digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

One of the kurgans at Issyk

The Issyk kurgan, in south-eastern Kazakhstan, less than 20 km east from the Talgar alluvial fan, near Issyk, is a burial mound discovered in 1969. It has a height of six meters and a circumference of sixty meters. It is dated to the 4th or 3rd century BC (Hall 1997). A notable item is a silver cup bearing an inscription. The finds are on display in Astana.

"Golden man"[edit]

Situated in eastern Scythia just north of Sogdiana, the kurgan contained a skeleton, warrior's equipment, and assorted funerary goods, including 4,000 gold ornaments. Although the sex of the skeleton is uncertain, it may have been an 18-year-old Saka (Scythian) prince or princess.

The richness of the burial items led the skeleton to be dubbed the "golden man" or "golden princess", with the "golden man" subsequently being adopted as one of the symbols of modern Kazakhstan. A likeness crowns the Independence Monument on the central square of Almaty. Its depiction may also be found on the Presidential Standard[disambiguation needed] of Nursultan Nazarbayev.

The Issyk inscription[edit]

Drawing of the Issyk inscription

The Issyk inscription is not yet certainly deciphered, and is probably in a Scythian dialect, constituting one of very few autochthonous epigraphic traces of that language. Harmatta (1999), using the Kharoṣṭhī script, identifies the language as Khotanese Saka dialect spoken by the Kushans, tentatively translating:[1]

(Compare Nestor's Cup and Duenos inscription for other ancient inscriptions on vessels that concern the vessel itself).

Photos of the inscription[edit]

Inscription close up 1 (click to enlarge)
Inscription close up 2 (click to enlarge)

Golden treasures in the kurgan[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ahmet Kanlidere, in: M. Ocak, H. C. Güzel, C. Oğuz, O. Karatay: The Turks: Early ages. Yeni Türkiye 2002, p.417:
    • "Harmatta [Harmatta 1999, p.411-412] appears as he has accomplished to solve the mystery of this "unknown language and alphabet" which covers a wide are from Alma-Ata to Merv, to Dest-i Navur and to Ay Hanum. According to Harmatta and Fussman, the alphabet can be traced back to the Karoshti alphabet; and the language written with this alphabet could have been a Saka dialect spoken by the Kushans. Harmatta who remarks on the resemblance of the letters to those in Orkhon-Yenisey states that due to some letters [...]. [...]. Fussman states that this Inscription is based on syllables, and notes its similarity to the Kharosthi alphabet, but he could not read it. Livsits asks whether this alphabet he calls as the "third official alphabet of the Kushan State" is the Saka alphabet or not. [...]. Livsits, on the other hand says that, further to the Issyk-kol alphabet, this alphabet is related not with the Kharosthi alphabet, but rather with the Aramaic alphabet [...]."

References[edit]

  • Hall, Mark E. Towards an absolute chronology for the Iron Age of Inner Asia. Antiquity 71 (1997): 863-874.
  • Harmatta, Janos. History of Civilization of Central Asia. Volume 2, Motilal Banarsidass (1999), ISBN 81-208-1408-8, p. 421 [1][2]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Issyk_kurgan — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

12 news items

AzerNews

AzerNews
Fri, 02 May 2014 14:56:15 -0700

In addition to the inscriptions of the Issyk kurgan, two inscriptions of the Scythian period were discovered in Kazakhstan, the scientist said. Found by prominent Kazakh scientist Zholdasbek Kurmankulov as a result of some excavations in 2005 in the ...

UFODigest

UFODigest
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 10:23:17 -0700

Da Vinci's Last Supper caused a stir when Dan Brown's Da Vinci Code brought to light that perhaps a woman sat next to Jesus. Da Vinci painted feminine figure in his painting The Last Supper. Some viewers see only a young John seated next to Jesus but ...

UFODigest

UFODigest
Fri, 13 Jun 2014 06:10:17 -0700

Russia and China have handed the UN a proposal for banning weapons in Outer Space. The US and Israel have voted against such a treaty proposed by the UN which would outlaw space weapons. The treaty proposed by China is called the PPT and they ...

UFODigest

UFODigest
Wed, 04 Dec 2013 07:51:04 -0800

China has launched on December 1 the Chang 3 Moon Mission in which Yutu a rover robot will explore the moon. NASA has announced that Apollo Lunar landing sights are forbidden zones for China and other countries. The question will be in the future will ...

UFODigest

UFODigest
Mon, 16 Sep 2013 07:06:48 -0700

Shorty Sanchez died at 112 years got very close to beating 116-year-old Jiroemon Kimura of Japan as the oldest man to live. The oldest woman living in the world is Misao Okawa of Japan at 115. None of them has beaten yet the Genesis expiration date of ...

Dallas Morning News

Dallas Morning News
Sun, 04 Jul 2010 00:36:37 -0700

The most famous mound in Kazakhstan is the Issyk kurgan, where the skeleton of a Scythian in full warrior regalia, including a suit of golden mail and a wizard's hat, was discovered during the Soviet era. Known as the Golden Man, this noble's funerary ...
 
UFODigest
Wed, 29 Feb 2012 10:07:05 -0800

Middle Age paintings have recently been viewed with different eyes by UFO enthusiasts who are searching for information of extraterrestrials and UFOS. Many paintings have been found that show possible UFO encounters and possible flying saucers.

UFODigest

UFODigest
Tue, 12 Oct 2010 10:38:33 -0700

Rennes Chateau: Magdalene the one Jesus loved the most · Holy Grail, MicMaq, and the Golden Princess of Issyk kurgan · Mary Magdalene, Lost Michaelangelo, and the Lost Da Vinci · Silent Running of the Solar Impulse · The Lady of the Lake and the Holy ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight