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The inner city is the central area of a major city or metropolis. In the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Ireland, the term is often a euphemism applied to the lower-income residential districts in the city centre and nearby areas. In the United States, the term has the additional connotation of impoverished black and/or Hispanic neighborhoods. Sociologists in these countries sometimes turn this euphemism into a formal designation, applying the term inner city to such residential areas rather than to geographically more central commercial districts.
However, the euphemism is increasingly inaccurate and irrelevant as inner city areas of American cities have undergone gentrification especially since the 1990s.
Such connotations are less common in other countries, where deprived areas may be located in outlying parts of cities. For instance, in many European cities, the inner city is the most prosperous part of the metropolis, where housing is expensive and where elites and high-income individuals dwell. Poverty and crime are more associated with the distant suburbs. The Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, French and Swedish words for suburb (sobborgo, suburbio, subúrbio, banlieue and förort respectively) often have a negative connotation similar to that of the English term inner city, especially when used in the plural.
The peculiar American sociological usage is rooted in the middle 20th century. When automobiles became affordable in the United States and forced busing ensued, many middle and high-income residents, who were mostly white, moved to suburbs to have larger lots and houses, and a lower crime rate. The loss of population and affluent taxpayers caused many inner city communities to fall into urban decay. Late in the century, many such areas underwent gentrification, especially in the Northeast and West coast, depriving them of the "inner city" label despite their unchanged location.
Regardless of their degree of prosperity, city areas that are literally more central tend to have higher population densities than outer suburbs, with more of the population living inside multi-floored townhouses and apartment buildings.
See also 
Further reading 
- Harrison, P. (1985) Inside the Inner City: Life Under the Cutting Edge. Penguin: Harmondsworth. This book takes Hackney, London as a case study of inner city urban deprivation.
Inner City - Big Fun (1988)
Inner City - Big Fun (1988) Real Name: Kevin Saunderson & Paris Grey Formed : 1988, Detroit, United States www.danceanni90.com.
Inner City - Good Life 1988
Inner City - Good Life 1988 HQ Audio A great House song...I've just rebranded the genre and most of die hards are right...fits on House.
Inner City - Watcha Gonna Do With My Lovin
Originally done by Stephanie Mills; Inner City - Watcha Gonna Do With My Lovin ...
Inner City - Paradise
Label: Ten Records Ltd. (10 Records) Catalog#: DIX 81 Format: Vinyl, LP, Album Country: UK Released: 1989 Genre: Electronic Style: House, Techno Credits: Pro...
Key & Peele: Substitute Teacher
A substitute teacher from the inner city refuses to be messed with while taking attendance.
Goldie - Inner City Life (HD)
"The Alchemist: The Best Of 1992-2012" out now! http://amzn.to/15Oi1TV Goldie - Inner City Life (HD) "The Alchemist: The Best Of 1992-2012" is a 3cd career r...
Inner City- Till we meet again
A classic soulfull Chicago House song Inner City at they best. Enjoy.
Good Life - Inner City
This is from their album "Paradise". It's one of my all time favorite songs. Hope you all enjoy it.
Inner City - Big Fun (Big Club Mix)
A new take on this club classic. The original was released in 1988, and this Kevin Saunderson production was ahead of its time and will continue to stand the...
Flight of the Conchords Ep2 Inner City Pressure
Inner city life, inner city pressure The concrete world is starting to get ya The city is alive, the city is expanding, Living in the city can be demanding, ...
Phoenix Business Journal
Wed, 22 May 2013 15:16:38 -0700
Compiled by the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City and Fortune magazine, the list recognizes inner-city companies and their CEOs as role models for entrepreneurship, innovative business practices and job creation in America's urban communities.
San Antonio Express
Wed, 22 May 2013 15:43:46 -0700
Two companies from the Alamo City were named to the 2013 Inner City 100, a list that recognizes the nation's fastest growing inner-city businesses. Fortune magazine and the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC) compiled the list, which ...
Nashville Business Journal
Wed, 22 May 2013 16:45:59 -0700
Zycron, a Nashville-based IT consulting firm, was named by Fortune and the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City as No. 64 among the top 100 fastest-growing inner city companies in the U.S.. Zycron had a 21 percent five-year annual growth rate and ...
Twin Cities Business Magazine
Thu, 23 May 2013 06:40:17 -0700
The Initiative for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC), a nonprofit research firm, compiled the list, examining businesses in areas that have higher unemployment and poverty rates and lower median incomes than surrounding metropolitan areas. The ICIC then ...
Denver Business Journal
Wed, 22 May 2013 15:49:39 -0700
“We are excited to celebrate inner city businesses like Postmodern Co. whose success stories are not told nearly enough,” said Mary Kay Leonard, ICIC's president and CEO. “These entrepreneurs are driving economic forces in America's urban cores, ...
The Gazette: Eastern Iowa Breaking News and Headlines (blog)
The Gazette: Eastern Iowa Breaking News and Headlines (blog)
Wed, 22 May 2013 10:53:50 -0700
The Initiative for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC) and FORTUNE announced that Raining Rose (Rank #50) was selected for the 2013 Inner City 100, a list of the fastest-growing inner city companies in the U.S. The Inner City 100 program recognizes ...
Thu, 23 May 2013 05:22:50 -0700
SALT LAKE CITY, May 22, 2013 -- Neutron Interactive, an online marketing company based in Salt Lake City, Utah, is excited to have won an Inner City 100 Award. The Inner City 100 program, organized by the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC), ...
Inner City Press
Wed, 22 May 2013 15:07:24 -0700
Inner City Press asked the first question on May 20 right after the cut-off, and seven and a half hour later was told by the chief of UNTV Stephane Dujarric, "Due to a clerical error the meeting was listed as closed and not available to UNTV. However ...
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