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Johan Huizinga.

Johan Huizinga (Dutch: [ˈjoːɦɑn ˈɦœyzɪŋɣaː]; December 7, 1872 – February 1, 1945), was a Dutch historian and one of the founders of modern cultural history.

Life[edit]

Huizinga plaque at Leiden University

Born in Groningen as the son of Dirk Huizinga, a professor of physiology, and Jacoba Tonkens, who died two years after his birth,[1] he started out as a student of Indo-Germanic languages, earning his degree in 1895. He then studied comparative linguistics, gaining a good command of Sanskrit. He wrote his doctoral thesis on the role of the jester in Indian drama in 1897.

It was not until 1902 that his interest turned towards medieval and Renaissance history. He continued teaching as an Orientalist until he became a Professor of General and Dutch History at Groningen University in 1905. In 1915, he was made Professor of General History at Leiden University, a post he held until 1942. Huizinga was guest at the 1937 wedding of Juliana of the Netherlands with Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld.[2]

In 1942, he spoke critically of his country's German occupiers, comments that were consistent with his writings about Fascism in the 1930s. From then until his death in 1945, he was held in detention by the Nazis. He died in De Steeg in Gelderland, near Arnhem, just a few weeks before Nazi rule ended, and he lies buried in the graveyard of the Reformed Church at 6 Haarlemmerstraatweg in Oegstgeest.[3]

Works[edit]

Huizinga had an aesthetic approach to history, where art and spectacle played an important part. His most famous work is The Autumn of the Middle Ages (a.k.a. The Waning of the Middle Ages) (1919). He here reinterpreted the Late Middle Ages as a period of pessimism and decadence rather than rebirth.

Worthy of mentioning are also Erasmus (1924) and Homo Ludens (1938). In the latter book he discussed the possibility that play is the primary formative element in human culture. Huizinga also published books on American history and Dutch history in the 17th century.

Alarmed by the rise of National Socialism in Germany, Huizinga wrote several works of cultural criticism. Many similarities can be noted between his analysis and that of contemporary critics such as Ortega y Gasset and Oswald Spengler. Huizinga argued that the spirit of technical and mechanical organisation had replaced spontaneous and organic order in cultural as well as political life.

The Huizinga Lecture (Dutch: Huizingalezing) is a prestigious annual lecture in the Netherlands about a subject in the domains of cultural history or philosophy in honour of Johan Huizinga.[4]

Family[edit]

Huizinga's son Leonhard Huizinga became a well-known writer in the Netherlands, especially renowned for his series of tongue-in-cheek fiction novels on the Dutch aristocratic twins Adrian and Oliver ("Adriaan en Olivier").

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mensch en menigte in America (1918), translated by Herbert Rowen as America; A Dutch historian's vision, from afar and near (Part 1) (1972)
  • Herfsttij der Middeleeuwen (1919), translated as The Waning of the Middle Ages (1924) and as The Autumn of the Middle Ages (1996)
  • Erasmus of Rotterdam (1924), translated by Frederik Hopman as Erasmus and the Age of Reformation (1924)
  • Amerika Levend en Denkend (1926), translated by H.H. Rowen as America: A Dutch Historian's Vision, from Afar and Near (Part 2) (1972)
  • Leven en werk van Jan Veth (1927)
  • Cultuurhistorische verkenningen (1929)
  • In de schaduwen van morgen (1935), translated by his son Jacob Herman Huizinga In the Shadow of Tomorrow
  • De wetenschap der geschiedenis (1937)
  • Geschonden wereld (1946, published posthumously)
  • Homo Ludens. Versuch einer Bestimmung des Spielelements der Kultur (1939), translated as Homo Ludens, a study of the play element in culture (1955)
  • Nederland's beschaving in de zeventiende eeuw (1941). Translated by Arnold Pomerans as Dutch civilisation in the seventeenth century (1968)
  • Men and ideas. History, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance. Essays (1959). Translations by James S. Holmes and Hans van Marle of parts of Huizinga's Collected Works

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johan Huizinga, books and writers
  2. ^ "Crown Princess Juliana of the Netherlands & Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld -1937". Royal Forums. 
  3. ^ Van Ditzhuijzen, Jeannette (September 9, 2005). Bijna vergeten waren ze, de rustplaatsen van roemruchte voorvaderen. Trouw (Dutch newspaper), p. 9 of supplement.
  4. ^ Huizinga-lezing, Universiteit Leiden 

Further reading[edit]

  • Willem Otterspeer: Reading Huizinga. Amsterdam University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-90-8964-180-9
  • Jo Tollebeek: "At the crossroads of nationalism: Huizinga, Pirenne and the Low Countries in Europe," European Review of History (2010) 17#2 pp 187–215
  • Donald R. Kelley: Fortunes of history. Historical inquiry from Herder to Huizinga. New Haven, Yale University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-300-09578-3
  • Johan Huizinga 1872-1972. Papers delivered to the Johan Huizinga Conference Groningen 11-15 december 1972. Ed. by W.R.H. Koops ... [et al.] The Hague, Nijhoff, 1973. ISBN 90-247-1609-8

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johan_Huizinga — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

20 news items

Britpopnews

Britpopnews
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 03:52:30 -0700

The album's title was inspired by Homo Ludens, a highly influential book by Dutch historian and cultural theorist, Johan Huizinga. 'Homo Ludens' translates to 'Man The Player' or 'Playing Man.' The 1938 text, according to Johnny Marr's website ...
 
Elsevier
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 01:26:17 -0700

Wat ik hier bedoel is nadrukkelijk niet wat de grote Nederlandse historicus Johan Huizinga bekritiseerde in Nederland's geestesmerk (1935): 'Wanneer men de massa uitnodigt zich te groeperen naar ideeën en inzichten, dan is het resultaat dat zij zich ...

Trouw

Trouw
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 23:10:05 -0700

column De harde confrontaties met de toestand in de wereld hebben deze zomer de partijpolitieke verschillen in de nationale politiek verder gerelativeerd. Dat proces was door de toenemende Europese en internationale invloed op onze samenleving al ...
 
Salto.bz
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 03:20:54 -0700

... Gasthaus- und Debattierkultur einführt, die Bologna-Reform an den Universitäten, die die Studenten zu Effizienz und schnellstmöglichem Abschluss hinerziehe, er geht ausführlich auf die Spielphilosophie eines Johan Huizinga oder Georges Batailles ein.
 
Telegraaf.nl
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:36:41 -0700

De titel Playland is geïnspireerd uit het boek 'Homo ludens' van de Nederlandse cultuurfilosoof en antropoloog Johan Huizinga die in 1938 het idee van de homo ludens (Latijn voor 'spelende mens') poneerde, een overtuiging waarin de mens vooral een ...
 
La Gaceta Tucumán
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 20:22:30 -0700

La experiencia de jugar, ha escrito el filósofo Johan Huizinga, es tan intensa porque provoca mientras dura el juego la ilusión de “ser otro”. Acaso sirva para explicar por qué una mera pelota o una muñeca de trapo pueden servirles a un niño, a una ...
 
Nederlands Dagblad (abonnement)
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 03:07:30 -0700

De grote helden van Andrea Wiegman zijn de Franse negentiende-eeuwse schrijver Victor Hugo en de Nederlandse historicus Johan Huizinga, bekend van een boek, Herfsttij der Middeleeuwen, dat al bijna een eeuw oud is. Wiegman is zelf ook historicus.
 
Follow the Money
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 01:26:15 -0700

De Nederlandse historicus Johan Huizinga (1872-1945) schrijft in zijn Herfsttij der Middeleeuwen: 'Het schijnt wel, alsof vooral sedert de dertiende eeuw de overtuiging, dat het de teugellooze hebzucht is, die de wereld verderft, in de schatting der ...
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