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In mathematics, the interior product is a degree −1 antiderivation on the exterior algebra of differential forms on a smooth manifold. The interior product, named in opposition to the exterior product, is also called interior or inner multiplication, or the inner derivative or derivation, but should not be confused with an inner product. The interior product ιXω is sometimes written as X ω; this character is U+2A3C in Unicode and looks like $\lrcorner$.

## Definition

It is defined to be the contraction of a differential form with a vector field. Thus if X is a vector field on the manifold M, then

$\iota_X\colon \Omega^p(M) \to \Omega^{p-1}(M)$

is the map which sends a p-form ω to the (p−1)-form ιXω defined by the property that

$( \iota_X\omega )(X_1,\ldots,X_{p-1})=\omega(X,X_1,\ldots,X_{p-1})$

for any vector fields X1,..., Xp−1.

The interior product is the unique antiderivation of degree −1 on the exterior algebra such that on one-forms α

$\displaystyle\iota_X \alpha = \alpha(X)$,

the duality pairing between α and the vector X. Explicitly, if β is a p-form and γ is a q-form, then

$\iota_X(\beta\wedge\gamma) = (\iota_X\beta)\wedge\gamma+(-1)^p\beta\wedge(\iota_X\gamma).$

The above relation says that the interior product obeys a graded Leibniz rule. An operation equipped with linearity and a Leibniz rule is often called a derivative. The interior product is also known as the interior derivative.

## Properties

By antisymmetry of forms,

$\iota_X \iota_Y \omega = - \iota_Y \iota_X^{ } \omega$

and so $\iota_X^2 = 0$. This may be compared to the exterior derivative d which has the property d2 = 0. The interior product relates the exterior derivative and Lie derivative of differential forms by Cartan's identity:

$\mathcal L_X\omega = \mathrm d (\iota_X \omega) + \iota_X \mathrm d\omega.$

This identity defines a duality between the exterior and interior derivatives. Cartan's identity is important in symplectic geometry and general relativity: see moment map.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interior_product — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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