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John Bradstreet
Thomas McIlworth - General John Bradstreet - Google Art Project.jpg
Portrait of Bradstreet by Thomas McIlworth, (1764).
Born 21 December 1714
Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia
Died 25 September 1774(1774-09-25) (aged 59)
New York City, British America
Allegiance  Great Britain
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1735 - 1774
Rank Major-General
Commands held Expeditionary force to Fort Frontenac

King George's War
French and Indian War

Pontiac's Rebellion

Major General John Bradstreet (21 December 1714 – 25 September 1774) was a British Army officer during King Georges War, the French and Indian War, and Pontiac's Rebellion. He was born in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia to a British Army Lieutenant and an Acadian mother. He also served as the Commodore-Governor for Newfoundland.

Military service[edit]

Through his Acadian mother's influence he was accepted into the regular British army in 1735. Bradstreet's early military service consisted of garrison duty in Nova Scotia with the 40th Regiment of Foot, during which time he took advantage of his Acadian heritage and engaged in trade with the French at Louisbourg. As a young officer he was stationed at Canso, during King George's War he was captured in the French raid on Canso, however he was released within a year. During his internment Bradstreet developed plans for the capture of Louisbourg, although it is not clear whether these plans were ever implemented and to his dismay he was not given command of the expedition. However Bradstreet accepted a commission as lieutenant-colonel of the 1st Massachusetts Regiment and contributed to the final victory at Louisbourg, which fell after a siege in 1745.

French and Indian War[edit]

Bradstreet's raid on Frontenac.

In 1755, Bradstreet, then a captain, was appointed as Governor William Shirley's adjutant general. In 1756 he led a relief column to Fort Oswego with supplies. Upon his return he was attacked by the French and Indians. He survived but his warnings to Governor Shirley and Lord Loudon of the weak condition of Fort Oswego were largely ignored in midst of their ongoing power struggle. The French captured and burned Oswego later the same year. In the spring of 1757 he assembled supplies and transports at Boston for Loudoun’s abortive expedition against Louisbourg, and at Halifax in August he was among those who felt that the attack should not be postponed. On 27 December 1757 he was appointed Lt. Colonel and in 1758 he participated in the attack on Fort Carillon, where he led the advance guard following the death of General George Howe. The Battle ended in disaster and Bradstreet attempted to organize some sort of retreat, which had turned into a chaotic rout. After the failed attempt to capture Ticonderoga, Bradstreet immediately proposed his idea to attack Fort Frontenac, the key French supply base on Lake Ontario. Bradstreet's proposal met with approval from British planners and he was given a force of approximately 3,000 men to carry out the operation. Bradstreet reached Lake Ontario on 21 August and four days later was within sight of the fort, which surrendered on the 27th. After plundering, burning, and demolishing the base, Bradstreet’s force retreated to British territory. With this attack the French had lost (at least temporarily) their supply line in the Great Lakes. Under the new British commander in North America, Jeffery Amherst, Bradstreet served as deputy quartermaster general in Albany, a lucrative position which he held until the end of the war. After the war he was appointed Colonel and in 1764 he was ordered to lead a force of 1,400 men to reinforce Fort Detroit in response to the outbreak of Pontiac's Rebellion. Bradstreet was considered by his superiors to have mismanaged his final campaign; exceeding his orders by attempting to negotiate independent peace treaties and failing to act aggressively enough against the natives. This left his military reputation badly tarnished in later years, however he was still promoted to the rank of Major General in the British Army on 25 May 1772.

The Bateau and Transport Service[edit]

Bradstreet is often remembered today for his work organizing and leading a corps of armed boatmen and teamsters in the British service, tasked with moving supplies and troops along the inland waterways of upstate New York and the Great Lakes. A substantial logistical feat, the force was developed from 1756 and grew to the strength of several thousand men, organized into dozens of companies, using hundreds of bateaux and whaleboats to transport the thousands of tons of supplies and equipment necessary for Britain to wage war in the colonial Northwest by suppling the army's far-flung outposts. Also a combat force, the 'Battoe Men', as they were sometimes called, took part in combat operations, most famously Bradstreet's assault on Fort Frontenac/Carillon in 1758.

Bradstreet died in New York City on 25 September 1774. He had married (to the widow of a cousin who shared his name), and had two children.


See also[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bradstreet — Please support Wikipedia.
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29 news items

The Plain Dealer - cleveland.com
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 07:07:37 -0700

John Bradstreet, landed in 1764 at what is now a lakefront city park known as Bradstreet's Landing. The expedition was devastated, losing many of its boats and supplies ,when the lake surged onto the shore. Soldiers had to make their way back to Fort ...
blogs.hbr.org (blog)
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 19:51:22 -0800

The Mercantile Agency was soon acquired by Robert Dun, who then joined forces with a rival agency founded by John Bradstreet. Like the companies struggling to establish businesses on the American frontier, Dun & Bradstreet and other credit agencies ...
The Plain Dealer - cleveland.com
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 05:08:56 -0700

Dan Marsalek, 83, of Rocky River, holds a British flag that will fly at Bradstreet's Landing in Rocky River on Saturday to mark the 250th anniversary of "Bradstreet's Disaster." Marsalek is an expert on Col. John Bradstreet's disaster of 1764 in which ...
Sun News - cleveland.com
Wed, 03 Sep 2014 07:43:44 -0700

The park, which features a popular fishing pier, was the site of what's known as "Bradstreet's Disaster." Col. John Bradstreet was an officer in the British army in 1764 when an expedition he was leading back to New York stopped for the night. Nearly ...
Cincinnati.com (blog)
Sat, 15 Sep 2012 16:03:45 -0700

John Milton Bradstreet of Cincinnati published the first book of commercial credit ratings in 1851. Mercantile agencies, such as Bradstreet and its chief competitor, R.G. Dun & Co., provided merchants with information on distant businesses, which was ...

NBC Montana

NBC Montana
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 16:37:14 -0700

We're learning new information about the two Flathead men who died in a three vehicle accident that happened on Highway 93 near Somers. Troopers say 61-year-old John Bradstreet, from Kalispell, hit a Jeep driven by 73-year-old Michael Berman.
The Plain Dealer
Fri, 27 Jun 2014 15:52:36 -0700

John Bradstreet, heralded for his service during the French and Indian War, didn't fare as well when he led an expedition in 1764 from Fort Niagara, N.Y. to bring supplies to troops at Fort Detroit. On the return trip, his fleet of 60 boats and nine ...

Sammamish Review

Sammamish Review
Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:00:55 -0800

For the Westminster Kennel Club's 138th annual dog show Feb. 10-11, that one best in show was Sky, a wire fox terrier. But, just because Sky got the top prize, doesn't mean Westminster didn't have plenty of other awards to hand out, especially to two ...

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