digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom
JG Strijdom.jpg
6th Prime Minister of South Africa
In office
30 November 1954 – 24 August 1958
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Daniel François Malan
Succeeded by Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd
Personal details
Born (1893-07-14)14 July 1893
Klipfontein, Cape Colony
Died 24 August 1958(1958-08-24) (aged 65)
Cape Town, South Africa
Resting place Heroes' Acre, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Political party National Party
Spouse(s) Susan de Klerk
Children Johannes
Estelle
Religion Dutch Reformed

Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom, (also spelled Strydom) commonly called JG Strydom or Hans Strydom (14 July 1893 – 24 August 1958),[1] nicknamed the Lion of the North,[2] was Prime Minister of South Africa from 30 November 1954 to 24 August 1958.[1] He was an uncompromising Afrikaner nationalist,[1] and a proponent of segregation that led the way to the establishment of the system of Apartheid.

Early life[edit]

He was born on the family farm Klipfontein near Willowmore in Cape Colony and trained as a lawyer at Victoria College (which later became the University of Stellenbosch) and the University of Pretoria.[3][4]

Strijdom served in the German South West Africa campaign in World War I, as a member of the South African Medical Corps and, later, of Helgaardt's Scouts, where he reached the rank of corporal.[5]

Strijdom later settled in Nylstroom, Transvaal. He identified strongly with this area and its people and became a local community leader among the Afrikaners. In 1929, Strijdom was elected to the House of Assembly as MP for Waterberg, representing the National Party (NP) headed by General J.B.M. Hertzog. Strijdom was also leader of the NP in Transvaal, by far the most important province of South Africa, and as such had a strong power base.

After the National Party of J.B.M. Hertzog[6] merged with the South African Party of General Jan Smuts[6] and formed the United Party (UP) during the World Economic Crisis in 1932,[7] Strijdom was part of the break-away faction of the National Party,[1] named the Gesuiwerde Nasionale Party (Purified National Party).[8] Later, after the United Party was formed, the GNP became known as the (Reunited) National Party[8] under the leadership of Dr. D. F. Malan. Malan, Strijdom and their followers distrusted Smuts and opposed his pro-British policy.[9] Most of the National Party's MPs stayed with Hertzog, and as Strijdom was loyal to Malan, he was the only MP from Transvaal to support Malan's ideals.[1]

Strijdom favoured the establishment of a republic,[10] but this was not achieved until 1961.[11]

Apartheid era[edit]

After the surprising victory of the National Party in 1948, won on the program of implementing a strict program of apartheid or ethnic segregation and white minority rule, Malan became Prime Minister of South Africa and Strijdom became Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation. Although it was not one of the classic portfolios[citation needed], it was apparently Strijdom's choice[citation needed] since he had a keen interest in agriculture and was a part-time farmer. Strijdom was not so pleased with the portfolio although he was fond of farming.[citation needed] Malan gave him the portfolio because his young wife disliked Strijdom.[citation needed] That was also why Malan tried his best to get Nicolaas Havenga to succeed him as Prime Minister, rather than Strijdom.[citation needed]

Prime Minister[edit]

On 30 November 1954, he was elected leader of the National Party and became Prime Minister of South Africa after the resignation of Malan and against the latter's will, who preferred the more moderate Havenga, Minister of Finance, as his successor. However, Strijdom was popular among NP party members and people trusted him to push things smoothly forward towards a republic, something Malan was considered to be only luke-warm about. During Strijdom's term as Prime Minister, he moved full steam ahead to remove ties with the British Empire[10] and deepened the Afrikaner ascendency in South Africa, while strengthening the policy of apartheid.

With regard to racial policies, he believed strongly in the perpetuation of white minority rule and during his term "Coloured" voters were removed from the common voters roll[10] and put on a separate Coloured voters roll, something that Malan started to do but could not push through. The extended Treason Trial of 156 activists (including Nelson Mandela) involved in the Freedom Charter, happened during Strijdom's term in office. He also managed to further extend the NP's parliamentary seats during the general election in 1957. Strijdom's government also severed diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.

During his last year in office, his weak health (thought to be cancer) led to long terms of absence and he died on 24 August 1958 in Cape Town and is buried in Pretoria in the Heroes' Acre.

His father Petrus Strijdom was a very well known farmer and innovator in the Baviaanskloof where Strijdom was born. He owned three farms in the kloof of which the main farm was Sandvlakte on which the local school, church and shop was sited. He owned businesses and shops right down to the Gamtoos valley (birthplace of the well known Koi woman Saartjie Baardman). He also sold Baboon fur and manufactured shoes and soap amongst other products.

Private life[edit]

JG Strijdom was known for being very dedicated, absolutely honest and incorruptible, but also stubborn and not open for change of course. He was nicknamed The Lion of the North, because he could be rather frightening as a political opponent.

He was briefly married to the actress Margaretha van Hulsteyn, but they divorced within a year. His second wife was Susan de Klerk,[12] aunt of future President F W de Klerk. Two children were born to Strijdom by his second wife, Johannes and Estelle. Susan Strijdom died in 1999 and Estelle (Crowson) in 2009.[citation needed]

There are still various monuments dedicated to him in South Africa. One monument in central Pretoria, which featured his bust, collapsed in 2001 injuring two people.[13] His house in Modimolle (formerly Nylstroom) is now a museum,[14] which holds parts of the collapsed bust. Perhaps most notably the Hillbrow Tower in Johannesburg was officially named the J.G. Strijdom Tower until 1995 shortly after the conclusion of apartheid when it was renamed the Telkom Hillbrow Tower.

JG Strijdom Shrubland & Field is a small scenic patch of land located 7.2 kilometres/4.4 miles north-west of Barkly West named in his honour. [15]

In the western suburb of Johannesburg, i.e. the suburb of Weltevreden Park, there is a road named JG Strijdom Road, which is named after him. Johannesburg also has a suburb called Strijdompark named after him.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  2. ^ "Johannes G Strijdom". South African History Online. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  3. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/569087/Johannes-Gerhardus-Strijdom Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom Retrieved 16 June 2010
  4. ^ "Historical Notes: A University in the Making". Stellenbosch University. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Von Zeil, G. 'A South African Prime Minister's Medal' in Journal of the Military Medal Society of South Africa No 42 (August 2003).
  6. ^ a b Denis Worral; Ben Roux; Marcus Arkin; Peter Harris; Gerrit Olivier; John Barratt (1977) [19]. Denis Worral, ed. South Africa: Government and Politics (Second revised (1975), second print (1977) ed.). J.L. van Schaik Ltd. p. 200. 
  7. ^ "United Party (UP) (political party, South Africa)". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  8. ^ a b Denis Worral; Ben Roux; Marcus Arkin; Peter Harris; Gerrit Olivier; John Barratt (1977) [19]. Denis Worral, ed. South Africa: Government and Politics (Second revised (1975), second print (1977) ed.). J.L. van Schaik Ltd. p. 202. 
  9. ^ Denis Worral; Ben Roux; Marcus Arkin; Peter Harris; Gerrit Olivier; John Barratt (1977) [19]. Denis Worral, ed. South Africa: Government and Politics (Second revised (1975), second print (1977) ed.). J.L. van Schaik Ltd. p. 201. 
  10. ^ a b c "South Africa: Movement towards a Republic – JG Strijdom". South African History Online. Retrieved 25 March 2010. [dead link]
  11. ^ "The Development & Formation of the South African Republic". South African History Online. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  12. ^ "A lady who worried about Donald's shirts". Independent Online. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2010. [dead link]
  13. ^ "Strijdom bust carted off to 'place of safety'". Independent Online. 26 February 2002. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  14. ^ Maxwell Leigh (1986). Touring in Southern Africa (First ed.). C. Struik Publishers. p. 156. 
  15. ^ JG Strijdom Shrubland & Field

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Daniel François Malan
Prime Minister of South Africa
1954–1958
Succeeded by
Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Gerhardus_Strijdom — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2 videos found

Hans Strijdom: Die Leeu van die Noorde

Johannes Gerhardus ('Hans') Strijdom fought for nearly 30 years for a South African Republic free from British influence. He died merely 3 years before the U...

Apartheid in the 1950's (Witness #9)

A snapshot of the attitudes and emotions on both sides of the racial divide as the South Africa authorites cemented the foundations of Apartheid in 1957....

2 videos found

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight