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For other places with the same name, see Izbica (disambiguation).
Lubelska Street, Izbica
Lubelska Street, Izbica
Izbica is located in Poland
Coordinates: 50°53′N 23°10′E / 50.883°N 23.167°E / 50.883; 23.167
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lublin
County Krasnystaw
Gmina Izbica
Population 1,933
Website www.izbica.ug.mbnet.pl

Izbica pronounced ['izˈbit͡sa] (Yiddish: איזשביצעIzhbitz, Izhbitze) is a village in the Krasnystaw County of the Lublin Voivodeship in eastern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina administrative district called Gmina Izbica. It lies approximately 13 kilometres (8 mi) south of Krasnystaw and 59 km (37 mi) south-east of the regional capital Lublin. It has a population of 1,933.


First mentioned in a church document from 1419, Izbica became a town in 1750, granted location privileges by Augustus III of Poland including the right of a Jewish settlement. Previously, the unconcluded city rights were issued in 1540 to Hetman Jan Tarnowski, who nevertheless gave them back to the crown.[1] In 1662 some 23 Catholics lived there. In 1744 the Jews of Tarnogóra were brought to Izbica by Antoni Granowski who secured the town privileges for them independently of the already existing old settlement.[1]

A notable centre of trade and commerce, with time the town became a shtetl inhabited almost entirely by Polish Jews. In 1760 the city charter was reaffirmed. After the partitions of Poland in 1772 Izbica was annexed by Austria-Hungary and then purchased back from the Austrian government by Ignacy Horodyski in 1808.[1] It remained part of the Duchy of Warsaw until the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte. Following the Congress of Vienna in June 1815 Izbica joined the Russian-controlled Congress Poland. The town was consumed by fire in 1825.[1] In 1827 it had 51 houses and 407 inhabitants, all of them Jewish. By 1860 the population tripled to 1,450 Jews.[1] In the 19th century the town was a notable centre of Hasidic Judaism, particularly thanks to the tzadik Grand Rabbi Mordechai Yosef Leiner and his son Grand Rabbi Yaacov Leiner who established the Hasidic dynasty of Ishbitz. After the January Uprising of 1863 against the Russian Empire, in which many of the local inhabitants took part, the town was stripped of its city rights in 1869 for punishment, and attached to the nearby commune of Tarnogóra.[1]

20th century[edit]

Following Poland's return to independence in the aftermath of World War I, the town grew significantly. Streets were paved and the marketplace rebuilt. According to 1921 census, Izbica had 3,085 inhabitants including 2,862 Jews, but by 1939, the total number grew to roughly 6,000 with 5,098 Jews.[1] Izbica expanded particularly well because of the paved Lublin-Zamość thoroughfare, and a railway line to Zamość inaugurated in 1917.

A black-marble cenotaph at the Jewish cemetery in Izbica

Following the German and Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939 during the opening stages of World War II the town was overrun by the Nazis. A number of prominent Poles were arrested and murdered in the course of the AB Action against Polish intelligentsia.[2] In the spring of 1941 in preparation for the attack on the Soviet lines in eastern Poland the German military storage facilities were set up in Izbica, and kept under heavy guard.[2] Also, the Izbica Ghetto was set up by the Nazis at that time for Jews expelled from Biała Podlaska, Komarówka, Wohyń, and Czemierniki. The first mass deportation of ghetto inmates to the Bełżec extermination camp took place in mid-March 1942 conducted by the Reserve Police Battalion 101 with the aid of Ukrainian Trawnikis.[3] During Operation Reinhard the ghetto served as a transfer point to the extermination camps in Bełżec and Sobibór for foreign Jews deported from Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia and western Poland (Reichsgau Wartheland). Of all Jews of Izbica (over 90% of its prewar population), only 14 survived the Holocaust.[4][5]

Points of interest[edit]

  • Skierbieszów Landscape Park, protected area established in 1995
  • Działy Grabowieckie, forested geological formation featuring deep ravines and valleys
  • Jewish cemetery (kirkut) in Izbica (pictured)
  • Monument to victims of independence movements from 1863, 1920, 1939 and 1940
  • Historic water tower from 1911

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Izbica is twinned with:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Maciej Kosiarski (2014). "Izbica nad Wieprzem". Paper (Izbica, geography and history). Izbica - strona przyjaciół miejscowości i gminy. PDF insert. pp. 7–8 of 23. Retrieved 3 July 2014. Sources include: Adamczyk Ryszard: Izbicy dni powszednie wojna i okupacja; Grzesiuk Józef: Gmina Izbica, Zamość 2010; Niedźwiedź Józef: Izbica. in: Leksykon historyczny dawnego województwa; Rucka Maria: Zdążyć przed zachodem słońca czyli wędrówka po Izbicy i jej, and others. 
  2. ^ a b Kosiarski 2014, pp. 11–12.
  3. ^ Christopher R. Browning (1992; 1998). Arrival in Poland (PDF file, direct download 7.91 MB). Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland. Retrieved 27 June 2014. also: PDF cache archived by WebCite.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ Izbica - a story of a place by Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage in Poland. PDF file: 1,437 KB. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  5. ^ (Polish) Getta tranzytowe w dystrykcie lubelskim (Transit ghettos in Lublin district). Pamięć Miejsca. Retrieved April 12, 2012.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Izbica at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 50°53′N 23°10′E / 50.883°N 23.167°E / 50.883; 23.167

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Izbica — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

1139 news items

Kurier Lubelski

Kurier Lubelski
Wed, 25 Nov 2015 04:34:58 -0800

Pożar miał miejsce w niedzielę nad ranem w miejscowości Ostrzyca (gmina Izbica). Straty wyniosły prawie 10 tys. złotych. Strażacy stwierdzili, że przyczyną jest podpalenie, więc sprawą zajęli się krasnostawscy policjanci. - Funkcjonariusze ustalili, że ...
The Boston Globe
Thu, 05 Nov 2015 18:15:00 -0800

Mr. Blatt was born in Izbica, a town that was largely Jewish and Yiddish-speaking before the war although his family wasn't devout. He was 12 when Germany invaded Poland at the start of World War II in 1939 and was 15 when the Germans created a ghetto ...

Washington Post

Washington Post
Tue, 03 Nov 2015 01:59:44 -0800

The boy from Izbica, Poland, who lost his family and his childhood to the Nazis, went on to become an outspoken author and lecturer on the Holocaust and a prominent witness at the trial of an alleged Sobibor guard. But he never really left the death ...


Wed, 04 Nov 2015 14:02:15 -0800

Born in the small Polish town of Izbica, he and his family were deported to the death camp in 1943 at the age of 16. Within an hour, his father, mother and younger brother were gassed and burned. Blatt later wondered how he had been spared — he was ...

Terre Haute Tribune Star

Terre Haute Tribune Star
Wed, 11 Nov 2015 19:53:35 -0800

Karski had to not only secretly view and comprehend the deathly scenes of the Warsaw Ghetto and Izbica transit camp, but also convey the unimaginable to the leaders of Great Britain and the United States, with both a respect for their authority and a ...

Ipswich Star

Ipswich Star
Tue, 10 Nov 2015 07:00:00 -0800

Anna was deported to Izbica, in Nazi-occupied Poland, in June, 1942. Soon, it seems, she was dispatched to Belzec extermination camp. That was the end. Anna had been widowed in the early 1920s when husband Michel died. Josephine told Michael he ...

Jewish Journal

Jewish Journal
Tue, 10 Nov 2015 13:22:57 -0800

Days later, Karski would travel to Izbica, in southern Poland, where he witnessed Jews being delivered to a sorting station where they were robbed of their few valuables, stripped and then sent to an extermination camp. Karski smuggled himself across ...

New Statesman

New Statesman
Sat, 31 Oct 2015 06:12:03 -0700

They were taken to a village called Izbica in Poland, where Jews were forced to dig their own graves before being shot. Though Anita and Renate were not on the deportation list they were being closely watched. At the paper factory, they had been ...

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