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For other uses, see K12 (disambiguation).

K–12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve") is a term for the sum of primary and secondary education. It is used in the United States, Canada, Turkey, the Philippines, and Australia. P–12 is also occasionally used in Australia.[1] The expression is a shortening of kindergarten (K) for 4- to 6-year-olds through twelfth grade (12) for 17- to 19-year-olds, the first and last grades of free education in these countries, respectively.

Usage[edit]

The term is often used in school website URLs, generally appearing before the country code top-level domain (or in the United States, the state top-level domain). The term "PK–12" is sometimes used to add pre-kindergarten.

It is also used by American multinationals selling into the educational sector, such as Dell where UK customers are presented with this as a market segment choice.[2]

P–12[edit]

In Australia P–12 is sometimes used in place of K–12, particularly in Queensland, where it is used as an official term in the curriculum framework.[3] P–12 schools serve children for the thirteen years from prep until Year 12,[4] without including the separate kindergarten component. In Canada (Nova Scotia) P–12 is used commonly in place of K–12 and serves students from grade Primary through 12.

K–14, K–16, K–18 and K–20[edit]

K–14 education also includes community colleges (the first two years of university). K–16 education adds a four-year undergraduate university degree. For simplicity purposes education shorthand was created to denote specific education levels of achievement. This shorthand is commonly used in articles, publications, and educational legislations. The following list contains the most commonly found shorthand descriptors:

  • P–14: Pre-School to Two-Year Degree
  • P–16: Pre-School to Four-Year Degree
  • P–18: Pre-School to Masters Degree
  • P–20: Pre-School to Graduate Degree
  • K–14: Kindergarten to Two-Year Degree
  • K–16: Kindergarten to Four-Year Degree
  • K–18: Kindergarten to Masters Degree
  • K–20: Kindergarten to Graduate Degree

The Career Technical Education (CTE) Unit of the California Community College Economic Development and Workforce Preparation Division focuses on program coordination and advocacy, policy development and coordination with K–18 workforce preparation and career and technical education systems.[5]

The ASCCC Chancellor's Office Career Technical Education (CTE) Unit of the Economic Development and Workforce Preparation Division focuses on program coordination and advocacy, policy development and coordination with K–18 workforce preparation and career and technical education systems. Responsible for the implementation of the Vocational and Technical Education Act (VTEA), managing and coordinating activities that impact other interagency and intra-agency objectives. In addition, the CTE Unit is also responsible for the development, dissemination, and implementation of the California State Plan and the annual performance reports.[6]

The following link is a table that defines the education system in the United States. The table shows the progression of the education system starting with the basic K–12 system then progressing through post-secondary education. K–14 refers to K–12 plus two years of post-secondary where training was received from vocational technical institutions or community or junior colleges. The K numbers refer to the years of educational attainment and continues to progress upward accordingly depending on the degree being sought.[7]

Further reference to K–18 education can be found in this publication by Ann Diver-Stamnes and Linda Catelli[8] in chapter 4 "College/University Partnership Projects for Instituting Change and Improvement in K–18 Education".

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K–12_(education) — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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4862 news items

 
Education Week News (blog)
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 12:30:00 -0700

The U.S. Department of Education granted five more states No Child Left Behind Act waiver extensions Thursday afternoon, bringing the total number of approved extensions to 13. The latest states are Georgia, Delaware, Minnesota, New York, and South ...

Education Week News

Education Week News
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 05:11:15 -0700

The K-12 education system isn't necessarily set up to foster this type of thinking, Mr. Smith noted. In the private sector, entrepreneurs can make decisions and raise and spend money as they see fit. It's not that simple for principals, who have to ...
 
The Daily Voice
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 15:18:45 -0700

Katie Ginsberg is the Founder and Executive Director of the Children's Environmental Literacy Foundation (CELF). She launched CELF in 2003 after she saw the need to educate young people about the links between human health, poverty, consumption, ...
 
T.H.E. Journal
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 10:16:13 -0700

CIPA stipulates that public libraries and K-12 schools use Internet filtering software to qualify for certain federal funding, but according to ALA president Barbara Stripling, “Over-filtering blocks access to legitimate educational resources, and ...

Cornell Chronicle

Cornell Chronicle
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 08:59:38 -0700

Computer science education, while on the increase, is still lacking in the nation's public schools, particularly among girls and underrepresented minorities, said Diane Levitt, director of K-12 education at Cornell Tech. Levitt outlined Cornell Tech's ...
 
Education Week News (blog)
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 03:15:29 -0700

Tom Harkin, D-Iowa., have had a productive relationship, but said they have "philosophical differences" when it comes to K-12 education. (Harkin and committee Democrats approved an NCLB renewal bill last year. Alexander opposed it.) But if Alexander ...
 
Network World
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 07:03:45 -0700

If you follow either the K-12 vertical or the Wi-Fi industry, you probably saw the news that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) revamped its E-Rate program and plans to boost the amount of money allocated to in-school Wi-Fi. At the time, I ...
 
Casper Star-Tribune Online
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 03:52:30 -0700

As if the University of Wyoming trustees have anything to say about K-12 education. The University of Wyoming is in shambles with no leadership and in a financial mess and the trustees are discussing K-12 science standards? Their poor efforts and lack ...
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