digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Illawarra
New South Wales
Sunset lake illawarra.jpg
Sunset over Lake Illawarra.
Coordinates 34°30′S 150°54′E / 34.5°S 150.9°E / -34.5; 150.9Coordinates: 34°30′S 150°54′E / 34.5°S 150.9°E / -34.5; 150.9
Population 456,724 (2011)[citation needed]
LGA(s) Kiama, Shellharbour, Shoalhaven, Wingecarribee, Wollongong
State electorate(s) Wollongong, Kiera, Shellharbour, Heathcote, Kiama
Federal Division(s) Cunningham, Throsby, Gilmore
Localities around Illawarra:
Macarthur Southern Sydney Tasman Sea
Southern Highlands Illawarra Tasman Sea
Southern Tablelands South Coast Tasman Sea
Lookout from the Illawarra Escarpment above Wombarra over the northern Illawarra plain viewing Austinmer, Thirroul, Bulli, Wollongong up to Port Kembla in the far.

Illawarra is a region in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is a coastal region situated immediately south of Sydney and north of the Shoalhaven or South Coast region. It encompasses the cities of Wollongong, Shellharbour, Shoalhaven, the town of Kiama and the shire of Wingecarribee.

The Illawarra region is characterised by three distinct districts; the north-central district being a contiguous urban sprawl centred around Lake Illawarra; the western district defined by the Illawarra escarpment, which leads up to the south-west fringe of Greater Metropolitan Sydney including the Macarthur and Southern Highlands regions; and the southern district that is historically semi-rural, yet now defined by increasing urbanisation.

Geography[edit]

Illawarra Escarpment above Austinmer, showing Hawkesbury sandstone, Rainforest and Eucalyptus forest.
A section of the Illawarra coastline, circa 1900

The region consists of a coastal plain, narrow in the north and wider in the south, bounded by the Tasman Sea on the east and the mountainous, almost impassable Illawarra escarpment (forming the eastern edge of the Southern Highlands plateau) to the west. In the middle of the region is Lake Illawarra, a shallow lake formed when sediment built up at the entrance to a bay. The district extends from the southern hills of the Royal National Park in the north to the Shoalhaven River in the south, and contains the city of Wollongong, the third-largest urban area in New South Wales. North of Wollongong the plain narrows to a small strip of land between the coast and the escarpment. At Coalcliff and Stanwell Park small valleys are formed allowing further settlement. To the south it widens, and becomes increasingly hillier before reaching Stockyard Mountain, a long divide between the main plain and the Jamberoo Valley, which stretches until it reaches Kiama. South of Kiama is Saddleback Mountain and south of that the Shoalhaven plains and the outcrop of Coolangatta Mountain.

The main industries in the area have traditionally been farming, coal mining and steel making. Australia's largest steel-works, BlueScope Steel, operates at Port Kembla. The area, especially around Port Kembla and Wollongong, was once known for its mainly industrial jobs, but since the 1990s commerce has played an increasing role in the city, overtaking industry in many areas.

The Illawarra region is linked to Sydney by several passes and a motorway (Southern Freeway) and electric railway (see South Coast railway line); to the west by the Illawarra Highway and Picton Road; and to the south by the Princes Highway. At Albion Park Rail the Illawarra Regional Airport serves the region.

Etymology[edit]

The word "illawarra" is derived from the Aboriginal Tharawal word "allowrie," also sometimes spelled as "elouera" or "eloura." According to A. W. Reed, the word is variously translated as "pleasant place near the sea" or "high place near the sea."[1][2] The prefix of "illa" is also known to mean "white clay;" with the suffix "warra," sometimes spelled as "wurra," meaning "mountain" in the local indigenous language.[2] George Bass and Matthew Flinders were the first Europeans to visit the area, with Flinders recording that it 'was called "Allowrie" by the natives'.[1]

For the period around 1806, the region was called "Five Islands"; referring to the group of five islands off Red Point.[1][3] In 1817 Governor Macquarie, referring to region, wrote: 'part of the coast known generally by the name of the Five Islands, but called by the natives "Illawarra".[1]

Government administration[edit]

For the purposes of Australian federal elections for the House of Representatives, the Illawarra region is contained within the electoral Divisions of Cunningham, Throsby and Gilmore.[4][5][6]

For the purposes of New South Wales elections for the NSW Legislative Assembly, the Illawarra region is contained within the electoral Districts of Wollongong, Kiera, Shellharbour, Heathcote, and Kiama.

For the purposes of local government administration, the Illawarra region is contained within the cities of Wollongong, Shellharbour and Shoalhaven, the Municipality of Kiama, and the Wingecarribee Shire.

  • The City of Wollongong forms the northernmost boundary, ranging from Helensburgh to Lake Illawarra, with northernmost coastal suburb Helensburgh and southernmost suburbs including Windang, Yallah and Haywards Bay.
  • The City of Shellharbour is south of Wollongong City, and ranges from Albion Park Rail in the north, west to Macquarie Pass near the escarpment, south to Dunmore near the Minnamurra River, and bordered on the east by ocean stretching from Lake Illawarra, Warilla, Barrack Point and Shellharbour.
  • The Municipality of Kiama is south of Shellharbour City, and ranges from the Minnamurra River, west to Bald Hill, and south to about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of Gerroa.
  • The City of Shoalhaven is south of Kiama Municipality, and covers the southernmost reaches of the Illawarra to Ulladulla.
  • The Wingecarribee Shire covers the western most reaches of the Illawarrra, and further on becomes part of the Southern Highlands region.

Illawarra cattle[edit]

Illawarra cattle were originally bred in Illawarra and are now Australia's 3rd largest breed in population. They are large Dark red cows sometimes with white patches. They produce large amounts of high butter fat and high protein milk and are really durable and suited to the Australian climate.[7]

Sport[edit]

Basketball[edit]

The Wollongong Hawks have represented the region (previously known as the Illawarra Hawks) since the foundation year of the NBL, 1979. They won the NBL championship in 2001 defeating the Townsville Crocs 2-1 in the best of 3 finals. They also finished as runners-up in 2005 and 2010 seasons.

Soccer[edit]

The Wollongong Wolves participated in the now defunct NSL, winning back to back premierships in 2000 and 2001. The Wolves were not selected for the NSL's replacement, the A-League, and instead chose to compete in the New South Wales Premier League under the name Wollongong FC. The Wolves organisation collapsed in 2008, and was taken over by Wollongong Community Football Club.

Rugby League[edit]

The Illawarra Steelers Rugby League Football Club played in the NSWRL rugby league competition, then the NRL, from 1982 to 1998, and currently forms one half of the St George Illawarra Dragons joint venture. They are the premier sports side in the Illawarra and play half of their regular home games at WIN Stadium in Wollongong City.

Many famous footballers, such as Bob Fulton, Graeme Langlands, Mick Cronin, Rod Wishart, Paul McGregor, Craig Fitzgibbon, Luke Bailey, Steve Roach, Garry Jack, Warren Ryan, and the Stewart brothers Brett and Glenn, have come from the Illawarra region.

Rugby union[edit]

The Illawarriors are a Rugby Union club that have contested the Shute Shield since 2007.

Cricket[edit]

Cricket has also been played in the Illawarra for more than sixty years.

Sambo[edit]

As of 2012 and 2014 the clubs Highland Sambo, based in Mittagong, and Southern Sambo, based in Woonona, have fielded athletes at the World Sambo Wrestling Championships.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Reed, A. W (1973). Place names of Australia. Sydney: Reed Books. p. 120. 
  2. ^ a b "Illawarra Range". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Northern Illawarra". NorthernIllawarra.com.au. Retrieved 22 March 2007. 
  4. ^ "Profile of the electoral division of Cunningham (NSW)". Current federal electoral divisions. Australian Electoral Commission. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Profile of the electoral division of Throsby (NSW)". Current federal electoral divisions. Australian Electoral Commission. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Profile of the electoral division of Gilmore (NSW)". Current federal electoral divisions. Australian Electoral Commission. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "Information about Illawarra Cattle". Illawarras Australia. 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illawarra — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
48755 videos foundNext > 

The Illawarra, Southcoast and Southern Highlands N.S.W - www.chilbyphotography.com.au

Take a photographic journey through the Illawarra and surrounding areas of the New South Wales South Coast. A region to be proud of, a region of impressive n...

New Zealand Warriors v St George Illawarra Dragons Round 2, 2014

NRL match between New Zealand Warriors and St. George Illawarra Dragons in 2014 at Eden Park. - NRL debut match: David Fusitua (New Zealand Warriors) Warrior...

"Illawarra Coke"

A 16mm Ektachrome film made in 1962 by keen amateur film maker Noel Leeder who was then also Manager of the Illawarra Coke Company's works at superbly scenic...

St. George Illawarra Dragons v Wests Tigers Round 1, 2014

NRL match between St. George Illawarra Dragons and Wests Tigers in 2014 at ANZ Stadium. Dragons 1. Adam Quinlan 2. Brett Morris 3. Dylan Farrell 4. Gerard Be...

Team UOW Illawarra Flame House Animated Walk-through

Team UOW presents the Illawarra Flame house. We are Team UOW Australia and we are competing in the Solar Decathlon China 2013. We are designing and building ...

Illawarra Steelers Club Song: Taste of Steel

The Victors - Taste of Steel. This was the Steelers team song from the early eighties until the end of 1996. It was replaced by the less popular "Illawarra S...

The Best Of St George Illawarra Dragons - NRL

A collection of only a few great moments of the St George Dragons and their players!!

St. George Illawarra Dragons' 2010 Finals March To Premiership Glory

A video montage of the mighty Dragons triumphant march through the 2010 finals and grand final onto premiership glory. Watch the Dragons vanquish their oppon...

Holy Cross v Illawarra

GIO SCHOOLBOY CUP 2013 Illawarra Sports High School VS Holy Cross College Holy Cross College Oval, Ryde Pool Game - Round 2 Wednesday June 26, 2013 Music: So...

St George Illawarra Dragons v Illawarra Cutters/ Mudgee Dragons Trial Match 7/2/14

Did not get all of the action but a few tries from a match that was won 15 tries to 4 by the St George Illawarra Dragons at Win Jubilee Oval Kogarah.

48755 videos foundNext > 

11364 news items

 
Illawarra Mercury
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 06:03:31 -0700

A guide to the Illawarra's Anzac Day services 2014. A guide to the Illawarra's Anzac Day services 2014. Tweet. Facebook. of. ╳. exit. Anzac Day services and events. THURSDAY. Vietnam Memorial Service. 6.30pm, Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Flagstaff Hill, ...
 
Illawarra Mercury (blog)
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 13:56:48 -0700

6.10am: PORT KEMBLA - Illawarra politicians Stephen Jones, Noreen Hay and Wollongong councillor Ann Martin are at the service. 6.01am: AUSTINMER -. Overheard at Austinmer dawn service. Mum: "now remember, when they start talking, what do you ...
 
Illawarra Mercury
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:26:15 -0700

Illawarra beaches reopen after shark sighting. By DOMENIC GEIGER. April 25, 2014, 10 a.m.. UPDATED 12.15pm: Illawarra beaches have reopened after a shark was sighted on Friday. North Wollongong, Fairy Meadow and Towradgi beaches were closed.
 
Illawarra Mercury
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 05:00:00 -0700

Red tape stifling Illawarra business: IBA survey. Illawarra Business Chamber chief executive Debra Murphy and policy manager Jancey Malins discuss the impact of red tape on businesses in the region. Picture: GREG ELLIS. Tweet. Facebook. of. ╳ ...

Brisbane Times

Sydney Morning Herald
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 01:26:15 -0700

The St George Illawarra back-rower has gleaned scraps of knowledge of Gunner Richard Gwynne's history in Vietnam before his death almost three years ago. But he reminds himself in the days leading up to each Anzac Day clash what his uncle achieved in ...
 
ABC Local
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 19:37:30 -0700

The Wollongong Harmony Chorus has been a staple of the Illawarra live music scene for the last 23 years, performing beautiful a cappella singing at community events and their own concerts. Nina Kourea is a Wollongong photographer who is slowly creating ...
 
Illawarra Mercury
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 05:00:00 -0700

Sydney Water previously said an Illawarra technician was not initially available, so one from elsewhere in the "southern area" - which includes Daceyville, Miranda and Unanderra depots - was sent to the site. Workers at the Bellambi leak at 9am on ...

The Age

Illawarra Mercury
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:49:09 -0700

Weather. Your 4-day local weather forecast · Illawarra Mercury. Friday April 25, 2014. Multimedia. Larger / SmallerNight Mode. Anzac Day 2014 around regional Australia. By FAIRFAX REGIONAL PHOTOGRAPHERS. April 25, 2014, 10 a.m.. NATIONAL: ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Illawarra

You can talk about Illawarra with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!