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The giant planet Jupiter, which has more than two and a half times the mass of all the other planets of the Solar System put together

The Jovian–Plutonian gravitational effect is a hoax phenomenon stated to cause a noticeable short-term reduction in gravity on Earth that was invented for April Fools' Day by the English astronomer Patrick Moore and broadcast on BBC Radio 2 on 1 April 1976.

Background[edit]

Patrick Moore (4 March 1923 – 9 December 2012) was the doyen of British television astronomers, boasting a long career in public service broadcasting, a quick-fire manner of speech, and a number of eccentric habits, including the wearing of a monocle. A wartime navigator in the Royal Air Force's Bomber Command, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1945 and presented BBC Television's The Sky at Night programme from 1957 until his death. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1968. Above all, Moore had a high level of public recognition in the United Kingdom as a respected astronomer.[1]

Pluto, as seen by the Hubble Space Telescope.

The planet Jupiter is two and a half times as massive as all of the other planets in the Solar System combined.[2]

Pluto is so small and so remote from the Sun and the Earth that it was not discovered until 1930.[3] In 2006, the International Astronomical Union reclassified it as a dwarf planet, as it belongs to a belt of many similar small objects.[4]

Events of April 1976[edit]

On 1 April 1976, Moore stated to radio listeners that an astronomical event would take place at 9:47 a.m. that day, a conjunction of Jupiter and Pluto, which was expected to have an effect observable everywhere. As Pluto passed behind Jupiter, it would briefly cause a powerful combination of the two planets' gravitation which would noticeably decrease gravity on Earth. If listeners were to jump into the air at that exact moment, they would find they felt a floating sensation.[5][6]

Soon after 9:47 on that morning, the BBC began to receive hundreds of telephone calls from people reporting they had observed the decrease in gravity.[5] One woman who called in even stated that she and eleven friends had been sitting and had been "wafted from their chairs and orbited gently around the room".[7]

Hoax revealed[edit]

The story was quickly revealed as an April Fools' Day hoax. Martin Wainwright later wrote in The Guardian that Moore was "an ideal presenter" to carry off the hoax, with his weighty delivery having "an added air of batty enthusiasm that only added to his credibility".[7]

In 1980, Moore collaborated with Clyde Tombaugh, the man who had discovered Pluto in 1930, to publish a new book about the dwarf planet.[8]

Hoax explained[edit]

The hoax claims that the gravitational pull of Jupiter and Pluto combined will cause one to spend a significantly longer amount of time in the air due to an increase in gravitational pull from the distant planets, however this is incorrect. Although other planets do exert a gravitational pull on humans on Earth, the amount is incredibly small.

Although Jupiter is very massive, it is also very far away. When at its closest distance to Earth of about 600 million kilometers, Jupiter has a gravitational pull of 0.00013 newtons on a person with a mass of 100 kg, according to Newton's law of gravity. This is roughly equivalent to the gravitational attraction of a compact car from half a meter away. Similarly, the gravitational pull of the dwarf planet Pluto on a person on Earth is roughly equal to that of a marble 100 meters away. Thus, the gravitational impact of the planets is far too small to be able to cause a person to weigh noticeably less, or stay in the air noticeably longer when jumping.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Patrick Moore Biography online at hicelebs.com (accessed 27 March 2008)
  2. ^ Beeb, Reta, Jupiter: The Giant Planet (Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press, 2nd edition, 1996, ISBN 1-56098-685-9)
  3. ^ Tombaugh, Clyde W., The Search for the Ninth Planet, Pluto (Astronomical Society of the Pacific Leaflet No. 209, July 1946) reprinted in Mercury vol. 8, no. 1 (January/February 1979) pp 4-6
  4. ^ "IAU 2006 General Assembly: Result of the IAU Resolution votes". International Astronomical Union. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  5. ^ a b "Planetary Alignment Decreases Gravity -- April Fool's Day, 1976". Museum of Hoaxes. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  6. ^ Novak, Asami (24 March 2008). "10 Best: April Fools' Gags (the Web Is Closing for Spring Cleaning!)". Wired.
  7. ^ a b Wainright, Martin (30 March 2007). "Fooling around". The Guardian.
  8. ^ Moore, Patrick, & Tombaugh, Clyde W., Out of the Darkness, the Planet Pluto (Harrisburg, Pa., Stackpole Books; and London, Lutterworth Press, 1980)

References[edit]

  • Tombaugh, Clyde W., Pluto in The Astronomy Encyclopaedia, ed. Patrick Moore (London, M. Beazley, 1987)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jovian–Plutonian_gravitational_effect — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2 videos found

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#ZeroGDay! IT REALLY HAPPENED! ZERO GRAVITY JAN 4TH 2014!

I saw this thing on the internet and even though it's been claimed a hoax, I wanted to check it out... and see for yourself! I couldn't believe it! It has be...

2 videos found

13 news items

 
About - News & Issues
Sat, 21 Dec 2013 13:41:45 -0800

This rare alignment will mean that the combined gravitational force of the two planets would exert a stronger tidal pull, temporarily counteracting the Earth's own gravity and making people weigh less. Moore calls this the Jovian-Plutonian ...

Slate Magazine (blog)

Slate Magazine (blog)
Fri, 03 Jan 2014 05:03:34 -0800

Moore calls this the Jovian-Plutonian Gravitational Effect. Yeah, except this is all baloney. To be polite. OK, so why is this wrong? Pluto and Jupiter, Sitting in a Tree … First of all, the gravitational forces of the other planets in the solar ...

Yahoo News Canada (blog)

Yahoo News Canada (blog)
Mon, 30 Dec 2013 09:29:17 -0800

... on BBC Radio that a conjunction of Jupiter and Pluto would cause what he called the 'Jovian–Plutonian gravitational effect' — where the gravitational pull of the two planets would combine to momentarily counter Earth's gravity and make everyone ...

The Independent

The Independent
Mon, 02 Jun 2014 08:05:24 -0700

In one of the more successful April Fools' Day pranks, BBC Radio 2 aired a program in which respected astronomer Patrick Moore warned listeners of the 'Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect'. The pseudoscience was exactly the same, but with Moore's ...

Slate Magazine (blog)

Slate Magazine (blog)
Thu, 27 Mar 2014 08:48:41 -0700

This rare alignment will mean that the combined gravitational force of the two planets would exert a stronger tidal pull, temporarily counteracting the Earth's own gravity and making people weigh less. Moore calls this the Jovian-Plutonian ...
 
Huffington Post (satire)
Fri, 28 Mar 2014 06:07:15 -0700

While the exact origin of April Fools' Day is still largely undetermined, we can be sure of one thing: April Fools' pranks have been around for a very long time. Ambiguous references to the holiday showed up in literature around the 1500s and we've ...
 
Forbes
Tue, 30 Mar 2010 00:00:00 -0700

... that at exactly 9:47 that morning, a once-in-a-lifetime astronomical event would happen: As Pluto passed behind Jupiter, the gravitational pull of the two planets would reduce Earth's gravity–a phenomenon known as the Jovian-Plutonian gravitational ...
 
International Business Times AU
Mon, 30 Dec 2013 19:36:58 -0800

Moore calls this the Jovian-Plutonian Gravitational Effect," credits from the "theory" of astronomer Sir Patrick Moore. This "theory" by Moore started several decades ago and this is all just a joke, but Web sites and blogs kept on releasing it yearly ...
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