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Julius Arnold (1835–1915)

Julius Arnold (August 19, 1835 – February 3, 1915) was a German pathologist born in Zurich. He was the son of anatomist Friedrich Arnold (1803–1890).

He studied medicine at the Universities of Heidelberg, Prague, Vienna and Berlin, where he was a student of Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902). In 1859 he became a doctor of medicine, and in 1866 he became a professor of pathological anatomy and director of the institute of pathology at Heidelberg. Arnold was the author of 120 articles in the fields of histology and pathological anatomy.[1]

With Austrian pathologist, Hans Chiari, his name is lent to a condition known as Arnold–Chiari malformation, a disorder that takes place when the cerebellar tonsils and the medulla oblongata protrude through the foramen magnum into the spinal canal, without displacing the lower brain stem.[2] Arnold described his pathological findings associated with the disorder from an infant who died shortly after delivery.[1] He published his account of the disorder in an 1894 paper titled "Myelocyste, Transposition von Gewebskeimen und Sympodie". In 1907, two of Dr. Arnold's students coined the eponym of "Arnold-Chiari malformation" in honor of the two scientists.[2]

Arnold died in 1915 in Heidelberg.

Selected works[edit]

  • Anatomische Beiträge zu der Lehre von den Schusswunden, Heidelberg 1873 – Anatomical contributions associated with gunshot wounds.
  • Untersuchungen über Staubinhalation und Staubmetastase, Leipzig 1885 – Studies on dust inhalation and metastasis.
  • Über den Kampf des menschlichen Körpers mit den Bakterien, Heidelberg 1888 – On the struggle of the human body with bacteria.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


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