digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The Iowa Cow War of 1931 involved violent disputes over the testing of cows for tuberculosis. After distrustful farmers tried and failed to repeal the testing program, they gathered in numbers to block tests from taking place. Such confrontations sometimes led to violence. Subsequently, the Republican Governor Dan Turner of Iowa declared martial law and called out Iowa National Guard troops to restore peace and to assist in capturing the ringleaders Jake Lenker and Paul Moore.

The State of Iowa required the tests to reduce the frequency with which dairy cattle with tuberculosis would contaminate the milk supply and cause milk-drinking humans to contract the disease.[1] An Iowa law passed in 1929 required all dairy and breeding cattle be tested by veterinarians. Any animal that showed signs of infection was to be destroyed. The owner was paid an indemnity. The program was financed by a property tax levy of up to 3 mills.[1]

The adoption of the testing program unfortunately coincided with the Great Depression. Farmers already impoverished by low prices for their milk and beef viewed the testing program as another threat to their livelihood.[1] They claimed that the test was unreliable and caused abortions in cattle. They also asserted that the test lowered the quality of milk and reduced a cow's milk output.[1]

In February 1931, two years after the adoption of the testing law, an estimated one thousand farmers went by special train from Tipton, Iowa (in Cedar County, Iowa) to Iowa's Capitol in Des Moines. On arrival, they demanded that Iowa Legislature make the tests optional rather than mandatory. After the Legislature refused to act, farmers began to take things into their own hands.[1]

In rural areas of southeast Iowa, veterinarians attempting to test cattle were increasingly met by large groups of farmers mobilized to obstruct the tests.[1] They were subjected to minor levels of violence, such as thrown eggs or mud, and kicks from farm wives.[1]

In areas where testing had been frustrated, Iowa officials responded by providing veterinarians with escorts from law officers. This came to a head on September 21, 1931 at the Jake Lenker farm south of Tipton.[2] Two veterinarians convoyed by 65 officers appeared at the farm. Barring the way were 400 farmers. Violence flared.[1] The following day, Iowa Governor Dan Turner declared martial law and sent 31 Iowa National Guard units to Tipton.[1] The effect of this show of force was dramatic. As Iowa historian George Mills explained decades later, "Objecting farmers gave in almost without exception to the show of force."[1] When all of the tests were completed (often under armed guard), the conflict also ended.[1]

Ultimately, Lenker and another leader of the revolt, Paul Moore, were arrested and convicted of criminal conspiracy, and sentenced to three-year terms in the Iowa State Pentitentiary in Fort Madison, Iowa.[1] Each was paroled well before the end of their sentences.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l George Mills, "Threw Rocks, Eggs In 'Cow War,'" Des Moines Register, 1971-09-22.
  2. ^ "State Moves in Test War: Hints of Militia Heard as Farmers Voice Opposition," Muscatine Journal, 1931-09-21, at 1.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iowa_Cow_War — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
2703 videos foundNext > 

Minecraft: Notch Land - WAR OF THE BEDS GAME [14]

We are Exploring Notch Land one of the biggest Minecraft Theme Parks! JEN'S CHANNEL - http://youtube.com/gamingwithjen Enjoy the video? Help me out and ...

Raising vs. Buying Heifers for Beef Cow Replacement

Iowa State University Extension & Outreach state livestock economist, Dr. Lee Schulz, outlines the use of Ag Decision Maker decision tool entitled "Raising vs.

Cattle Auctioneer, The New Rap God

Like us on FaceBook - https://www.facebook.com/pages/Hownowhowdow/126857937477640 Cattlerap video by David Kamp feat. Rhett parks. original source: ...

Milk Strikers Blockade Roads In A Farm-Dairy War 221625-64

If you wish to acquire broadcast quality material of this reel or want to know more about our Public Domain collection, contact us at info@footagefarm.co.uk ...

The Korean War Wagon Jeep MC M38 at 2013 Iowa State Fair Veterans Day

Walk Around Korean War Wagon during Veterans Day at 2013 IA State Fair.

Kim Cam: You can milk a cow at the state fair

Kim St. Onge tries her hand at milking at the Iowa State Fair. Subscribe to KCCI on YouTube now for more: http://bit.ly/QY3wuM Get more Des Moines news: ...

Cattle Called By A Trombone!

You've never seen a cattle call like this one. Derek Klingenberg is a farmer who occasionally posts YouTube song parodies. In today's video, he becomes the ...

The U S Government Is Preparing For The Economic Collapse And War

Get economic collapse news throughout the day visit More news visit Report date: 7.08.2014 UK manufacturing ... The coming 'tsunami of debt' and Collapse of ...

Des Moines, Iowa: A grassroots event with President Obama - full speech

Are you in? https://my.barackobama.com/iowagrootsvid At a grassroots event on the Iowa State Fairgrounds in Des Moines yesterday, President Obama spoke ...

Cow shares fight raw milk ban

ABCNEWS: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-05-30/cow-shares-fight-raw-milk-ban/4724328?section=sa A South Australian farmer denies he is exploiting a ...

2703 videos foundNext > 

1 news items

 
Quad City Times
Sun, 12 Sep 2010 00:05:07 -0700

“The most publicized instance of grassroots opposition to the eradication campaign was the infamous Iowa Cow War, a set of civil disturbances that broke out in eastern Iowa in 1931.” Of course. Lots of Iowa cattle breeders were suspicious of ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight