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Jorge Álvares
Jorge Álvares.JPG
Jorge Álvares statue in Macau
Born Late 15th century
Freixo de Espada à Cinta, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 1521
Nationality Portuguese
Occupation Explorer
Known for First European explorer to reach China by sea.

Jorge Álvares (died July 8, 1521) is credited as the first European explorer to have reached China and Hong Kong by sea.


In May 1513, Álvares sailed under the Portuguese Malacca captain Rui de Brito Patalim in a junk from Pegu. The expedition was accompanied by five other junks. Álvares himself was accompanied by two other Portuguese mariners.[1]

Álvares made first contact on Asian soil in Guangdong, Southern China in May 1513.[2] Upon landing, he raised a Padrão from the king of Portugal, where they landed on Lintin Island in the Pearl River estuary.[1] Based on information from their captain, they were to hope to find trade. Soon after this, Afonso de Albuquerque, the Viceroy of the Estado da India dispatched Rafael Perestrello—a cousin of Christopher Columbus[3] to seek trade relations with the Chinese. In a ship from Malacca, Rafael landed on the southern shores of Guangdong later that year in 1513, being the first to actually land on the coast of mainland China.[3]

Álvares later joined the venture of establishing the settlements in Tuen Mun, Hong Kong around 1513 to 1514.[4] This visit was followed by the establishment of a number of Portuguese trading centres in the area, which were eventually consolidated in Macau. In 1517 the Portuguese settlers were in a battle with Imperial Chinese army troops in the region.[5] There is a possibility that Álvares took part in the combat.

See also Fernão Pires de Andrade and Rafael Perestrello.


  1. ^ a b Porter, Jonathan. [1996] (1996). Macau, the Imaginary City: Culture and Society, 1557 to the Present. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-3749-6
  2. ^ Edmonds. [2002] (2002) China and Europe Since 1978: A European Perspective. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-52403-2
  3. ^ a b Brook, 124.
  4. ^ Ride, Lindsay. Ride, May. Fairbank, John K. The Voices of Macao Stones: Abridged with Additional Material by Jason Wordie. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 962-209-487-2
  5. ^ China Briefing Media. [2004] (2004) Business Guide to the Greater Pearl River Delta. China Briefing Media publishing. ISBN 988-98673-1-1

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorge_Álvares — Please support Wikipedia.
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68 news items

Fri, 07 Nov 2014 08:52:30 -0800

Editado pela Fundação Jorge Álvares, «Missão Impossível» foi escrito em parceria com Ana Maria Magalhães, com quem Isabel Alçada assinou outros títulos sobre o oriente, como «Uma Aventura em Macau» e «Tufão nos Mares da China». As duas autoras ...

Ponto Final

Ponto Final
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 21:41:15 -0700

Pelas mais variadas razões nada lhe daria mais gozo do que incluir a Fundação Jorge Álvares (FJA) na comitiva, mas a verdade é que a FJA há muito que definiu o seu campo principal de orientação: viabilizar, dentro das suas possibilidades, o Centro ...
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 16:00:00 -0800

于是到1513年,由乔治·欧维士(Jorge Alvares)率领的船队就出现在了中国珠江入海口那个叫做Tumo的地方。欧维士是当时葡印总督阿尔布克尔克的手下,他所率领的葡萄牙船队在这个地方通过贸易获取了暴利。在利益的刺激下 ...

Caracol Radio

Caracol Radio
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 05:20:48 -0700

En dialogo en 6AM hoy por hoy, este mexicano mostró su descontento con las autoridades y el Gobierno mexicano pues según él no ha habido respuesta frente a la desaparición de su hijo identificado como Jorge Alvares, de 19 años y los otros 42 jóvenes.
South China Morning Post
Thu, 28 Nov 2013 10:12:28 -0800

This year is precisely 500 years after the first European contact with Hong Kong, when a compatriot of mine, Jorge Álvares, arrived in 1513. I know how important Hong Kong is in the relationship between Asia and Europe. Together, Europe and Asia ...
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Mon, 13 Dec 2010 20:06:47 -0800

... livro “Todos os Portos a Que Cheguei – Rocha Vieira”, escrito pelo jornalista Pedro Vieira e editado pela Gradiva, como a pessoa que tomou “a iniciativa de apresentar ao governador a ideia de dar corpo a uma fundação”, a Fundação Jorge Álvares (FJA).
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