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The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) is a research programme that studies the phenomenon of global change.

The International Council of Scientific Unions, a coordinating body of national science organizations, launched IGBP in 1986. It looks at the total Earth system, the changes that are occurring, and the manner in which changes are influenced by human actions.[1]

IGBP aims to describe and understand how the physical, chemical and biological processes regulate the Earth system. It also seeks to increase knowledge of how humans are influencing the global processes, such as the carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, sulfur cycle, water cycle and phosphorus cycle. "It delivers scientific knowledge to help human societies develop in harmony with Earth's environment."[2]

IGBP research is organised around six projects representing the Earth system - land, atmosphere, ocean and where they meet (land-atmosphere, land-ocean. atmosphere-ocean) and two further projects looking at the Earth system as a whole: Past Global Changes (PAGES) which looks at palaeoclimate, and the Analysis, Integration and Modelling of the Earth System (AIMES), which helps set the agenda for Earth system models. Plus four joint projects - carbon, water, human health and food security - with the other three international global-change programmes.

In 2004, IGBP published a landmark synthesis, Global Change and the Earth System (Steffen et al).[2] The synthesis stated that humanity was now the main driver of change at the planetary scale and that Earth is now operating in a "no analogue" state. Measurements of Earth system processes, past and present, have led to the conclusion that the planet has moved well outside the range of natural variability in the last half million years at least.

Sybil Seitzinger is the Executive Director.[3]

IGBP projects[edit]

IGBP joint projects[edit]

International partners[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, CIESIN Thematic Guides
  2. ^ a b "Global Change and the Earth System". Retrieved 2010-03-25. 
  3. ^ Revkin, Andrew C. (2012-03-29). "Scientists Call for Practical Steps to Smooth Humanity's Journey". The New York Times. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Geosphere-Biosphere_Programme — Please support Wikipedia.
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2 news items

Boulder County Business Report
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 21:18:45 -0700

Future Earth is forming out of existing international science organizations such as the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, the International Human Dimensions Programme, Diversitas, the World Climate Research Programme and the Earth ...
Mongabay en Español
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 08:00:00 -0700

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, Stockholm, Sweden; Lewis, C. N., Brown, K. A., Edwards, L. A., Cooper, G., and Findlay, H. S. (2013) Sensitivity to ocean acidification parallels natural pCO2 gradients experienced by Arctic copepods under ...

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