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History[edit]

Italian Army officers used to wear the ranks on the sleeve, like naval officers. Since 1946, insignia were changed in order to align with NATO regulations. In 1973 the system had the following slight change: the wreath was added to the stars for general officers, instead of the silver epaulette; the crown was added to the stars for field officers, instead of a gold band on the edge of the epaulette; the stars began to be placed near the edge of the epaulette instead of in the center. These changes were mostly intended to make insignia more easily recognizable on the field uniform.[citation needed]

Chart[edit]

The chart below represents the Italian Army rank insignia used on the slip-on of winter service uniforms. The color of the uniforms is khaki.[1]

Officers who are assigned to a position acting in a higher rank than their own wear the insignia of the higher rank but the highest star of the insignia is trimmed in red enamel. Similarly, an officer temporarily assigned to a position attaining a higher rank in the absence of the incumbent officer, wear the star in bronze colour.

As can be seen, the Italian rank system has a large number of junior NCO ranks. Several ranks (which are variations on corporal) have a "chosen" version of the rank, "chosen" having the same sense of "leading", as in the historic British Army appointment of "chosen man" (now called lance-corporal).

Officers
Generals
Rank insignia of generale of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
generale[2]
General
Rank insignia of generale di corpo d'armata of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di divisione of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di brigata of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
generale di corpo d'armata[3]
(tenente generale)
Corps General (Lieutenant general)
generale di divisione
(maggior generale)
Divisional general
(Major general)
generale di brigata
(brigadier generale)
Brigade General
(Brigadier general)
Senior officers
Rank insignia of colonnello of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of tenente colonnello of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of maggiore of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
colonnello
Colonel
tenente colonnello
Lieutenant colonel
maggiore
Major
Junior officers
Rank insignia of primo capitano of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of capitano of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of tenete of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sottotenete of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
primo capitano
First captain
capitano
Captain
tenente
Lieutenant
sottotenente
Second lieutenant
Sub-officers
Marshals
Rank insignia of primo maresciallo luogotenente of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of primo maresciallo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
primo maresciallo luogotenente
First Marshal Lieutenant
(sub-officers)
NATO Eq.: OR-9, Warrant officer/Sergeant Major of the Army
primo maresciallo
Transl.: First marshal
NATO Eq.: OR-9, Command Sergeant Major
Rank insignia of maresciallo capo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of maresciallo ordinario of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of maresciallo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
maresciallo capo
Transl.: Chief marshal
NATO Eq.: OR-9, Sergeant major
maresciallo ordinario
Transl.: Ordinary marshal
NATO Eq.: OR-8, First sergeant
maresciallo
Transl.: Marshal
NATO Eq.: OR-8, Master sergeant
Sergeants
Rank insignia of sergente maggiore capo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sergente maggiore paracadutista of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sergente maggiore of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sergente paracadutista of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sergente of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
sergente maggiore capo
Transl.: Chief sergeant major
NATO Eq.: OR-7, Sergeant first class
sergente maggiore
Transl.: Sergeant-major
(paratrooper)
NATO Eq.: OR-6, Staff sergeant
sergente maggiore
Transl.: Sergeant-major
NATO Eq.: OR-6, Staff sergeant
sergente
Transl.: Sergeant
(paratrooper)
NATO Eq.: OR-5, Sergeant
sergente
Transl.: Sergeant
NATO Eq.: OR-5, Sergeant
Ratings
Permanent service volunteers
Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore capo scelto of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore capo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore scelto of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of primo caporalmaggiore of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
caporalmaggiore capo scelto
Transl.: Senior Chief Corporal-Major
NATO Eq.: OR-4, Corporal/Lance sergeant
caporalmaggiore capo
Transl.: Chief Corporal-Major
NATO Eq.: OR-4, Corporal/Master corporal
caporale maggiore scelto
Transl.: Senior Corporal-Major
NATO Eq.: OR-4, Corporal
primo caporalmaggiore
Transl.: First Corporal-Major
NATO Eq.: OR-4, Corporal/Lance corporal
Enlisted
Temporary service volunteers
Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore paracadutista of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
caporalmaggiore
Transl.: Corporal-Major
(paratrooper)
NATO Eq.: OR-3, Private first class
caporalmaggiore
Transl.: Corporal-Major
NATO Eq.: OR-3, Private first class
Rank insignia of caporale paracadutista of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of caporale of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of soldato of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
caporale
Transl.: Corporal
(paratrooper)
NATO Equivalent rank: OR-2, Private
caporale
Translation: Corporal
NATO Equivalent rank: OR-2, Private
(no insignia)
soldato
Soldier (Private or Recruit)

STANAG 2116 ranking[edit]

Officers[edit]

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
 Italy
(Edit)
Rank insignia of generale of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di corpo d'armata con incarichi speciali of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di corpo d'armata of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di divisione of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di brigata of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of colonnello of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of tenente colonnello of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of maggiore of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Rank insignia of primo capitano of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of capitano of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Rank insignia of tenete of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sottotenete of the Army of Italy (1973).svg No equivalent Rank insignia of allievo ufficiale of the Italian Army.svg
generale
(Chief of Defense Staff only)
generale di corpo d'armata
con incarichi speciali
generale di corpo d'armata
(tenente generale)
generale di divisione
(maggior generale)
generale di brigata
(brigadier generale)
colonnello tenente colonnello maggiore
primo capitano capitano
tenente sottotenente allievo ufficiale
Abbreviation Gen. Gen.CSMD Gen.CSME Gen.CdA Gen.Div. Gen.Brig. Col. Ten.Col. Magg. Pr.Cap Cap. Ten. S.Ten.
  • Before 1947 generale d'armata rather than generale was the title of a four star general.
  • The chief of the Italian Army is a generale di corpo d'armata con incarichi speciali (special duties) NATO rank OF-9. The insignia has four stars with the higher star has a red enamel.
Pay grade O-11 O-10 O-9 O-8 O-7 O-6 O-5 O-4 O-3 O-2 O-1

Enlisted[edit]

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Italy Italy[4]
(Edit)
Rank insignia of primo maresciallo luogotenente of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of primo maresciallo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of maresciallo capo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of maresciallo ordinario of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of maresciallo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sergente maggiore capo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sergente maggiore of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sergente of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore capo scelto of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore capo of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore scelto of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of primo caporalmaggiore of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Caporale maggiore capo scelto Caporale maggiore capo Caporale maggiore scelto Primo caporale maggiore
Rank insignia of caporalmaggiore of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of caporale of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of soldato of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Primo maresciallo luogotenente Primo maresciallo Maresciallo capo Maresciallo ordinario Maresciallo Sergente maggiore capo Sergente maggiore Sergente Caporal maggiore Caporale Soldato
Abbreviation 1° Mar. Lgt. 1° Mar. Mar. Ca. Mar. Ord. Mar. Serg. Magg. Ca. Serg.Magg. Serg. CMCS CMC C.le Magg. Sc. 1° C.le Magg. C.le Magg. C.le Sc. C.le Sold.
Pay grade E-9 E-8 E-7 E-6 E-5 E-4 E-3 E-2 E-1

This chart represents the Italian Army enlisted rank insignia with seniority decreasing left-to-right inside a given pay grade. All ranks of sergente or higher are considered as Non Commissioned Officers. Airborne units personnel wear the chevrons on a blue base.

History[edit]

Enlisted insignia saw no significant changes until 1973 when the chevrons were moved from the sleeve to the epaulette. In 1997 the new ranks from 1°CM to CMCS were created for permanent service enlisted personnel, and the new insignia were created. in the same year, the rank of C.le Sc. was created as top rank for conscript personnel, and the new insignia was created.

Current usage[edit]

The rank of caporale is not a command grade and only results in a higher paygrade, and may be attained by conscript personnel. The ranks up to caporal maggiore may be attained by temporary service personnel. Higher ranks may only be attained by permanent service personnel. Sergeants generally have team command tasks, and are appointed in the rank only after several months training course. The rank of soldato is used only for recruits and is substituted by the following, depending on the branch or service:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In the images the Pantone colour khaki 16-0726 TC, rendered as RGB 161 143 94, has been used.
  2. ^ until 1947 generale d'armata
  3. ^ The chief of the Italian Army is now a generale di corpo d'armata con incarichi speciali (special duties) NATO rank OF-8. The insignia has four stars with the higher star in red enamel.
  4. ^ Italian Army web site

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_Army_ranks — Please support Wikipedia.
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