digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Isabella Karle
Isabella Karle.jpg
Born Isabella Helen Lugoski
(1921-12-02) December 2, 1921 (age 94)
Detroit, Michigan
Nationality United States
Fields Crystallography
Alma mater University of Michigan
Notable awards Garvan–Olin Medal (1978)
Gregori Aminoff Prize (1988)
Bower Award (1993)
National Medal of Science (1995)
Spouse Jerome Karle (m. 1942; 3 children)

Dr. Isabella Karle (born Isabella Helen Lugoski on December 2, 1921) is an American scientist who was instrumental in developing techniques to extract plutonium chloride from a mixture containing plutonium oxide. For her scientific work, Karle has received the Garvan–Olin Medal, Gregori Aminoff Prize, Bower Award, National Medal of Science, and the Navy Distinguished Civilian Service Award (which is the Navy's highest form of recognition to civilian employees).

Early life[edit]

Isabella (seated center) and Jerome Karle (left foreground) at their 2009 retirement ceremony

Isabella Helen Lugoski was born in Detroit, Michigan, USA, on December 2, 1921, the daughter of immigrants from Poland, she attended the local public schools. While at school, a female chemistry teacher led her to her pursuit of the field as a career.[1] She attended the University of Michigan on full scholarship, where she majored in physical chemistry and received a Bachelor of Science at age 19, followed by Master of Science and Ph.D. degrees in the field.

Career[edit]

Karle worked on the Manhattan Project during World War II, where she developed techniques to extract plutonium chloride from a mixture containing plutonium oxide.[2]

She joined the United States Naval Research Laboratory after the end of the war. Karle advanced the practical uses of the work her husband, Nobel Prize winner Jerome Karle, did on using X-ray scattering techniques to directly determine the structure of crystals, a technique that is used to study the biological, chemical, metallurgical and physical characteristics, allowing processes to be designed to duplicate the molecules being studied. This technique has played a major role in the development of new pharmaceutical products and other synthesized materials.[2] She was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1993.[3]

On July 31, 2009, she and her husband retired from the Naval Research Laboratory, after a combined 127 years of service to the United States Government, with Karle joining the NRL in 1946, two years after her husband.[2] Retirement ceremonies for the Karles were attended by United States Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus, who presented the couple with the Department of the Navy Distinguished Civilian Service Award, the Navy's highest form of recognition to civilian employees.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Karle was married to Jerome Karle with whom she had three daughters, all of whom work in scientific fields:[4]

  • Louise Karle (born 1946) is a theoretical chemist
  • Jean Karle (1950) is an organic chemist
  • Madeleine Karle (1955) is a museum specialist with expertise in the field of geology.

Awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff. " profile", Journal of Chemical Education. Accessed September 22, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d McKinney, Donna. "Jerome and Isabella Karle Retire from NRL Following Six Decades of Scientific Exploration", United States Naval Research Laboratory press release dated July 21, 2009. Accessed September 22, 2009.
  3. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter K" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  4. ^ Jerome Karle: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1985, Nobel Prize. Accessed September 22, 2009.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_Karle — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
135 videos foundNext > 

Isabella Karle's Interview

Manhattan Project veteran and award-winning chemist Isabella Karle is a pioneer in the field of crystallography. Her work on molecular structures and plutonium ...

Isabella Karle's Interview

The daughter of Polish immigrants, Isabella Karle had received her Bachelor's, Master's, and PhD degrees in physical chemistry from the University of Michigan ...

Jerome Karle's Interview

Jerome Karle worked on plutonium chemistry at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory during the Manhattan Project, along with his wife, Isabella. After the war ...

Remembering Bernie Sahlins, Richard Matheson, Jerome Karle, Jiroemon Kimura, Ben Tucker

The Wellspring Of Improv Comedy SECOND CITY, TELEVISION'S GREATEST SCI-FI WRITER, X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY,THE OLDEST MAN, AND I'M ...

Kevin Karla & La Banda - Juventud ft. Dani Ride (Video Oficial)

Single Promocional "Sin Condiciones Tour" Redes Sociales KKLB: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/KevinKarlayLaBanda Twitter: @KevinKarla_LB ...

Interstate 40 Rhythm Kings @ Allhelgona-Blues, Lumber & Karle (2011)

Francesca Karle Interview

Late night talk gets real and gets a makeover when Marshall University students create and produce their own show. Hosted by Jamie Lofiego, expect the ...

Magnus ''Manco'' Ejnermark @ Allhelgona-Blues, Lumber & Karle (2011)

Everyday Makeup Look

Ugly aur pagli - Karle gunaah.HQ

135 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Isabella Karle" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight