digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















One of the kurgans at Issyk

The Issyk kurgan, in south-eastern Kazakhstan, less than 20 km east from the Talgar alluvial fan, near Issyk, is a burial mound discovered in 1969. It has a height of six meters and a circumference of sixty meters. It is dated to the 4th or 3rd century BC (Hall 1997). A notable item is a silver cup bearing an inscription. The finds are on display in Astana.

"Golden man"[edit]

Situated in eastern Scythia just north of Sogdiana, the kurgan contained a skeleton, warrior's equipment, and assorted funerary goods, including 4,000 gold ornaments. Although the sex of the skeleton is uncertain, it may have been an 18-year-old Saka (Scythian) prince or princess.

The richness of the burial items led the skeleton to be dubbed the "golden man" or "golden princess", with the "golden man" subsequently being adopted as one of the symbols of modern Kazakhstan. A likeness crowns the Independence Monument on the central square of Almaty. Its depiction may also be found on the Presidential Standard[disambiguation needed] of Nursultan Nazarbayev.

The Issyk inscription[edit]

Drawing of the Issyk inscription

The Issyk inscription is not yet certainly deciphered, and is probably in a Scythian dialect, constituting one of very few autochthonous epigraphic traces of that language. Harmatta (1999), using the Kharoṣṭhī script, identifies the language as Khotanese Saka dialect spoken by the Kushans, tentatively translating:[1]

(Compare Nestor's Cup and Duenos inscription for other ancient inscriptions on vessels that concern the vessel itself).

Photos of the inscription[edit]

Inscription close up 1 (click to enlarge)
Inscription close up 2 (click to enlarge)

Golden treasures in the kurgan[edit]


  1. ^ Ahmet Kanlidere, in: M. Ocak, H. C. Güzel, C. Oğuz, O. Karatay: The Turks: Early ages. Yeni Türkiye 2002, p.417:
    • "Harmatta [Harmatta 1999, p.421] appears as he has accomplished to solve the mystery of this "unknown language and alphabet" which covers a wide are from Alma-Ata to Merv, to Dest-i Navur and to Ay Hanum. According to Harmatta and Fussman, the alphabet can be traced back to the Karoshti alphabet; and the language written with this alphabet could have been a Saka dialect spoken by the Kushans. Harmatta who remarks on the resemblance of the letters to those in Orkhon-Yenisey states that due to some letters [...]. [...]. Fussman states that this Inscription is based on syllables, and notes its similarity to the Kharosthi alphabet, but he could not read it. Livsits asks whether this alphabet he calls as the "third official alphabet of the Kushan State" is the Saka alphabet or not. [...]. Livsits, on the other hand says that, further to the Issyk-kol alphabet, this alphabet is related not with the Kharosthi alphabet, but rather with the Aramaic alphabet [...]."


  • Hall, Mark E. Towards an absolute chronology for the Iron Age of Inner Asia. Antiquity 71 (1997): 863-874.
  • Harmatta, Janos. History of Civilization of Central Asia. Volume 2, Motilal Banarsidass (1999), ISBN 81-208-1408-8, p. 421 [1][2]

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Issyk_kurgan — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
62 videos foundNext > 

The Scythian Golden Man (Issyk kurgan - Altin Adam/Алтын Aдам/Золото́й челове́к)

Szkíta Aranyember - Iszik kurgán/körgány/kör-hányás Museum of archaeology RSE Gylym ordasy http://altaynews.kz/13018-exhibition-treasures-saki-ust-kamenogors...

The Tomb of the Scythian Prince (2/5)

Гробница алтайского скифа (The Tomb of the Scythian Prince) Более двух тысячелетий назад в степях Центральной Азии скифы оставили после себя не города, не дв...

The Tomb of the Scythian Prince (3/5)

Гробница алтайского скифа (The Tomb of the Eastern Scythian Prince) Более двух тысячелетий назад в степях Центральной Азии скифы оставили после себя не город...

The Tomb of the Scythian Prince (1/5)

Гробница алтайского скифа (The Tomb of the Scythian Prince) Более двух тысячелетий назад в степях Центральной Азии скифы оставили после себя не города, не дв...

Ancient Kyrgyz history

Languages like Khakas, Altay, Kyrgyz and Kazakh can be regarded among the most typical Turkic languages, preserving the maximum number of late Proto-Turkic f...

Central Asia. Motorcycle journey indoor extreme. English subtitles.

Big Time Films Production. https://www.facebook.com/bigtimefilms A film about the journey of Krasnoyarsk bikers in Central Asia committed in May and June 201...

Scythian gold pectoral / Szkíta arany nyakék

Пектораль Возвращение Tolstaja Mogila kurgan.

magyars or white huns (savar-onogurs)

magyars or white huns (savar-onogurs) came to Pannonia and Erdel in ad 373. first and in 677. next from scythia. But the Carpathian basin was hungarian speak...

Golden man to be displayed at Nazarbayev Center

The Golden Man will be displayed in the Scythian Heritage Exhibition at Nazarbayev Center. The archeological find was excavated 40 years ago in Issyk burial ...

TÜRKISTAN [ Part 1/2 ],,Xīnjiāng,شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى

Tengri Tanri Allah God .(....\............../....) ..\....\........... /..../ ...\....\........../..../ ....\..../´¯.l.¯`\.../ ..../... l....l....(¯ `\ ...l....

62 videos foundNext > 

12 news items


Fri, 02 May 2014 14:56:15 -0700

In addition to the inscriptions of the Issyk kurgan, two inscriptions of the Scythian period were discovered in Kazakhstan, the scientist said. Found by prominent Kazakh scientist Zholdasbek Kurmankulov as a result of some excavations in 2005 in the ...
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 08:32:56 -0700

The Vatican hosted a conference in 2009 bringing scientists, astronomers, and religious leaders together to discuss the implications on religion and human consciousness if the discovery of extraterrestrial life is found. One of the statements made in ...
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 11:34:32 -0700

Putin in a speech addressed the need for an international agreement on preventing weaponization of space. He addressed his concerns in 2007. China and Russia sent to the UN a draft to ban outer space war and weapons. The US and Israel have refused ...
Wed, 04 Dec 2013 07:51:04 -0800

China has launched on December 1 the Chang 3 Moon Mission in which Yutu a rover robot will explore the moon. NASA has announced that Apollo Lunar landing sights are forbidden zones for China and other countries. The question will be in the future will ...
Dallas Morning News
Sun, 04 Jul 2010 00:36:37 -0700

The most famous mound in Kazakhstan is the Issyk kurgan, where the skeleton of a Scythian in full warrior regalia, including a suit of golden mail and a wizard's hat, was discovered during the Soviet era. Known as the Golden Man, this noble's funerary ...
Tue, 06 Sep 2011 12:13:19 -0700

Saint Louis IX was king of France during the time of the Crusades. His mother taught him his spirituality from a child. Louis wanted to make Paris the New Jerusalem. He bought from his cousin the Emperor of Constantinople the Crown of Thorns of Christ ...
Sun, 22 Aug 2010 08:22:07 -0700

Archangel Uriel (God is my Light) plays an interesting part in the Rennes Chateau mystery. Da Vinci's painting Virgin on the Rocks holds a clue to solving the mystery in Dan Brown's Da Vinci Code. In the Virgin of the Rocks there are two version one is ...
Republika Online
Wed, 06 Apr 2011 05:54:22 -0700

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, Dunia Barat dan Timur tengah tidak menyangsikan sikap keras Iran terhadap Israel atas kekejamannya selama ini terkait Palestina. Atas sikapnya itulah, negeri Yahudi tersebut kerap menuding negeri mullah Iran sebagai sponsor utama ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight