digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Interdict (disambiguation).

In Roman Catholic canon law, an interdict /ˈɪntərdɪkt/ is an ecclesiastical censure that excludes from certain rites of the Church individuals or groups, who nonetheless do not cease to be members of the Church.[1]

Distinctions in canon law[edit]

Before 1983, interdicts were either personal, if applied directly to people, wherever they were, or local, if applied directly to a locality and only indirectly to the people in that place whether permanently or only on a visit.[2] Only the Holy See was empowered to impose a general interdict on a diocese or state or a personal interdict on the people of a diocese or country, but bishops too could impose a general interdict on a parish or on the people of a parish or a particular interdict on a place (such as a church or oratory, an altar or a cemetery) or a person.[3]

Effects under pre-1983 canon law[edit]

A local interdict forbade in general the public celebration of sacred rites. Exceptions were made for the dying, and local interdicts were almost entirely suspended on five feasts of the year: Christmas Day, Easter Sunday, Pentecost, Corpus Christi and the feast of the Assumption of Mary.[4] Besides, in the case of a general local interdict, it remained permissible to celebrate in the cathedral or the only church in a town, but without any solemnity such as the ringing of bells and the playing of music, Mass, baptism, confession, and marriage.

Those who were under personal interdict were forbidden to be present at any religious rite except the preaching of the word of God. While mere attendance ("passive assistance," with "assistance" being an obsolete translation of Latin adsistere/assistere ["be present"; cf. the modern Italian equivalent and its Spanish cognate asistir]) by them did not require that they be expelled, if they were well known to be under interdict they were to be prevented from taking an active part.[5]

1983 Code of Canon Law[edit]

An interdict today has the effect of forbidding the person concerned to celebrate or receive any of the sacraments, including the Eucharist, or to celebrate the sacramentals. One who is under interdict is also forbidden to take any ministerial part (e.g., as a reader if a layperson or as a deacon or priest if a clergyman) in the celebration of the Eucharist or of any other ceremony of public worship.[6]

These are the only effects for those who have incurred a latae sententiae interdict, namely, one incurred automatically at the moment of committing the offence for which canon law imposes that penalty. For instance, a priest may not refuse Communion publicly to those who are under merely automatic interdict, even if he knows that they have incurred this kind of interdict.[7]

However, in the case of a ferendae sententiae interdict, one incurred only when imposed by a legitimate superior or declared as the sentence of an ecclesiastical court,[8] those affected are not to be admitted to Holy Communion[9] (see canon 915), and if they violate the prohibition against taking a ministerial part in celebrating the Eucharist or some other ceremony of public worship, they are to be expelled or the sacred rite suspended, unless there is a grave reason to the contrary.[6] In the same circumstances, local ordinaries and parish priests lose their right to assist validly at marriages.[10]

Automatic (latae sententiae) interdict is incurred by anyone using physical violence against a bishop,[11] as also by a person who, not being an ordained priest, attempts to celebrate Mass, or who, though unable to give valid sacramental absolution, attempts to do so, or hears a sacramental confession.[12] Automatic interdict is also incurred by anyone falsely accusing a priest of soliciting sexual favours in connection with confession[13] or attempting to marry while having a perpetual vow of chastity.[14]

An interdict is also the censure that canon law says should be imposed on someone who, because of some act of ecclesiastical authority or ministry publicly incites to hatred against the Holy See or the Ordinary, or who promotes or takes up office in an association that plots against the Church,[15] or who commits the crime of simony.[16]

Notable local canonical interdicts[edit]

Norway[edit]

  • Pope Innocent III placed the Kingdom of Norway under interdict in October 1198. Although King Sverre forged letters to show that the interdict had been lifted, he and his subjects remained under interdict until Sverre's death in 1202.

England[edit]

  • Pope Innocent III also placed the kingdom of England under an interdict for five years between 1208 and 1213, after King John refused to accept the pope's appointee Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury.

Scotland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Malta[edit]

Interdiction featured in 20th century Maltese politics. Between 1930 and 1933, those who voted for the progressive Compact parties (Constitutional Party, Labour Party) were interdicted and refused burial in sacred grounds.[22]

Once again, between 1961 and 1969, the National Executive of the Malta Labour Party was interdicted and voting Labour became a mortal sin.[23][24] Among other sanctions, Labour voters were refused absolution, last rites and burial in sacred grounds. During this period, most Labour rallies were disturbed by members of Catholic organisations (that formed the "Diocesan Junta") and the ringing of church bells. A large number of labourites left the Maltese Islands during this period, partly due to the fact that at the time a reference letter from the local parish priest was commonly requested by employers. The 1969 Peace Agreement between the Labour Party and the local Catholic authorities stipulates that the interdiction should not be imposed in the future.

France[edit]

United States[edit]

  • In 1955, after white parishioners had refused to let a black priest enter a chapel situated about 20 miles from New Orleans, Archbishop Joseph Rummel placed the chapel under interdict.[25]

Notable personal canonical interdicts[edit]

In Malta between 8 April 1961 and 4 April 1969 the leadership of the Malta Labour Party, readers, advertisers and distributors of Party papers as well as its voters were interdicted by the local bishop.[26] Previously, between 1930 and 1933 interdiction was imposed on the Constitutional Party and Labour. In both cases, the Nationalist Party won elections while its opponents were interdicted.[27]

Bishop René Henry Gracida of Corpus Christi, Texas interdicted a Roman Catholic politician in the late 20th century for supporting legal abortion; the unnamed individual died while under interdict.[28]

Anglican canon law[edit]

In Anglican canon law, bishops in the Anglican Communion may still in theory possess the power of interdict, but seem not to have exercised it since the English Reformation.

Scottish civil law[edit]

In Scottish law, "an interdict is a civil court order that tells a person not to do something or to stay away from you, your children or a specific place, such as your house. If a person doesn't stick to an interdict, the police might be able to arrest them if the interdict gives them the power to do so"[29] similar to an injunction.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1917 Code of Canon Law, canon 2268 §1
  2. ^ 1917 Code of Canon Law, canons 2268 §2 and 2269 §2
  3. ^ 1917 Code of Canon Law, canons 2269 §1 and 2272
  4. ^ 1917 Code of Canon Law, canon 2270
  5. ^ 1917 Code of Canon Law, canon 2275
  6. ^ a b 1983 Code of Canon Law, canon 1332
  7. ^ Edward McNamara, "Denying Communion to Someone"
  8. ^ "Code of Canon Law, canon 1314". Vatican.va. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  9. ^ 1983 Code of Canon Law, canon 915
  10. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 1109
  11. ^ 1983 Code of Canon Law, canon 1370 §2
  12. ^ 1083 Code of Canon Law. canon 1378 §2
  13. ^ 1983 Code of Canon Law, canon 1390 §1
  14. ^ 1983 Code of Canon Law, canon 1394 §2
  15. ^ Code of Canon Law, canons 1373-1374
  16. ^ 1983 Code of Canon Law, canon 1380
  17. ^ The Encyclopaedia Britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, and ..., Volume 5 By Thomas Spencer Baynes
  18. ^ Scotland in the Hundred Years' War
  19. ^ David Chambers, Brian Pullan, Jennifer Fletcher (editors), Venice: A Documentary History, 1450-1630 (University of Toronto Press 2001 ISBN 978-0-8020-8424-8), pp. 219-220
  20. ^ Seattle Catholic - The Venetian Interdict of 1606-1607
  21. ^ CNS STORY: Holding public figures accountable to church: centuries of precedent
  22. ^ Sciberras, S. (2010). "Maltese History : Church - State Relations". stbenedictcollege.org. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  23. ^ Grech, Herman; Sansone, Kurt (10 April 2011). "Bricked by interdiction". Times of Malta. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  24. ^ "Interdict for Church Critics". Catholic Herald. 1961. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  25. ^ R. Bentley Anderson, Black, White, and Catholic (Vanderbilt University Press 2005 ISBN 978-0-8265-1483-7), p. 146
  26. ^ "The Unholy War" (PDF). Malta Today,. Archived from the original on January 7, 2006. Retrieved March 13, 2005. 
  27. ^ Church and State in Malta, Jon P. Mitchell
  28. ^ Catholic World News : US bishop imposed interdict on pro-abortion politician
  29. ^ Interdicts for antisocial behaviour

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdict — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
9301 videos foundNext > 

Elite Dangerous Beta 3 Gameplay - How to interdict other players

Beta 3 Interdiction. How to interdict players and NPCs. 1) Buy an FSD Interdictor module from a reputable salesman. 2) Set it to a fire group. 3) Deploy it during supercruise. 4) Line up behind...

Elite: Dangerous Alpha 4.01 - interdiction 3 cobra's

Elite: Dangerours Alpha 4.01 - My first long fight with 3 cobra's and me in a standard Sidewinder. Did survive the fight, all 3 chickened out when I almost k...

Nemphis Belle - "Interdict" (Track07)

Download album: http://www.nemphisbelle.com/arquivos.html PRIMEIRO ALBUM DA BANDA NEMPHIS BELLE INTITULADO "IT'S AMAZING". GRAVADO EM JANEIRO DE 2011 por ROD...

An application by Dalindyebo to interdict Zuma reserved

Judgement in the application by the AbaThembu King, Buyelekhaya Dalindyebo, to interdict President Jacob Zuma from removing his certificate of recognition, h...

EXCLUSIVE! TSHISEKEDI INTERDICT PAR KABILA, D'ATTERRISSAGE A AEROPORT DE NDJILI ELECTION 2011

EXCLUSIVE! TSHISEKEDI INTERDIT PAR KABILA, D'ATTERRISSAGE A AEROPORT DE NDJILI ELECTION 2011.

US Army 21st TSC's 18th Engineers Participate in INTERDICT 12 Exercise in Zaragoza Spain

21st TSC's 18th Engineers Participate in INTERDICT 12 Exercise in Zaragoza Spain. Video by Sgt. Benjamin Boggess | 21st Theater Sustainment Command -- Aiirso...

SAHRC obtains interdict against Lenasia demolitions

The South African Human Rights Commission has obtained an urgent court interdict that prevents the demolition of more homes in Lenasia, south of Johannesburg...

Mogale City wants court interdict against mining firm

Mogale City Municipality hopes to get a court interdict against Mintails Mining. It says the Department of Mineral Resources found irregularities with the mi...

Interdict 11

http://www.eur.army.mil SAN GREGORIO TRAINING AREA, Zaragoza, Spain -- U.S. Army Europe's Joint Multinational Readiness Center is providing support for Inter...

High Court grants interdict against e-tolling

EWN's Alex Eliseev reports on the North Gauteng High Court's decision to grant an interdict against e-tolling on Saturday 28 April, 2012.

9301 videos foundNext > 

632 news items

Times LIVE

Mail & Guardian Online
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 22:15:00 -0700

The launch of the interdict was the reason Parliament postponed the inquiry, which was set to begin on Tuesday and scheduled to sit for five days to determine whether the behaviour of 20 EFF MPs who chanted “pay back the money” to President Jacob Zuma ...

TechCentral

TechCentral
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 06:30:00 -0700

SABC chair Zandile Tshabalala on Thursday obtained an interim interdict in the Western Cape high court halting an inquiry into whether she lied about her academic qualifications. The announcement was made during a meeting of parliament's portfolio ...

News24

News24
Mon, 13 Oct 2014 08:29:04 -0700

Johannesburg - An application by forensic investigator Paul O'Sullivan to interdict Radovan Krejcir's legal team from going through his cellphone records was granted by the South Gauteng High Court on Monday, O'Sullivan said. "We won with costs and I ...
 
iAfrica.com
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 23:33:45 -0700

AbaThembu King Buyelekhaya Dalindyebo has been granted an interdict against President Jacob Zuma removing him as king. The Eastern Cape High Court granted the order on Thursday. Dalindyebo sought court protection after President Zuma wrote to ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Tue, 14 Oct 2014 21:41:15 -0700

COSATU welcomes the dismissal of the final interdict against Seskhona holding protest marches. This City has no leadership ability in respect of dealing with people who have legitimate concerns and it tries to use the police and the courts to bully ...

KVEO-TV

KVEO-TV
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 08:11:15 -0700

AUSTIN, TX — On the evening of Wednesday, Sept. 17, 2014, Texas National Guardsmen, supporting Operation Strong Safety along the Texas-Mexico border interdicted a group of drug smugglers walking out of a ridge complex in the Rio Grande Valley.
 
AllAfrica.com
Tue, 30 Sep 2014 04:37:30 -0700

On 25 September 2014 the Labour Court granted the National Employers Association of SA (Neasa) an interim interdict in response to their application to prevent this year's wage agreement, signed at the Metals and Engineering Industries Bargaining ...
 
WWNO
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 07:03:45 -0700

They need to interdict drugs coming in across our border. If you want to secure the border you should support the Coast Guard.” Landrieu also sparred with Republican Bill Cassidy over his decision to participate in only two debates. He said he wanted ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight