digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Johann Baptist Beha
Johann Baptist Beha 1815-1898.jpg
Born 1815
Oberbränd (Eisenbach), Germany
Died 1898
Occupation Horologist, Inventor
Notable work(s) Spring wound cuckoo clocks
Children 11, (five with his first wife and 6 with the second one)
Parents Vinzenz Beha and ?

Johann Baptist Beha (1815 - 1898) was a prestigious Black Forest clockmaker born in Oberbränd (Eisenbach). He was trained by his father, the master clockmaker Vinzenz Beha (1764-1868), in his workshop where he built around 365 clocks between 1839 and 1845. At that time V. Beha was already known for the quality of his clocks, he made the so-called Shield cuckoo clocks.

In 1845 Johann B. Beha founded his own clockshop in Eisenbach, beginning the manufacturing of his celebrated clocks.

Contributions to the construction of cuckoo clocks[edit]

The clockmaker introduced the following innovations into the construction of cuckoo clocks:[1]

  • He was the first to equip a Bahnhäusle style clock case with a cuckoo mechanism in 1854. A milestone in the Black Forest clock history, after this cuckoo clocks became popular and marketed worldwide. Indeed, although the Bahnhäusle style creator, Friedrich Eisenlohr, had proposed a cuckoo clock in his 1850 original design, however it was not until 1854 when J. B. Beha became the first clockmaker who take it from drawing to reality.
  • He was also the first to make Black Forest wall and shelf cuckoo clocks with spring-wound movements. Between 1845 and 1850 the first 8-day cuckoos with fusee movements were built. At that time, without exception, the clocks had wooden plate movements. By adopting the English fusse system in his clocks he expanded the export market of cuckoo clocks to the U.K. The main importers of his clocks were Camerer, Kuss & Co., London; Morath Brothers, Liverpool; and Bohringer, Belfast. Camerer Kuss was also the main exporters of Beha clocks to India.
  • About 1850 Beha made the first oil painted picture frame cuckoo clocks, where the cuckoo was not integrated in the picture. Also about that time, the first cuckoo clocks with moving eyes came into use.
  • The first one who made cuckoo clocks fitted with musical movements.

The cases for Beha clocks came from case/woodcarvers shops located in different towns of the Black Forest such as Waldkirch, Furtwangen, Villingen, Vöhrenbach and Dittishausen.[2]

When signed, the Beha clocks bore two types of identifications; either a stick-on label which would be on the case back-board on the inside of the case or the name "Beha" engraved on one of the two brass fuseé drum ends. However, it is necessary to emphasize that most of the Beha timepieces were not signed and it is almost impossible to identify a Beha based on the case alone. The case makers that supplied Beha with their cases, sold identical cases to other manufacturers too. So today we can find identical cases, but in fact they were not made by the Beha enterprise. For example Aaron Ketterer and Theodor Ketterer frequently used the Beha designed and their cases are nearly identical. That is why the mechanism is the crucial part to give a positive attribution.

After the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876, Johann B. Beha took his two sons, Lorenz and Engelbert, into his firm as partners and the company was refounded as "Johann Baptist Beha und Söhne".

While the big factories - Junghans, Kienzle, Philipp Haas und Söhne and Werner, and the smaller firms like Dold, Hilser, Gordian Hettich Sohn, Rombach and Maier- developed their cuckoo clock production in response to the growing demand of the new middle-class for a cheaper clock, especially cheaper carvings, the Behas followed a contrary strategy. They did not believe in the success of the mass-produced cuckoo clock. A similar strategy was followed by other Black Forest clock manufacturers such as Emilian Wehrle, Winterhalder & Hofmeier, Maurer und Höfler, etc.

When Johann Baptist Beha died in 1898, his sons Lorenz (1865 - 1941) and Engelbert (1866 - 1949) continued with the company in Eisenbach. The manufacturing program consisted of; cuckoo/quail clocks, cuckoo clocks with echo, weight operated clocks, spring powered clocks, trumpeter clocks, monk ringing a monastery bell, calendar clocks, etc.

The largest export market of Beha clocks was to the United Kingdom and Russia. In Saint Petersburg Beha even operated their own warehouse, from there the clocks were marketed to different countries, but with the outbreak of World War I, the St. Petersburg warehouse was closed.[3] The Beha enterprise struggled during the 1920s to recover the lost export market facing extremely difficult economic times and during the 1930s, with the onset of the economic dictatorship of the "Hitler Regime" in the year 1933, the use of brass and copper was strictly rationed, although the production continued on a very limited scale until 1938. But finally after the World War II the production was stopped forever in 1956.

Awards and recognitions[edit]

The company won several awards as well as gold and silver medals for the quality in workmanship and design in different countries, like the Gold Medal of the Vienna World Trade Exhibition of 1873. He was the only Black Forest cuckoo clock maker who was honored in such a way.[4] Former honors at the International exhibition in London 1862, and Paris 1867 and at regional exhibitions in Villingen 1858 and Karlsruhe 1861, had also testified to the excellent quality of the cuckoo clocks of Johann B. Beha. For the clocks shown in Philadelphia in 1876, the firm was honored with the meritory medal by the United States Centennial Commission. Further honors followed at the exhibitions in Karlsruhe 1877, London 1885, Freiburg 1877, Chicago 1893 and Strasbourg 1895.

Johann Baptist Beha represented the typical Black Forest clockmaker of the 18th and 19th century: experimenting, inventing, self-educated, always seeking solutions with limited theoretical knowledge, creating technical miracles beyond any comparison today.[5]

The clocks made by the Beha company are sought-after collector pieces and are part of both private collections and the most reputed museums in the world such as the British Museum,[6] the Cuckooland Museum or the Deutsches Uhrenmuseum in Germany.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kochmann, Karl (2005): Black Forest Clockmaker and the Cuckoo Clock;
  • Schneider, Wilhelm (1987): Frühe Kuckucksuhren von Johann Baptist Beha in Eisenbach im Hochschwarzwald, in: Uhren, Heft 3, 1987, S. 45 - 53;
  • Schneider, Wilhelm (1988): The cuckoo clocks of Johann Baptist Beha, in: Antiquarian Horology, Vol. 17, 1988, p. 455 - 462;
  • Wilhelm und Monika Schneider (1988), Black Forest Cuckoo Clocks at the Exhibitions in Philadelphia 1876 and Chicago 1893, in: NAWCC, Vol. 30/2, No. 253, 1988, S. 116 – 127, 128 -132.
  • Schneider, Wilhelm, Frühe Kuckucksuhren, Entwicklungsgeschichte der Schwarzwälder Kuckucksuhr von 1750 - 1850, Regensburg 2008.
  • Miller, Justin (2012), Rare and Unusual Black Forest Clocks, Schiffer 2012, p. 27-103.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilhelm Schneider & Monika Schneider. Black Forest Cuckoo Clocks at the Exhibitions in Philadelphia 1876 and Chicago 1893. In NAWCC Bulletin, April 1988, p. 116
  2. ^ Kochmann, Karl (2005): Black Forest Clockmaker and the Cuckoo Clock, p. 238
  3. ^ Kochmann, Karl (2005): Black Forest Clockmaker and the Cuckoo Clock, p. 239
  4. ^ Wilhelm & Monika Schneider. Black Forest Cuckoo Clocks at the Exhibitions in Philadelphia 1876 and Chicago 1893. In NAWCC Bulletin, April 1988, p. 116
  5. ^ Kochmann, Karl (2005): Black Forest Clockmaker and the Cuckoo Clock, p. 10
  6. ^ British Museum. Department: Prehistory & Europe. A ca. 1860-1880 wooden cased weight driven cuckoo clock by J. B. Beha

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Baptist_Beha — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2357 videos foundNext > 

Rare Antique Cuckoo Clock by Johann Baptist Beha model #116 www.blackforestclocks.org

This is a video of a rare cuckoo clock by Johann Baptist Beha. For more rare Black Forest Clocks check out our website at www.blackforestclocks.org.

Cuckoo Clock attributed to Johann Baptist Beha for auction

This is a highly important and very fine early Cuckoo clock possibly made by the renowned Johann Baptist Beha of Germany that is coming up for auction on Sun...

RARE Johann Baptist Beha Cuckoo Clock with Large Exposed Feathered Cuckoo

This magnificent clock was made by Johann Baptist Beha in Eisenbach Germany in the fall of 1860. The clock uses a wood plate movement with double fusees to g...

Johann Baptist Beha Cuckoo and Quail Clock Circa 1900 Model 622 "Short video"

Here is a short video of the Beha cuckoo and quail. We also took at longer video with narration of the clock. We specialize in locating rare and unusual Blac...

A Rare Documented Black Forest Johann Baptist Beha Model 508 Cuckoo Clock C. 1865

This is a wonderful example of an early carved Beha shelf cuckoo from the mid 1860's. The detail in the carving is just exquisite. The 508 is one of the fine...

Rare Antique Cuckoo Clock by Johann Baptist Beha model 311

A beautifully carved cuckoo clock by Johann Baptist Beha. Carving is exquisite and it's a very delicate size. Visit us at blackforestclocks.org.

Rare Black Forest Cuckoo and Quail by Johann Baptist Beha m

Here is a magnificent Cuckoo and Quail made by Johann Baptist Beha. The case is a model 673, one of the firms most intricately carved cases. We are always lo...

Johann Baptist Beha Antique Cuckoo Clock www.blackforestclocks.org

www.blackforestclocks.org Rare Cuckoo Clock by Johann Baptist Beha of Eisenbach. The bird on the top of the clock is 12" from beak to tail...and is fully aut...

Johann Baptist Beha Cuckoo and Quail Clock Circa 1900 Model 622 "Long video"

Here is an overview of this Beha cuckoo and quail. Nice clock, great carving. Wood plate three train movement signed Beha three times, original Beha label on...

Cuckoo clock made by Johann Baptist Beha model 597

Here is a wonderful Beha cuckoo. For more information visit is at Blackforestclocks.org.

2357 videos foundNext > 

4 news items

Badische Zeitung

Badische Zeitung
Wed, 09 Apr 2014 13:08:56 -0700

1864 baute Johann Baptist Beha die Präzisionspendeluhr in die Gaststube im damaligen Brückle Wirtshus. Das Kompensationspendel mit sieben verschiedenen Metallen hat eine Länge von 2,5 Metern und wiegt 65 Kilo. Es ist ein Rostpendel, wobei elf ...

Badische Zeitung

Badische Zeitung
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 15:07:30 -0700

Rund 80 Händler aus ganz Europa gaben sich ein Stelldichein, um in der Heimat von Johann Baptist Beha ihre Schätze zum Verkauf anzubieten. Ebenso international wie der Kreis der Händler war auch das Publikum, die Käufer und Interessenten kamen ...

Schwarzwälder Bote

Schwarzwälder Bote
Tue, 08 Apr 2014 01:00:25 -0700

Es ist eine ganz besondere Uhr, eine Präzessionspendeluhr, welche der Eisenbacher Uhrmachermeister Johann Baptist Beha vor 150 Jahren gebaut hat. Die voll funktionsfähige Standuhr zeigt die Uhrzeiten von St. Petersburg, London, Paris, New York und ...

Badische Zeitung

Badische Zeitung
Thu, 03 Apr 2014 13:09:21 -0700

Es ist die Uhr von Johann Baptist Beha, namhafter Eisenbacher Uhrenmacher und Vorfahr der Familie Wursthorn, die 1955 den Gasthof übernahm und ihn mittlerweile in der dritten Generation umtreibt. Die Uhr in der Gaststube ist ein Anziehungspunkt, sie ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Johann Baptist Beha

You can talk about Johann Baptist Beha with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!