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Not to be confused with Khao Lak.
Kaolack
Town
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
Kaolack is located in Senegal
Kaolack
Kaolack
Coordinates: 14°1′N 16°15′W / 14.017°N 16.250°W / 14.017; -16.250
Country  Senegal
Region Kaolack Region
Population (2002)
 • Total 172,305
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Kaolack (Kawlax in Wolof) is a town of 172,305 people (2002 census) on the north bank of the Saloum River and the N1 road in Senegal. It is the capital of the Kaolack Region, which borders The Gambia to the south. Kaolack is an important regional market town and is Senegal's main peanut trading and processing center. As the center of Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyyah Sufi order founded by Ibrayima Ñas, it is also a major center of Islamic education. The Medina Baay mosque (right) in Kaolack is one of the largest and best known in Senegal.

Central Kaolack

Kaolack is situated on the Saloum River about 100 kilometers from its mouth. It is the successor city to Kahone, historic capital of the kingdom of Saloum. Kahone, originally a place marked by a sacred tree on the right bank of the Saloum River facing the island of Kouyong, became capital of the mostly Sereer kingdom of Saloum in the early 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries it consisted of a number of distinct neighborhoods separated by open fields, each of which was under the jurisdiction of a different dignitary or official. One of these wards, Kaolack (eight km down river), was founded by two Sereer princesses from Baol. Another, Maka Kahone, was inhabited by Muslims and administered by clerics. Otherwise, the population of the town practiced traditional religion and court ceremonies centered on the river bank, Kouyong Island, and various monumental baobab trees.

French interests in the Saloum River increased in the early 19th century as legitimate articles of trade were sought to replace trade in slaves. By mid-century peanut production had been introduced to the kingdom of Saloum and, with the permission of its king, a fortified factory was established by the French on the riverfront at Kaolack.

Kaolack Market

Kaolack was more favorably placed for shipping than Kahone. The French laid out a first grid of lots in 1860, in what would become the city center, or "Escale" neighborhood. The construction of a rail spur from the port to the Dakar-Niger line in 1911 caused the town to boom as a peanut processing and export center. Its population grew rapidly, rising from 5,600 in 1925 to 44,000 in 1934.

It is at this time that Kaolack became an important center for the Tijaniyyah Sufi order, with a first major zâwiyah, or “lodge”, opening in Leona neighborhood in 1910 and a second one opening in Madina Baye in the early 1930s. The Tijaniyyah of Madina Baye is an international institution with disciples in many cities, including Kano, Nigeria, and Chicago, Illinois.

There is a peanut oil processing plant with its own port facilities in the downstream suburb of Lyndiane, while Salt pans across the Saloum river constitute the city’s only other major industrial activity

Among Kaolack's many neighborhoods are:

Children in 2007
Road
  • Lewna (Léona in French), which includes much of the city center. It includes Lewna Ñaseen (Léona Niassène in French), the headquarters of the branch of the Tijānī Islamic order founded in 1910 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas after his exile in Gambia.
  • Jaleñ (Dialègne in French), between Lewna Ñaseen and Medina Mbàbba.
  • Medina Mbàbba (Médina Mbaba in French), also called "Medina I", named after Baabakar Njaay, nicknamed "Mbàbba Njaay," who was the Serer chief of the village when it was incorporated into Kaolack.
  • Medina Baay (Médina Baye in French), also called "Medina II", on the northeast edge of the city. It is the center of the Ibrāhīmiiya branch of the Tijānī order founded in 1930 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas's son, Ibrayima Ñas, known to his followers as "Baay" ("Father" in Wolof). The name in Arabic means "The City of Baay." Ahmad Tijani Ali Cisse is the current Grand Imam of the mosque and the spiritual leader to the 100 million members of the Tijaniyya Sufi order in western Africa.
  • Saam (Sam in French), west of Medina Baay in the north of Kaolack, also founded by Ibrayima Ñas. Saam was originally designated as the fields and orchards of Ibrayima Ñas's disciples, but since the 1970s the trees have been replaced by houses.
  • Ndoorong (Ndorong in French), west of Saam, founded by Bashiru Mbàkke and his Murid disciples.
  • Coofog (Thiofoke in French), north of Saam, which existed before Kaolack as a Serer village ruled by the Gelwaar dynasty.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kaolack is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°11′N 16°15′W / 14.183°N 16.250°W / 14.183; -16.250


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaolack — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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14438 videos foundNext > 

7295 news items

 
Sud Quotidien
Sat, 24 Jan 2015 07:06:51 -0800

Dans le souci de mettre fin à la division qui mine aujourd'hui les instances jeunes de l'Apr de Kaolack et répondre positivement aux différentes politiques définies par le gouvernement du président Macky Sall en direction des jeunes du pays, les ...
 
Sud Quotidien
Sat, 24 Jan 2015 06:17:46 -0800

Dix-huit (18) ordinateurs ont été distribués aux enseignants en poste dans le département de Kaolack. Pour le secrétaire général national du Sels Authentique Abdou Faty, «cette nouvelle option témoigne encore une fois la volonté du Sels Authentique de ...

Sen360

Sen360
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 12:15:00 -0800

à ce jour, "une quantité totale de 3.270,436 tonnes d'arachide (huilerie et semences à certifier) a été collectée dans la région de Kaolack", à travers 14 points de collecte, note la DRDR, précisant que 1.884,536 tonnes ont été achetées par les ...

Sen360

Sen360
Tue, 20 Jan 2015 01:33:45 -0800

SETAL.NET-Des jeunes de l'(Afp) de Kaolack sont très remontés contre le responsable politique du numéro 2 de leur parti, Malick Gackou. Le projet d'une bonne partie des membres du parti de Moustapha Niasse de présenter un candidat à la présidentielle ...
 
Sud Quotidien
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 05:20:46 -0800

Dans un communiqué adressé lundi dernier à notre rédaction, la communauté religieuse de Médina Baye, conduite par son Khalife Cheikh Ahmet Tidiane Ibrahima Niasse, condamne avec la dernière énergie les caricatures du Prophète de l'Islam ...

DakarActu

DakarActu
Sat, 27 Dec 2014 02:52:30 -0800

La ville de Kaolack sera mise hors délestage deux jours avant, pendant et après, la célébration du Gamou 2015 prévue dans la nuit du 3 au janvier prochain, a assuré, vendredi, Ngagne Diop, chef de service distribution de la zone centre de la Société ...
 
au-senegal.com
Tue, 06 Jan 2015 10:45:13 -0800

L'Alliance franco-sénégalaise de Kaolack nous revient cette semaine avec un programme chargé. En cette début d'année, vous aurez des tests, des cours et des événements culturels. Du 6 au 22 janvier / Du 6 au 10 janvier / Du 6 janvier au 28 février ...
 
Le Soleil
Sat, 10 Jan 2015 13:49:09 -0800

Plus d'un millier d'enfants du Saloum ont fini l'année 2014 dans la joie et le bonheur, lors d'une fête offerte sur l'esplanade du « Cœur de ville » de Kaolack par les présidents de la Chambre de commerce et du Conseil départemental et le maire de ...
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