digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Island countries in the world

An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands. As of 2011, 47 (approximately 24%[1]) of the 193 UN member states are island countries.


The percentage of island countries that are democratic is higher than that of continental countries. Historically, they have been more prone to political instability than their continental counterparts.[1]


Island countries have often been the basis of maritime conquest and historical rivalry between other countries.[2] Island countries are more susceptible to attack by large, continental countries due to their size and dependence on sea and air lines of communication.[3] Many island countries are also vulnerable to predation by mercenaries and other foreign invaders,[4] although their isolation also makes them a difficult target. Powerful countries, such as the United Kingdom, may develop a navy for protection and promotion of their interests, sometimes known as a sea power.[citation needed]

Natural resources[edit]

Many island countries rely heavily on fish for their main supply of food.[5] Some are turning to renewable energy—such as wind power, hydropower, geothermal power and biodiesel from copra oil—to combat the rise in oil prices.[6]


Some island countries are more affected than other countries by climate change, which produces problems such as reduced land use, water scarcity and sometimes even resettlement issues. Some low-lying island countries are slowly being submerged by the rising water levels of the Pacific Ocean.[7] Climate change also impacts island countries by causing natural disasters such as tropical cyclones, hurricanes, flash floods and drought.[8] In 2011, the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) held a conference attended by 272 registrants from 39 island nations titled Legal Issues for Threatened Island Nations.[9]


Many island countries rely heavily on imports and are greatly affected by changes in the global economy.[10] The economies of island countries are usually smaller and more vulnerable to shipping costs, environmental damage to infrastructure, and isolation from other economies than those of larger, continental countries; exceptions include Japan, Australia and the United Kingdom.[11][12][13] The dominant industry for many island countries is tourism.[14]


Island countries are typically small with low populations.[15]

Some island countries are centred on one or two major islands, such as the United Kingdom, Trinidad and Tobago, New Zealand, Taiwan and Singapore. Others are spread out over hundreds or thousands of smaller islands, such as the Philippines, Indonesia, Seychelles, and the Maldives. Some island countries share one or more of their islands with other countries, such as the United Kingdom and Ireland; Haiti and the Dominican Republic; and Indonesia, which shares islands with Papua New Guinea, Brunei, East Timor, and Malaysia.

Geographically, the country of Australia is considered a continental landmass rather than an island, covering the largest landmass of the Australian continent. In the past, however, it was considered an island country for tourism purposes[16] (among others) and is still often referred to as such.[17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Ott, Dana (2000). Small is Democratic. Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 0-8153-3910-0. 
  2. ^ Chasle, Raymond (1 Oct 1986). "The quest for identity. (island countries)". UNESCO Courier. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  3. ^ Perry, Walt L.; Robert W. Button; Jerome Bracken; Thomas Sullivan; Rand Corporation; United States Navy; Jonathan Mitchell (2002). Measures of Effectiveness for the Information-age Navy. Rand Corporation. p. 7. ISBN 0-8330-3139-2. 
  4. ^ WREN, CHRISTOPHER S. (December 9, 1989). "Mercenary Holding Island Nation Seeks Deal". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  5. ^ "OTTAWA: REPORT ISSUES WARNING ABOUT FUTURE OF CORAL FISHERIES". Radio Canada International. 2007-04-21. Retrieved 2009-02-01. [dead link]
  6. ^ Xingwei, Huang (2008-10-17). "Pacific Islands countries switch to renewable energy source due to increasing fuel prices". Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  7. ^ "Leader of disappearing island nation says climate change an issue of survival, not economics". June 5, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  8. ^ "FAO: Climate change threatens food security of Pacific island countries". December 2, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  9. ^ http://www.earth.columbia.edu/articles/view/2826
  10. ^ "Global economic crisis a concern for Pacific island countries". 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  11. ^ "WTO/FORSEC Trade Policy Course for Pacific island countries". 9 March 2001. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  12. ^ "NZ calls for global solutions to problems faced by small island nations". 2005-01-18. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  13. ^ Garg, Sarika. "U.N. ambassador gives keynote". Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  14. ^ "China enlists Pacific island countries as tourist destinations, XINHUA.". The America's Intelligence Wire. 10-AUG-04. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  15. ^ "Wen pledges new aid to Pacific countries". International Herald Tribune. April 5, 2006. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 
  16. ^ "Australian Naval Defence". The Brisbane Courier. 24 July 1897. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  17. ^ "China, Pacific island countries discuss cooperation at forum meeting". Retrieved 2009-02-01. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Island_country — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Top 10 Cities and Towns of Palau - Island Country

Thanks for watching..... 1) Airai 2) Imeong 3) Kloulklubed 4) Koror 5) Melekeok 6) Meyuns 7) Ngaramash 8) Ngetkip 9) Ollei 10) Ulimang Palau , officially the...

Big Island Country Club TV Spot

Big Island Country Club TV Spot - Watch as Noa Galdeira, director of golf, takes us on a tour of one of Hawaiis best golf courses: Big Island Country Club. N...

Top 10 Cities of Niue - Island Country

Thanks for watching..... 1) Alofi 2) Hakupu 3) Avatele 4) Mutalau 5) Tuapa 6) Lakepa 7) Makefu 8) Liku 9) Hikutivake 10) Fatiau Niue is an island country in ...

Texas Island Country

Artist: Billy Snipes Label: Texas Island Country Director: Ray Garcia Texas Island Country available on itunes.

Norfolk Island Country Music Festival featuring Marian Burns

Marian Burns at the 2008 Norfolk Island Country Music Festival.

Donkey Kong Country: Tropical Freeze Soundtrack - Temple ~ DK Island Swing

Donkey Kong Country: Tropical Freeze (WiiU) (Nintendo) Song: Temple ~ DK Island Swing Composer: David Wise, Kenji Yamamoto Year: 2014 Donkey Kong and Charact...

Donkey Kong Country OST 4 Island Swing

Island Swing.

Fiji Islands Travel Guide - Must-See Attractions

http://bookinghunter.com Fiji, officially the Republic of Fiji, is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean about 1100 nautical miles (2,00...

11070052 Upp Thomson Rd Singapore Island Country Club 20140218

DK Island Swing - Donkey Kong Country (SNES) Music Extended

Donkey Kong Country (SNES) music that has been extended to play for at least 15.5 minutes. Composer(s): David Wise, Eveline Novakovic, Robin Beanland Arrange...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

436 news items

Staten Island Advance - SILive.com
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 19:29:46 -0700

Brian Tucci tossed a complete game to lead host Mid-Island's Country Awards to a 6-2 tripling of the South Shore Bulls and a clinching of the Babe Ruth League Interleague Senior East first-place spot Wednesday. Mike Lepore knocked in a pair of runs ...
Economic Times
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 04:36:37 -0700

gotrinidadandtobago.com. Every year, the island country of Trinidad and Tobago celebrate India Arrival Day, in memory of the first Indians from the Indian subcontinent who landed on its shores in the year 1845 aboard the ship Fath Al Razack. Today ...

Hellenic News of America

Hellenic News of America
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 19:15:00 -0700

Interview with Lisa Matassa: Long Island country music singer. By: Markos Papadatos. Long Island-based country singer Lisa Matassa sat down and chatted in-person with Greek-American journalist Markos Papadatos about her critically-acclaimed new EP ...

New York Daily News

Guardian Liberty Voice
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 20:11:15 -0700

The heat wave has attracted the flying pests to the island country's capital by the millions. The current plague of locusts began a bit over two years ago, in April 2012 and shows no signs of abating. In the months which followed April, with no relief ...

CBS Local

CBS Local
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 00:01:02 -0700

There, in an island country in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Africa –- the fourth-largest island in the world -– and with no natural predators, the highly evolved but currently endangered lemurs have become a diverse and colorful population ...
Trinidad & Tobago Express
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 18:18:45 -0700

... • In 1814, the British crown gained possession of Tobago, which it maintained for a century and a half. The British first ruled Tobago as a separate colony, but during much of the 19th century administered the island from the Windward Islands ...
Galesburg Register-Mail
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 15:30:00 -0700

He began his 66-year teaching career in 1946 as an 18-year-old teacher at Slough Island country school near London Mills. Later he was principal at Fairview Grade School and then was first principal of Abingdon Community Grade School (now Hedding ...


Fri, 29 Aug 2014 11:00:00 -0700

In early 2010, the younger Bush and Clinton teamed up to lead relief efforts in Haiti on behalf of President Obama when a massive earthquake devastated the island country. Still others have speculated that if Bush's older brother, former Florida Gov ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Island country

You can talk about Island country with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!