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Jean Amédée Hoerni (September 26, 1924 – January 12, 1997) was a silicon transistor pioneer and a member of the 'traitorous eight'. He developed the ground breaking planar process for reliably manufacturing semiconductor devices such as transistors.

Biography[edit]

Hoerni was born on September 26, 1924 in Geneva, Switzerland.[1] He received a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from the University of Cambridge and another Ph.D. from the University of Geneva.

In 1952, he moved to the United States to work at the California Institute of Technology, where he became acquainted with William Shockley, the "father of the transistor."

A few years later, Shockley recruited Hoerni to work with him at the newly founded Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory division of Beckman Instruments in Mountain View, California. But Shockley's strange behavior compelled the so-called 'traitorous eight': Hoerni, Julius Blank, Victor Grinich, Eugene Kleiner, Jay Last, Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce and Sheldon Roberts, to leave his laboratory and create the Fairchild Semiconductor corporation. At Fairchild Hoerni would go on to invent the planar process,[2][3] which was critical in the invention of Silicon Integrated circuit by Robert Noyce.[4] Jack Kilby from Texas Instruments is usually credited, with Noyce, with the invention of the integrated circuit, but Kilby's IC was based on Germanium, and as it turns out, Silicon ICs have numerous advantages over germanium. The name "Silicon Valley" refers to this silicon.[5]

Along with the 'traitorous eight' alumni Jay Last and Sheldon Roberts, Hoerni founded Amelco (known now as Teledyne) in 1961.

In 1964, he founded Union Carbide Electronics, and in 1967 Intersil.

He was awarded the Edward Longstreth Medal from the Franklin Institute in 1969[6] and the McDowell Award in 1972.[1]

Hoerni died of myelofibrosis on January 12, 1997 in Seattle, Washington.[7][8] He was 72.

Personal[edit]

He was married to Anne Marie Hoerni, and had three children: daughters Annie Blackwell, Susan Killham, son Michael Hoerni, and five grandchildren. He had one brother, Marc Hoerni of Geneva.[8]

Philanthropy[edit]

An avid mountain climber, Hoerni often visited the Karakoram Mountains in Pakistan and was moved by the poverty of the Balti mountain people who lived there. He contributed the lion's share, $30,000, to Greg Mortenson's project to build a school in the remote village of Korphe, and later founded the Central Asia Institute with an endowment of $1 million to continue providing services for them after his death.[9][10] Hoerni named Greg Mortenson as the first Executive Director of the organization, which continues to build schools in Pakistan and Afghanistan.[11]

In December 2007, an article was published by Michael Riordan on Hoerni and his planar process in IEEE Spectrum. The author claimed that Jay Last pointed out that Hoerni had incredible stamina and could hike for hours on little food or water.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jean A. Hoerni - 1972 W. Wallace McDowell Award Recipient
  2. ^ US 3025589  Hoerni, J. A.: "Method of Manufacturing Semiconductor Devices” filed May 1, 1959
  3. ^ US 3064167  Hoerni, J. A.: "Semiconductor device" filed May 15, 1960
  4. ^ caltech.edu/570/2/Moore.pdf "The Accidental Entrepreneur", Gordon E. Moore, Engineering & Science, Summer 1994
  5. ^ "Jean Hoerni (American engineer)", Encyclopædia Britannicaonline
  6. ^ "Franklin Laureate Database - Edward Longstreth Medal 1969 Laureates". Franklin Institute. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Michael, Riordan (December 2007). "The Silicon Dioxide Solution: How physicist Jean Hoerni built the bridge from the transistor to the integrated circuit". IEEE Spectrum. IEEE. Retrieved November 27, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Jean A. Hoerni". SFGate.com. February 5, 1997. Retrieved November 27, 2012. 
  9. ^ Three Cups of Tea, chapter 5. (disk 2, tracks 16-18 of the audiobook version)
  10. ^ "A gift for an entire village-- A failed mountaineer becomes a philanthropist after a village without a school saves his life", Marilyn Gardner, Christian Science Monitor, September 12, 2006
  11. ^ "Central Asia Institute History", Central Asia Institute

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Hoerni — Please support Wikipedia.
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144 news items

Power Electronics Technology (blog)

Power Electronics Technology (blog)
Mon, 30 Nov 2015 13:31:56 -0800

Shockley's core group included Julius Blank, Victor Grinich, Jean Hoerni, Eugene Kleiner, Jay Last, Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce, and Sheldon Roberts. “The Group” became disenchanted with Shockley's management style and turned to Sherman Fairchild's ...
 
Electronics Weekly (blog)
Fri, 04 Dec 2015 06:26:15 -0800

The February 1961 monthly report to Noyce from Moore and co-founder Vic Grinich stated: "the organisational structure was perturbed rather considerably by the resignation of Jay Last and Jean Hoerni." Later that year another group left Fairchild to ...
 
The Register
Wed, 18 Nov 2015 16:07:12 -0800

Fairchild traces its storied history back to 1957, when the "Traitorous Eight" group of Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce, Eugene Kleiner, Jay Last, C. Sheldon Roberts, Victor Grinich, Julius Blank, and Jean Hoerni defected from Shockley Semiconductor to ...
 
KQED
Wed, 09 Dec 2015 18:11:12 -0800

Jean Hoerni developed the silicon planar process that is used for the hundred quintillion silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor transistors operating today; Reynold Johnson developed the magnetic disk drive storage system that allows the computational and ...

Business Insider Australia

Business Insider Australia
Thu, 22 Oct 2015 16:28:04 -0700

It's 1997, and Steve Jobs has just returned to the company he was fired from 12 years before. On stage at Apple's World Wide Developers Conference, Jobs was holding a rare Q&A with developers when one audience member stood up and lobbed an insult ...
 
EE Times
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 03:52:30 -0700

MEMS devices, however, and piezoelectric MEMS in particular, are a new technology, and 2015 may be the start of a Moore's Law for MEMS. Jean Hoerni at Fairchild Semiconductor invented the planar transistor in 1959. Industry pioneers Robert Noyce and ...

Optimize Magazine

Optimize Magazine
Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:10:58 -0700

A few years later, these Very Bright People -- Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce, Eugene Kleiner, Jean Hoerni, Victor Grinich, Julius Blank, Jay Last and Sheldon Roberts -- have had enough of Shockley and his dysfunctional company and decide to bolt.

ElectroIQ (blog)

ElectroIQ (blog)
Fri, 19 Jun 2015 08:20:24 -0700

From connectivity to globalization and sustainability, the “Law” created by Gordon Moore's prediction for the pace of semiconductor technology advances has set the stage for global technology innovation and contribution for 50 years. The exponential ...
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