in French), also called "Medina I", named after Baabakar Njaay, nicknamed "Mbàbba Njaay," who was the Serer chief of the village when it was incorporated into Kaolack.
  • Medina Baay (Médina Baye in French), also called "Medina II", on the northeast edge of the city. It is the center of the Ibrāhīmiiya branch of the Tijānī order founded in 1930 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas's son, Ibrayima Ñas, known to his followers as "Baay" ("Father" in Wolof). The name in Arabic means "The City of Baay." Ahmad Tijani Ali Cisse is the current Grand Imam of the mosque and the spiritual leader to the 100 million members of the Tijaniyya Sufi order in western Africa.
  • Saam (Sam in French), west of Medina Baay in the north of Kaolack, also founded by Ibrayima Ñas. Saam was originally designated as the fields and orchards of Ibrayima Ñas's disciples, but since the 1970s the trees have been replaced by houses.
  • Ndoorong (Ndorong in French), west of Saam, founded by Bashiru Mbàkke and his Murid disciples.
  • Coofog (Thiofoke in French), north of Saam, which existed before Kaolack as a Serer village ruled by the Gelwaar dynasty.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kaolack is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°11′N 16°15′W / 14.183°N 16.250°W / 14.183; -16.250


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaolack — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
14061 videos foundNext > 

Canari de Kaolack : Sutukum

From the 70's cassette release "Canari de Kaolack".

Kaolack V.S Tounkara (Sénégal Ca Kanam- 2stv)

Tounkara face a un gars qui ne laisse rien passer.

KAOLACK- " Fala De Gals Dem" Official Music Video ( Extended Version)

Directed and Produced by Djei Gogo for Flavour Prod... Director of Photography & Post-production : Tvision.

bombass senegal-kaolack avec street dance crew kaolack.moin de 18ans

street dance crew kaolack(lilsamba lildou)

KAOLACK /new project/ MAAN AK MOOM with Omar Sene

Dance and choreography: Omar Sene and Pape Ibrahima Ndiaye - KAOLACK.

Théâtre: Kaolack pour Kaolack (kpk) épisode 1 tous les mardi

Joué par une troupe Guelewer de kaolack qui s'indigne pour leur ville : insalubrités, ordures, eaux stagnantes etc... Bienvenue sur Théâtre 24, la chaîne con...

Kaolack une Ville négligée, C'est Pas Normal !

Sen p'tit Galle 2014 Pape de Kaolack prime 3

KAOLACK - NIGHT BIRD {Produced and directed by Djei Gogo}

Kaolack is a reggae artist and professional dancer from Senegal. We chose this video to introduce him. Hope you like it.

COEUR DE KAOLACK

14061 videos foundNext > 

13603 news items

S'informer en temps réel

S'informer en temps réel
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 04:11:15 -0800

Le cri de coeur d'un Sénégalais dépité qui fait du journaliste citoyen à travers le réseau social facebook repris par senego. TRIBUNAL DE KAOLACK : des détenus convoyés dans cette voiture de transport en commun !!! Tribunal de Kaolack: Des détenus ...

S'informer en temps réel

S'informer en temps réel
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 01:22:30 -0800

La reprise des travaux de réhabilitation de la route Fatick Kaolack cache une réalité bien africaine. Au-delà d'une promesse de campagne électorale qui sera tenue, le chef de l'Etat a défié la croyance populaire prédisant la chute de l'initiateur d'un ...

SeneNews.com

Le Soleil
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 07:11:15 -0800

Lorsqu'une vision rencontre les exigences du développement d'un espace comme la région naturelle du Sine Saloum, l'opportunité de l'action n'en est que plus pertinente. C'est bien le cas de la reconstruction de la route Fatick-Kaolack dont les travaux ...

SeneNews.com

SeneNews.com
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 00:25:23 -0800

SENENEWS.COM – Horrible. Il n y a pas d'autre mots pour résumer ce qui s'est passé à Kaolack. Une découverte macabre a ému les populations le week-end dernier. Il s'agit d'un policier en service au Commissariat central qui a été découvert mort dans ...
 
AP Sénégalaise
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 09:48:45 -0800

Kaolack, 14 déc (APS) - La région de Kaolack a accueilli samedi soir à l'Alliance franco-sénégalaise la caravane du festival Africa fête qui vise à offrir un cadre aux jeunes artistes et faire connaitre leur talent au public des régions. La chanteuse ...

S'informer en temps réel

S'informer en temps réel
Mon, 15 Dec 2014 17:07:30 -0800

Mais pour plus d'efficacité et de cohérence, la reconstruction doit se faire en autoroute et non en route simple. Ceci pour conforter et rester logique avec la décision qu'aurait prise le chef de l'Etat, de faire une autoroute Mbour-Kaolack. C'est donc ...

SeneNews.com

Le Soleil
Sat, 13 Dec 2014 05:07:30 -0800

alt Entre Fatick et Kaolack, c'est bientôt la fin du cauchemar. Les difficultés rencontrées par les voyageurs et autres conducteurs qui empruntaient ce tronçon de 42 kilomètres ne seront plus qu'un lointain souvenir avec le lancement des travaux de ...
 
AP Sénégalaise
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 14:07:30 -0800

Kaolack, 16 déc (APS) - Des responsables de la Coordination socialiste de la commune de Kaolack ont invité mardi la direction du Parti socialiste (PS, mouvance présidentielle) à reconnaitre leurs instances légalement installées à la suite de ...
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