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Jorge Álvares
Jorge Álvares.JPG
Jorge Álvares statue in Macau
Born Late 15th century
Freixo de Espada à Cinta, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 1521
China
Nationality Portuguese
Occupation Explorer
Known for First European explorer to reach China by sea.

Jorge Álvares (died July 8, 1521) is credited as the first European explorer to have reached China and Hong Kong by sea.

Exploration[edit]

In May 1513, Álvares sailed under the Portuguese Malacca captain Rui de Brito Patalim in a junk from Pegu. The expedition was accompanied by five other junks. Álvares himself was accompanied by two other Portuguese mariners.[1]

Álvares made first contact on Asian soil in Guangdong, Southern China in May 1513.[2] Upon landing, he raised a Padrão from the king of Portugal, where they landed on Lintin Island in the Pearl River estuary.[1] Based on information from their captain, they were to hope to find trade. Soon after this, Afonso de Albuquerque, the Viceroy of the Estado da India dispatched Rafael Perestrello—a cousin of Christopher Columbus[3] to seek trade relations with the Chinese. In a ship from Malacca, Rafael landed on the southern shores of Guangdong later that year in 1513, being the first to actually land on the coast of mainland China.[3]

Álvares later joined the venture of establishing the settlements in Tuen Mun, Hong Kong around 1513 to 1514.[4] This visit was followed by the establishment of a number of Portuguese trading centres in the area, which were eventually consolidated in Macau. In 1517 the Portuguese settlers were in a battle with Imperial Chinese army troops in the region.[5] There is a possibility that Álvares took part in the combat.

See also Fernão Pires de Andrade and Rafael Perestrello.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Porter, Jonathan. [1996] (1996). Macau, the Imaginary City: Culture and Society, 1557 to the Present. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-3749-6
  2. ^ Edmonds. [2002] (2002) China and Europe Since 1978: A European Perspective. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-52403-2
  3. ^ a b Brook, 124.
  4. ^ Ride, Lindsay. Ride, May. Fairbank, John K. The Voices of Macao Stones: Abridged with Additional Material by Jason Wordie. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 962-209-487-2
  5. ^ China Briefing Media. [2004] (2004) Business Guide to the Greater Pearl River Delta. China Briefing Media publishing. ISBN 988-98673-1-1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorge_Álvares — Please support Wikipedia.
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43 news items

Ponto Final

Ponto Final
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 22:03:45 -0700

Pelas mais variadas razões nada lhe daria mais gozo do que incluir a Fundação Jorge Álvares (FJA) na comitiva, mas a verdade é que a FJA há muito que definiu o seu campo principal de orientação: viabilizar, dentro das suas possibilidades, o Centro ...
 
Macau News
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 19:22:30 -0800

Macau official pledges IVS-related tourism statistics Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture Alexis Tam Chon Weng said on Wednesday that he will be able to provide Chief Executive Fernando Chui Sai On with concrete Chinese New Year (CNY) tourism ...

Visão

Visão
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 05:15:38 -0700

Cinco séculos depois, é difícil imaginar o que teria sucedido se Jorge Álvares, o primeiro europeu a pisar solo chinês, levasse um telemóvel em vez de um padrão de descobrimentos. Descontando a curiosidade óbvia de tal instrumento - e a falta de rede, ...
 
Ponto Final
Mon, 13 Dec 2010 20:12:31 -0800

... livro “Todos os Portos a Que Cheguei – Rocha Vieira”, escrito pelo jornalista Pedro Vieira e editado pela Gradiva, como a pessoa que tomou “a iniciativa de apresentar ao governador a ideia de dar corpo a uma fundação”, a Fundação Jorge Álvares (FJA).

Público.pt

Público.pt
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 03:17:29 -0800

Foi feito pelo mercador português [Jorge Álvares], que criou empatias nos diversos países que visitou; pelo trabalhador que levou o cavaquinho para o Havai; pelo cozinheiro que introduziu a cozinha portuguesa na Ásia; pelo marinheiro que ensinou ...
 
YouTube
Tue, 03 Sep 2013 02:21:26 -0700

[HD] F1 Cars Driving through RUSH premiere in Leicester square. Category. Sports. License. Standard YouTube License. Show more. Show less. All Comments (6). Share your thoughts Opening... Top comments. Top comments; Newest first. jorge alvares 8 ...
 
Mirror.co.uk
Tue, 04 Jun 2013 23:03:14 -0700

Thomson Airways' first Dreamliner jet has touched down at Manchester airport after a delivery flight from the Boeing factory in Seattle. The inaugural Thomson Boeing 787 flights on July 8 will be from Manchester to Orlando and Glasgow to Cancun, though ...
 
TVI24
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 08:53:12 -0800

Editado pela Fundação Jorge Álvares, «Missão Impossível» foi escrito em parceria com Ana Maria Magalhães, com quem Isabel Alçada assinou outros títulos sobre o oriente, como «Uma Aventura em Macau» e «Tufão nos Mares da China». As duas autoras ...
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