digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















This page is about the Japanese dance. For other meanings, see Kagura (disambiguation)
Mask from contemporary kagura performance

Kagura (神楽, かぐら, "god-entertainment") is a Japanese word referring to a specific type of Shinto theatrical dance—with roots arguably predating those of Noh. Once strictly a ceremonial art derived from kami'gakari (神懸, かみがかり, "oracular divination") and chinkon (鎮魂, ちんこん, "spirit pacification"), Kagura has evolved in many directions over the span of a millennium. Today it is very much a living tradition, with rituals tied to the rhythms of the agricultural calendar, as well as vibrant Kabuki-esque theatre, thriving primarily in parts of Shimane prefecture, and urban centers such as Hiroshima.[1]


Kagura stage

The epics Kojiki and Nihonshoki describe a folklore origin for the dances. In these texts, there is a famous legendary tale about the sun goddess Amaterasu, who retreated into a cave, bringing darkness and cold to the world. Ame-no-Uzume, kami/goddess of the dawn and of revelry, led the other gods in a wild dance, and persuaded Amaterasu to emerge to see what the ruckus was all about.[2] Kagura is one of a number of rituals and arts said to derive from this event.

Originally called kamukura or kamikura (神座), kagura began as sacred dances performed at the Imperial court by shrine maidens (miko) who were supposedly descendants of Ame-no-Uzume. Over time, however, these mikagura (御神楽), performed within the sacred and private precincts of the Imperial courts, inspired popular ritual dances, called satokagura (里神楽), which, being popular forms, practiced in villages all around the country, were adapted into various other folk traditions and developed into a number of different forms. Among these are miko kagura, shishi kagura, and Ise-style and Izumo-style kagura dances. Many more variations have developed over the centuries, including some which are fairly new, and most of which have become highly secularized folk traditions.

Kagura, in particular those forms that involve storytelling or reenactment of fables, is also one of the primary influences on the Noh theatre.

Imperial Kagura[edit]

The formal ritual dances (mikagura) were performed in a number of sacred places and on a number of special occasions. At the Imperial Sanctuary, where the Sacred Mirror was kept, they were performed as part of gagaku court music. Mikagura were also performed at the Imperial harvest festival and at major shrines such as Ise, Kamo, and Iwashimizu Hachiman-gū. Since around the year 1000, these events have taken place every year.

According to the ritual department of the Imperial Household Agency, kagura still take place every December in the Imperial Sanctuary and at the Imperial harvest festival ceremonies.

Folk Kagura[edit]

Satokagura, or "normal kagura", is a wide umbrella term containing a great diversity of folk dances derived from mikagura, and incorporated with other folk traditions. For the sake of brevity, a selection of traditions from the Kantō region will be used as examples.

  • Miko kagura – dances performed by shrine maidens (miko) originally derived from ritual dances in which the miko channeled the kami, speaking, singing, and dancing as the god. Though these originally had a very loose form, akin to similar god-possession dances and rituals in other world cultures, they have developed, like many other Japanese arts, into highly regular set forms. Today, they are performed largely in worship to kami at Shinto shrines, or as part of a ritual martial arts demonstration at Buddhist temples. These dances are often performed with ritual props, such as bells, bamboo canes, sprigs of sakaki, or paper streamers.
  • Izumo-ryū kagura – Dances based on those performed at Izumo Shrine serve a number of purposes, including ritual purification, celebration of auspicious days, and the reenactment of folktales. Originally quite popular in the Chūgoku region, near Izumo, these dances have spread across the country, and have developed over the centuries, becoming more secular folk entertainment and less formal religious ritual.
Susanoo and Orochi in Ise-ryū kagura
  • Ise-ryū kagura – A form of dances derived from those performed alongside yudate (boiling water) rituals at the outer shrines of Ise Shrine. Largely associated with Hanamatsuri (April 8), the miko or other group leaders immerse certain objects in boiling water as part of a purification ritual. As with other forms of kagura, this has become secularized and popularized as it transformed into a folk practice.
  • Shishi kagura – A form of lion dance, in which a group of dancers take on the role of the shishi lion and parade around the town. The lion mask and costume is seen as, in some ways, embodying the spirit of the lion, and this is a form of folk worship and ritual, as other forms of lion dances are in Japan and elsewhere.
Kagura hall (left) at Nikkō Tōshōgū, a Shinto shrine associated with the founder of the Tokugawa Shogunate
  • Daikagura – A form of dance deriving from rituals performed by traveling priests from Atsuta and Ise Shrines, who would travel to villages, crossroads, and other locations to help the locals by driving away evil spirits. Acrobatic feats and lion dances played a major role in these rituals.

Around the time of the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate (1603-1868), performances derived from this emerged in Edo as a major form of entertainment. In connection with the celebrations surrounding the beginning of the shogunate, lion dances, acrobatics, juggling, and a great variety of other entertainments were performed on stages across the city, all nominally under the auspices of "daikagura". Over the course of the period, these came to be more closely associated with rakugo storytelling and other forms of popular entertainment, and still today, daikagura continues to be performed and to include many elements of street entertainment.


  1. ^ Petersen, David. (2007). Invitation to Kagura: Hidden Gem of the Traditional Japanese Performing Arts. Morrisville: Lulu Press.
  2. ^ Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697, translated from the original Chinese and Japanese by William George Aston. Book I, part 1, page 44f. Tuttle Publishing. Tra edition (July 2005). First edition published 1972. ISBN 978-0-8048-3674-6

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Kagura at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kagura — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
163883 videos foundNext > 

Kagura vs Abuto | Full Fight | English Subbed | HD

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ZSaiyanLegendZ Main Channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/ZSaiyanLegendZ.

okita teasing kagura

ep 77.


Kagura Dance at Sumiyoshi Shrine, Osaka.


2014年8月29日(前夜祭)から8月31日まで愛知県名古屋市で開催された第16回にっぽんど真ん中祭りの久屋大通り公園会場メインステージで演舞する kagura。 今年もファイナルに残り優秀賞を受賞。

Blackshot SG - Kagura "The Black Inferno"

Official HeavenRemix facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/pages/HeavenRemix/284146695034811?ref=stream Best to view with 720p HD *Press show more for more...

[Beautiful Japan] HIROSHIMA Kagura Dance

Kagura Dance A traditional art of Japan brings mortal and immortal together in a celebration of life The traditional performance of kagura offered at shrine ...

Senran Kagura Shinovi Versus ALL Cutscenes (Vita, USA) Part 1

TRANSFORMATIONS and CLOTHING DAMAGE! Senran Kagura Shinovi Versus has hit the USA and UK with a fully English-translated release of the busty ninja girl fighting game! See all the game's ...

kagura - Animal I have Become - gintama

Atention! spoiler episode 142 AMV tribute a Kagura. . kagura-chan is the best!! kagura vs abuto fight. the blood yato (ep 142) Anime: gintama song: Three day...

Senran Kagura Shinovi Versus Let's Get Physical! Edition (PS Vita) Unboxing!! (PS Vita) [NSFW]

Senran Kagura Shinovi Versus Let's Get Physical! Edition Unboxing!! (PS Vita) *NSFW* Thanks for watching everyone! Look forward to more Unboxings! Facebook: ...

kagura 2014 犬山踊芸祭 メイン会場 稜威~彌榮~ファイナル演舞

第11回犬山踊芸祭(2014.6.1) メイン会場でのkagura「稜威~彌榮~」ファイナル審査の演舞です。 準大賞を受賞しました。

163883 videos foundNext > 

3810 news items

Sat, 18 Oct 2014 17:00:00 -0700

About a year ago, the western world was officially introduced to Senran Kagura with the release of Burst. I found that Burst had a lot of issues, but one thing I heard loud and clear afterwards was that Shinovi Versus, the subsequent Vita release ...

Gaming Age (blog)

Gaming Age (blog)
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 12:00:10 -0700

With Senran Kagura: Shinovi Versus, however, I think I've reached my limit, the point where even I'm looking at a game and saying, "Okay, that's a bit much." It's basically all boobs, panties and dialogue that sounds like it was written by people who ...

Hardcore Gamer

Hardcore Gamer
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 06:07:30 -0700

What's more surprising is that these niche titles have been getting noticed in North America and, in the case of Senran Kagura: Shinovi Versus, localized for Western audiences. Senran Kagura: Shinovi Versus for Vita is the newest game in the Senran ...

Crunchyroll News

Crunchyroll News
Tue, 07 Oct 2014 05:17:48 -0700

As XSEED Games approaches the October 14th launch of Senran Kagura Shinovi Versus, they wanted to introduce some of the new girls who will be joining the SK universe as the shinobi world explodes into a battle royale. Last week it was the girls of ...

Crunchyroll News

Crunchyroll News
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 20:01:29 -0700

Senran Kagura's Hebijo Clandestine Girls' Academy is famous for accepting all sorts because, as The Dark Faction says, "the darkness accepts all." After the kicking off their cadre from Senran Kagura Shinovi Versus earlier in the week, XSEED Games has ...

Hardcore Gamer

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 03:06:21 -0700

Senran Kagura: Estival Versus is the latest game of the series that will take place on a heavenly island where the girls will get wet and dirty taking on dozens of enemies at a time. Famitsu shares a latest look at the game, which includes three new ...

Crunchyroll News

Crunchyroll News
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 08:11:15 -0700

Senran Kagura: Estival Versus will be available in a variety of versions when it launches in Japan. Marvelous busted out some details for limited edition options, including one that packs in 30-minute anime Senran Kagura: Estival Versus - Eve Full of ...
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 02:00:00 -0700

While at Tokyo Game Show 2014, Marvelous Europe sat down and interviewed Kenichiro Takaki; the creator and producer of the hugely successful Japanese gaming franchise SENRAN KAGURA. In the interview, Takaki san provides an interesting insight ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!