digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For the book by Sidney and Beatrice Webb, see Industrial Democracy.

Industrial democracy is an arrangement which involves workers making decisions, sharing responsibility and authority in the workplace. While in participative management organizational designs workers are listened to and take part in the decision-making process, in organizations employing industrial democracy they also have the final decisive power (they decide about organizational design and hierarchy as well).[1]

In company law, the term generally used is co-determination, following the German word Mitbestimmung. In German companies with more than 1000 employees (coal and steel industries) resp. more than 2000 employees (other industries) half of the supervisory board of directors (which elects management) is elected by the shareholders, and the other half by the workers.

Although industrial democracy generally refers to the organization model in which workplaces are run directly by the people who work in them in place of private or state ownership of the means of production, there are also representative forms of industrial democracy. Representative industrial democracy includes decision making structures such as the formation of committees and consultative bodies to facilitate communication between management, unions, and staff.

Rationale[edit]

Advocates often point out that industrial democracy increases productivity and service delivery from a more fully engaged and happier workforce. Other benefits include less industrial dispute resulting from better communication in the workplace; improved and inclusive decision making processes resulting in qualitatively better workplace decisions, decreased stress and increased well-being, an increase in job satisfaction, a reduction in absenteeism and an improved sense of fulfillment. Other authors regard industrial democracy as a consequence of citizenship rights.

Works councils and workers' participation[edit]

Main article: Works council

At the point of production, the introduction of mandatory works councils and voluntary schemes of workers' participation (e.g. semi-autonomous groups) have a long tradition in European countries.[2]

Co-determination[edit]

Main article: Co-determination

In a number of European countries, employees of a business take part in election of company directors. In Germany, the law is known as the Mitbestimmungsgesetz of 1976. In Britain a 1977 proposal for a similar system was named the Bullock Report.

History[edit]

The anarchist thinker Pierre-Joseph Proudhon used the term "industrial democracy" in the 1850s to describe the vision of workplace democracy he had first raised 1840's What is Property? Or, an Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government (management "must be chosen from the workers by the workers themselves, and must fulfil the conditions of eligibility.") He repeated this call in later works like General Idea of the Revolution[3]

In late nineteenth century, and at the beginning of the twentieth century, industrial democracy, along with anarcho-syndicalism and new unionism, represented one of the dominant themes in revolutionary socialism and played a prominent role in international labour movements. The term industrial democracy was also used by British socialist reformers Sidney and Beatrice Webb in their 1897 book Industrial Democracy. The Webbs used the term to refer to trade unions and the process of collective bargaining.[4]

While the influence of the movements promoting industrial democracy declined after the defeat of the anarchists in the Spanish Revolution in 1939, several unions and organizations advocating the arrangement continue to exist and are again on the rise internationally.

The Industrial Workers of the World advance an industrial unionism which would organize all the workers, regardless of skill, gender or race, into one big union divided into a series of departments corresponding to different industries. The industrial unions would be the embryonic form of future post-capitalist production. Once sufficiently organized, the industrial unions would overthrow capitalism by means of a general strike, and carry on production through worker run enterprises without bosses or the wage system. Anarcho-syndicalist unions, like the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo, are similar in their means and ends but organize workers into geographically based and federated syndicates rather than industrial unions.

The New Unionism Network also promotes workplace democracy as a means to linking production and economic democracy.

Representative industrial democracy[edit]

Modern industrial economies have adopted several aspects of industrial democracy to improve productivity and as reformist measures against industrial disputes. Often referred to as "teamworking", this form of industrial democracy has been practiced in Scandinavia, Germany, The Netherlands and the UK, as well as in several Japanese companies including Toyota, as an effective alternative to Taylorism.

The term is often used synonymously with workplace democracy, in which the traditional master-servant model of employment gives way to a participative, power-sharing model.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rayton, D. (1972). Shop Floor Democracy in Action. Nottingham: Russell Press. 
  2. ^ Joel Rogers/Wolfgang Streeck (eds.): Works Councils. Consultation, Representation, and Cooperation in Industrial Relations, The University of Chicogo Press, Chicogo-London 1995. - Thomas Sandberg; 'Work Organization and Autonomous Groups, LiberFörlag, Uppsala 1982.
  3. ^ Property is Theft! A Pierre-Joseph Proudhon Anthology. Edinburgh/Oakland: AK Press. p. 610, p. 119, pp. 586-7
  4. ^ Müller-Jentsch, Walther (December 16, 2007). "Industrial Democracy: Historical Development and Current Challenges". Management Revue. 19 (4): 260–273. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 

References[edit]

Articles
  • M Poole, 'Theories of Industrial Democracy: the Emerging Synthesis' (1982) 30(2) Sociological Review 181-207
  • W Müller-Jentsch, Industrial Democracy: Historical Development and Current Challenges' (2007) 19 (4) Management Revue 260–273
Books
  • P Blumberg, Industrial Democracy: The Sociology of Participation (1969)
  • K Boyle, The UAW and the Heyday of American Liberalism, 1945-1968 (1995)
  • M Derber, The American Idea of Industrial Democracy, 1865-1965 (1970)
  • SM Lipset, M Trow and J Coleman, Union Democracy: The Inside Politics of the International Typographical Union (1977)
  • JA McCartin, Labor's Great War: The Struggle for Industrial Democracy and the Origins of Modern American Labor Relations, 1912-1921 (1998)
  • M Poole, Industrial Relations: Origins and Patterns of National Diversity (2008)
  • M Poole, Workers' Participation in Industry (2nd edn 1978)
  • BC Roberts (ed), Towards Industrial Democracy: Europe, Japan and the United States (1979)
  • B Webb and S Webb. Industrial Democracy (1897)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_democracy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
715485 videos foundNext > 

The Trade Union - The History of Industrial Democracy - Fight for Rights 1940s

This Is Your Union - The first organized union, the United Steelworkers Union - history of labor management relations. From 1930s formation of unions to negotiation of pay and work conditions.

Ricardo Semler and Industrial Democracy

Ricardo Semler- Maverick by Stephen.

Industrial Democracy and the Civil Rights Establishment of the 1930s

Toure F. Reed examines the influence of labor activism on the civil rights agendas of the NAACP and National Urban League and challenges presumptions about the ideological orientations of these...

History of the United States - Industrial Democracy

History of the United States, Vol. VII by Charles Austin Beard and Mary Ritter Beard (Audio Book) Charles Beard was the most influential American historian of the early 20th century. He published...

Industrial Dance "Democracy" "Ayotzinapa"

Música: FGFC820- Democracy Protesta pacifica. Participación: Aidée Ga-to Yack Lunatik Heri Tanat Grabación: Aidée Ga-to Heri Tanat Edición: Heri Tanat Lugar: Oaxaca México. FACEBOOK....

Synopsis | Industrial Democracy By Sidney Webb

THE SYNOPSIS OF YOUR FAVORITE BOOK =--- Where to buy this book? ISBN: 9781149771587 Book Synopsis of Industrial Democracy by Sidney Webb If you want to add where to buy this...

Synopsis | The Triangle Fire, The Protocols Of Peace, And Industrial Democracy In Progressi

THE SYNOPSIS OF YOUR FAVORITE BOOK =--- Where to buy this book? ISBN: 9781592131747 Book Synopsis of The Triangle Fire, the Protocols of Peace, and Industrial Democracy in Progressi...

Synopsis | Industrial Democracy, Volume 1 By Sidney Webb

THE SYNOPSIS OF YOUR FAVORITE BOOK =--- Where to buy this book? ISBN: 9781148643243 Book Synopsis of Industrial Democracy, Volume 1 by Sidney Webb If you want to add where...

Democracy 3 - Clones and Drones: Industrial Germany #1

Pro state, pro industry, anti-poor Germany with all dlc including clones and drones. Want to see more? Make sure to Subscribe and Like!

The Military Industrial Pundits: Conflicts of Interest Exposed for TV Guests Who Urged Syrian War

http://www.democracynow.org - New research shows many so-called experts who appeared on television making the case for U.S. strikes on Syria had undisclosed ties to military contractors. A...

715485 videos foundNext > 

438 news items

BBC News

BBC News
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 18:28:15 -0700

In several countries we are witnessing a gradual decline in support for traditional mainstream parties, as disillusioned voters strike out in unexpected directions. This loosening of old loyalties has been most notable in Greece: hardly surprising, in ...

libcom.org (blog)

libcom.org (blog)
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 12:52:30 -0700

Industrial democracy being enacted through mass meetings and mass pickets? No: Len McCluskey wrote: If partisan legislation designed to push the legitimate democratic work of trade unions outside of the law is driven through parliament then we, in ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 16 Mar 2015 02:06:16 -0700

Labour will never bring industrial democracy and socialism back, they're as irrelevant as the dodo. But Blue Labour has tried to find a way of being both anti-big government and communitarian, fostering a sense of belonging that isn't just about the ...

Democratic Audit UK

Democratic Audit UK
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 00:30:38 -0800

February is the shortest month of the year, but with May's General Election waddling ever closer, democracy factoids are never far away. Here, Democratic Audit UK's Sean Kippin rounds up 20 more inane, amusing, and occasionally interesting bits of ...
 
CIPD (blog)
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 06:05:46 -0700

The joint project from Warwick Business School, Unite trade union, Royal Holloway, University of London and Cass Business School, is due to be published in the journal Economic and Industrial Democracy. Professor Kim Hoque, of Warwick Business School ...
 
Bay Area Indymedia
Sun, 01 Mar 2015 11:29:34 -0800

There can be no industrial democracy because the employers do not wish for workers to mobilize and demand our rights. The bosses use all kinds of tactics to deny us our formal rights so that we will lose our right as workers to win our fair share of ...

CNET

CNET
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 09:52:19 -0800

@sbwinn @eletain Well this is a digression from the topic of the thread that we are going to have to disagree on. Every other industrial democracy has made this choice. This is one area where the much touted 'American Exceptionalism' is bad for the ...

UCLA Asia Institute

UCLA Asia Institute
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 12:26:04 -0800

Dutton warned that a linear view of historical development that culminates in a western-style industrial democracy fails to acknowledge the rich and variegated histories of Korea and other postcolonial nations. “Modernity cannot be understood simply in ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight