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Kahuta Tehsil
Tehsil
Location of Kahuta Tehsil
Country Pakistan
Region Punjab
District Rawalpindi District
Capital Kahuta
Towns 1
Union councils 13
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)

Kahuta Tehsil (Urdu: تحصیل کہوٹہ‎) is one of the seven tehsils (subdivisions) of Rawalpindi District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The neighbouring tehsil of Kotli Sattian used to be part of Kahuta, but was later created as a separate tehsil.

History[edit]

n 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Rawalpindi District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Kahuta Tehsil increased in population and importance.

The tehsil of Gujar Khan was described in the Imperial Gazetteer of India, compiled during the first decade of the twentieth century, as follows:[1]

"Southern tahsil of Rawalpindi District, Punjab, lying between 33°4′ and 33°26′ N. and 72°56′ and 73°37′ E., with an area of 567 square miles. It is bounded on the east by the Jhelum river, which cuts it off from Kashmir territory. Except for a low ridge of sandstone hills along the Jhelum, the tahsil consists of a plain intersected by numerous ravines. The population in 1901 was 150,566,compared with 152,455 in 1891. It contains 381 villages, of which Gujar Khan is the headquarters. The land revenue and cesses in 1903-4 amounted to 2-7 lakhs."

Sangni Fort

In the 18th century, Kahuta along with much of the South Asia became part of British India, the undivided tehsil (which includes what is now Kallar Syedan Tehsil) is described in the "Imperial Gazetteer of India" as follows:

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Rawalpindi District.

Administration[edit]

The tehsil is administratively divided into 13 Union Councils, two of which form the city of Kahuta; these are:[3]

UC Name of Union
Uc-30 Narh
Uc-31 Punjar
Uc-32 Khadiot
Uc-33 Doberan Khurd
Uc-34 Mowara
Uc-35 Beor
Uc-36 Matore
Uc-37 Nara
Uc-38 Dakhali
Uc-39 Hothla
Uc-47 Kahuta I
Uc-48 Kahuta II
Uc-116 Khalol
Uc-117 Lehri

Demography[edit]

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, Kahuta has a total population of 153,000.[3] Janjuas Many clans are living in Kahuta like Janjuas,Bhatti, Abbasis, Satti,Arain,Gakhars, Narma, Pathans and many more castes are also present now because city expands day by day but they are smaller in numbers. Satti's, Gakhars, Abbassis are resident of surroundings.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kahuta_Tehsil — Please support Wikipedia.
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