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Not to be confused with Khao Lak.
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
Kaolack is located in Senegal
Coordinates: 14°1′N 16°15′W / 14.017°N 16.250°W / 14.017; -16.250
Country  Senegal
Region Kaolack Region
Population (2002)
 • Total 172,305
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Kaolack (Kawlax in Wolof) is a town of 172,305 people (2002 census) on the north bank of the Saloum River and the N1 road in Senegal. It is the capital of the Kaolack Region, which borders The Gambia to the south. Kaolack is an important regional market town and is Senegal's main peanut trading and processing center. As the center of Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyyah Sufi order founded by Ibrayima Ñas, it is also a major center of Islamic education. The Medina Baay mosque (right) in Kaolack is one of the largest and best known in Senegal.

Central Kaolack

Kaolack is situated on the Saloum River about 100 kilometers from its mouth. It is the successor city to Kahone, historic capital of the kingdom of Saloum. Kahone, originally a place marked by a sacred tree on the right bank of the Saloum River facing the island of Kouyong, became capital of the mostly Sereer kingdom of Saloum in the early 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries it consisted of a number of distinct neighborhoods separated by open fields, each of which was under the jurisdiction of a different dignitary or official. One of these wards, Kaolack (eight km down river), was founded by two Sereer princesses from Baol. Another, Maka Kahone, was inhabited by Muslims and administered by clerics. Otherwise, the population of the town practiced traditional religion and court ceremonies centered on the river bank, Kouyong Island, and various monumental baobab trees.

French interests in the Saloum River increased in the early 19th century as legitimate articles of trade were sought to replace trade in slaves. By mid-century peanut production had been introduced to the kingdom of Saloum and, with the permission of its king, a fortified factory was established by the French on the riverfront at Kaolack.

Kaolack Market

Kaolack was more favorably placed for shipping than Kahone. The French laid out a first grid of lots in 1860, in what would become the city center, or "Escale" neighborhood. The construction of a rail spur from the port to the Dakar-Niger line in 1911 caused the town to boom as a peanut processing and export center. Its population grew rapidly, rising from 5,600 in 1925 to 44,000 in 1934.

It is at this time that Kaolack became an important center for the Tijaniyyah Sufi order, with a first major zâwiyah, or “lodge”, opening in Leona neighborhood in 1910 and a second one opening in Madina Baye in the early 1930s. The Tijaniyyah of Madina Baye is an international institution with disciples in many cities, including Kano, Nigeria, and Chicago, Illinois.

There is a peanut oil processing plant with its own port facilities in the downstream suburb of Lyndiane, while Salt pans across the Saloum river constitute the city’s only other major industrial activity

Among Kaolack's many neighborhoods are:

Children in 2007
  • Lewna (Léona in French), which includes much of the city center. It includes Lewna Ñaseen (Léona Niassène in French), the headquarters of the branch of the Tijānī Islamic order founded in 1910 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas after his exile in Gambia.
  • Jaleñ (Dialègne in French), between Lewna Ñaseen and Medina Mbàbba.
  • Medina Mbàbba (Médina Mbaba in French), also called "Medina I", named after Baabakar Njaay, nicknamed "Mbàbba Njaay," who was the Serer chief of the village when it was incorporated into Kaolack.
  • Medina Baay (Médina Baye in French), also called "Medina II", on the northeast edge of the city. It is the center of the Ibrāhīmiiya branch of the Tijānī order founded in 1930 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas's son, Ibrayima Ñas, known to his followers as "Baay" ("Father" in Wolof). The name in Arabic means "The City of Baay." Ahmad Tijani Ali Cisse is the current Grand Imam of the mosque and the spiritual leader to the 100 million members of the Tijaniyya Sufi order in western Africa.
  • Saam (Sam in French), west of Medina Baay in the north of Kaolack, also founded by Ibrayima Ñas. Saam was originally designated as the fields and orchards of Ibrayima Ñas's disciples, but since the 1970s the trees have been replaced by houses.
  • Ndoorong (Ndorong in French), west of Saam, founded by Bashiru Mbàkke and his Murid disciples.
  • Coofog (Thiofoke in French), north of Saam, which existed before Kaolack as a Serer village ruled by the Gelwaar dynasty.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kaolack is twinned with:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°11′N 16°15′W / 14.183°N 16.250°W / 14.183; -16.250

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaolack — Please support Wikipedia.
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1792 news items

S'informer en temps réel

S'informer en temps réel
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 03:30:00 -0700

A Kaolack, c'est un lâche assassinat qui défraie la chronique. D'après L'As, dans la nuit du samedi au dimanche, des agresseurs s'en sont violemment pris à Pape Macoumba Touré. Ils l'ont agressé avant de voler sa moto Jakarta. Malheureusement, il a ...
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 06:18:45 -0700

SETAL.NET-Mamadou Kara Camara n'est plus. Commerçant au marché central de Kaolack, il est parti comme il a toujours vécu, selon ses proches, c'est-à-dire dans la sobriété. C'est dimanche à l'aube que ses voisins l'ont découvert inerte près des ...


Mon, 18 Aug 2014 05:54:49 -0700

Aujourd'hui force est de constater que Kaolack perd de plus en plus du terrain jusqu'à ne plus compter sur l'échiquier national et cela est plus aigu dans le monde des sports, des arts et de la culture. Pour qui connaissait la ville et son poids dans ...
Le Soleil
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 05:00:00 -0700

Ce qui m'a permis d'acheter tous ces dons, mais également d'octroyer une enveloppement de 500.000 FCfa et des moustiquaires imprégnés au service social de l'hôpital de Kaolack souvent confronté à des besoins d'assister des indulgents ». Nafissatou ...
AP Sénégalaise
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 15:25:24 -0700

Kaolack, 26 août (APS) - Le ministre de l'Hydraulique et de l'Assainissement, Mansour Faye, a annoncé mardi l'installation prochaine dans la commune de Kaolack (centre) de deux "unités de traitement d'eau" d'une valeur globale de quatre milliards de ...


Fri, 08 Aug 2014 06:52:30 -0700

pour l'heure deux personnes sont mis hors d'état de nuire. Ils ont été interpellés mardi et mercredi derniers à Kaolack par la Brigade de Recherches. Plus de 700 clients ont été arnaqués. Le préjudice porte sur 19 millions de F CF. Selon Moussa Mbaye ...
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 04:37:30 -0700

La ville de Kaolack est un port et l'une des plus grandes villes du Sénégal, située à 189 kilomètres au sud-est de Dakar. Ce jeudi 24 juillet 2014, une opération de nettoiement a permis aux équipes du programme prioritaire de propreté (PPP) du ...

S'informer en temps réel

S'informer en temps réel
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 07:03:45 -0700

Deux personnes ont été interpellées mardi et mercredi derniers. Les faussaires avec d'autres réseaux ont arnaqué plus de 700 clients. Le préjudice est estimé à près de 19 millions de FCFA. La Brigade de recherches de la gendarmerie de Colobane et la ...

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