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Not to be confused with Khao Lak.
Kaolack
Town
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
Kaolack is located in Senegal
Kaolack
Kaolack
Coordinates: 14°1′N 16°15′W / 14.017°N 16.250°W / 14.017; -16.250
Country  Senegal
Region Kaolack Region
Population (2002)
 • Total 172,305
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Kaolack (Kawlax in Wolof) is a town of 172,305 people (2002 census) on the north bank of the Saloum River and the N1 road in Senegal. It is the capital of the Kaolack Region, which borders The Gambia to the south. Kaolack is an important regional market town and is Senegal's main peanut trading and processing center. As the center of Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyyah Sufi order founded by Ibrayima Ñas, it is also a major center of Islamic education. The Medina Baay mosque (right) in Kaolack is one of the largest and best known in Senegal.

Central Kaolack

Kaolack is situated on the Saloum River about 100 kilometers from its mouth. It is the successor city to Kahone, historic capital of the kingdom of Saloum. Kahone, originally a place marked by a sacred tree on the right bank of the Saloum River facing the island of Kouyong, became capital of the mostly Sereer kingdom of Saloum in the early 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries it consisted of a number of distinct neighborhoods separated by open fields, each of which was under the jurisdiction of a different dignitary or official. One of these wards, Kaolack (eight km down river), was founded by two Sereer princesses from Baol. Another, Maka Kahone, was inhabited by Muslims and administered by clerics. Otherwise, the population of the town practiced traditional religion and court ceremonies centered on the river bank, Kouyong Island, and various monumental baobab trees.

French interests in the Saloum River increased in the early 19th century as legitimate articles of trade were sought to replace trade in slaves. By mid-century peanut production had been introduced to the kingdom of Saloum and, with the permission of its king, a fortified factory was established by the French on the riverfront at Kaolack.

Kaolack Market

Kaolack was more favorably placed for shipping than Kahone. The French laid out a first grid of lots in 1860, in what would become the city center, or "Escale" neighborhood. The construction of a rail spur from the port to the Dakar-Niger line in 1911 caused the town to boom as a peanut processing and export center. Its population grew rapidly, rising from 5,600 in 1925 to 44,000 in 1934.

It is at this time that Kaolack became an important center for the Tijaniyyah Sufi order, with a first major zâwiyah, or “lodge”, opening in Leona neighborhood in 1910 and a second one opening in Madina Baye in the early 1930s. The Tijaniyyah of Madina Baye is an international institution with disciples in many cities, including Kano, Nigeria, and Chicago, Illinois.

There is a peanut oil processing plant with its own port facilities in the downstream suburb of Lyndiane, while Salt pans across the Saloum river constitute the city’s only other major industrial activity

Among Kaolack's many neighborhoods are:

Children in 2007
Road
  • Lewna (Léona in French), which includes much of the city center. It includes Lewna Ñaseen (Léona Niassène in French), the headquarters of the branch of the Tijānī Islamic order founded in 1910 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas after his exile in Gambia.
  • Jaleñ (Dialègne in French), between Lewna Ñaseen and Medina Mbàbba.
  • Medina Mbàbba (Médina Mbaba in French), also called "Medina I", named after Baabakar Njaay, nicknamed "Mbàbba Njaay," who was the Serer chief of the village when it was incorporated into Kaolack.
  • Medina Baay (Médina Baye in French), also called "Medina II", on the northeast edge of the city. It is the center of the Ibrāhīmiiya branch of the Tijānī order founded in 1930 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas's son, Ibrayima Ñas, known to his followers as "Baay" ("Father" in Wolof). The name in Arabic means "The City of Baay." Ahmad Tijani Ali Cisse is the current Grand Imam of the mosque and the spiritual leader to the 100 million members of the Tijaniyya Sufi order in western Africa.
  • Saam (Sam in French), west of Medina Baay in the north of Kaolack, also founded by Ibrayima Ñas. Saam was originally designated as the fields and orchards of Ibrayima Ñas's disciples, but since the 1970s the trees have been replaced by houses.
  • Ndoorong (Ndorong in French), west of Saam, founded by Bashiru Mbàkke and his Murid disciples.
  • Coofog (Thiofoke in French), north of Saam, which existed before Kaolack as a Serer village ruled by the Gelwaar dynasty.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kaolack is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°11′N 16°15′W / 14.183°N 16.250°W / 14.183; -16.250


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaolack — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
15107 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

Gris Bordeaux, hué à Kaolack, regrette ses propos à l'endroit de Tyson

KAOLACK & FUKnKUK ''CENAY NDUUD''

DU GHETTO '' ZUNDUMU MBED '' en passant par '' J'ACCUSE '', kaolack Frappe en PUISSANCE, cette fois ci dans la MUSIQUE RAGGA DanceHall avec en Collaboration FUKnKUK ( Hip-Hop Crew ...

KAOLACK- " Fala De Gals Dem" Official Music Video ( Extended Version)

Directed and Produced by Djei Gogo for Flavour Prod... Director of Photography & Post-production : Tvision.

Scenes from Kaolack, Senegal

Captured video from my trip to Senegal.

KAOLACK - NIGHT BIRD {Produced and directed by Djei Gogo}

Kaolack is a reggae artist and professional dancer from Senegal. We chose this video to introduce him. Hope you like it.

COEUR DE KAOLACK

Bai Niass, Special Plateau Gamou 2015 Medina Baye Nias, kaolack

Gamou Médina Baye Niass 2015. Discussion by Sheikh Maki Ibrahima Niass, and Sheikh Mahi Aliou Cise.

Kaolack une Ville négligée, C'est Pas Normal !

QUI VIVRA VERRA (Kaolack official video)

Video produced by Maukofia Music produced by Flavour Prod Lyrics by Kaolack Twiter: kaolack507 instagram: Kaolack1 https://www.facebook.com/papeibrahima.ndiayekaolack ...

15107 videos foundNext > 

14964 news items

Seneweb

Seneweb
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 11:18:51 -0700

Les élèves inscrits en BTS au lycée technique El Hadj Abdoulaye Niass de Kaolack (centre) ont entamé lundi une grève pour réclamer le payement de sept mois d'arriérés de bourses d'études, a constaté l'APS. Réunis en assemblée générale dans ...

Arenebi

Arenebi
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 10:26:15 -0700

En attendant d'avoir d'amples explications sur cette situation, la TFM tout comme la Sen Tv, ont respectivement fait leurs directs à Kaolack et à Iba Mar Diop. Les férus de lo lutte ont été certes gâtés, mais il y a une totale désorganisation dans la ...
 
Arenebi
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 10:37:30 -0700

Les Kaolackois ont répondu à l'appel d'Aziz Production qui a organisé sa première journée, dimanche avec le combat Bruce Lee - Baye Mandione, deux lutteurs qui ne font plus le poids depuis plusieurs saisons. De l'entrée et à l'intérieur du stade, il ...
 
Arenebi
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 10:26:15 -0700

C était prévisible. Gris Bordeaux n'était pas le bienvenu, hier à Kaolack, pour son face-à-face avec son adversaire du 3 mai, Mohamed Ndao Tyson. Dès son arrivée, le Tigre de Fass a été hué par des supporters de Tyson. Reste à voir s'il a été ...

Sud Quotidien

Le Soleil
Tue, 21 Apr 2015 04:26:15 -0700

Le leader de la génération Boul Faalé, Mouhamed Ndao Tyson, a « reçu » avant-hier, dans sa ville natale, Kaolack, le Tigre de Fass, Gris Bordeaux, lors de leur premier face-à-face en prévision du duel de feu du 3 mai au stade Demba Diop. Gris Bordeaux ...

Sen360

Sen360
Sun, 19 Apr 2015 05:22:30 -0700

Le stade Lamine Guèye de Kaolack sera ce dimanche le théâtre de deux chocs d?envergure proposés par le promoteur Aziz Ndiaye. En plus du choc qui oppose King Kong de Fass et Gambien de Boul Falé, le public Kaolackois aura droit à un très ...

Arenebi

Arenebi
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 17:56:15 -0700

Êtes-vous pour une modification ou non de la règle ? (interdire les coups quand le lutteur est ceinturé par derrière et sur ses 3 appuis). Oui, il faut la changer pour préserver l'intégrité physique des lutteurs;. Non, elle est très bien comme cela ...

SeneNews.com

SeneNews.com
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 07:37:30 -0700

Le président Macky SALL commence à récolter les fruits de sa tournée économique dans région de Kaolack. Hier, après sa rencontre avec les chefs religieux de Léona Niasséne et de Médina Baye, ces derniers, très heureux de sa décision de choisir Baye ...
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