digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Jhatka or Chatka meat (Hindi: झटका, IPA: dʒʰəʈkɑ jhaṭkā, Punjabi: ਝਟਕਾ (Gurmukhi), جھٹکا (Shahmukhi); IPA: tʃə̀ʈkɑ chàṭkā, from Sanskrit ghātaka "killing") is meat from an animal that has been killed by a single strike of a sword or axe to sever the head, as opposed to ritualistically slow slaughter (kutha) like the Jewish slaughter (shechita) or Islamic slaughter (dhabihah). It is the method preferred by many Hindus, Sikhs, and Christians.[1]

Hindus and jhatka[edit]

Historically and currently,[2] Hindus prescribe jhatka meat.[3] This is a common method of slaughter when Bali Sacrifices are made to some Hindu deities, however, Vedic rituals such as Agnicayana involved the strangulation of sacrificial goats.[4] Many Shaivite Hindus engage in jhatka methods as part of religious dietary laws, as influenced by some Shakta doctrines, which permit the consumption of meat (except beef, which is universally proscribed in Hinduism). During Durga Puja and Kali Puja among some Shaivite Hindus in Punjab, Mithila, Bengal and Kashmir, Jhatka meat is the required meat for those Shaivite Hindus who eat meat. In theory, most western methods of animal killings for the purpose of meat are done with an instant blow to the head which can be interpreted as ‘jhatka’ meat. This could make it acceptable for some practicing Hindus & Sikhs to classify bolt-gun killed animals as ‘jhatka’ meat.[5]

Sikhs and jhatka[edit]

Jhatka for Sikhs is the antithesis[6][7] of ritual slaughter. As stated in the official Khalsa Code of Conduct,[8] Kutha meat is forbidden, and Sikhs are recommended to eat the jhatka form of meat, as they do not believe that any ritual gives meat a spiritual virtue (ennobles the flesh).[9][10]

For Sikhs jhatka karna or jhatkaund refers to the instantaneous severing of the head of an animal with a single stroke of any weapon, with the underlying intention of killing the animal whilst causing it minimal suffering.

During the British Raj, jhatka meat was not allowed in jails and Sikh detainees during the Akali movement and beyond had to resort to violence and agitations to secure this right. Among the terms in the settlement between the Akalis and the Muslim Unionist government in Punjab in 1942 was that jhatka meat be continued as a Sikh Martial Heritage.

On religious Sikh festivals, including Hola Mohalla and Vaisakhi, at the Gurdwara of Hazur Sahib, Fatehgarh Sahib and many other Sikh Gurdwaras,[11] jhatka meat is offered as "mahaprasad" to all visitors in a Gurdwara. This is regarded as food blessed by the Guru and should not be refused.

Buddhists and jhatka[edit]

In Mongolian culture, it is traditional to say Om mani padme hum into the ear of the animal before slaughtering it as instantly as possible .[citation needed]

Christians and jhatka[edit]

In terms of slaughtering animals for food, the method of jhatka (with a single strike to minimize pain) is preferred by many Christians,[1] although the Armenian Apostolic Church, among other Orthodox Christians, have rituals that "display obvious links with shechitah, Jewish kosher slaughter."[12]

Availability of jhatka meat[edit]

In India, there are many jhatka shops, with various bylaws requiring shops to display clearly that they sell jhatka meat.[13]

In the past, there has been little availability of jhatka meat in the United Kingdom, so people have found themselves eating other types of meat,[14] although jhatka has become more widely available in the United Kingdom.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Engineers, Niir Board Of Consultants & (2009). Medical, Municipal and Plastic Waste Management Handbook (in English). National Institute of Industrial Research. p. 214. ISBN 9788186623916. "Halal is the method preferred by Muslims and jhatka by the Hindus/Christians/Sikhs, etc." 
  2. ^ "The Hindu : Sci Tech / Speaking Of Science : Changes in the Indian menu over the ages". Hinduonnet.com. 2004-10-21. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  3. ^ Das, Veena (13 February 2003). The Oxford India companion to sociology and social anthropology, Volume 1 1. OUP India. p. 151. ISBN 0-19-564582-0. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Nripendr Kumar Dutt (4 November 2008). Origin and Growth of Caste in India (C. BC. 2000-300). Unknown. p. 195. ISBN 1-4437-3590-6. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  5. ^ Jhatka, the Forgotten Meat. What is it?
  6. ^ Jhatka, The Sikh Encyclopedia
  7. ^ What is Jhatka Meat and Why?
  8. ^ 10 Misconception Regarding Sikhs
  9. ^ Singh, I. J., Sikhs and Sikhism ISBN 81-7304-058-3 And one Semitic practice clearly rejected in the Sikh code of conduct is eating flesh of an animal cooked in ritualistic manner; this would mean kosher and halal meat. The reason again does not lie in religious tenet but in the view that killing an animal with a prayer is not going to ennoble the flesh. No ritual, whoever conducts it, is going to do any good either to the animal or to the diner. Let man do what he must to assuage his hunger. If what he gets, he puts to good use and shares with the needy, then it is well used and well spent, otherwise not.
  10. ^ Mini Encyclopaedia of Sikhism by H.S. Singha, Hemkunt Press, Delhi. ISBN 81-7010-200-6 The practice of the Gurus is uncertain. Guru Nanak seems to have eaten venison or goat, depending upon different Janamsakhi versions of a meal which he cooked at Kurukshetra which evoked the criticism of Brahmins. Guru Amardas ate only rice and lentils but this abstention cannot be regarded as evidence of vegetarianism, only of simple living. Guru Gobind Singh also permitted the eating of meat but he prescribed that it should be jhatka meat and not Halal meat that is jagged in the Muslim fashion.
  11. ^ "The most special occasion of the Chhauni is the festival of Diwali which is celebrated for ten days. This is the only Sikh shrine at Amritsar where Maha Prasad (meat) is served on special occasions in Langar", The Sikh review, Volume 35, Issue 409 - Volume 36, Issue 420, Sikh Cultural Centre, 1988
  12. ^ Grumett, David; Muers, Rachel (26 February 2010). Theology on the Menu: Asceticism, Meat and Christian Diet (in English). Routledge. p. 121. ISBN 9781135188320. "The Armenian and other Orthodox rituals of slaughter display obvious links with shechitah, Jewish kosher slaughter." 
  13. ^ Order No. Tax/F.15(25)DLB/63 Published in the Govt. Gazette on 13-02-1965 (Part 6)
  14. ^ Sikh women in England: their religious and cultural beliefs and social practices By S. K. Rait, p. 63 Trentham Books, 2005 ISBN 1-85856-353-4
  15. ^ Food safety and quality assurance: foods of animal origin By William T. Hubbert, Page 254 Wiley-Blackwell, 1996 ISBN 0-8138-0714-X

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jhatka — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
56286 videos foundNext > 

Wayne State Warrior Jhatka at Bollywood Dance Canada

This is our final performance at the Bollywood Dance Canada competition hosted by Broken Dance in Toronto Ontario. It was our first competition ever as a fir...

Must see....how to cut bakra by jhatka?

Jhatka - the Sikh method of Slaughter vs Halal/Kosher...

A short film by Navdeep Singh Kandola.

Jhatka being practised as per Maryada at Takht Sri Hazoor Sahib Nander India

Jhatka being practised as per Maryada at Takht Sri Hazoor Sahib Nander India 'The traditions of Kshatri Dharam, the ideals of Jhatka and the custom of anoint...

Jhatka....kill the goat

Goat sacrificed In the event of puja.

Hazur Sahib Jhatka *EXPOSED*

Like us on Facebook: www.facebook.com/SikhVoice This practice has no place in Sikhism. These people who are doing so are not Sikhs but a disguise. They are...

Zor Ka Jhatka - Action Replayy (HD) Full Song Video

http://www.Date2Rishta.com (FAST LOADING *HD* *HQ*) Zor Ka Jhatka - Action Replay (2010) *HD* - Full Song Video. Ashwaria Rai Akshay Kumar This is one the tr...

Hazur sahib jhatka for tilak part1

jhatka fir giving tilak to old shastars(weapon) For more details click http://www.nihangsingh.org/website/trad-jhatka.html.

Zor Ka Jhatka - Action Replayy Full Song

Official Fan Page - http://bit.ly/dyVCWM.

Zor Ka Jhatka Full HD Song Action Replayy

Song - Zor Ka Jhatka Film - Action Replayy Singer - Daler Mehndi, Richa Sharma, Additional Vocal : Master Salim Lyricist - Irshad Kamil Music Director - Prit...

56286 videos foundNext > 

49 news items

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 06:18:45 -0700

More and more experiments are happening since then, and after that, I have also used the nasal voice in songs like “Billo Rani” and “Jor ka Jhatka”, and nasal voices have become very popular. I think in this industry, for the first five years, you have ...
 
Uproxx
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 06:28:12 -0700

... involves animal sacrifice. It's worth noting that “animal sacrifice” is something we'd better understand as “meat processing” or “barbecue;” Hinduism in Nepal uses the practice of jhatka, with the idea that you behead the animal in one strike to ...

Parda Phash

Parda Phash
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 01:15:00 -0700

'After which, I sang Sajda, Billo rani, Mahi ve, zindagi mein koi, Main samajh gayi, Zor ka jhatka, Tauba tauba, Jogi (Coke Studio), Tere bin dil nahi lagda dholna by Nusrat (Fateh Ali Khan) Saab, Aaj jaane ki zidd na karo, Chaptilak and the audience ...
 
Times of India
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 19:37:30 -0700

Bollywood's badshah Shah Rukh Khan has been recently named as the second richest actor in the world. In fact, Shah Rukh has beaten Hollywood biggies like Tom Cruise, Tom Hanks, Clint Eastwood or Adam Sandler in terms of wealth and status. A report ...

Business of Cinema

Business of Cinema
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 22:05:49 -0700

Salman Khan has many followers. He is loved by plenty of people. Many people even take advantage of his hold on the industry to further their career here. But this man swears by only a few around him. If it isn't his family, he relies heavily on Sajid ...

Indian Express

Indian Express
Sat, 28 Jun 2014 13:26:15 -0700

“She used what is called a jhatka — a 'holding' shot — in India, in the first game. It's different from a double-action shot. Mainly, she had enough time to 'hold' it for a split second, so she could force the opponent into indecision on where it ...

International Business Times UK

International Business Times UK
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 04:49:10 -0700

Bollywood superstar Salman Khan feels Shahrukh Khan will be the best person to host the upcoming Season 8 of the popular Indian reality show, Bigg Boss. According to a report on NDTV, Salman, during the launch of the song Devil from his forthcoming ...
 
Bollywood Life
Sat, 05 Jul 2014 21:02:32 -0700

His chemistry with his ex girlfriend Anushka Sharma was song's plus point making this dance number stand out from the rest. Ranveer's enthusiasm transcends through the screen making you want to shake your leg and do latka-jhatka of your own.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Jhatka

You can talk about Jhatka with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!