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Istighfar (Arabic: استغفارistiġfār), also Astaghfirullah or astagfirullah (Arabic: أستغفر اللهʾastaġfiru l-lāh) is the act of seeking forgiveness from God. This act is generally done by repeating the Arabic words astaghfirullah, meaning "I seek forgiveness from Allah". It is considered one of the essential parts of worship in Islam.

A Muslim will use this phrase often, even in conversation with another person. When a Muslim abstains from doing wrong (such as experiencing envy, jealousy, pride, and haughtiness) or even wishes to prove their innocence in an incident, they will use this expression. After every salat (prayer), a Muslim will typically recite the phrase three or more times. Arabic-speaking non-Muslims such as Arab Christians sometimes also employ the phrase.[citation needed]

Invocations for Forgiveness[edit]

  • Arabic: رَبَّنَا إِنَّنَا آمَنَّا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

Our Lord! we have indeed believed: forgive us, then, our sins, and save us from the agony of the Fire

—Quran, sura 3 (Al Imran), ayat 16[1]
  • Arabic: سُبْحَانَكَ تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Glory be to Thee! To Thee I turn in repentance, and I am the first to believe

—Quran, sura 7 (Al-A'raf), ayat 143[2]
  • Arabic: اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أسْألُكَ يَا اللَّهُ بِأنَّكَ الْوَاحِدُ الأحَدُ الصَّمَدُ الَّذِي لَمْ يَلِدْ وَ لَمْ يُولَدْ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُواً أحَدٌ، أنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي ذُنُوبِي إنَّكَ أنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الَّرحِيمُAllāhumma inn-ī ʾasʾalu-ka yā llāhu bi-ʾanna-ka l-Wāḥidu l-ʾAḥadu ṣ-Ṣamadu l-laḏī lam yalid wa-lam yūlad wa-lam yakun la-hu kufuwan ʾaḥadun, an taghfira lī ḏunūb-ī ʾinna-ka ʾAnta l-Ġafūru r-Raḥīmu O Allah! I ask You, O Allah, You are the One, the Only, Self Sufficient Master, who was not begotten and begets not and none is equal to Him. Forgive me my sins, surely you are Forgiving, Merciful.

    Sunan an-Nasa'i, The Book of Forgetfulness in Prayer, Hadis no.123 [3]
  • Arabic: اللهم اغفر لي، وارحمني، واهدني، وعافني، وارزقنيAllāhumma ġfir lī, wa-rḥam-nī, wa-hdi-nī, wa ʿāfi-nī, wa-rzuq-nī O Allah! Forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, guard me against harm and provide me with sustenance and salvation.

    Riyadh as-Saaliheen, The Book of Du'a (Supplications), Hadis no.5 [4]

Sayyidul Astaghfar (The Chief Prayer for Repentance)[edit]

Reported on the authority of Shaddad ibn aws, Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “Sayyidul Astaghfar is:

اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لّا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ، خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ، وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرٍّ مَا صَنَعْتُ، أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ، وَأَبُوءُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِر لِي فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ Allāhumma ʾanta rabb-ī lā ʾilāha ʾillā ʾanta, ḫalaqta-nī wa-ʾanā ʿabdu-ka, wa-ʾanā ʿalā ʿahdi-ka wa-waʿdi-ka ma staṭaʿtu, ʾaʿūḏu bi-ka min šarrin mā ṣanaʿtu, ʾabūʾu la-ka bi-naʿmati-ka ʿalayya wa-ʾabūʾu bi-ḏanb-ī fa-ġfir lī fa-ʾinna-hu lā yaġfiru ḏ-ḏunūba ʾillā ʾanta

'O Allah, You are my Lord, there is no God but You, You created me and I am your servant and I abide to your covenant and promise as best as I can, I take refuge in you from the evil of which I committed. I acknowledge your favour upon me and I acknowledge my sin, so forgive me, for verily no one can forgive sin except you.’

Then Muhammad continued "If person recites this during the day with strong faith in it and dies on the same day before the sunset, he will be among the people of Paradise and if somebody recites it at night with strong faith in it and dies before sunrise he will be among the people of Paradise."

References[edit]

See also[edit]


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32 news items

 
Onislam.net
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 09:07:30 -0700

In order to make sure that we remain always in a state of confession and clear conscience, read sayyidal-istighfar (listed below) both in the morning and at night, before retiring to bed. Allaahummaanta rabbi la ilaha illa anta khalqtani wa ana `abduka ...
 
Onislam.net
Sat, 02 Aug 2014 06:41:15 -0700

As for the minor sins such as flirting or hugging, or touching a member of the opposite sex, et cetera, if they are not habitual actions, they are considered minor sins, and they can be wiped out by repentance, istighfar (asking Allah for forgiveness ...
 
Harian Metro
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 07:48:45 -0700

Jujurnya, wanita ini insan yang tabah. Dia bukan saja kehilangan tonggak keluarga pada usia 38 tahun, malah memikul amanah berat membesarkan lima anak berusia 11 tahun dan enam bulan. Namun, ketika diajak berkongsi bicara mengenai hal itu, ...

Poskotanews

Poskotanews
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 16:48:45 -0700

Maka, saya berdoa semoga tidak ada malaikat yang datang dan mencabut nyawa saya,” ceritanya. Selain terus berdoa, Pipik tak henti-henti istighfar di dalam hati. “Karena kita kan tidak tahu takdir kita. Tidak tahu waktu kematian kita. Tapi buat saya itu ...
 
Harian Terbit
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 21:30:00 -0700

SEJUMLAH pasukan elit Brigade Izzudin Al-Qassam telah kembali dari misi jihad mereka melawan penjajah zionis Israel yang merupakan musuh nyata umat Islam. Mereka mengisahkan kejadian-kejadian yang tidak masuk akal yang mereka sebut sebagai ...

Inilah.com

Inilah.com
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 11:56:15 -0700

Tetapkan diri untuk memohon ampunan Allah, jangan merasa diri suci dan terbebas dari dosa. Dzikir, Doa, Syukur dan Istighfar adalah empat hal yang harus kita lazimkan untuk menggapai empat janji-janji Allah tersebut. Mari kita amalkan. Salam. [*].
 
Tribunnews
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 21:11:07 -0700

“Sabar...istighfar...istighfar,” ucap seorang kerabat. Tubuh Sukini lantas direbahkan di kursi panjang pengunjung sidang. Majelis hakim menilai rekaman video aksi Sukini yang diduga merusak suara sah dijadikan alat bukti dalam menentukan amar putusan.
 
merdeka.com
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 15:33:21 -0700

Saat tersangka S memperagakan bagaimana ia memotong-motong tubuh korban. Aparat kepolisian dan beberapa orang yang hadir melihat rekonstruksi mengucapkan istighfar. Wajah mereka memancarkan ketidakpercayaan pelaku bisa berbuat keji seperti ...
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