|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||88.148 g/mol|
|Appearance||Clear, colorless liquid|
|Density||0.8104 g/cm3 at 20 °C|
|Melting point||−117.2 °C (−179.0 °F; 156.0 K)|
|Boiling point||131.1 °C (268.0 °F; 404.2 K)|
|Solubility in water||28 g/L|
|Solubility||very soluble in acetone, diethyl ether, ethanol|
heat capacity C
|Std enthalpy of
|-356.4 kJ·mol-1 (liquid)
-300.7 kJ·mol-1 (gas)
|Flash point||43 °C (109 °F; 316 K)|
|Explosive limits||1.2 – 9%|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Isoamyl alcohol (also known as isopentyl alcohol) is a clear, colorless alcohol with the formula (CH3)2CHCH2CH2OH. It is one of several isomers of amyl alcohol. It is a main ingredient in the production of banana oil, an ester found in nature and also produced as a flavouring in industry. It's also the main ingredient of Kovac's reagent, used for the bacterial diagnostic indole test.
It is also used as an antifoaming agent in the Chloroform:Isomyl Alcohol reagent.
It is one of the components of the aroma of Tuber melanosporum, the black truffle. It has been identified as a chemical in the pheromone used by hornets to attract other members of the hive to attack.
- Lide, David R., ed. (1998). Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. pp. 3–374, 5–42, 6–188, 8–102, 15–22. ISBN 0-8493-0487-3.
- Green, Michael; Sambrook, Joseph. "Purification of Nucleic Acids: Extraction with Phenol-Chloroform". Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. ISBN 1936113422.
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