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Not to be confused with Khao Lak.
Kaolack
Town
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
Kaolack is located in Senegal
Kaolack
Kaolack
Coordinates: 14°1′N 16°15′W / 14.017°N 16.250°W / 14.017; -16.250
Country  Senegal
Region Kaolack Region
Population (2002)
 • Total 172,305
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Kaolack (Kawlax in Wolof) is a town of 172,305 people (2002 census) on the north bank of the Saloum River and the N1 road in Senegal. It is the capital of the Kaolack Region, which borders The Gambia to the south. Kaolack is an important regional market town and is Senegal's main peanut trading and processing center. As the center of Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyyah Sufi order founded by Ibrayima Ñas, it is also a major center of Islamic education. The Medina Baay mosque (right) in Kaolack is one of the largest and best known in Senegal.

Central Kaolack

Kaolack is situated on the Saloum River about 100 kilometers from its mouth. It is the successor city to Kahone, historic capital of the kingdom of Saloum. Kahone, originally a place marked by a sacred tree on the right bank of the Saloum River facing the island of Kouyong, became capital of the mostly Sereer kingdom of Saloum in the early 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries it consisted of a number of distinct neighborhoods separated by open fields, each of which was under the jurisdiction of a different dignitary or official. One of these wards, Kaolack (eight km down river), was founded by two Sereer princesses from Baol. Another, Maka Kahone, was inhabited by Muslims and administered by clerics. Otherwise, the population of the town practiced traditional religion and court ceremonies centered on the river bank, Kouyong Island, and various monumental baobab trees.

French interests in the Saloum River increased in the early 19th century as legitimate articles of trade were sought to replace trade in slaves. By mid-century peanut production had been introduced to the kingdom of Saloum and, with the permission of its king, a fortified factory was established by the French on the riverfront at Kaolack.

Kaolack Market

Kaolack was more favorably placed for shipping than Kahone. The French laid out a first grid of lots in 1860, in what would become the city center, or "Escale" neighborhood. The construction of a rail spur from the port to the Dakar-Niger line in 1911 caused the town to boom as a peanut processing and export center. Its population grew rapidly, rising from 5,600 in 1925 to 44,000 in 1934.

It is at this time that Kaolack became an important center for the Tijaniyyah Sufi order, with a first major zâwiyah, or “lodge”, opening in Leona neighborhood in 1910 and a second one opening in Madina Baye in the early 1930s. The Tijaniyyah of Madina Baye is an international institution with disciples in many cities, including Kano, Nigeria, and Chicago, Illinois.

There is a peanut oil processing plant with its own port facilities in the downstream suburb of Lyndiane, while Salt pans across the Saloum river constitute the city’s only other major industrial activity

Among Kaolack's many neighborhoods are:

Children in 2007
Road
  • Lewna (Léona in French), which includes much of the city center. It includes Lewna Ñaseen (Léona Niassène in French), the headquarters of the branch of the Tijānī Islamic order founded in 1910 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas after his exile in Gambia.
  • Jaleñ (Dialègne in French), between Lewna Ñaseen and Medina Mbàbba.
  • Medina Mbàbba (Médina Mbaba in French), also called "Medina I", named after Baabakar Njaay, nicknamed "Mbàbba Njaay," who was the Serer chief of the village when it was incorporated into Kaolack.
  • Medina Baay (Médina Baye in French), also called "Medina II", on the northeast edge of the city. It is the center of the Ibrāhīmiiya branch of the Tijānī order founded in 1930 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas's son, Ibrayima Ñas, known to his followers as "Baay" ("Father" in Wolof). The name in Arabic means "The City of Baay." Ahmad Tijani Ali Cisse is the current Grand Imam of the mosque and the spiritual leader to the 100 million members of the Tijaniyya Sufi order in western Africa.
  • Saam (Sam in French), west of Medina Baay in the north of Kaolack, also founded by Ibrayima Ñas. Saam was originally designated as the fields and orchards of Ibrayima Ñas's disciples, but since the 1970s the trees have been replaced by houses.
  • Ndoorong (Ndorong in French), west of Saam, founded by Bashiru Mbàkke and his Murid disciples.
  • Coofog (Thiofoke in French), north of Saam, which existed before Kaolack as a Serer village ruled by the Gelwaar dynasty.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kaolack is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°11′N 16°15′W / 14.183°N 16.250°W / 14.183; -16.250


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaolack — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

7301 news items

DakarActu

DakarActu
Mon, 22 Jun 2015 04:21:09 -0700

Le dernier rapport de l'Inspection générale d'Etat a mentionné l'ambitieux projet du «Cœur de ville de Kaolack», qui commence déjà à faire la fierté des Saloum-Saloum alors qu'il n'est même pas encore achevé. Ce qu'il faut savoir dans cette affaire, c ...

SeneNews.com

SeneNews.com
Sun, 28 Jun 2015 10:57:01 -0700

A en croire la source, les «talibés» âgés de 4 à 12 ans ont été remis au Gouverneur de Kaolack Lamine Sagna, par une délégation gambienne composée d'un agent du service de l'immigration et de membres de l'action sociale. Le coordonnateur adjoint ...

DakarActu

DakarActu
Mon, 22 Jun 2015 03:17:43 -0700

Selon l'Inspection générale d'Etat (Ige), la phase de conception du projet «Cœur de ville de Kaolack» (Cvk) est marquée par l'absence d'étude préalable devant permettre la maîtrise du coût du projet. Il en a résulté un dérapage budgétaire. Ainsi, d'un ...

Ferloo

Ferloo
Sun, 28 Jun 2015 02:56:15 -0700

Ce sont les services de l'émigration gambiens qui les ont acheminés à la gouvernance de Kaolack. Selon eux ces enfants vivaient dans des conditions difficiles. Leurs daaras (écoles coraniques) en question en Gambie étaient gérés par des marabouts ...

Sen360

Sen360
Sat, 06 Jun 2015 08:45:00 -0700

Des travailleurs affiliés à la Confédération nationale des travailleurs du Sénégal (CNTS) ont organisé, samedi à Kaolack (centre), "une marche pacifique" pour soutenir leurs camarades licenciés par la Direction générale de la Société nationale d ...

Sen360

Sen360
Fri, 19 Jun 2015 11:33:45 -0700

Ferloo-com - Idy Fall âgé d'une cinquantaine d'années a mis fin aux jours de son pater l'aide d'un coupe-coupe et blessé grièvement ses deux tantes dans le quartier Diamaguène à Gandiaye, région de Kaolack. L'incident a lieu dans la nuit du mercredi à ...

DakarActu

DakarActu
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 05:33:45 -0700

Thierno Faye, âgé de 32 ans, n'en revient pas. Il risque en effet, de croupir en prison pour dit-il, juste avoir introduit son doigt dans le sexe de sa victime sous l'emprise de Satan… La victime, en question, est un élève de 11 ans qui suit des cours ...

Sen360

Sen360
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 11:22:30 -0700

Ce document fait par ailleurs observer que plusieurs communes auditées (Pikine, Kaolack et Fatick) ne reversent pas à l'IPRES les cotisations sociales prélevées sur les salaires de leurs agents et se trouvent de fait en contentieux avec cette institution.
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