digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Kanada (disambiguation).
Kanada
Born est. 6th century BCE or est. 8th century BCE
Prabhas Kshetra (near Dwaraka) in present-day Gujarat, India
Philosophy Vaisheshika
Hindu sage and philosopher

Kanada (Sanskrit: कणाद) was a Hindu sage and philosopher who founded the philosophical school of Vaisheshika and authored the text Vaisheshika Sutra.[1][2] He probably lived around the 2nd century BCE,[3] while other sources claim he lived in the 6th Century BCE.[4][5] It is believed that he was born in Prabhas Kshetra (near Dwaraka) in Gujarat, India.

His primary area of study was Rasavādam, considered to be a type of alchemy. He is said to have believed that all living beings are composed of five elements: water, fire, earth, air, Aether (classical element). Vegetables have only water, insects have water and fire, birds have water, fire, earth and air, and Humans, the top of the creation, have ether—the sense of discrimination (time, space, mind) are one.

The concept of anu (atom)[edit]

It was Kanada who originated the idea that anu (atom) was an indestructible particle of matter.[6] An interesting story states that this theory occurred to him while he was walking with food in his hand. As he nibbled at the food in his hand, throwing away the small particles, it occurred to him that he could not divide the food into further parts and thus the idea of a matter which cannot be divided further came into existence. He called that indivisible matter anu, i.e. molecule, which was misinterpreted as atom. He also stated that anu can have two states — Absolute rest and a State of motion.[7]

Adherents of the school of philosophy founded by Kanada, considered the atom to be indestructible, and hence eternal. They believed atoms to be minute objects invisible to the naked eye which come into being and vanish in an instant. Vaiseshikas further held that atoms of same substance combined with each other to produce dvyanuka (biatomic molecules) and tryanuka (triatomic molecules). Kanada also put forward the idea that atoms could be combined in various ways to produce chemical changes in presence of other factors such as heat. He gave blackening of earthen pot and ripening of fruit as examples of this phenomenon.[1]

This Indian conception of the atom was developed independently[8] and possibly prior[1] (depending on which dates one accepts for the life of Kanada) to the development of the idea in the Greco-Roman world. Indian theories about the atom are grebghjm,atly abstract and enmeshed in philosophy as they were based on logic and not on personal experience or experimentation. Thus the Indian theories lacked an empirical base, but in the words of A.L. Basham, the veteran Australian Indologist “they were brilliant imaginative explanations of the physical structure of the world, and in a large measure, agreed with the discoveries of modern physics.”[8]

According to author Dilip M. Salwi, "if Kanada’s sutras are analysed, one would find that his atomic theory was far more advanced than those forwarded later by the Greek philosophers, Leucippus and Democritus."[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kapoor, Subodh. The Indian Encyclopaedia, Volume 1. Cosmo Publications. P. 5643. ISBN 8177552570.
  2. ^ Full Text at archive.org of "The Vaisesika sutras of Kanada. Translated by Nandalal Sinha", http://archive.org/stream/thevaiasesikasut00kanauoft/thevaiasesikasut00kanauoft_djvu.txt
  3. ^ Oliver Leaman, Key Concepts in Eastern Philosophy. Routledge, 1999, page 269.
  4. ^ Anu and Parmanu—Indian ideas about Atomic physics, http://www.newsinder.org/site/more/anu_and_parmanu_indian_ideas_about_atomic_physics/
  5. ^ a b "Kanada," Dilip M. Salwi, http://www.4to40.com/legends/index.asp?p=Kanada&k=kanada
  6. ^ Bal Ram Singh (2003). "Use of Chemistry to Understand Vedic Knowledge". Center for Indic studies, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Roopa Narayan. "Space, Time and Anu in Vaisheshika". Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, USA. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Anu and Parmanu—Indian ideas about Atomic physics, http://www.newsfinder.org/site/more/anu_and_parmanu_indian_ideas_about_atomic_physics/

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanada — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
399378 videos foundNext > 

Traumland Kanada (1/2) An der Indianerküste (Doku)

Die zweiteilige Dokumentation von Michael Gregor und Jochen Schliessler taucht im ersten Teil in die Welt der sogenannten "Crazy Canadians" ein, die jenseits...

Unterwegs in Kanada (1/3) Québec [HD, Doku]

Kanada ist das zweitgrößte Land der Erde. Faszinierende Landschaften erstrecken sich zwischen dem Atlantischem und dem Pazifischem Ozean. Die Provinz Québec ...

Zycie w Kanadzie -Ameryka-- Kanada jakie roznice

Idemo na put s Goranom Milićem - Kanada 1/4 (Ottawa-Toronto)

Idemo na put s Goranom Milićem - Kanada 1/4 (Ottawa-Toronto) Hrvatska dokumentarna emisija "Idemo na put s Goranom Milićem", upoznaje vas sa zemljama svijeta...

Dnevnik jednog izbeglice - Kanada

Dnevnik jednog izbeglice - Kanada - Izvodi Goran Sultanovic.

Part 9 Kanada Canada,Calgary-Alberta

Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. It is located in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, approximately 80 km (5...

Auswandern nach Kanada - zu Hause in Cape Breton

Gespräch und Reportage mit dem Landerschließer Rolf Bouman durch Michael Vogt über erfolgreiches Auswandern in das Paradies Nova Scotia an der Ostküste Kanad...

Kanada von Ost nach West

Die östlichste Provinz Kanadas, Neufundland, ist eine Neuentdeckung für Touristen aus Europa. Wer hierher kommt, liebt die unberührte Natur, wo sich Elche in...

Traumland Kanada (2/2) Durch Feuer und Eis (Doku)

Der zweite Teil der großen Kanada-Dokumentation führt Michael Gregor und Jochen Schliesser in die legendäre Goldgräberstadt Dawson City und an den Yukon Rive...

Mit dem Zug quer durch Kanada - Von den Großen Seen bis nach Vancouver (Doku)

Ohne die Eisenbahn und die Männer, die sie bauten, gäbe es den Bundesstaat Kanada nicht; sie erst verhalfen dem Land zur Einheit. 1867 machten die Provinzen ...

399378 videos foundNext > 

180836 news items

Heute.at

Heute.at
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 08:01:26 -0700

Terroranschlag in Kanada In Ottawa, Kanada hat ein Terrorist ein Attentat auf das kanadische Parlament verübt und dabei einen Soldaten erschossen. Dies geschah an einem Kriegerdenkmal, dann drang der mutmaßliche Jihadist ins Parlamentsgebäude ...

Neue Zürcher Zeitung

02elf Düsseldorfer Abendblatt
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:50:15 -0700

Der 25-jährige Islamist, der gestern in der kanadischen Provinz Quebec zwei Soldaten überfahren hatte, war polizeibekannt. Die Bundespolizei RCMP hatte den Mann im vergangenen Sommer am verlassen Kanadas gehindert und seinen Pass eingezogen.

Londonist

Londonist
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 04:01:17 -0700

Kanada-Ya opened in early September across the road from Ippudo on St Giles High Street. The original branch launched in the Yukuhashi area of Fukuoka prefecture in 2009, and this is the third outlet worldwide with another branch in Hong Kong.

tagesschau.de

tagesschau.de
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 20:39:58 -0700

Kanada steht nach dem Anschlag mit zwei Toten im Regierungsviertel in Ottawa unter Schock. Der 32-jährige Angreifer war den Behörden als "hohes Sicherheitsrisiko" bekannt. Unklar ist, ob er Komplizen hatte und ob es einen islamistischen Hintergrund ...

Frankfurter Rundschau

Frankfurter Rundschau
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 09:15:55 -0700

Kanada gilt als friedlich und beschaulich - dabei muss sich das Land seit längerem schon mit Terrorgefahren und radikalen Islamisten aus den eigenen Reihen auseinandersetzen. Mehr... Fotostrecke: Attentat in Kanada · Fotostrecke: Tödlicher Anschlag auf ...

FAZ - Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

FAZ - Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 08:11:15 -0700

Kanada: Schießerei in Ottawa. Spezialkräfte der kanadischen Polizei riegeln das Parlament ab. Video starten. Video abspielen. © AP, reuters. Spezialkräfte der kanadischen Polizei riegeln das Parlament ab. Weitersagen. Facebook · Twitter · Google+. per ...
 
DIE WELT
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 15:49:46 -0700

FAZ - Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

derStandard.at
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 08:36:11 -0700

Das machte auch Regierungschef Stephen Harper in einer Rede an die Kanadier wenige Stunden später klar: Die Ereignisse seien "eine finstere Mahnung, dass Kanada nicht immun gegenüber der Art von terroristischen Angriffen ist, wie wir sie in anderen ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!