digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Józef Cyrankiewicz
Cyrankiewicz.jpg
Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland
2nd Prime Minister of Communist Poland
In office
February 6, 1947 – November 20, 1952
President Bolesław Bierut
Preceded by Edward Osóbka-Morawski
Succeeded by Bolesław Bierut
Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Poland
4th Premier of Communist Poland,
2nd Premier under People's Constitution
In office
March 18, 1954 – December 23, 1970
Preceded by Bolesław Bierut
Succeeded by Piotr Jaroszewicz
4th Chairman of the Council of State of the People's Republic of Poland
In office
December 23, 1970 – March 28, 1972
Preceded by Marian Spychalski
Succeeded by Henryk Jabłoński
Personal details
Born 23 April 1911
Tarnów, Austro-Hungary (now Poland)
Died 20 January 1989(1989-01-20) (aged 77)
Religion none

Józef Cyrankiewicz [ˈjuzɛf t͡sɨranˈkʲɛvit͡ʂ] ( ) (April 23, 1911 – January 20, 1989) was a Polish Socialist and after 1948 Communist politician. He served as premier of the People's Republic of Poland between 1947 and 1952, and again between 1954 and 1970. He also served as Chairman of the Polish Council of State from 1970 to 1972.

Early life[edit]

Born in Tarnów, in what was then the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Cyrankiewicz attended Kraków's Jagiellonian University. He became the secretary of the local branch of the Polish Socialist Party in 1935.

World War II[edit]

Active in the Union of Armed Struggle (Związek Walki Zbrojnej, later renamed into Armia Krajowa), the Polish resistance organization, from the beginning of Poland's 1939 defeat at the start of World War II, Cyrankiewicz was captured by the Gestapo in the spring of 1941 and after imprisonment at Montelupich sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp. He arrived on September 4, 1942, and received registration number 62,933.

While there, he contacted other socialists and tried to organize resistance. He worked on bringing international prisoners' groups together. The organization that was formed struggled to pass the message about what was happening in the camp to the outside. Cyrankiewicz, along with other Auschwitz prisoners, was transferred to Mauthausen as the front approached Auschwitz. He was eventually liberated by the US Army.

Rise to power[edit]

Following the end of the war, he became secretary-general of the Polish Socialist Party's central executive committee in 1946. minister (pl. premier). However, soon there was factional infighting in the Party and eventually it split in two: one faction led by Cyrankiewicz, the other by Edward Osóbka-Morawski, who was also prime minister.

Osóbka-Morawski thought that the PSP should join with the other non-communist party in Poland, the Polish Peasant Party, to form a united front against communism. Cyrankiewicz argued that the PSP should support the communists (who held most of the posts in the government) in carrying through a socialist programme, while opposing the imposition of one party rule. The communists played on this division in the PSP, dismissing Osóbka-Morawski and making Cyrankiewicz prime minister.

Upon the formal merger of the Polish Socialist and Communist Parties in 1948, Cyrankiewicz was named secretary of the central committee of the new Polish United Workers' Party. He gave up the prime minister's post in 1952 because party boss Bolesław Bierut wanted the post for himself.

However, in 1954, after Poland returned to "collective leadership," Cyrankiewicz returned to the premiership, a post he would hold until 1970. By this time, there was little left of Cyrankiewicz the socialist, as evidenced during the 1956 upheaval following Nikita Khrushchev's "secret speech." He tried to repress the rioting that erupted across the country at first, threatening that "any provocateur or lunatic who raises his hand against the people's government may be sure that this hand will be chopped off." Cyrankiewicz also gave the order for soldiers to fire on the protesters during the 1970 demonstrations on the coast in which 42 people were killed and more than a thousand wounded. A few months after these demonstrations, Cyrankiewicz went into semi-retirement and was named chairman of the Council of State--a post equivalent to that of president. He held this post until he retired altogether in 1972.

Cyrankiewicz died in 1989, a few months before the collapse of the regime.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Osóbka-Morawski
Prime Minister of Poland
1947–1952
Succeeded by
Bolesław Bierut
Preceded by
Bolesław Bierut
Prime Minister of Poland
1954–1970
Succeeded by
Piotr Jaroszewicz
Preceded by
Marian Spychalski
Chairman of the Polish Council of State
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Henryk Jabłoński

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Józef_Cyrankiewicz — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
308 videos foundNext > 

Jozef Cyrankiewicz Poznan 29 czerwca 1956 (HD).☭☭☭

Dzwieki Archiwalne - Jozef Cyrankiewicz Poznan 56 29 czerwca 1956 Przemowienie radiowe po wydarzeniach poznanskich.

Józef Cyrankiewicz - Poznański Czerwiec 1956

Przemówienie radiowe Józefa Cyrankiewicza 29.06.1956. Najsłynniejszy fragment zaczyna się od 8:40 - Każdy prowokator czy szaleniec, który odważy się podnieść...

Przemówienie Józefa Cyrankiewicza do załogi Cegielskiego w 1957 roku

Premier Józef Cyrankiewicz wygłasza przemówienie do robotników zakładów im Cegielskiego w Poznaniu omawiając problemy odrąbywania rąk, tym co podnoszą je na ...

Polska Kronika Filmowa 1948 Nr. 24.wmv

1. Odbudowa stolicy. Wyburzanie ruin podczas budowy ul. Marszałkowskiej w Warszawie. 2. Psychotechnika na usługach PKP. Ćwiczenia i testy psychofizyczne dla ...

Jozef Cyrankiewicz Przemowienie po smierci Stalina (HD)☭☭☭

Jozef Cyrankiewicz Przemowienie po smierci Stalina.

Jozef Cyrankiewicz Uklad Warszawski Konferencja Warszawska (HD)☭☭☭

Przemówienie Józefa Cyrankiewicza.

Józef Cyrankiewicz-Amnestia (HD).☭☭☭

Józef Cyrankiewicz Poznański C cut

Każdy prowokator czy szaleniec, który odważy się podnieść rękę przeciw władzy ludowej, niech będzie pewny, że mu tę rękę władza ludowa odrąbie, w interesie k...

PRL 1989 GUS ilu na jest? Cyrankiewicz nie żyje. Inwestycje: hotel i Amino

Fragment Dziennika TV z 24.01.1989 roku. Relacje: - dane GUS po spisie powszechnym, 37.769 tys. Polaków, wyludnione wsie, - drożeje opał, węgiel i koks, - Po...

Wywiad z Hanną Wardak Fotek

Warszawa 16 lutego 2009 (Uwaga, ostrzeżenie - w filmie zawarte są opisy nieprawdopodobnie brutalnych, wstrząsających sytuacji, które miały miejsce w okupowan...

308 videos foundNext > 

4 news items

 
TVN24
Sat, 06 Sep 2014 04:38:11 -0700

Otworzył je premier Józef Cyrankiewicz, odwiedzali inni partyjni dygnitarze. Wystawiały się bratnie narody - ZSRR, NRD, Jugosławia czy Czechosłowacja, ale też te zza "żelaznej kurtyny". Chwalono się osiągnięciami rodzimej produkcji. Prym wiodły Syreny ...
 
Onet.pl
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 06:31:16 -0700

Józef Cyrankiewicz, a po nim - kolejni premierzy do Hanny Suchockiej włącznie. Dziś zajmuje go prof. Władysław Bartoszewski. W gabinecie znalazło się oryginalne wyposażenie. Jak tłumaczyli pracownicy KPRM, Mazowiecki za biurkiem głównie pozował ...
 
Zycie Warszawy
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 09:18:45 -0700

Józef Cyrankiewicz, a po nim - kolejni premierzy do Hanny Suchockiej włącznie. Dziś gabinet zajmuje prof. Władysław Bartoszewski. W gabinecie znalazło się oryginalne wyposażenie. Jak tłumaczyli pracownicy KPRM, Mazowiecki za biurkiem głównie ...

Bankier

Bankier
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 02:57:34 -0700

Stołeczna prokuratura odmówiła śledztw ws. wydatków szefa MSZ Radosława Sikorskiego podczas nielegalnie nagranego spotkania z Jackiem Rostowskim i rzekomego niedopełnienia obowiązków przez szefa MSW Bartłomieja Sienkiewicza poprzez ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Józef Cyrankiewicz

You can talk about Józef Cyrankiewicz with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!