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For other uses, see K12 (disambiguation).

K–12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve") is a term for the sum of primary and secondary education. It is used in the United States, Canada, Turkey, the Philippines, and Australia. P–12 is also occasionally used in Australia.[1] The expression is a shortening of kindergarten (K) for 4- to 6-year-olds through twelfth grade (12) for 17- to 19-year-olds, the first and last grades of free education in these countries, respectively.

Usage[edit]

The term is often used in school website URLs, generally appearing before the country code top-level domain (or in the United States, the state top-level domain). The term "PK–12" is sometimes used to add pre-kindergarten.

It is also used by American multinationals selling into the educational sector, such as Dell where UK customers are presented with this as a market segment choice.[2]

P–12[edit]

In Australia P–12 is sometimes used in place of K–12, particularly in Queensland, where it is used as an official term in the curriculum framework.[3] P–12 schools serve children for the thirteen years from prep until Year 12,[4] without including the separate kindergarten component. In Canada (Nova Scotia) P–12 is used commonly in place of K–12 and serves students from grade Primary through 12.

K–14, K–16, K–18 and K–20[edit]

K–14 education also includes community colleges (the first two years of university). K–16 education adds a four-year undergraduate university degree. For simplicity purposes education shorthand was created to denote specific education levels of achievement. This shorthand is commonly used in articles, publications, and educational legislations. The following list contains the most commonly found shorthand descriptors:

  • P–14: Pre-School to Two-Year Degree
  • P–16: Pre-School to Four-Year Degree
  • P–18: Pre-School to Masters Degree
  • P–20: Pre-School to Graduate Degree
  • K–14: Kindergarten to Two-Year Degree
  • K–16: Kindergarten to Four-Year Degree
  • K–18: Kindergarten to Masters Degree
  • K–20: Kindergarten to Graduate Degree

The Career Technical Education (CTE) Unit of the California Community College Economic Development and Workforce Preparation Division focuses on program coordination and advocacy, policy development and coordination with K–18 workforce preparation and career and technical education systems.[5]

The ASCCC Chancellor's Office Career Technical Education (CTE) Unit of the Economic Development and Workforce Preparation Division focuses on program coordination and advocacy, policy development and coordination with K–18 workforce preparation and career and technical education systems. Responsible for the implementation of the Vocational and Technical Education Act (VTEA), managing and coordinating activities that impact other interagency and intra-agency objectives. In addition, the CTE Unit is also responsible for the development, dissemination, and implementation of the California State Plan and the annual performance reports.[6]

The following link is a table that defines the education system in the United States. The table shows the progression of the education system starting with the basic K–12 system then progressing through post-secondary education. K–14 refers to K–12 plus two years of post-secondary where training was received from vocational technical institutions or community or junior colleges. The K numbers refer to the years of educational attainment and continues to progress upward accordingly depending on the degree being sought.[7]

Further reference to K–18 education can be found in this publication by Ann Diver-Stamnes and Linda Catelli[8] in chapter 4 "College/University Partnership Projects for Instituting Change and Improvement in K–18 Education".

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K–12_(education) — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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5211 news items

 
The Michigan Daily
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 21:18:45 -0700

Michigan ranked eighth in the country for K-12 education quality, 38th in elementary reading and middle school math and 40th in overall high school graduation. Citing this report, Swift, the Ann Arbor Public Schools superintendent, expressed her ...
 
Jackson Clarion Ledger
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 09:52:30 -0700

Former Gov. Ronnie Musgrove expected to announce a lawsuit will be filed over MAEP funding. Loading… Post to Facebook. Lawsuit expected over K-12 education funding Former Gov. Ronnie Musgrove expected to announce a lawsuit will be filed over ...
 
Education Week News
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 05:54:40 -0700

"Governors are certainly prioritizing K-12 education spending when looking at where to allocate new dollars that are becoming available with slow, steady growth," Ms. White said. She added that she wasn't aware of any state where legislators approved ...

Tech Page One

Tech Page One
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 08:56:15 -0700

Online K-12 education faces challenges. Higher education has adopted online learning in various ways, and now K-12 schools may be following suit, but concerns must first be addressed. By Norman Rozenberg - Tech Page One Aug 12 2014 Share.

Education Week News

Education Week News
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 15:34:22 -0700

A Look Back. This timeline examines past coverage about virtual reality and its potential role in K-12 education. Reporting: Ben Herold (research assistance provided by Librarian Holly Peele and Library Intern Rachel James) | Design: Gina Tomko ...
 
LubbockOnline.com (blog)
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 09:11:38 -0700

Alarming school travel stats and a goodbye (K-12 Education Blog). Submitted by Natalie Gross on August 27, 2014 - 11:09am. Photos. This sign means stop! Did you know...? On average, 100 children are killed and 25,000 children are injured walking to and ...
 
Channelnomics
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 08:56:15 -0700

Chromebooks are leading the way in the U.S. K-12 education market, according to consultancy Futuresource. In its K-12 Education Technology Market Track service, the consultancy found that growth in the shipments of notebook form factor in the U.S. ...
 
Las Vegas Review-Journal
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 23:56:15 -0700

The state of Nevada is facing an education crisis. Anyone who has lived in this state for any length of time knows this. When it comes to K-12 education, Nevada is at the bottom of all the good lists, and the top of all the bad lists. Nevada's high ...
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