Jean Amédée Hoerni (September 26, 1924 - January 12, 1997) was a silicon transistor pioneer and a member of the 'traitorous eight'. He developed the ground breaking planar process for reliably manufacturing semiconductor devices such as transistors.
Hoerni was born on September 26, 1924 in Geneva, Switzerland. He received a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from the University of Cambridge and another Ph.D. from the University of Geneva.
In 1952, he moved to the United States to work at the California Institute of Technology, where he became acquainted with William Shockley, the "father of the transistor."
A few years later, Shockley recruited Hoerni to work with him at the newly founded Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory division of Beckman Instruments in Mountain View, California. But Shockley's strange behavior compelled the so-called 'traitorous eight': Hoerni, Julius Blank, Victor Grinich, Eugene Kleiner, Jay Last, Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce and Sheldon Roberts, to leave his laboratory and create the Fairchild Semiconductor corporation. At Fairchild Hoerni would go on to invent the planar process, which was critical in the invention of Silicon Integrated circuit by Robert Noyce. Jack Kilby from Texas Instruments is usually credited, with Noyce, with the invention of the integrated circuit, but Kilby's IC was based on Germanium, and as it turns out, Silicon ICs have numerous advantages over germanium. The name "Silicon Valley" refers to this silicon.
Along with the 'traitorous eight' alumni Jay Last and Sheldon Roberts, Hoerni founded Amelco (known now as Teledyne) in 1961.
In 1964, he founded Union Carbide Electronics, and in 1967 Intersil.
He was awarded the Edward Longstreth Medal from the Franklin Institute in 1969 and the McDowell Award in 1972.
Hoerni died of myelofibrosis on January 12, 1997 in Seattle, Washington. He was 72.
He was married to Anne Marie Hoerni, and had three children: daughters Annie Blackwell, Susan Killham, son Michael, and five grandchildren. He had one brother, Marc Hoerni of Geneva.
An avid mountain climber, Hoerni often visited the Karakoram Mountains in Pakistan and was moved by the poverty of the Balti mountain people who lived there. He contributed the lion's share, $30,000, to Greg Mortenson's project to build a school in the remote village of Korphe, and later founded the Central Asia Institute with an endowment of $1 million to continue providing services for them after his death. Hoerni named Greg Mortenson as the first Executive Director of the organization, which continues to build schools in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
In December 2007, an article was published by Michael Riordan on Hoerni and his planar process in IEEE Spectrum. The author claimed that Jay Last pointed out that Hoerni had incredible stamina and could hike for hours on little food or water.
- ^ a b Jean A. Hoerni - 1972 W. Wallace McDowell Award Recipient
- ^ US 3025589 Hoerni, J. A.: "Method of Manufacturing Semiconductor Devices” filed May 1, 1959
- ^ US 3064167 Hoerni, J. A.: "Semiconductor device" filed May 15, 1960
- ^ caltech.edu/570/2/Moore.pdf "The Accidental Entrepreneur", Gordon E. Moore, Engineering & Science, Summer 1994
- ^ "Jean Hoerni (American engineer)", Encyclopædia Britannicaonline
- ^ "Franklin Laureate Database - Edward Longstreth Medal 1969 Laureates". Franklin Institute. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- ^ a b Michael, Riordan (December 2007). "The Silicon Dioxide Solution: How physicist Jean Hoerni built the bridge from the transistor to the integrated circuit". IEEE Spectrum. IEEE. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- ^ a b "Jean A. Hoerni". SFGate.com. February 5, 1997. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- ^ Three Cups of Tea, chapter 5. (disk 2, tracks 16-18 of the audiobook version)
- ^ "A gift for an entire village-- A failed mountaineer becomes a philanthropist after a village without a school saves his life", Marilyn Gardner, Christian Science Monitor, September 12, 2006
- ^ "Central Asia Institute History", Central Asia Institute
Sun, 04 Oct 2015 08:56:15 -0700
Julius Blank, Victor Grinich, Jean Hoerni, Eugene Kleiner, Jay Last, Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce, og Sheldon Roberts gikk til Fairchild Camera and Instrument for finansiering. Et nytt selskap ble født. Selskapet laget i 1959 det som omtales på en ...
Fri, 01 May 2015 08:07:10 -0700
“You can't really understand what is going on now without understanding what came before.” Steve Jobs is explaining why, as a young man, he spent so much time with the Silicon Valley entrepreneurs a generation older, men like Robert Noyce, Andy Grove, ...
Fri, 05 Jun 2015 06:25:30 -0700
“I always felt that the reason Jean Hoerni came up with the planar process is because he had been unsuccessful at the effort, and sort of in competition with Gordon on the NPN,” recounts Sporck, “ it bothered Jean, and he worked very hard at continuing ...
Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:10:58 -0700
A few years later, these Very Bright People -- Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce, Eugene Kleiner, Jean Hoerni, Victor Grinich, Julius Blank, Jay Last and Sheldon Roberts -- have had enough of Shockley and his dysfunctional company and decide to bolt.
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 04:00:51 -0700
MEMS devices, however, and piezoelectric MEMS in particular, are a new technology, and 2015 may be the start of a Moore's Law for MEMS. Jean Hoerni at Fairchild Semiconductor invented the planar transistor in 1959. Industry pioneers Robert Noyce and ...
Tue, 14 Apr 2015 00:02:36 -0700
We noted in Part 1 of this series that the microchip is no longer manufactured in Silicon Valley but its development in the 1950s was a seminal event not only in ushering in the Digital Revolution but also in respect of the organisational culture which ...
Fri, 19 Jun 2015 08:20:24 -0700
From connectivity to globalization and sustainability, the “Law” created by Gordon Moore's prediction for the pace of semiconductor technology advances has set the stage for global technology innovation and contribution for 50 years. The exponential ...
Tue, 23 Dec 2014 11:37:12 -0800
Those eight moved on to form what would become Fairchild Semiconductor, and while there Noyce, Moore, and the under-appreciated Jean Hoerni (one of the original eight) created the planar process for semiconductor manufacturing, which has been the ...
Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter
Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group.