Kalpavriksha (Devanagari: कल्पवृक्ष), also known as kalpataru, kalpadruma or kalpapādapa, is a wish-fulfilling divine tree in Hindu mythology. It was mentioned in Sanskrit literature from the earliest sources onwards. Sage Durvasa meditated under the Kalpavriksha. Shiva's daughter Ashok Sundari was created from Kalpavriksha tree by Parvati, to alleviate her loneliness.
The kalpavriksha originated during the Samudra manthan or "churning of the ocean of milk" along with the kamadhenu, the divine cow providing for all needs. The king of the gods, Indra, returned with this tree to his paradise.
Identification with other trees
Other trees are also referred to as the Kalpavriksha.
- At Mangaliyawas near Ajmer, Rajasthan, two revered trees (Male and Female) are more than 800 years old. Known as kalpavrikshas, they are worshipped on an Amavasya day in the Hindu month of Shravan.
- According to the Padma Purana, a unique baobab near Barabanki is the Parijaat tree, Kintoor.
- At Jyotirmath, Badrinath in Uttaranchal, renowned as the residence of Adiguru Shankaracharya, there is a large, ancient mulberry tree known locally as the kalpavriksha. This tree is a Morus tree, or mulberry. Its unique property is that it never loses a single leaf by itself and is evergreen.
- The Banyan tree has been referred to as the kalpavriksha.
- In certain parts of India, especially coastal areas, the coconut tree is referred to as kalpavriksha or kalpataru because of its ability to amply provide for human needs.
- Kalpataru Day
- Cassia fistula the Golden Shower Tree which is special in Thai culture.
- Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend
- Roger Blench; Matthew Spriggs (2 September 2003). [Kalpavriksha at Google Books Archaeology and Language IV: Language Change and Cultural Transformation] Check
|url=scheme (help). Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-81623-1.
- Anna L. Dallapiccola (2004). Dictionary of Hindu lore and legend. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-28402-5.
- Vaman Shivaram Apte (1 January 1998). The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Motilal Banarsidass Publishe. ISBN 978-81-208-1568-1.
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