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International human rights instruments are treaties and other international documents relevant to international human rights law and the protection of human rights in general. They can be classified into two categories: declarations, adopted by bodies such as the United Nations General Assembly, which are not legally binding although they may be politically so as soft law; and conventions, which are legally binding instruments concluded under international law. International treaties and even declarations can, over time, obtain the status of customary international law.

International human rights instruments can be divided further into global instruments, to which any state in the world can be a party, and regional instruments, which are restricted to states in a particular region of the world.

Most conventions establish mechanisms to oversee their implementation. In some cases these mechanisms have relatively little power, and are often ignored by member states; in other cases these mechanisms have great political and legal authority, and their decisions are almost always implemented. Examples of the first case include the UN treaty committees, while the best exemplar of the second case is the European Court of Human Rights.

Mechanisms also vary as to the degree of individual access to them. Under some conventions – e.g. the European Convention on Human Rights – individuals or states are permitted, subject to certain conditions, to take individual cases to the enforcement mechanisms; under most, however (e.g. the UN conventions), individual access is contingent on the acceptance of that right by the relevant state party, either by a declaration at the time of ratification or accession, or through ratification of or accession to an optional protocol to the convention. This is part of the evolution of international law over the last several decades. It has moved from a body of laws governing states to recognizing the importance of individuals and their rights within the international legal framework.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights are sometimes referred to as the international bill of rights.

Declarations[edit]


Convention[edit]

Global[edit]

Regional: Africa[edit]

Regional: America[edit]

Regional: Europe[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_human_rights_instruments — Please support Wikipedia.
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44 news items

The International Examiner

The International Examiner
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 16:36:16 -0700

The commission uses the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments as its compass in highlighting and addressing human rights issues. The commission also works to impact the lives of people in Seattle through ...
 
Asian Human Rights Commission News (press release)
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 02:33:45 -0700

Nepal has ratified all the major international human rights instruments: it has duly ratified International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Convention Against Torture, Child Rights Convention, and is a party of all the four Geneva ...
 
Nyasa Times
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 17:22:55 -0700

The rights defenders also appeal to all Malawians including the new government to seize the 50th anniversary celebration by amongst other things reflecting on how as a country we have conformed to the various international human rights instruments ...
 
Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 22:15:00 -0700

... policy requirements for indigenous peoples could be subject for an 'opt-out', or that borrowers can use borrower system or national laws that are not aligned to the recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples under international human rights ...
 
Human Rights Watch
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 16:59:45 -0700

The core international human rights instruments place great emphasis on the importance of media freedom, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (article 19), and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (article 19 ...

International Middle East Media Center

International Middle East Media Center
Thu, 03 Jul 2014 11:47:49 -0700

PCHR stresses that there is international recognition of Israel's obligation to respect international human rights instruments and the international humanitarian law, especially the Hague Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land and ...
 
Abugidainfo
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 13:26:15 -0700

... by the United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on May 6, 2014 of Ethiopia's commitment, behavior and human rights performance as the Organization's member, signatory to its Charter and several international human rights instruments. Created ...
 
Phayul
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 06:29:41 -0700

Nyamdrel Gyaltsog Ki Trim Yig Khag is a Tibetan translation of a collection of international human rights instruments. It comprises of Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment against Torture ...
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