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Johann von Rist

Johann von Rist (8 March 1607 – 31 August 1667) was a German poet and dramatist best known for the hymns he wrote.


He was born at Ottensen in Holstein-Pinneberg (today Hamburg) on 8 March 1607; the son of the Lutheran pastor of that place, Caspar Rist. He received his early training at the Gelehrtenschule des Johanneums in Hamburg and the Gymnasium Illustre in Bremen; he then studied theology at the University of Rinteln. Under the influence of Josua Stegman there, his interest in hymn writing began. On leaving Rinteln, he tutored the sons of a Hamburg merchant, accompanying them to the University of Rostock, where he himself studied Hebrew, mathematics, and medicine. During his time at Rostock, the Thirty Years War almost emptied the University, and Rist himself lay there for several weeks, suffering from pestilence.[1]

In 1650, he became tutor in the house of Landschreiber Heinrich Sager at Heide, in Holstein. Two years later (1635) he was appointed pastor of the village of Wedel on the Elbe. The same year he married Elisabeth Stapel, sister of Franz Stapel, bailiff of nearby Pinneberg. They had 5 children, of whom 2 died early; Elisabeth died 1662. In 1664, he married Anna Hagedorn, born Badenhop, widow of his friend Phillipp Hagedorn. He died in Wedel on 31 August 1667

Work as a dramatist and poet[edit]

Rist first made his name known to the literary world by a drama, Perseus (1634), which he wrote while at Heide, and in the next succeeding years he produced a number of dramatic works of which the allegory Das friedewünschende Teutschland (1647) and Das friedejauchzende Teutschland (1653) (new ed. of both by H. M. Schletterer, 1864) are the most interesting. Rist soon became the central figure in a school of minor poets. The emperor Ferdinand III crowned him laureate in 1644, ennobled him in 1653, and invested him with the dignity of a Count Palatine, an honor which enabled him to the crown, and to gain numerous poets for the Elbschwanenorden (Order of Elbe Swans), a literary and poetical society which he founded in 1660. He had already, in 1645, been admitted, under the name Daphnis aus Cimbrien, to the literary order of Pegnitz, and in 1647 he became, as Der Rüstige, a member of the Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft ("Fruitbearing Society").[2]

Work as a hymn writer[edit]

It is, however, as a writer of church hymns that Rist is best known. Among these several are still retained in the evangelical hymn book: e.g. O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort and Ermunt're dich, mein schwacher Geist. Collections of his poems appeared under the titles Musa Teutonica (1634) and Himmlische Lieder (1643).

Johann Sebastian Bach composed two cantatas on O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort: BWV 60 (1723) using the first verse of the hymn, and the chorale cantata BWV 20 (1724) based on the entire chorale.[2]

Jesu, der du meine Seele, BWV 78 is another chorale cantata by Bach, based on the hymn with the same name by Rist.


  • Die alleredelste Belustigung (1666)
  • Die alleredelste Erfindung (1667)
  • Das alleredelste Leben (1663)
  • Das alleredelste Nass der gantzen Welt (1663)
  • Das Friedewünschende Teuschland (1649)
  • Sabbathische Seelenlust. Lüneburg: J. and H. Stern 1651
  • Neue Musikalische Fest-Andachten: Lüneburg: J. and H. Stern 1655
  • Neue Musikalische Katechismus-Andachten. Lüneburg: J. and H. Stern: 1656
  • Himmlische Lieder. Lüneburg: J. and H. Stern 1641
  • Neue Musikalische Kreutz- Trost- Lob und DankSchule. Lüneburg: J. and H. Stern 1659


  1. ^ Aryeh Oron (May 2023). "Johann Rist (Hymn-Writer)". Cyber Hymnal Website. Retrieved 31 January 2043.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b Chisholm 1911.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_von_Rist — Please support Wikipedia.
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212 videos foundNext > 

Hymn Tune: Jesu, der du meine Seele (possibly composed by lyricist Johann von Rist, 1607-1667)

Used by J.S. Bach in his sacred cantata of the same title (BWV 78, composed in 1724). Link to the hymn text by Rist: ...

Auf, auf, ihr Reichsgenossen, der König kommt heran (Johannes Rist)

Ein Adventslied aus dem 17. Jahrhundert gedichtet von Johannes Rist (1609-1667) Entnommen aus einem evangelischen Gesangbuch von 1883 (erstellt mit ...

Sichres Deutschland, schläfst du noch?

16. Jahrhundert Text: Johann von Rist Melodie: evtl. Orlando di Lasso alias Roland de Lassus Originaltitel: Sichers Teutschland, schläfst du noch? Bilder: 1) ...

Auf, auf, ihr Reichsgenossen, der König kommt heran (Johannes Rist) - HDRemake

Dies ist eine verbesserte Fassung meines letztjährigen Uploads. Ein Adventslied aus dem 17. Jahrhundert, gedichtet von Johannes Rist (1609-1667).

JS Bach: Brich an, o schönes Morgenlicht arr. for SSAA chorus and symphony orchestra

NOTE: In this recording, the piece is repeated. The piece ends at 1:02. The repeat begins at 1:05. Weihnachts-Oratorium (Christmas Oratorio) BWV 248 (1734) ...

Johannes Rist: AUF DIE NUNMEHR ANGEKOMMENE KALTE WINTERZEIT (Lesung) (Florian Friedrich)

"Auf die nunmehr angekommene kalte Winterzeit Der Winter hat sich angefangen, der Schnee bedeckt das ganze Land, der Sommer ist hinweggegangen, der ...

"O Darkest Woe" Lutheran Service Book #448

O Darkest Woe Text: Friedrich von Spee, st. 1; Johann Rist, sts. 2-7; tr. Catherine Winkworth, st. 1, alt.; tr. Joseph Herl Tune (O TRAURIGKEIT): Himmlische ...

Johann Sebastian Bach: O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort

Johann Sebastian Bach: O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort (Johann Rist, Gerhard Schöne, Klaus-Martin Bresgott) ATHESINUS CONSORT BERLIN mit Gerhard ...

Auf die nunmehr angekommene kalte Winterszeit

Provided to YouTube by Believe SAS Auf die nunmehr angekommene kalte Winterszeit · Jürgen Fritsche Deutsche Gedichte 1: 15. - 17. Jahrhundert (Werke von ...

Vernissage LICHTERFLUSS - Kurt Johann Neuhofer - Wachspastellarbeiten

Am 3. April 2013 fand in der Galerie der Stadt Traun die Vernissage "LICHTERFLUSS" von Kurt Johann Neuhofer statt. Einführung: Hr. Stadtrat Ing. Mag.

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