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Not to be confused with Khao Lak.
Kaolack
Town
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
Kaolack is located in Senegal
Kaolack
Kaolack
Coordinates: 14°1′N 16°15′W / 14.017°N 16.250°W / 14.017; -16.250
Country  Senegal
Region Kaolack Region
Population (2002)
 • Total 172,305
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Kaolack (Kawlax in Wolof) is a town of 172,305 people (2002 census) on the north bank of the Saloum River and the N1 road in Senegal. It is the capital of the Kaolack Region, which borders The Gambia to the south. Kaolack is an important regional market town and is Senegal's main peanut trading and processing center. As the center of Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyyah Sufi order founded by Ibrayima Ñas, it is also a major center of Islamic education. The Medina Baay mosque (right) in Kaolack is one of the largest and best known in Senegal.

Central Kaolack

Kaolack is situated on the Saloum River about 100 kilometers from its mouth. It is the successor city to Kahone, historic capital of the kingdom of Saloum. Kahone, originally a place marked by a sacred tree on the right bank of the Saloum River facing the island of Kouyong, became capital of the mostly Sereer kingdom of Saloum in the early 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries it consisted of a number of distinct neighborhoods separated by open fields, each of which was under the jurisdiction of a different dignitary or official. One of these wards, Kaolack (eight km down river), was founded by two Sereer princesses from Baol. Another, Maka Kahone, was inhabited by Muslims and administered by clerics. Otherwise, the population of the town practiced traditional religion and court ceremonies centered on the river bank, Kouyong Island, and various monumental baobab trees.

French interests in the Saloum River increased in the early 19th century as legitimate articles of trade were sought to replace trade in slaves. By mid-century peanut production had been introduced to the kingdom of Saloum and, with the permission of its king, a fortified factory was established by the French on the riverfront at Kaolack.

Kaolack Market

Kaolack was more favorably placed for shipping than Kahone. The French laid out a first grid of lots in 1860, in what would become the city center, or "Escale" neighborhood. The construction of a rail spur from the port to the Dakar-Niger line in 1911 caused the town to boom as a peanut processing and export center. Its population grew rapidly, rising from 5,600 in 1925 to 44,000 in 1934.

It is at this time that Kaolack became an important center for the Tijaniyyah Sufi order, with a first major zâwiyah, or “lodge”, opening in Leona neighborhood in 1910 and a second one opening in Madina Baye in the early 1930s. The Tijaniyyah of Madina Baye is an international institution with disciples in many cities, including Kano, Nigeria, and Chicago, Illinois.

There is a peanut oil processing plant with its own port facilities in the downstream suburb of Lyndiane, while Salt pans across the Saloum river constitute the city’s only other major industrial activity

Among Kaolack's many neighborhoods are:

Children in 2007
Road
  • Lewna (Léona in French), which includes much of the city center. It includes Lewna Ñaseen (Léona Niassène in French), the headquarters of the branch of the Tijānī Islamic order founded in 1910 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas after his exile in Gambia.
  • Jaleñ (Dialègne in French), between Lewna Ñaseen and Medina Mbàbba.
  • Medina Mbàbba (Médina Mbaba in French), also called "Medina I", named after Baabakar Njaay, nicknamed "Mbàbba Njaay," who was the Serer chief of the village when it was incorporated into Kaolack.
  • Medina Baay (Médina Baye in French), also called "Medina II", on the northeast edge of the city. It is the center of the Ibrāhīmiiya branch of the Tijānī order founded in 1930 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas's son, Ibrayima Ñas, known to his followers as "Baay" ("Father" in Wolof). The name in Arabic means "The City of Baay." Ahmad Tijani Ali Cisse is the current Grand Imam of the mosque and the spiritual leader to the 100 million members of the Tijaniyya Sufi order in western Africa.
  • Saam (Sam in French), west of Medina Baay in the north of Kaolack, also founded by Ibrayima Ñas. Saam was originally designated as the fields and orchards of Ibrayima Ñas's disciples, but since the 1970s the trees have been replaced by houses.
  • Ndoorong (Ndorong in French), west of Saam, founded by Bashiru Mbàkke and his Murid disciples.
  • Coofog (Thiofoke in French), north of Saam, which existed before Kaolack as a Serer village ruled by the Gelwaar dynasty.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kaolack is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°11′N 16°15′W / 14.183°N 16.250°W / 14.183; -16.250


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaolack — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
13255 videos foundNext > 

KAOLACK- " Fala De Gals Dem" Official Music Video ( Extended Version)

Directed and Produced by Djei Gogo for Flavour Prod... Director of Photography & Post-production : Tvision.

Kaolack V.S Tounkara (Sénégal Ca Kanam- 2stv)

Tounkara face a un gars qui ne laisse rien passer.

LEO ft. IDONY, KAOLACK - EASY (OFFICIAL VIDEO)

Lyrics: LEO, IDONY, KAOLACK Produced by: TAIFUN Mix: DJEI GOGO Master: HARDWORKZ STUDIO (c) HARDWORKZ ENTERTAINMENT 2012 http://www.leoberanek.eu http://www....

COEUR DE KAOLACK

KAOLACK - NIGHT BIRD {Produced and directed by Djei Gogo}

Kaolack is a reggae artist and professional dancer from Senegal. We chose this video to introduce him. Hope you like it.

Canari de Kaolack : Sutukum

From the 70's cassette release "Canari de Kaolack".

Kaolack une Ville négligée, C'est Pas Normal !

KAOLACK /new project/ MAAN AK MOOM with Omar Sene

Dance and choreography: Omar Sene and Pape Ibrahima Ndiaye - KAOLACK.

KAOLACK & FUKnKUK ''CENAY NDUUD''

DU GHETTO '' ZUNDUMU MBED '' en passant par '' J'ACCUSE '', kaolack Frappe en PUISSANCE, cette fois ci dans la MUSIQUE RAGGA DanceHall avec en Collaboration ...

Sen p'tit Galle 2014 Pape de Kaolack prime 3

13255 videos foundNext > 

1998 news items

 
Le Soleil
Wed, 15 Oct 2014 07:51:49 -0700

... acquis du programme de renforcement des capacités pour le contrôle de la dégradation des terres et la promotion de leur valorisation dans les zones de sols dégradés mis en œuvre depuis 2011 avec l'appui de la Jica dans les régions de Fatick et ...

S'informer en temps réel

S'informer en temps réel
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 23:56:15 -0700

Les travaux de la route Fatick- Kaolack vont démarrer avant la fin de l'année 2014. C'est l'annonce faite hier, par le ministre de l'Economie, des Finances et du Plan, lors du vote de la première loi de finances rectificative 2014. Une nouvelle, certes ...
 
Xalima.com
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 00:29:10 -0700

XALIMA NEWS – Les travaux de la route Fatick- Kaolack vont démarrer avant la fin de l'année 2014. C'est l'annonce faite hier, par le ministre de l'Economie, des Finances et du Plan, lors du vote de la première loi de finances rectificative 2014. Une ...

Setal.net

Setal.net
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 05:45:00 -0700

NET-Le juge Henri Grégoire Diop "reste bien à son poste de président de la Cour d'appel de Kaolack", précisent les services du ministère de la Justice, dans un communiqué transmis à l'APS. Ils font état d'une "méprise", au sujet de décisions issues du ...
 
Le Soleil
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 05:33:45 -0700

Le Conseil municipal de Kaolack, au cours de sa première session budgétaire présidée par le maire, Mariama Sarr, a voté, à l'unanimité des conseillers présents, la consécration de 40 millions de FCfa, reçus par la structure au titre des fonds de ...

Setal.net

Setal.net
Thu, 16 Oct 2014 12:41:15 -0700

L'accord de partenariat international signé le 26juin 2014, par le recteur de l'Université du Sine Saloum de Kaolack,le Professeur Amadou Tidiane GUIRO et Marion GUILLON, Présidente du conseil d'administration de AGREENIUM entre dans sa seconde ...

Sud Quotidien

Sud Quotidien
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 02:22:30 -0700

Le ministre déléguée chargée de la Restructuration et de la Requalification des banlieues a annoncé hier, jeudi 25 septembre l'élargissement du programme de construction des logements sociaux aux régions de Thiès et de Kaolack. Fatou Tambédou a fait ...
 
AP Sénégalaise
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 11:33:45 -0700

Kaolack, 28 oct (APS) – La Cour des comptes a initié, mardi à Kaolack, une journée d'information et de communication sur ses services et missions à l'intention des exécutants des finances publiques des régions de Kaolack, Fatick et Kaffrine, a constaté ...
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