digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Kanada (disambiguation).
Kanada
Born est. 6th century BCE or est. 8th century BCE
Prabhas Kshetra (near Dwaraka) in present-day Gujarat, India
Philosophy Vaisheshika
Hindu sage and philosopher

Kanada (Sanskrit: कणाद) was a Hindu sage and philosopher who founded the philosophical school of Vaisheshika and authored the text Vaisheshika Sutra.[1][2] He probably lived around the 2nd century BCE,[3] while other sources claim he lived in the 6th Century BCE.[4][5] It is believed that he was born in Prabhas Kshetra (near Dwaraka) in Gujarat, India.

His primary area of study was Rasavādam, considered to be a type of alchemy. He is said to have believed that all living beings are composed of five elements: water, fire, earth, air, Aether (classical element). Vegetables have only water, insects have water and fire, birds have water, fire, earth and air, and Humans, the top of the creation, have ether—the sense of discrimination (time, space, mind) are one.

The concept of anu (atom)[edit]

It was Kanada who originated the idea that anu (atom) was an indestructible particle of matter.[6] An interesting story states that this theory occurred to him while he was walking with food in his hand. As he nibbled at the food in his hand, throwing away the small particles, it occurred to him that he could not divide the food into further parts and thus the idea of a matter which cannot be divided further came into existence. He called that indivisible matter anu, i.e. molecule, which was misinterpreted as atom. He also stated that anu can have two states — Absolute rest and a State of motion.[7]

Adherents of the school of philosophy founded by Kanada, considered the atom to be indestructible, and hence eternal. They believed atoms to be minute objects invisible to the naked eye which come into being and vanish in an instant. Vaiseshikas further held that atoms of same substance combined with each other to produce dvyanuka (biatomic molecules) and tryanuka (triatomic molecules). Kanada also put forward the idea that atoms could be combined in various ways to produce chemical changes in presence of other factors such as heat. He gave blackening of earthen pot and ripening of fruit as examples of this phenomenon.[1]

This Indian conception of the atom was developed independently[8] and possibly prior[1] (depending on which dates one accepts for the life of Kanada) to the development of the idea in the Greco-Roman world. Indian theories about the atom are grebghjm,atly abstract and enmeshed in philosophy as they were based on logic and not on personal experience or experimentation. Thus the Indian theories lacked an empirical base, but in the words of A.L. Basham, the veteran Australian Indologist “they were brilliant imaginative explanations of the physical structure of the world, and in a large measure, agreed with the discoveries of modern physics.”[8]

According to author Dilip M. Salwi, "if Kanada’s sutras are analysed, one would find that his atomic theory was far more advanced than those forwarded later by the Greek philosophers, Leucippus and Democritus."[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kapoor, Subodh. The Indian Encyclopaedia, Volume 1. Cosmo Publications. P. 5643. ISBN 8177552570.
  2. ^ Full Text at archive.org of "The Vaisesika sutras of Kanada. Translated by Nandalal Sinha", http://archive.org/stream/thevaiasesikasut00kanauoft/thevaiasesikasut00kanauoft_djvu.txt
  3. ^ Oliver Leaman, Key Concepts in Eastern Philosophy. Routledge, 1999, page 269.
  4. ^ Anu and Parmanu—Indian ideas about Atomic physics, http://www.newsinder.org/site/more/anu_and_parmanu_indian_ideas_about_atomic_physics/
  5. ^ a b "Kanada," Dilip M. Salwi, http://www.4to40.com/legends/index.asp?p=Kanada&k=kanada
  6. ^ Bal Ram Singh (2003). "Use of Chemistry to Understand Vedic Knowledge". Center for Indic studies, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Roopa Narayan. "Space, Time and Anu in Vaisheshika". Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, USA. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Anu and Parmanu—Indian ideas about Atomic physics, http://www.newsfinder.org/site/more/anu_and_parmanu_indian_ideas_about_atomic_physics/

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanada — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

510018 news items

Londonist

Londonist
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 04:01:17 -0700

Kanada-Ya opened in early September across the road from Ippudo on St Giles High Street. The original branch launched in the Yukuhashi area of Fukuoka prefecture in 2009, and this is the third outlet worldwide with another branch in Hong Kong.

FOCUS Online

FOCUS Online
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 02:59:58 -0700

Es ist ein Vorfall, der die kanadische Regierung in Sorge versetzen dürfte: Ein mutmaßlicher Islamist hat auf einem Parkplatz eines Einkaufszentrums nahe Montreal zwei Soldaten überfahren - einer verstarb. Anschließend erschoss die Polizei den ...

Neue Zürcher Zeitung

tagesschau.de
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 18:14:41 -0700

Kanada liefert 800 Ampullen eines experimentellen Impfstoffs gegen Ebola an die WHO. Das Mittel wurde bisher nur an Affen getestet, allerdings mit großem Erfolg. Während klinische Tests an Menschen laufen, könnte die WHO den Impfstoff bereits in ...

Frankfurter Rundschau

Frankfurter Rundschau
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 09:07:30 -0700

In Kanada hat erstmals seit der Beteiligung des Landes am Kampf gegen die IS-Milizen ein mutmaßlicher Islamist zwei Soldaten angegriffen und einen von ihnen getötet. Ein 25-Jähriger habe die Soldaten mit seinem Auto überfahren, teilte die Polizei der ...
 
ORF.at
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 12:22:52 -0700

In der kanadischen Stadt Winnipeg hat die Polizei in einem mietbaren Lagerraum die Leichen von vier Säuglingen entdeckt. Es handle sich um Neugeborene, sagte Polizeisprecher Eric Hofley heute. Die Polizei habe Ermittlungen aufgenommen und befrage ...

Business of Cinema

Business of Cinema
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 11:22:30 -0700

Akul-Srujan The Bigg Boss Kannada Season 2 has reached the final week.We at businessofcinema.com are proud to announce to you first that Akul Balaji is the winner of this years Bigg Boss Kanada house. Earlier we had reported that Srujan was in the lead ...
 
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 01:54:47 -0700

Im kanadischen Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, rund 40 Kilometer südöstlich von Montreal in der französisch sprechenden Provinz Quebec gelegen, ist am späteren Montagmorgen ein Mann erschossen worden, der offenbar von islamistischem Gedankengut ...

Spiegel Online

Spiegel Online
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 08:43:34 -0700

Ein Mann überfährt mit einem Auto zwei Soldaten, einer der beiden stirbt. Für Kanadas Sicherheitsminister ist klar, dass es sich um einen Terroranschlag handelt. Berlin/Montreal - Er überfuhr zwei Soldaten auf einem Parkplatz, lieferte sich eine ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!