digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















An information gap task is a technique in language teaching where students are missing information necessary to complete a task or solve a problem, and must communicate with their classmates to fill in the gaps.[1] It is often used in communicative language teaching and task-based language learning. Information gap tasks are contrasted with opinion gap tasks, in which all information is shared at the start of the activity, and learners give their own opinions on the information given.[2]


Two almost-identical cartoons, side-by-side, of an old lady looking on while a young child decorates a pink cake
An example of a spot-the-difference activity

One example of an information gap task is a spot-the-difference activity.[1] Another is an activity where one student is given a picture, and must describe it to another student, who creates a drawing from the description.[3] Further examples are students sharing information to complete a class timetable, and an activity where students must share information about their families and then draw each others' family trees.[3]


Information gap tasks are also used to test language ability. According to Underhill, these kind of tasks have the advantage that they produce concrete evidence of communicative competence, or of the lack of it, but the disadvantage of only testing the ability to communicate factual information.[4] He goes on to say that with information gap tasks, care must be taken not to create a test which tests general problem-solving ability more than language fluency.[4]



  • Ellis, Rod (2003). Task-Based Language Learning and Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-442159-1. 
  • Larsen-Freeman, Diane (2000). Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-435574-2. 
  • Richards, Jack C.; Schmidt, Richard, eds. (2009). "Information gap". Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics. New York: Longman. p. 282. ISBN 978-1-4082-0460-3. 
  • Underhill, Nic (1987). Testing Spoken Language: A Handbook of Oral Testing Techniques. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-31276-9. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_gap_task — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
11599 videos foundNext > 

ESL - Information Gap

A 6th Grade ESL class uses 'information gap' to study science and social studies. After the activity, students write in their metacognition journals.

Classroom Activity: Same Different Information Gap

Beginning Teachers demonstrate an example of a great information gap activity used to get students talking in the language classroom.

Information Gap

Slideshow to explain the concept Information Gap.

Jeff Shucard Information Gap 2

In this activity, these Lower Intermediate students have to take on the roles of students in a college dorm and find out who their neighbours are, in order to be able to collaborate in drawing...

Bridge the gap

Certification Coursework Requirements Have Changed: As of January 1, 2015, applicants for the BCBA® and BCaBA® exams will be subject to the new Fourth Edition Task List standards.

Ignite-DC Brian English: Beyond Google Maps: Filling the Information-Power Gap in Slums

Collecting data about poverty has always been a difficult task, regardless of where you are in the world. But take that task to the slum communities of rapidly urbanizing developing countries...

Teaching of Speaking - Information Gap by Cyrene Anne Bonaobra

This is the presentation made by Cyrene Anne Bonaobra of BSEd-E III-1.

The Laws of the Sun Seminar with Steve Bellingham

http://happyscience.org.au/ In preparation for the visit of Master Ryuho Okawa to Australia 14th October 2012. Steve Bellingham presents a series of enlightening seminars. More info about...

10 days to go: Preview of ITU Plenipotentiary 2014 D-10: 부산에서 열리는 올해의 ITU 전권회의

In just over one week′s time,... representatives of 193 countries will converge on Korea′s southern port city of Busan for the 2014 meeting of the International Telecommunication Union....

information gap

11599 videos foundNext > 

1 news items

Language Magazine
Fri, 11 May 2012 17:39:31 -0700

So if it's an information gap task, the teacher may have one set of information, the students another. They have a goal to achieve. They communicate together in order to achieve it. It can be done in a whole class environment. I've sometimes ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight