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International human rights instruments are treaties and other international documents relevant to international human rights law and the protection of human rights in general. They can be classified into two categories: declarations, adopted by bodies such as the United Nations General Assembly, which are not legally binding although they may be politically so as soft law; and conventions, which are legally binding instruments concluded under international law. International treaties and even declarations can, over time, obtain the status of customary international law.

International human rights instruments can be divided further into global instruments, to which any state in the world can be a party, and regional instruments, which are restricted to states in a particular region of the world.

Most conventions establish mechanisms to oversee their implementation. In some cases these mechanisms have relatively little power, and are often ignored by member states; in other cases these mechanisms have great political and legal authority, and their decisions are almost always implemented. Examples of the first case include the UN treaty committees, while the best exemplar of the second case is the European Court of Human Rights.

Mechanisms also vary as to the degree of individual access to them. Under some conventions – e.g. the European Convention on Human Rights – individuals or states are permitted, subject to certain conditions, to take individual cases to the enforcement mechanisms; under most, however (e.g. the UN conventions), individual access is contingent on the acceptance of that right by the relevant state party, either by a declaration at the time of ratification or accession, or through ratification of or accession to an optional protocol to the convention. This is part of the evolution of international law over the last several decades. It has moved from a body of laws governing states to recognizing the importance of individuals and their rights within the international legal framework.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights are sometimes referred to as the international bill of rights.

Declarations[edit]


Convention[edit]

Global[edit]

Regional: Africa[edit]

Regional: America[edit]

Regional: Europe[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_human_rights_instruments — Please support Wikipedia.
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30 news items

Kansas City infoZine

Kansas City infoZine
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 06:07:30 -0700

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) should address human rights violations among its member states as part of measures to improve the lives of its people, Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights, Amnesty International, and Human Rights ...
 
OMCT World Organisation Against Torture
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 10:03:45 -0700

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a joint programme of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in ...

The Maravi Post

The Maravi Post
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 04:48:45 -0700

“We wanted to re-align the Malawi Police Human Rights Training Manual with emerging legal developments including statutes and international human rights instruments,” he said. Kawalala further said the manual would also enhance knowledge and ...

The Zimbabwean

The Zimbabwean
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 23:00:00 -0700

Most of the countries have incorporated into their domestic legislation international human rights instruments. Countries such as South Africa and Botswana have clear human rights instruments in place. That is a very good starting point. Sadly there ...
 
StarAfrica.com
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 02:11:15 -0700

PARIS, 8 August 2014 / PRN Africa / — On the day of French President François Hollande's visit to Niger on 18 July 2014, several members of Niger's civil society were arrested in Niamey after having urged greater transparency and fairness in dealings ...
 
Sri Express
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 01:15:00 -0700

The above cited countries in Asia with recent cases of enforced disappearance are members of the United Nations and are therefore bound by the core international human rights instruments that obliged them to protect the human rights of its citizens.
 
Peace and Conflict Monitor
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 16:37:30 -0700

The right to education is a universal entitlement to education, recognised in various international human rights instruments. Most of these instruments provide that education should be accessible, adaptable, acceptable and available to those entitled ...
 
AINA
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 05:56:15 -0700

... one of the most important international documents in this regard, since it acknowledges their fundamental collective rights, i.e., their right to have a cultural, lingual, and religious identity, more broadly than all other international human ...
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