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Jorge Álvares
Jorge Álvares.JPG
Jorge Álvares statue in Macau
Born Late 15th century
Freixo de Espada à Cinta, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 1521
China
Nationality Portuguese
Occupation Explorer
Known for First European explorer to reach China by sea.

Jorge Álvares (died July 8, 1521) is credited as the first European explorer to have reached China and Hong Kong by sea.

Exploration[edit]

In May 1513, Álvares sailed under the Portuguese Malacca captain Rui de Brito Patalim in a junk from Pegu. The expedition was accompanied by five other junks. Álvares himself was accompanied by two other Portuguese mariners.[1]

Álvares made first contact on Asian soil in the historic Chinese capital of Canton, modern-day Mandarinized Guangzhou, Southern China in May 1513.[2] Upon landing, he raised a Padrão from the king of Portugal, where they landed on Lintin Island in the Pearl River estuary.[1] Based on information from their captain, they were to hope to find trade. Soon after this, Afonso de Albuquerque, the Viceroy of the Estado da India dispatched Rafael Perestrello—a cousin of Christopher Columbus[3] to seek trade relations with the Chinese. In a ship from Malacca, Rafael landed on the southern shores of Guangdong later that year in 1513, being the first to actually land on the coast of mainland China.[3]

Álvares later joined the venture of establishing the settlements in Tuen Mun, Hong Kong around 1513 to 1514.[4] This visit was followed by the establishment of a number of Portuguese trading centres in the area, which were eventually consolidated in Macau. In 1517 the Portuguese settlers were in a battle with Imperial Chinese army troops in the region.[5] There is a possibility that Álvares took part in the combat.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Porter, Jonathan. [1996] (1996). Macau, the Imaginary City: Culture and Society, 1557 to the Present. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-3749-6
  2. ^ Edmonds. [2002] (2002) China and Europe Since 1978: A European Perspective. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-52403-2
  3. ^ a b Brook, 124.
  4. ^ Ride, Lindsay. Ride, May. Fairbank, John K. The Voices of Macao Stones: Abridged with Additional Material by Jason Wordie. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 962-209-487-2
  5. ^ China Briefing Media. [2004] (2004) Business Guide to the Greater Pearl River Delta. China Briefing Media publishing. ISBN 988-98673-1-1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorge_Álvares — Please support Wikipedia.
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104 news items

Macauhub

Macauhub
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 16:56:15 -0800

The Media 2015 prize was awarded by the Board of Merit and Recognition of the Chinese League in Portugal, which in addition to the League itself includes the Chinese Industrial and Commercial Association in Portugal, the Jorge Álvares Foundation, ...

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs
Sun, 07 Jun 2015 20:45:00 -0700

In 1514, the Portuguese navigator Jorge Álvares was the first European to reach China by sea. Just over 40 years later, the Portuguese leased Macau from China for an annual rent of about 600 ounces of silver. And then, 14 years after that, the Spanish ...

Ponto Final

Ponto Final
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 22:12:34 -0700

Pelas mais variadas razões nada lhe daria mais gozo do que incluir a Fundação Jorge Álvares (FJA) na comitiva, mas a verdade é que a FJA há muito que definiu o seu campo principal de orientação: viabilizar, dentro das suas possibilidades, o Centro ...

Ponto Final

Ponto Final
Mon, 13 Dec 2010 20:12:31 -0800

... livro “Todos os Portos a Que Cheguei – Rocha Vieira”, escrito pelo jornalista Pedro Vieira e editado pela Gradiva, como a pessoa que tomou “a iniciativa de apresentar ao governador a ideia de dar corpo a uma fundação”, a Fundação Jorge Álvares (FJA).

Correio da Manhã

Correio da Manhã
Sat, 12 Dec 2015 16:33:45 -0800

O episódio da Fundação Jorge Álvares, desobedecendo a Sampaio, e as réplicas deixadas, às escondidas, na sala dos retratos da Praia Grande, mancharam, insuportavelmente, a dignidade do Estado português. E por isso, o Grande Colar do Infante que ...

Expresso

Expresso
Fri, 18 Dec 2015 04:23:56 -0800

Cavaco Silva já tinha previsto agraciar Rocha Vieira mas o facto gerou contestação na altura, principalmente devido à polémica que este mantivera com o então Presidente Jorge Sampaio, por causa da Fundação Jorge Álvares. O Presidente resolveu agora ...

macauhub

macauhub
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 16:54:44 -0800

O prémio Media 2015 foi atribuído pelo Conselho de Mérito e Reconhecimento da Liga dos Chineses em Portugal, que além da Liga inclui a Associação Industrial e Comercial do Chineses em Portugal, a Fundação Jorge Álvares, o Casino da Póvoa, entre ...

Espalha-Factos

Espalha-Factos
Thu, 17 Mar 2016 13:24:18 -0700

... Lopes-Graça e Filipe de Sousa. O evento é organizado pelo D. Maria II e pela Fundação Jorge Álvares, tendo como pressuposto os 10 anos da morte de Filipe de Sousa. O valor da receita reverta a favor da Escola de Música do Conservatório Nacional.
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