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John Alcott
Born 1931
London, England
Died 28 July 1986(1986-07-28)
Cannes, Alpes-Maritimes, France
Occupation Cinematographer
Years active 1948–1987

John Alcott, BSC (1931 – 28 July 1986)[1] was an English cinematographer best known for his four collaborations with director Stanley Kubrick; these are 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), for which he took over as lighting cameraman from Geoffrey Unsworth in mid-shoot, A Clockwork Orange (1971), Barry Lyndon (1975), the film for which he won his Oscar,[2] and The Shining (1980). Alcott died from a heart attack in Cannes, France in July 1986; he was 55.[1] He received a tribute at the end of his last film No Way Out starring Kevin Costner.

John Alcott was born in Isleworth England, in the year 1931, to the father of Movie Executive Arthur Alcott.[3]

At a young age, Alcott started his career in film by becoming a clapper boy, which was the lowest position in the camera crew chain. As time progressed however, he moved his way up and eventually became the third highest position of the camera following the lighting cameraman and the main camera operator. His position was extremely important, as his job was to adjust, focus and measure the lens and distance between the actor or object being shot and the camera itself. [4]

Alcott's big break was given to him by Stanley Kubrick, [5] who was a master cinematographer, director, producer and screenwriter. Kubrick promoted Alcott to lighting cameraman in 1968 while working on “2001: A Space Odyssey” and from there the two created an inseparable collaboration, in which they worked together on more than one occasion. In 1971, Kubrick then elevated Alcott to director of photography on “A Clockwork Orange” which was nominated for four Academy Awards in Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Film Editing, however the film never won. [6]

Alcott studied lighting and how the light fell in the rooms of a set. He would do this so that when he shot his work it would look like natural lighting, not stage lighting. It was this extra work and research that made his films look so visually beautiful. [7]

Along with his Academy award for “Barry Lyndon”, the film is considered to be one of the greatest and most beautiful movies made in terms of its visuals. Not one, but three films worked on by Alcott were ranked between 1950–1997 in the top 20 of “Best Shot”, voted by the American Society of Cinematographers. Yet another great accomplishment made possible by John Alcott.

Not only was Alcott a highly regarded cinematographer, in the 80s when he immigrated into the United States of America he directed and shot commercials for television. [8]

While in Cannes, France on 28 July 1986 Alcott suffered a heart attack and died. Alcott was one of the greatest of his time. In memory and honour of John Alcott, the "BSC John Alcott ARRI Award" was created by the British Society of Cinematographers to honour fellow lighting cameraman in film. John Alcott will always be remembered for his spectacular contributions in film and for his love and passion for it as a form of art.[9] John Alcott leaves behind wife Sue and son Gavin who is now following in his father's steps.

Filmography[edit]

Awards[edit]

  • 1973: BAFTA Award nomination for A Clockwork Orange
  • 1976: Oscar for Barry Lyndon
  • 1976: BAFTA Award for Barry Lyndon
  • 1984: BAFTA Award nomination for Greystoke

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "JOHN ALCOTT, AN OSCAR WINNER FOR CINEMATOGRAPHY, IS DEAD". The New York Times (in Pay-per-View). 3 August 1986. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "Barry Lyndon: Kubrick's neglected masterpiece". The Daily Telegraph. 5 February 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  3. ^ John Alcott Biography. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005633/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm
  4. ^ John Alcott Biography. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005633/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm
  5. ^ N/A. (1977). John Alcott. The Independent Film Journal (Archive: 1937–1979), 80(3), 6–7. Retrieved from http://bf4dv7zn3u.search.serialssolutions.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/summon.serialssolutions.com&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=JOHN ALCOTT&rft.jtitle=The Independent Film Journal (Archive: 1937–1979)&rft.date=1977-07-22&rft.pub=Nielsen Business Media&rft.issn=0019-3712&rft.volume=80&rft.issue=2&rft.spage=6
  6. ^ N/A. (2000). Clockwork orange. Retrieved from http://kubrickfilms.warnerbros.com/video_detail/cwo/
  7. ^ N/A. (1977). John Alcott. The Independent Film Journal (Archive: 1937–1979), 80(3), 6–7. Retrieved from http://bf4dv7zn3u.search.serialssolutions.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/summon.serialssolutions.com&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=JOHN ALCOTT&rft.jtitle=The Independent Film Journal (Archive: 1937–1979)&rft.date=1977-07-22&rft.pub=Nielsen Business Media&rft.issn=0019-3712&rft.volume=80&rft.issue=2&rft.spage=6
  8. ^ N/A. (2014). Overview for John Alcott. Retrieved from http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/person/1770%7C85034/John-Alcott/
  9. ^ John Alcott Biography. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005633/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Alcott — Please support Wikipedia.
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4 news items

Hollywood Reporter

Hollywood Reporter
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 02:12:44 -0700

Poland's Camerimage Festival, the leading film fest dedicated to the art of cinematography, will this year pay tribute to the late, Oscar-winning cameraman John Alcott. The British cinematographer, who died in 1986, is best known for his collaborations ...
 
Screen International
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 04:03:45 -0700

... Aleksander Ford's Sie Sind Frei, doctor Korczak and Michael Haneke's Lemminge. Lipman's tribute will join another retrospective taking place in honor of the late Oscar-winning cinematographer John Alcott as part of the special “Remembering the ...
 
Morganton News Herald
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 10:15:00 -0700

The cinematography by John Alcott — including a candlelit scene shot with NASA-developed camera lenses — is best seen projected in the dark. 8. "Raiders of the Lost Ark": You have to worry that a story about an adverture-seeking archaeologist with a ...
 
Broadway World
Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:30:00 -0700

Lipman's tribute will join another retrospective taking place in honor of the late Oscar® winning cinematographer John Alcott as part of the special "Remembering the Masters" series. About CAMERIMAGE Now in its 22nd Edition, the International Film ...
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