digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Japan was introduced to the idea of Western-style museums (hakubutsukan 博物館) as early as the Bakumatsu (幕末 ) period through Dutch studies. Upon the conclusion of the US-Japan Amity Treaty in 1858, a Japanese delegation to America observed Western-style museums first-hand.

Following the Meiji Restoration, botanist Itou Keisuke, and natural historian, Tanaka Yoshio, also wrote of the necessity of establishing museum facilities similar to the ones found in the West. Preparations commenced to construct facilities to preserve historical relics of the past.

In 1871, the Museum of the Ministry of Education (Monbusho Hakubutsukan 文部省博物館) staged Japan’s first exhibition in the Yushima area of Tokyo. Minerals, fossils, animals, plants, regional crafts, and artifacts were among the articles displayed.

Following the Yushima exposition, the government set up a bureau charged with the construction of a permanent museum. The bureau proposed that in keeping with Japan’s participation in the Vienna World Fair of 1873, a Home Ministry Museum (now, the Tokyo National Museum) eventually be developed.

In 1877, the Museum of Education (Kyoiku Hakubutsukan 教育博物館)opened in Ueno Park (now, the National Science Museum of Japan) with displays devoted to physics, chemistry, zoology, botany, and regional crafts. As a part of the exhibition, art objects were also displayed in an “art museum.”

The Imperial Household Department oversaw the establishment of a central museum dedicated to historical artifacts in 1886. In addition, in the years after 1877, there was great enthusiasm for establishing regional museums in Akita, Niigata, Kanazawa, Kyoto, Osaka, and Hiroshima.

In 1895, the Nara National Museum opened its doors, followed in 1897 by the Kyoto National Museum. Other national specialty museums followed: the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce Exhibition Hall (1897), Patent Office Exhibition Hall (1905), and the Postal Museum (1902).

In addition to the national museums, private museums were also established after the turn of the century. The first private museum was the Okura Shukokan Museum, built in 1917 to house Okura Kihachiro’s collection. The industrialist Ôhara Mogasaburo established the Ohara Museum of Art in 1930 in Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture. The museum was the first Japanese museum devoted to Western art. Private museums continued to open after the war. In 1966, the Yamatane Museum of Art and the Idemitsu Art Gallery, both built around private collections, were established.

By 1945, there were 150 museums in Japan. However, the Great Kanto Earthquake (1923), the Sino-Japanese war, and World War II, led to the stagnation of Japan’s museum activities.

Plans for museums that had been put on hold during the war recommenced in the 1950s. The Kyoiku Hakubutsukan became the National Science Museum of Japan (Kokuritsu Kagaku Hakubutsukan 国立科学博物館)in 1949, and the former Monbusho Hakubutsukan became the Tokyo National Museum (Tokyo Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan 東京国立博物館)in 1952.

Japanese art objects had been collected in the Shôsôin (treasure houses) of shrines and temples from the Nara Period on. Artifacts were included in the national hakubutsukan established during the Meiji period, but were not assigned to the distinct category of art museum (bijutsukan 美術館) until after 1945.

In 1925, the Imperial Household museum, now part of the Tokyo National Museum collection, was separated into science and historical relic departments. Separating the categories was a step towards the creation of art museum.

The government became active in art museum development in the postwar period, opening the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, (Tokyo Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan 東京国立博物館) which housed both Japanese and foreign art.

During the 1970s, prefectural and local governmental entities began to found museums and art museums devoted to the traditional arts and crafts or commerce of their individual communities. The 1980s saw a national boom in new art museum development, with 90 new facilities constructed in 1988 alone.

Local governments were active in establishing many of these museums. In addition, museums devoted to particular industries were also founded, among them the Electric Energy Museum Denryokukan 電力館, 1984) and the Subway Museum (Chikatetsu Hakubutsukan 地下鉄博物館, 1986).

List of Japanese museums[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_museums — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
90607 videos foundNext > 

Hokkaido House Of Hidden Treasures - Japan's Second Abandoned Sex Museum

Abandoned Strip Club: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z_Rm9ygi5-g Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/AbandonedKansai Blog: ...

Fun in Narita (Japan): Naritasan Park - Fish, Temples, Shops, & Museums!

It's back to Japan, and we're in Narita! We got the authentic Japanese culture by going to Narita. From Ometesando Road to Naritasan Park, we saw a bunch of ...

The art lover's guide to Japanese museums

We were delighted to host the London launch of the Japan Society's latest publication, The art lover's guide to Japanese museums by Sophie Richard, the first ...

Museums in Tokyo - Japan

Museums in Tokyo - Japan World Travel https://www.youtube.com/user/World1Tube Tokyo - Japan Travel Guide, Tourism http://goo.gl/tOBWCi Ueno-koen As ...

Top Japanese Museums

Adachi Museum of Art, Yasugi Itami City Museum of Art Kofukuji National Treasure Museum, Nara Mori Art Museum, Tokyo Nara National Museum National ...

Parasite Museum, Tokyo - Japan Travel Guide

We all try to stay away from parasites. But today we will come face to face with them, at Maquro Parasitalogical Museum. The only museum in the world ...

Present! - Japanese Screens at the Asian Art Museum

The San Francisco Asian Art Museum is hosting a spectacular exhibit spanning five centuries of large Japanese screens.

Japan Museum & Garden BLOG

OPEN ME!! READ ME!! To Read Below - Click The Button That Says "SHOW MORE" 💋💋Kisses To My Kisses💋💋 #K2MK 💋💋KISSES💋💋 MAIL Address ...

Airports, Museums, and Grumpy Temple Cats (Japan 2015)

First day and a half of our trip to Japan. Airports, arrival in Tokyo, and a walk over to Ueno park to see beautiful temples and the National Museum!

The Japanese War Crimes Museum Harbin, China

http://www.TravelsWithSheila.com During the second Sino-Japanese war from 1937-1945 and World War II, the Japanese Army undertook lethal human ...

90607 videos foundNext > 

71 news items

 
The Daily Breeze
Fri, 26 Jun 2015 19:48:45 -0700

Volunteers at the SGI-USA South Bay Buddhist Center will send more than 2,000 paper cranes to Japanese museums this summer to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the atomic bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II. The tributes ...

Forbes

Forbes
Wed, 24 Jun 2015 15:07:30 -0700

Over the past year a chunk of his collection toured Japanese museums in Tokyo, Nagoya, Hiroshima and Kyoto. Chen, who stepped down as Yageo's CEO in 2014, says he's now involved only in the company's key strategy and decision-making, allowing him ...
 
swissinfo.ch
Wed, 24 Jun 2015 02:00:00 -0700

The Zentrum is working closely with Japanese museums too. The museums in two Japanese cities, Utsunomiya and Kobe, will each hold an overview exhibition of Klee works from the Bern collection this summer. “Klee's reception in Japan is phenomenal.

Artforum

Artforum
Sun, 21 Jun 2015 01:51:33 -0700

... where a newly svelte Paul Schimmel served chocolates as well as art to the entire Zabludowicz clan, and cosplay geishas that Takashi Murakami had brought from Tokyo gave out candies to help advertise his forthcoming exhibitions in Japanese museums, ...

The Independent

The Independent
Mon, 31 Mar 2014 05:48:05 -0700

A new book, The art lover's guide to Japanese museums by Sophie Richard, illustrates some of the nation's most interesting cultural institutions, using photography and first-hand research to bring them to life. There are over 5,600 museums in Japan ...

Wall Street Journal (blog)

Wall Street Journal (blog)
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 13:03:45 -0700

The experience at the Kyu Asakura House drove Ms. Richard to spend two years visiting over 100 museums across Japan to create “The Art Lover's Guide to Japanese Museums,” a look at over 50 art museums released recently by The Japan Society.
 
Asahi Shimbun
Fri, 09 May 2014 12:02:07 -0700

Japanese museums have backed down in the face of political pressure before. In 1986, the Museum of Modern Art, Toyama, in Toyama Prefecture came under fire from members of the prefectural assembly for displaying collages combining pictures of ...

Boston Globe

Boston Globe
Sat, 29 Nov 2014 12:26:15 -0800

Sebastian Smee/Globe staff. A dark interior gallery at Kyoto National Museum. I had been told it would be a harvest moon when I was in Kyoto, but somehow, I forgot about that. What I noticed was the sun setting over the city, igniting the hair of ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight