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Not to be confused with Khao Lak.
Kaolack
Town
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
Kaolack is located in Senegal
Kaolack
Kaolack
Coordinates: 14°1′N 16°15′W / 14.017°N 16.250°W / 14.017; -16.250
Country  Senegal
Region Kaolack Region
Population (2002)
 • Total 172,305
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Kaolack (Kawlax in Wolof) is a town of 172,305 people (2002 census) on the north bank of the Saloum River and the N1 road in Senegal. It is the capital of the Kaolack Region, which borders The Gambia to the south. Kaolack is an important regional market town and is Senegal's main peanut trading and processing center. As the center of Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyyah Sufi order founded by Ibrayima Ñas, it is also a major center of Islamic education. The Medina Baay mosque (right) in Kaolack is one of the largest and best known in Senegal.

Central Kaolack

Kaolack is situated on the Saloum River about 100 kilometers from its mouth. It is the successor city to Kahone, historic capital of the kingdom of Saloum. Kahone, originally a place marked by a sacred tree on the right bank of the Saloum River facing the island of Kouyong, became capital of the mostly Sereer kingdom of Saloum in the early 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries it consisted of a number of distinct neighborhoods separated by open fields, each of which was under the jurisdiction of a different dignitary or official. One of these wards, Kaolack (eight km down river), was founded by two Sereer princesses from Baol. Another, Maka Kahone, was inhabited by Muslims and administered by clerics. Otherwise, the population of the town practiced traditional religion and court ceremonies centered on the river bank, Kouyong Island, and various monumental baobab trees.

French interests in the Saloum River increased in the early 19th century as legitimate articles of trade were sought to replace trade in slaves. By mid-century peanut production had been introduced to the kingdom of Saloum and, with the permission of its king, a fortified factory was established by the French on the riverfront at Kaolack.

Kaolack Market

Kaolack was more favorably placed for shipping than Kahone. The French laid out a first grid of lots in 1860, in what would become the city center, or "Escale" neighborhood. The construction of a rail spur from the port to the Dakar-Niger line in 1911 caused the town to boom as a peanut processing and export center. Its population grew rapidly, rising from 5,600 in 1925 to 44,000 in 1934.

It is at this time that Kaolack became an important center for the Tijaniyyah Sufi order, with a first major zâwiyah, or “lodge”, opening in Leona neighborhood in 1910 and a second one opening in Madina Baye in the early 1930s. The Tijaniyyah of Madina Baye is an international institution with disciples in many cities, including Kano, Nigeria, and Chicago, Illinois.

There is a peanut oil processing plant with its own port facilities in the downstream suburb of Lyndiane, while Salt pans across the Saloum river constitute the city’s only other major industrial activity

Among Kaolack's many neighborhoods are:

Children in 2007
Road
  • Lewna (Léona in French), which includes much of the city center. It includes Lewna Ñaseen (Léona Niassène in French), the headquarters of the branch of the Tijānī Islamic order founded in 1910 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas after his exile in Gambia.
  • Jaleñ (Dialègne in French), between Lewna Ñaseen and Medina Mbàbba.
  • Medina Mbàbba (Médina Mbaba in French), also called "Medina I", named after Baabakar Njaay, nicknamed "Mbàbba Njaay," who was the Serer chief of the village when it was incorporated into Kaolack.
  • Medina Baay (Médina Baye in French), also called "Medina II", on the northeast edge of the city. It is the center of the Ibrāhīmiiya branch of the Tijānī order founded in 1930 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas's son, Ibrayima Ñas, known to his followers as "Baay" ("Father" in Wolof). The name in Arabic means "The City of Baay." Ahmad Tijani Ali Cisse is the current Grand Imam of the mosque and the spiritual leader to the 100 million members of the Tijaniyya Sufi order in western Africa.
  • Saam (Sam in French), west of Medina Baay in the north of Kaolack, also founded by Ibrayima Ñas. Saam was originally designated as the fields and orchards of Ibrayima Ñas's disciples, but since the 1970s the trees have been replaced by houses.
  • Ndoorong (Ndorong in French), west of Saam, founded by Bashiru Mbàkke and his Murid disciples.
  • Coofog (Thiofoke in French), north of Saam, which existed before Kaolack as a Serer village ruled by the Gelwaar dynasty.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kaolack is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°11′N 16°15′W / 14.183°N 16.250°W / 14.183; -16.250


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaolack — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

7198 news items

AP Sénégalaise

AP Sénégalaise
Tue, 28 Jul 2015 06:07:30 -0700

Kaolack, 28 juil (APS) - Le bureau d'inscriptions de Kaolack a permis à plus de 70 candidats au pèlerinage au pèlerinage à La Mecque de s'acquitter de toutes les formalités administratives préalables au voyage, sans avoir à se déplacer à Dakar, a ...
 
AP Sénégalaise
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 15:34:24 -0700

Kaolack, 27 juil (APS) – La directrice de la promotion et de la protection des groupes vulnérables, Coumba Wade, a remis lundi 202 cartes d'égalité des chances à la Fédération régionale des associations de personnes handicapées de Kaolack (centre).
 
Le Soleil
Fri, 24 Jul 2015 05:11:15 -0700

La reconstruction du tronçon de la Nationale 1, qui relie Kaolack à la capitale du Sine sur une distance de 42 kilomètres environ et dont les travaux avaient été lancés par le Premier ministre Mahammad Boun Abdallah Dionne, ont effectivement démarré.

AP Sénégalaise

Le Quotidien
Mon, 20 Jul 2015 10:37:30 -0700

Quatre-vingt six absences - candidats et surveillants - aux épreuves du Baccalauréat ont été relevées dans trois centres d'examen de la commune de Kaolack, a appris lundi le correspondant de l'Aps. Au lycée Valdiodio Ndiaye, un des plus grands centres ...

rewmi

rewmi
Wed, 22 Jul 2015 04:03:45 -0700

Les régions de Dakar et de Kaolack ont bénéficié d'un financement de 309 millions de F Cfa pour 365 projets, à travers le Programme intégré de développement économique et social (Pides). Un programme qui vise l'autonomisation socio-économique des ...

SeneNews.com

Le Quotidien
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 05:33:45 -0700

Ces enfants, âgés de 4 à 12 ans, ont été remis au gouverneur de Kaolack, Lamine Sagna, par une délégation gambienne composée d'un agent du service de l'immigration et de membres de l'action sociale, a ajouté M. Ndiaye. «Le gouverneur de Kaolack à ...

S'informer en temps réel

S'informer en temps réel
Wed, 15 Jul 2015 07:26:15 -0700

Des jeunes de l'Alliance des forces de progrès (AFP) de la région de Kaolack ont mis en place un mouvement de soutien à leur secrétaire général Moustapha Niasse pour son ambition de réélire Macky Sall en 2017, a appris mercredi le correspondant de ...
 
mediaterre.org
Thu, 16 Jul 2015 02:51:35 -0700

Kaolack attend beaucoup du Projet de promotion des emplois verts, dont la mise en œuvre devrait contribuer à l'amélioration du cadre de vie, a indiqué, vendredi, le chef de la Division régionale de l'environnement et des établissements classés (DREEC ...
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