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Isma'il ibn Jafar
(إسمعيل الديباج بن جعفر الصادق (رحمه الله.png
Born 103 AH
(approximately 722 C.E)
Medina
Died 138 AH
(approximately 755 C.E)
Resting place Al-Baqi' Madina Saudi Arabia
Other names Abu Muhammad, Isma'il Ad-deebaj
Known for Elder son of Ja'far al-Sadiq, sixth Ismāʿīlī Imām, Syed
Title az-Azbab-i-Itlaq (Absolute lord), Al-Wafi
Predecessor Ja'far al-Sadiq According to Ismaili Shia Branch
Successor Muhammad ibn Ismail According to Ismaili Shia Branch
Children Muhammad ibn Ismail, Ali ibn Ismail, Fatima
Parent(s)
Relatives Musa al-Kadhim

Ismāʿīl ibn Ja‘far al-Mubārak (Arabic: إسماعيل بن جعفر‎‎; c. born: 719 AD, Medina - died circa 755 AD, Syria) was the eldest son of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq, and he was the full-brother of Abdullah al-Aftah. His mother, Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali, was the first wife of Ja'far al-Sadiq. Following Ja'far's death, the Shia community split between the element that would become the Twelver Shia, and those who believed the Imamate passed through to Ismail's son; the Ismaili branch of Shia Islam is accordingly named for Ismail.[1] According to both the Nizari and Mustaali Shia sects, he is the sixth Imam.

The Ismāʿīlī-Ithna’asheri Division[edit]

Ismāʿīlī followed Ismail ibn Jafar as the sixth Imam after Ja'far al-Sadiq[2] instead of them, Twelver Shia Muslims follow Musa al-Kadhim as successor of Jafar ibn Muhammad.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Ismāʿīlī sources deny the death of Isma'il Ibn Jafar in the life of Jafar ibn Muhmmad[10] However other Shia and Sunni Muslims believe that he died in the life of Jafar ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq.[11][12][13][14][15][16]

Burial Place[edit]

According to Ismāʿīlī sources, he is buried in Al-Salamiyah, a city located in Syria.[17] Twelver Shia's and Sunni Muslims sources have contradicted this information, stating that he was buried in Al-Baqi' Medina, the holy Islamic city located in Saudi Arabia.[18][19][20][21][22][23] However, some Ismāʿīlī sources also point to Al-Baqi' Madina as the burial place of Isma'il ibn Jafar.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Norman Hollister (1979). The Shi'a of India. Oriental Books Reprint Corp. : [exclusively distributed by Munshiram Manoharla]. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  2. ^ "6th Imam Molana Ismail a.s. bin Imam Jaffer Sadik a.s. - Dawoodi Bohra Forum". dawoodi-bohras.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  3. ^ "The Imamate of Imam Musa Kazim (A.S.) || Imam Reza (A.S.) Network". www.imamreza.net. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  4. ^ "Examining the Ismaili Imams & the Bohras". Alhassanain(p) Network for Heritage and Islamic Thought. 2015-08-08. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  5. ^ TheBiography.us. "Biography of ISMAIL IBN JAFAR (¿-762)". thebiography.us. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  6. ^ Tignor, Robert L. (2011-09-12). Egypt: A Short History. Princeton University Press. ISBN 1400839823. 
  7. ^ "Al Muntazar - Online Islamic Coure, Imam Husain (a.s.) and Imam Mahdi (a.s.)". www.almuntazar.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  8. ^ "Difference Between Shia and Ismaili". Difference Between. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  9. ^ "History of Ismailis". www.islamawareness.net. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  10. ^ Gnostic, Ismaili. "Who Succeeded Imam Jafar al-Sadiq? Seven Proofs for the Imamat of Imam Ismail ibn Jafar". Ismaili Gnosis. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  11. ^ Dungersi, Mohammed Raza (1996-01-01). A Brief Biography of Imam Musa bin Jafar (a.s.): al-Kadhim. Bilal Muslim Mission of Tanzania. ISBN 9789976956931. 
  12. ^ "Imam Moosa Kazim (a.s.) in the Books of the Ahle Tasannun | Serat Online". www.seratonline.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  13. ^ "The Twelve Successors of the Holy Prophet". Al-Islam.org. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  14. ^ "Sufism.ir - تصوف ايران --- The 7th Imam His Holiness Musa Bin Jafar (AS)- امام موسی کاظم". www.sufism.ir. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  15. ^ Islam. PediaPress. 
  16. ^ "Farsictionary, English-Persian (Iranian History Glossary) : Imam Jafar Sadegh". www.fouman.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  17. ^ Gnostic, Ismaili. "Who Succeeded Imam Jafar al-Sadiq? Seven Proofs for the Imamat of Imam Ismail ibn Jafar". Ismaili Gnosis. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  18. ^ "Criminal silence on the Baqee destruction reason behind Muslim problems; Moosavi on 8 Shawwal | Jafariya News Network". www.jafariyanews.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  19. ^ "Ziarat of Hazrat Ismail bin Imam Jafar Sadiq (as)". ziaraat.org. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  20. ^ "SAUDI ARABIA - ZIARAAT & INFORMATION". www.ziaraat.org. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  21. ^ "Madinah a-Munawwarah | almiskeenah | Page 4". almiskeenah.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  22. ^ "History of Baqi cemetry in Medina". www.duas.org. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  23. ^ "iClassic". seattleclouds.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  24. ^ "Burial Places of Imams - Dawoodi Bohra Forum". www.dawoodi-bohras.com. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 

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