digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















In Indian literature, Kāmashastra refers to the tradition of works on Kāma: Desire (love, erotic, sensual and sexual desire in this case). It therefore has a practical orientation, similar to that of Arthashastra, the tradition of texts on politics and government. Just as the former instructs kings and ministers about government, Kāmashastra aims to instruct the townsman (nāgarika) in the way to attain enjoyment and fulfillment.

The earliest text of the Kama Shastra tradition, said to have contained a vast amount of information, is attributed to Nandi the sacred bull, Shiva's doorkeeper, who was moved to sacred utterance by overhearing the lovemaking of the god Shiva and his wife Parvati. During the 8th century BC, Shvetaketu, son of Uddalaka, produced a summary of Nandi's work, but this "summary" was still too vast to be accessible. A scholar called Babhravya, together with a group of his disciples, produced a summary of Shvetaketu's summary, which nonetheless remained a huge and encyclopaedic tome. Between the 3rd and 1st centuries BC, several authors reproduced different parts of the Babhravya group's work in various specialist treatises. Among the authors, those whose names are known are Charayana, Ghotakamukha, Gonardiya, Gonikaputra, Suvarnanabha, and Dattaka.

However, the oldest available text on this subject is the Kama Sutra ascribed to Vātsyāyana who is often erroneously called "Mallanaga Vātsyāyana". Yashodhara, in his commentary on the Kama Sutra, attributes the origin of erotic science to Mallanaga, the "prophet of the Asuras", implying that the Kama Sutra originated in prehistoric times. The attribution of the name "Mallanaga" to Vātsyāyana is due to the confusion of his role as editor of the Kama Sutra with the role of the mythical creator of erotic science. Vātsyāyana's birth date is not accurately known, but he must have lived earlier than the 7th century since he is referred to by Subandhu in his poem Vāsavadattā. On the other hand Vātsyāyana must have been familiar with the Arthashastra of Kautilya. Vātsyāyana refers to and quotes a number of texts on this subject, which unfortunately have been lost.

Following Vātsyāyana, a number of authors wrote on Kāmashastra, some writing independent manuals of erotics, while others commented on Vātsyāyana. Later well-known works include Kokkaka's Ratirahasya (13th century) and Anangaranga of Kalyanamalla (16th century). The most well-known commentator on Vātsyāyana is Jayamangala (13th century).


Kaama (काम kāma) is a Sanskrit word that has the general meanings of "wish", "desire", and "intention" in addition to the specific meanings of "pleasure" and "(sexual) love".[1] Used as a proper name it refers to Kamadeva, the Hindu god of Love.

List of Kamashastra works[edit]

Lost works[edit]

  • Kâmashâstra of Nandi or Nandikeshvara. (1000)
  • Vâtsyâyanasûtrasara, by the Kashmiri Kshemendra: eleventh-century commentary on the Kama Sutra


  • Kâmashâstra, by Auddalaki Shvetaketu (500 chapters)
  • Kâmashâstra or Bâbhravyakârikâ
  • Kâmashâstra, by Chârâyana
  • Kâmashâstra, by Gonikâputra
  • Kâmashâstra, by Dattaka (according to legend, the author was transformed to a woman during a certain time)
  • Kâmashâstra or Ratinirnaya, by Suvarnanâb

Medieval and modern texts[edit]

  • Anangaranga, by Kalyanmalla
  • Dattakasûtra, by King Mâdhava II of the Ganga dynasty of Mysore
  • Janavashya by Kallarasa: based on Kakkoka's Ratirahasya
  • Jayamangala or Jayamangla, by Yashodhara: important commentary on the Kama Sutra
  • Jaya, by Devadatta Shâstrî: a twentieth-century Hindi commentary on the Kama Sutra
  • Kâmasamuha, by Ananta (fifteenth century)
  • Kama Sutra
  • Kandarpacudamani
  • Kuchopanishad or Kuchumâra Tantra, by Kuchumâra
  • Kuchopanisad, by Kuchumara (tenth century)
  • Kuttanimata, by the eighth-century Kashmiri poet Damodaragupta (Dāmodaragupta's Kuṭṭanīmata, though often included in lists of this sort, is really a novel written in Sanskrit verse, in which an aged bawd [kuṭṭanī] named Vikarālā gives advice to a young, beautiful, but as yet unsuccessful courtesan of Benares; most of the advice comes in the form of two long moral tales, one about a heartless and therefore successful courtesan, Mañjarī, and the other about a tender-hearted and therefore foolish girl, Hāralatā, who makes the mistake of falling in love with a client and eventually dies of a broken heart.)
  • Mânasollâsa or Abhilashitartha Chintâmani by King Someshvara or Somadeva III of the Châlukya dynasty by Kalyâni A part of this encyclopedia, the Yoshidupabhoga, is devoted to the Kamashastra. (Manasolasa or Abhilashitachintamani)[2][3]
  • Nagarasarvasva or Nagarsarvasva, by Bhikshu Padmashrî, a tenth- or eleventh-century Buddhist
  • Panchashâyaka, Panchasakya, or Panchsayaka, by Jyotirîshvara Kavishekhara (fourteenth century)
  • Rasamanjari or Rasmanjari, by the poet Bhânudatta
  • Ratikallolini, by Dikshita Samaraja
  • Ratirahasya, by Kokkoka
  • Ratimanjari, by the poet Jayadeva: a synthesis of the Smaradîpika by Minanatha
  • Ratiratnapradîpika, by Praudha Devarâja, fifteenth-century Maharaja of Vijayanagara
  • Shringararasaprabandhadîpika, by Kumara Harihara
  • Smaradîpika, by Minanatha.
  • Samayamatrka, by Ksemendra.
  • Shrngaradipika, by Harihar.
  • Smarapradîpika or Smara Pradipa, by Gunâkara (son of Vachaspati)
  • Sûtravritti, by Naringha Shastri: eighteenth-century commentary on the Kama Sutra

Kamashastra and Kāvya poetry[edit]

One of the reasons for interest in these ancient manuals is their intimate connection with Sanskrit ornate poetry (Kāvya). The poets were supposed to be proficient in the Kamashastra. The entire approach to love and sex in Kāvya poetry is governed by the Kamashastra.


  1. ^ Arthur Anthony Macdonell. A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary. p. 66.
  2. ^ http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/erotica/manas.htm
  3. ^ http://www.kamat.com/database/books/sociallife/note.htm

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamashastra — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
532 videos foundNext > 

Kaam Shastra Full Hindi Hot Movies | Sameer Kochhar | Alka | Helen | Bindu | Ramesh Aurora

Sherlyn Chopra's Love Making Scenes In Kamasutra 3D HD.

Kamasutra 3D is an upcoming erotic film[1] directed by Rupesh Paul. The film is based on Vātsyāyana 's Kama Sutra, an ancient Indian text in Sanskrit literature about human sexuality. Actress...

"Naya Kamasastra" | Full Hindi Dubbed Movie | Yadhakrishan | Ramesi

Movie - R.K Films presents "Naya Kamasutra" Cast - Yadhakrishan, Ramesi, Kalarani, Kaushik, Shiva, Priya Director - C.H Venkat Producer - P.R.K.Goud Music - Raj Enjoy and stay connected with...

Kamasutra 3D-720p BluRay x264 - Full Movie

Kamasutra 3D-720p BluRay x264 - Full Movie Like,Comment and Subscribe to my Channel !!! https://www.facebook.com/tvshopping.david https://twitter.com/ionutrobert1.

Kamasutra 3D 2014 NEW MOVIE TRAILER HD

Um Novo conceito em Sex Shop aos Namorados

Kamashastra, com a sua ampla experiência em prazer trás para todos os melhores produtos do mercado, seja qualfor a ocasião, dia dos namorados ou um simples dia comum como todos os outros....

3D Kamasutra

3D Kamasutra Directed by Rupesh Paul Written by Rupesh Paul Cinematography Sapan Narula (2D) Ratheesh KG (3D) Editing by Ajay Devaloka,Harsha cast:- ...

حصريا كتاب الاوضاع الجنسية الكاماسوترام المحظور من البيع ـــ مجانى

حصريا بلامنازع كتاب الاوضاع الجنسية الكاماسوترام المحظور من البيع ـــ مجانى الكاماسوترام (بالإنجليزية:...

ثقافة جنسية | الوضعيات الجنسية | كاماسوترا | مقدمة

الكاماسوترام (بالإنجليزية: Kamasutram)، ويعرف أيضا باسم كاما سوترا Kama Sutra، هو نص هندي قديم يتناول السلوك الجنسي...


He was appointed as Hindi teacher but the said teacher allegedly thought Kamashastra to the hapless girl students. What's more the headmaster of the school is believed to have shielding the...

532 videos foundNext > 

50 news items

The Hindu
Sat, 05 Jul 2014 04:37:30 -0700

And with enough attention on his love life to make one wonder whether he wrote Arthashastra or was he toying with the idea of penning Kamashastra too? “Chanakya had many layers, many facets. He was an ugly man, as I say in the book. But like any other ...
Times of India
Thu, 08 May 2014 11:45:20 -0700

The subjects of these scripts include Kamashastra, Indian philosophy, justice, yoga and meditation, Buddhist philosophy, Sanskrit grammar and composition, Vedic literature and medicine, decorative art, sculpture and astronomy. The over 90-year-old ...
The Hindu
Sat, 17 Apr 2010 11:30:25 -0700

The Supreme Court's observation that it finds nothing legally wrong in pre-marital sex or live-in relationships where consenting adults are involved is certain to raise conservative eyebrows across the country. Indian society, by and large, continues ...
Ya Libnan
Sat, 17 Mar 2012 21:22:45 -0700

The undated picture shows the woman, clad only in white lingerie, pressing herself against a wall as her clothes lie discarded in a heap at her feet. On the day Mr Assad received the photograph, his troops opened fire on a number of funeral processions ...

Portal da Propaganda

Portal da Propaganda
Fri, 17 Jan 2014 03:37:30 -0800

No total, são 8,5 mil itens à venda divididos entre acessórios, jogos, cosméticos, lingeries, próteses penianas, vibradores, fantasias eróticas e outros, de marcas renomadas como KamaShastra, G-Vibe, Baci, Bathmate, Pipedream, WE-Vibe e Yxaiio. “Nossas ...
Fri, 03 Apr 2009 00:00:00 -0700

Se você teme estragar o chocolate por falta de dotes culinários, use então o kit de pintura corporal KamaShastra, que vem nos sabores chocomenta, chocolate ao leite e branco. É só você e ele molharem o pincel no produto e soltarem a imaginação – sem ...
Portal Barão Geraldo
Wed, 04 Aug 2010 15:34:49 -0700

Que mulher não gosta de se sentir bonita e confiante? A My Secret de Barão Geraldo tem novidades maravilhosas em peças e produtos sensuais e agora com preços melhores ainda! Lingeries românticas, sedutoras, para datas especiais e para o dia-a-dia ...
Portal Barão Geraldo
Fri, 17 Dec 2010 15:06:12 -0800

Para completar o leque da Vila Zen, há ainda uma linha indiana chamada Kamashastra, baseada nos princípios do Kama Sutra e a libertação sexual. É composta por essências, cremes afrodisíacos, óleos, gel e outros produtos. “As clientes adoram”, garante ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight