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The Je Khenpo in 2010, at Punakha Dzong, in a saffron kabney
Emblem of Bhutan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bhutan

The Je Khenpo (Tibetan: རྗེ་མཁན་པོ་Wylie: Rje Mkhan-po; "The Chief Abbot of the Central Monastic Body of Bhutan"[1]), formerly called the Dharma Raj by orientalists, is the title given to the senior religious hierarch of Bhutan. His primary duty is to lead the Dratshang Lhentshog (Commission for the Monastic Affairs) of Bhutan, which oversees the Central Monastic Body, and to arbitrate on matters of doctrine, assisted by lopons (learned masters).[2] The Je Khenpo is also responsible for many important liturgical and religious duties across the country. The sitting Je Khenpo is also formally the leader of the southern branch of the Drukpa Kagyu sect, which is part of the Kagyu tradition of Himalayan Buddhism. Aside from the King of Bhutan, only the Je Khenpo may don a saffron kabney.[3]

History[edit]

According to the dual system of government established by Ngawang Namgyal in the 17th century, the powers of the government of Bhutan are ideally split between the religious branch, headed by the Je Khenpo, and the administrative branch, headed by the Druk Desi.[4] The position of Je Khenpo is granted on merit by election, and typically is given to the most respected monk in the Dratshang Lhentshog (Commission for the Monastic Affairs). Thus, unlike reincarnation lineages such as the Dalai Lama, Zhabdrung Rinpoche, or Panchen Lama, the position of Je Khenpo is never held by a child but always by a seasoned monk.

Historically, the role of the Je Khenpo was quite powerful. The Je Khenpo and Druk Desi collaborated to disempower the office of the Zhabdrung through finding multiple incarnations of various aspects of the Zhabdrung; both the Je Khenpo and the Druk Desi wanted to retain the power they had accrued through the dual system of government.[5] However, since the establishment of the monarchy in 1907, the relative influence of the Je Khenpo has diminished. Nonetheless, the position remains a powerful one and the Je Khenpo is typically viewed as the closest and most powerful advisor to the King of Bhutan.

The 67th Je Khenpo, Ngawang Thinley Lhundup, died at the age of 84 on 10 June 2005. He was noted as a strict disciplinarian who would not compromise any rules in managing the Central Monsatic Body. In addition to his position as Je Khenpo, he was recognized as the tulku of Nyizergang, the seat of the tertön Woogpa Lingpa, in Wangdue Phodrang Province.

The 70th and present Je Khenpo is tulku Jigme Chhoeda. He is believed to be the reincarnation of Maitreya as well as the mahasiddha Saraha, Hungchen Kara, Kheuchung Lotsawa, and Pema Tsering.

In 2008, the office of the Je Khenpo was codified as part of the Constitution of Bhutan. Under Article 3 Section 4, the King appoints the Je Khenpo as the spiritual leader of Bhutan on the recommendation of the Five Lopons. In turn, the Je Khenpo appoints, on the recommendation of the Dratshang Lhentshog (Commission for the Monastic Affairs), monks with the nine qualities of a spiritual master and accomplished in ked-dzog (stages of development and completion in Vajrayana practice) as the Five Lopons.[1]

List of Je Khenpos[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan (English)" (PDF). Government of Bhutan. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  2. ^ Worden, Robert L.; Savada, Andrea Matles (ed.) (1991). "Chapter 6 - Bhutan: Religious Tradition". Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies (3rd ed.). Federal Research Division, United States Library of Congress. ISBN 0-8444-0777-1. Retrieved 2010-11-02. 
  3. ^ Worden, Robert L.; Savada, Andrea Matles (ed.) (1991). "Chapter 6 - Bhutan: Social System". Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies (3rd ed.). Federal Research Division, United States Library of Congress. ISBN 0-8444-0777-1. Retrieved 2010-11-02. 
  4. ^ Worden, Robert L.; Savada, Andrea Matles (ed.) (1991). "Chapter 6 - Bhutan: Theocratic Government, 1616-1907". Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies (3rd ed.). Federal Research Division, United States Library of Congress. ISBN 0-8444-0777-1. Retrieved 2010-11-02. 
  5. ^ Worden, Robert L.; Savada, Andrea Matles (ed.) (1991). "Chapter 6 - Bhutan: Administrative Integration and Conflict with Tibet, 1651–1728". Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies (3rd ed.). Federal Research Division, United States Library of Congress. ISBN 0-8444-0777-1. Retrieved 2010-11-02. 
  6. ^ "bzod pa 'phrin las". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 
  7. ^ "ngag dbang lhun grub". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 
  8. ^ "shAkya rin chen". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 
  9. ^ "ngag dbang 'phrin las". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 
  10. ^ "kun dga' rgya mtsho". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 
  11. ^ "yon tan mtha' yas". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 
  12. ^ "shes rab seng+ge". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 
  13. ^ "ye shes rdo rje". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 
  14. ^ "shAkya rgyal mtshan". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 
  15. ^ "srid zhi rnam rgyal". TBRC. Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Je_Khenpo — Please support Wikipedia.
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55 news items

Eurasia Review

Eurasia Review
Tue, 10 Mar 2015 08:20:20 -0700

His holiness the Je Khenpo has been seen to be very active in visiting religious places, renovating historical dzongs and historical religious monuments. While relations with India were further strengthened by top level visits from both sides, the ...

คม-ชัด-ลึก

คม-ชัด-ลึก
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 03:30:00 -0700

... ๒ รัฐบาล คือ รัฐบาลคณะสงฆ์ดูแลเรื่องของศาสนา มี เจ เคนโป (Je Khenpo) หรือพระสังฆราชเป็นผู้นำ ซึ่งก็เลือกกันเองโดยคณะสังฆมนตรี คณะสังฆมนตรี ซึ่งมีไม่มาก ในปัจจุบันนี้มี ๖ รูปด้วยกัน คัดเลือกกันเองให้เป็นผู้นำ สมัยโบราณเป็นแบบนี้ ในฝ่ายบ้านเมืองก็เลือกกันเองให้เป็นเทสหรือเทสี ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 04:28:10 -0800

In 2005 another festival known as Punakha Tshechu was introduced by the 70th Je Khenpo Trulku Jigme Choedra and the then Home Minister Lyonpo Jigme Yoedzer Thinley. The Tshechu was introduced to preserve Buddhist teachings and keep alive the ...
 
Kuensel, Buhutan's National Newspaper
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 22:22:30 -0800

History: In 2003, Bhutan had to go to war. On the eve of battle, the militia company based in Gelephug was ready. It was December 14 and 132 of us were waiting anxiously to play our part. The exact time set for the operation was a closely guarded secret.
 
Kuensel, Buhutan's National Newspaper
Thu, 19 Jun 2014 22:37:30 -0700

His Holiness the Je Khenpo, who is presiding over the seven-day Moenlam Chhenmo (Great Prayer ceremony) in Haa, conferred ceremonial scarves to Khenpo Karma Rangdrol and Lopon Karma Gellay appointing them as the Lam Neten of Trashigang and ...

Calcutta Telegraph

Calcutta Telegraph
Sun, 15 Jun 2014 15:18:45 -0700

The building (“tashi” means good, “chho” means religious and “dzong” means a fort) houses the offices of the king and the finance and home ministries besides serving as the residence of the country's religious head, Je Khenpo. Modi then met King Jigme ...
 
The Star Online
Sat, 29 Jun 2013 17:01:04 -0700

HIS Holiness Trulku Jigme Choeda, the 70th Je Khenpo (Chief Abbot of the Central Monastic Body) of Bhutan, will give his first Dharma teachings today during The Journey Of Dharma event held at the Malaysian International Exhibition and Convention ...
 
Washington Post (blog)
Thu, 13 Oct 2011 08:09:10 -0700

Earlier, in the most sacred part of the ceremony, the king, his father and the country's chief abbot, the Je Khenpo, had sought the blessings of the Shabdrung Namgyel, a lama who unified the Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan in the 17th century and whose ...
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