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Izbica
Village
Lubelska Street, Izbica
Lubelska Street, Izbica
Izbica is located in Poland
Izbica
Izbica
Coordinates: 50°53′N 23°10′E / 50.883°N 23.167°E / 50.883; 23.167
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lublin
County Krasnystaw
Gmina Izbica
Population 1,933
Website http://www.izbica.ug.mbnet.pl

Izbica [izˈbit͡sa] (Yiddish: איזשביצע Izhbitz, Izhbitze) is a village in Krasnystaw County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Izbica. It lies approximately 13 kilometres (8 mi) south of Krasnystaw and 59 km (37 mi) south-east of the regional capital Lublin. It has a population of 1,933.

History[edit]

First mentioned in 1419, Izbica became a town in 1750 (previously the unconcluded right was issued in 1540). A notable centre of trade and commerce, with time the town became a shtetl, a town inhabited primarily by Jews. In 1760 the city charter was reaffirmed. After the partitions of Poland in 1772 the town was annexed by Austria and then reclaimed by the Duchy of Warsaw in 1809. After the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte it became a part of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1827 it had 51 houses and 407 inhabitants, all of them Jewish. In the 19th century the town was a notable centre of Hasidic Judaism, particularly thanks to the tzadik Grand Rabbi Mordechai Yosef Leiner and his son Grand Rabbi Yaacov Leiner, who established the Hasidic dynasty of Ishbitz. After the January Uprising of 1863 against the Russian Empire, in which many of the local inhabitants took part, the town was deprived of its city rights and attached to the nearby commune of Tarnogóra.

After Poland regained her independence in the aftermath of World War I, the village grew significantly. In 1921 it had roughly 3,000 inhabitants. By 1939, the number grew to roughly 6,000. The village expanded particularly because of the Lublin-Zamość thoroughfare and a railway to Zamość which opened in 1917.

During World War II, Nazi Germans set up the Izbica transit ghetto in Izbica, which served as a transfer point for Jews deported from Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland, to the extermination camps in Belzec and Sobibor. Of all Jews of Izbica (over 90% of its prewar population), only 14 survived the Holocaust.[1][2] The property in Izbica that was once occupied by Jews is now occupied by others.

A black-marble cenotaph at the Jewish cemetery in Izbica

Points of interest[edit]

  • Skierbieszów Landscape Park, protected area established in 1995
  • Działy Grabowieckie, forested geological formation featuring deep ravines and valleys
  • Jewish cemetery (kirkut) in Izbica (pictured)
  • Monument to victims of independence movements from 1863, 1920, 1939 and 1940
  • Historic water tower from 1911

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Izbica is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Izbica - a story of a place by Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage in Poland. PDF file: 1,437 KB. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  2. ^ (Polish) Getta tranzytowe w dystrykcie lubelskim (Transit ghettos in Lublin district). Pamięć Miejsca. Retrieved April 12, 2012.

Coordinates: 50°53′N 23°10′E / 50.883°N 23.167°E / 50.883; 23.167


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Izbica — Please support Wikipedia.
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84 news items

 
Kurier Lubelski
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 03:38:21 -0700

Izbica. – Pod wskazanym adresem policjanci zastali Zbigniewa P. który przetrzymywał w jednym z pomieszczeń gospodarczych psa. Zwierzę przywiązane było łańcuchem do ściany, nie miało budy, a w pomieszczeniu rozchodził się silny fetor – wyjaśnia Piotr ...

Gazeta.pl

Kurier Lubelski
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 08:02:07 -0700

W Izbicy 41-letni mężczyzna zostały potrącony przez szynobus. Z obrażeniami ciała trafił do szpitala w Krasnymstawie. Jak się okazało, był kompletnie pijany. - Do zdarzenia doszło w piątek kilka minut przed godziną 11.00 w Izbicy. Pociąg relacji ...
 
Kurier Lubelski
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 01:27:41 -0700

19-latek odpowie za kradzież paliwa z terenu kopalni piasku w Dworzyskach (pow. krasnostawski). W poniedziałek mężczyzna usłyszał zarzuty. - Policjanci zatrzymali mężczyznę na gorącym uczynku w sobotę o godz. 0.45. Kiedy mężczyzna swoim vw ...
 
Algemeiner
Fri, 18 Apr 2014 12:32:06 -0700

What he saw in the Warsaw Ghetto and Izbica Lubelska never left him. This is what he wrote in Story of a Secret State: “I know history. I have learned a great deal about the evolution of nations, political systems, social doctrines, methods of conquest ...

Gazeta Powiatowa

Gazeta Powiatowa
Thu, 27 Mar 2014 01:37:30 -0700

Izbica. Płonęły opony – ogień zagrażał domom. pozar_ogien. Pożar (fot. arch. GP). Wczoraj (26 marca br.) w sadzie na jednej z posesji przy ul. Serockiej w Izbicy dwie załogi strażaków przez ponad 2 godziny walczyły z pożarem sterty opon.
 
Dziennik Wschodni
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 09:11:43 -0700

... Pławanice/Kamień (15) * Brat Siennica Nadolna – Unia Rejowiec (15) * Spółdzielca Siedliszcze – Ogniwo Wierzbica (15) * Ruch Izbica – Hutnik Ruda-Huta (16) * Frassati Fajsławice – Włodawianka Włodawa (16) * Start Krasnystaw – Unia Białopole (16).
 
Dagens Nyheter
Mon, 14 Apr 2014 02:27:14 -0700

De judiska ledarna informerade honom om nazisternas planer för att förinta deras folk. Förklädd tog sig Karski också in i transitlägret Izbica nära Lublin, varifrån judar sändes till dödslägret Belzec. Där blev han vittne till hur ett industrialiserat ...
 
Dziennik Wschodni
Mon, 07 Apr 2014 06:38:12 -0700

... Kamień – Ruch Izbica 3:2 (Wiśniewski 10, Hawryluk 30, Dudko 70 – M. Śliwa 35, 73). W 68 min Rafał Pawelec (Ruch) nie wykorzystał rzutu karnego. Jego strzał obronił bramkarz Pławanic * Vojsławia Wojsławice – Kłos Chełm 0:8 (Wróblewski 17, Janas 24, ...
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