Born in Winchester, Virginia, Aulick was appointed a midshipman on 15 November 1809. During the War of 1812, he served in Enterprise and took part in her battle with HMS Boxer on 4 September 1813. After that engagement ended in an American victory, Aulick served as prize master of the prize. Following the war, he served in Saranac, Ontario, Brandywine, Constitution, and Vincennes.
From 1851 to 1852, Aulick commanded the East India Squadron  but was forced to give up command of the projected Japanese expedition to Commodore Matthew C. Perry. This was the result of quarrels during the first leg of his journey with the captain of the flagship and of an incident with a Brazilian diplomat on board.
Aulick retired in 1861 and died at Washington, D.C., on 27 April 1873.
Two ships have been named USS Aulick for him.
|Commander, East India Squadron
31 May 1851–20 November 1852
Matthew C. Perry
- Kemp Tolley, Yangtze Patrol: The U.S. Navy in China, pg 317