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Kahuta Tehsil
Tehsil
Location of Kahuta Tehsil
Country Pakistan
Region Punjab
District Rawalpindi District
Capital Kahuta
Towns 1
Union councils 13
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)

Kahuta Tehsil (Urdu: تحصیل کہوٹہ‎) is one of the seven tehsils (subdivisions) of Rawalpindi District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The neighbouring tehsil of Kotli Sattian used to be part of Kahuta, but was later created as a separate tehsil.

History[edit]

n 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Rawalpindi District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Kahuta Tehsil increased in population and importance.

The tehsil of Gujar Khan was described in the Imperial Gazetteer of India, compiled during the first decade of the twentieth century, as follows:[1]

"Southern tahsil of Rawalpindi District, Punjab, lying between 33°4′ and 33°26′ N. and 72°56′ and 73°37′ E., with an area of 567 square miles. It is bounded on the east by the Jhelum river, which cuts it off from Kashmir territory. Except for a low ridge of sandstone hills along the Jhelum, the tahsil consists of a plain intersected by numerous ravines. The population in 1901 was 150,566,compared with 152,455 in 1891. It contains 381 villages, of which Gujar Khan is the headquarters. The land revenue and cesses in 1903-4 amounted to 2-7 lakhs."

Sangni Fort

In the 18th century, Kahuta along with much of the South Asia became part of British India, the undivided tehsil (which includes what is now Kallar Syedan Tehsil) is described in the "Imperial Gazetteer of India" as follows:

Kahuta-Eastern tahsil of Rawalpindi District, Punjab, lying in the Lower Himalayas, between 33° 18′ and 33° 48′ N. and 73° 15′ and 73° 39′ E., with an area of 457 square miles. Its eastern border rests upon the Jhelum River. The whole of the tahsil except the south-west corner lies in the hills, which in the north reach an elevation of over 6,000 feet. The population in 1911 was 94,719, compared with 91,371 in 1891. It contains 231 villages, of which Kahuta is the headquarters. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1913-4 to 1.2 lakhs.[2]

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Rawalpindi District.

Administration[edit]

The tehsil is administratively divided into 13 Union Councils, two of which form the city of Kahuta; these are:[3]

UC Name of Union
Uc-30 Narh
Uc-31 Punjar
Uc-32 Khadiot
Uc-33 Doberan Khurd
Uc-34 Mowara
Uc-35 Beor
Uc-36 Matore
Uc-37 Nara
Uc-38 Dakhali
Uc-39 Hothla
Uc-47 Kahuta I
Uc-48 Kahuta II
Uc-116 Khalol
Uc-117 Lehri

Demography[edit]

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, Kahuta has a total population of 153,000.[3] Janjuas are the locals of Kahuta City. Other clans are also living and like Bhatti, Abbasis, Satti, Gakhars, Narma, Pathans and many more castes are also present now because city expands day by day but they are smaller in numbers. Satti's, Gakhars, Abbassis are resident of surroundings.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kahuta_Tehsil — Please support Wikipedia.
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2 news items

DAWN.com

DAWN.com
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 14:22:30 -0700

The petition stated that “the army is called only to the extent of Islamabad capital territory and its area is surely less than that of the Kahuta tehsil of Rawalpindi.” It said if the federal government was not in a position to maintain peace in such ...

The Express Tribune

The Express Tribune
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 18:07:30 -0700

The counsel informed the court that 60 teachers from Taxila Tehsil, 89 from Kallar Syedan, 90 from Kotli Sattian, 85 from Kahuta Tehsil and 200 from Gujar Khan were transferred under the policy. Khan argued that in primary schools in the country, on ...
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