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Istighfar (Arabic: استغفارistiġfār), also Astaghfirullah or astagfirullah (Arabic: أستغفر اللهʾastaġfiru l-lāh) is the act of seeking forgiveness from God. This act is generally done by repeating the Arabic words astaghfirullah, meaning "I seek forgiveness from Allah". It is considered one of the essential parts of worship in Islam.

A Muslim will use this phrase often, even in conversation with another person. When a Muslim abstains from doing wrong (such as experiencing envy, jealousy, pride, and haughtiness) or even wishes to prove their innocence in an incident, they will use this expression. After every salat (prayer), a Muslim will typically recite the phrase three or more times. Arabic-speaking non-Muslims such as Arab Christians sometimes also employ the phrase.[citation needed]

Invocations for Forgiveness[edit]

  • Arabic: رَبَّنَا إِنَّنَا آمَنَّا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

Our Lord! we have indeed believed: forgive us, then, our sins, and save us from the agony of the Fire

—Quran, sura 3 (Al Imran), ayat 16[1]
  • Arabic: سُبْحَانَكَ تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Glory be to Thee! To Thee I turn in repentance, and I am the first to believe

—Quran, sura 7 (Al-A'raf), ayat 143[2]
  • Arabic: اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أسْألُكَ يَا اللَّهُ بِأنَّكَ الْوَاحِدُ الأحَدُ الصَّمَدُ الَّذِي لَمْ يَلِدْ وَ لَمْ يُولَدْ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُواً أحَدٌ، أنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي ذُنُوبِي إنَّكَ أنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الَّرحِيمُAllāhumma inn-ī ʾasʾalu-ka yā llāhu bi-ʾanna-ka l-Wāḥidu l-ʾAḥadu ṣ-Ṣamadu l-laḏī lam yalid wa-lam yūlad wa-lam yakun la-hu kufuwan ʾaḥadun, an taghfira lī ḏunūb-ī ʾinna-ka ʾAnta l-Ġafūru r-Raḥīmu O Allah! I ask You, O Allah, You are the One, the Only, Self Sufficient Master, who was not begotten and begets not and none is equal to Him. Forgive me my sins, surely you are Forgiving, Merciful.

    Sunan an-Nasa'i, The Book of Forgetfulness in Prayer, Hadis no.123 [3]
  • Arabic: اللهم اغفر لي، وارحمني، واهدني، وعافني، وارزقنيAllāhumma ġfir lī, wa-rḥam-nī, wa-hdi-nī, wa ʿāfi-nī, wa-rzuq-nī O Allah! Forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, guard me against harm and provide me with sustenance and salvation.

    Riyadh as-Saaliheen, The Book of Du'a (Supplications), Hadis no.5 [4]

Sayyidul Istighfar (The Chief Prayer for Repentance)[edit]

Reported on the authority of Shaddad ibn aws, Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “Sayyidul Istighfar is:

اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لّا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ، خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ، وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرٍّ مَا صَنَعْتُ، أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ، وَأَبُوءُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِر لِي فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ Allāhumma ʾanta rabb-ī lā ʾilāha ʾillā ʾanta, ḫalaqta-nī wa-ʾanā ʿabdu-ka, wa-ʾanā ʿalā ʿahdi-ka wa-waʿdi-ka ma staṭaʿtu, ʾaʿūḏu bi-ka min šarrin mā ṣanaʿtu, ʾabūʾu la-ka bi-naʿmati-ka ʿalayya wa-ʾabūʾu bi-ḏanb-ī fa-ġfir lī fa-ʾinna-hu lā yaġfiru ḏ-ḏunūba ʾillā ʾanta

'O Allah, You are my Lord, there is no God but You, You created me and I am your servant and I abide to your covenant and promise as best as I can, I take refuge in you from the evil of which I committed. I acknowledge your favour upon me and I acknowledge my sin, so forgive me, for verily no one can forgive sin except you.’

Then Muhammad continued "If person recites this during the day with strong faith in it and dies on the same day before the sunset, he will be among the people of Paradise and if somebody recites it at night with strong faith in it and dies before sunrise he will be among the people of Paradise."

References[edit]

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istighfar — Please support Wikipedia.
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40 news items

 
Pakistan Observer
Thu, 03 Apr 2014 13:34:17 -0700

Friday, April 04, 2014 - Tauba (repentance) and istighfar (seeking forgiveness from Allah) are among the most meritorious acts of virtue for the believers. Tauba means feeling remorse for our actions or omissions. Istighfar means expressing that ...
 
Lankaweb
Wed, 09 Apr 2014 14:29:41 -0700

This is why those who are perfect in their love for God are constantly seeking Allah's forgiveness, and the surest sign of a sinless person is that he occupies himself in Istighfar far more than other people. The true meaning of Istighfar is to pray to ...

Detikcom

Detikcom
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 03:18:45 -0700

Dari mulutnya terus keluar kalimat istighfar. "Astaghfirullah," ujarnya lirih saat jenazah kekasihnya dimasukkan ke dalam ambulans. Kedua jenazah dibawa ke rumah ayahnya di Jalan Kebon Kawung I RT 1 RW 6 Kelurahan Kebun Kawung Kecamatan ...
 
Utusan Malaysia
Wed, 09 Apr 2014 22:48:45 -0700

Sementara itu, maksud selawat daripada orang mukmin ialah istighfar. Istighfar mereka bukan untuk Rasulullah SAW tetapi untuk diri mereka sendiri kerana kedatangan Rasulullah SAW itu sendiri adalah untuk memberi rahmat kepada mereka.

Republika Online

Republika Online
Sat, 22 Mar 2014 14:00:00 -0700

Demikian dahsyatnya kekuatan istighfar, sehingga membuat Allah SWT enggan untuk menolak doa yang dipanjatkan kepada-Nya. Seorang Imam yang berkelana dari negri ke negri, Allah tuntun langkahnya agar sampai di negri si tukang roti. Kemudian ...

Poskotanews

Poskotanews
Mon, 07 Apr 2014 23:56:15 -0700

Kalau toh mereka sudah terima maka saran saya kepada para pemilih pertama istighfar dulu deh,” imbuhnya. Pos Kota memantau, pemasangan spanduk raksasa itu dilakukan sedikitnya tiga orang pemanjat profesional. Pemasangan dilakukan saat ...
 
JPNN.com
Sat, 05 Apr 2014 16:15:00 -0700

Mulutnya berulangkali berucap istighfar. "Astaghfirullah.. ya Allah"," ujar Zarkasi lirih. Selebihnya, tidak banyak penjelasan yang ia katakan. Namun, I Komang Budi Yudhayana, 10, siswa yang duduk di kursi nomor sembilan mengakui bila saat itu bus ...

Oka News

BeritaSatu
Fri, 21 Mar 2014 22:45:01 -0700

Setelah melalui rangkaian panjang prosesi adat tradisi Solo, Jawa Tengah, dengan mengucap bismillah dan istighfar, Dude dengan mantap meminang Alyssa. Ayahanda Alyssa, JP Soebandono sendiri yang menikahkan putri cantiknya itu. "Ananda Dude ...
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